commons-net-3.6.jar - Apache Commons Net

commons-net-3.6.jar is the JAR file for Apache Commons Net 3.6, which implements the client side of many basic Internet protocols.

commons-net-3.6.jar is distributed as part of the commons-net-3.6-bin.zip download file.

JAR File Size and Download Location:

JAR name: commons-net.jar, commons-net-3.6.jar
Target JDK version: 1.6
Dependency: None
File name: commons-net-3.6.jar
File size: 307410 bytes
Release date: 2017-02-11
Download: Apache Commons Net

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org/apache/commons/net/tftp/TFTP.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.commons.net.tftp;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InterruptedIOException;
import java.net.DatagramPacket;
import java.net.SocketException;

import org.apache.commons.net.DatagramSocketClient;

/***
 * The TFTP class exposes a set of methods to allow you to deal with the TFTP
 * protocol directly, in case you want to write your own TFTP client or
 * server.  However, almost every user should only be concerend with
 * the {@link org.apache.commons.net.DatagramSocketClient#open  open() },
 * and {@link org.apache.commons.net.DatagramSocketClient#close  close() },
 * methods. Additionally,the a
 * {@link org.apache.commons.net.DatagramSocketClient#setDefaultTimeout setDefaultTimeout() }
 *  method may be of importance for performance tuning.
 * <p>
 * Details regarding the TFTP protocol and the format of TFTP packets can
 * be found in RFC 783.  But the point of these classes is to keep you
 * from having to worry about the internals.
 *
 *
 * @see org.apache.commons.net.DatagramSocketClient
 * @see TFTPPacket
 * @see TFTPPacketException
 * @see TFTPClient
 ***/

public class TFTP extends DatagramSocketClient
{
    /***
     * The ascii transfer mode.  Its value is 0 and equivalent to NETASCII_MODE
     ***/
    public static final int ASCII_MODE = 0;

    /***
     * The netascii transfer mode.  Its value is 0.
     ***/
    public static final int NETASCII_MODE = 0;

    /***
     * The binary transfer mode.  Its value is 1 and equivalent to OCTET_MODE.
     ***/
    public static final int BINARY_MODE = 1;

    /***
     * The image transfer mode.  Its value is 1 and equivalent to OCTET_MODE.
     ***/
    public static final int IMAGE_MODE = 1;

    /***
     * The octet transfer mode.  Its value is 1.
     ***/
    public static final int OCTET_MODE = 1;

    /***
     * The default number of milliseconds to wait to receive a datagram
     * before timing out.  The default is 5000 milliseconds (5 seconds).
     ***/
    public static final int DEFAULT_TIMEOUT = 5000;

    /***
     * The default TFTP port according to RFC 783 is 69.
     ***/
    public static final int DEFAULT_PORT = 69;

    /***
     * The size to use for TFTP packet buffers.  Its 4 plus the
     * TFTPPacket.SEGMENT_SIZE, i.e. 516.
     ***/
    static final int PACKET_SIZE = TFTPPacket.SEGMENT_SIZE + 4;

    /*** A buffer used to accelerate receives in bufferedReceive() ***/
    private byte[] __receiveBuffer;

    /*** A datagram used to minimize memory allocation in bufferedReceive() ***/
    private DatagramPacket __receiveDatagram;

    /*** A datagram used to minimize memory allocation in bufferedSend() ***/
    private DatagramPacket __sendDatagram;

    /***
     * A buffer used to accelerate sends in bufferedSend().
     * It is left package visible so that TFTPClient may be slightly more
     * efficient during file sends.  It saves the creation of an
     * additional buffer and prevents a buffer copy in _newDataPcket().
     ***/
    byte[] _sendBuffer;


    /***
     * Returns the TFTP string representation of a TFTP transfer mode.
     * Will throw an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException if an invalid transfer
     * mode is specified.
     *
     * @param mode  The TFTP transfer mode.  One of the MODE constants.
     * @return  The TFTP string representation of the TFTP transfer mode.
     ***/
    public static final String getModeName(int mode)
    {
        return TFTPRequestPacket._modeStrings[mode];
    }

    /***
     * Creates a TFTP instance with a default timeout of DEFAULT_TIMEOUT,
     * a null socket, and buffered operations disabled.
     ***/
    public TFTP()
    {
        setDefaultTimeout(DEFAULT_TIMEOUT);
        __receiveBuffer = null;
        __receiveDatagram = null;
    }

    /***
     * This method synchronizes a connection by discarding all packets that
     * may be in the local socket buffer.  This method need only be called
     * when you implement your own TFTP client or server.
     *
     * @throws IOException if an I/O error occurs.
     ***/
    public final void discardPackets() throws IOException
    {
        int to;
        DatagramPacket datagram;

        datagram = new DatagramPacket(new byte[PACKET_SIZE], PACKET_SIZE);

        to = getSoTimeout();
        setSoTimeout(1);

        try
        {
            while (true) {
                _socket_.receive(datagram);
            }
        }
        catch (SocketException e)
        {
            // Do nothing.  We timed out so we hope we're caught up.
        }
        catch (InterruptedIOException e)
        {
            // Do nothing.  We timed out so we hope we're caught up.
        }

        setSoTimeout(to);
    }


    /***
     * This is a special method to perform a more efficient packet receive.
     * It should only be used after calling
     * {@link #beginBufferedOps  beginBufferedOps() }.  beginBufferedOps()
     * initializes a set of buffers used internally that prevent the new
     * allocation of a DatagramPacket and byte array for each send and receive.
     * To use these buffers you must call the bufferedReceive() and
     * bufferedSend() methods instead of send() and receive().  You must
     * also be certain that you don't manipulate the resulting packet in
     * such a way that it interferes with future buffered operations.
     * For example, a TFTPDataPacket received with bufferedReceive() will
     * have a reference to the internal byte buffer.  You must finish using
     * this data before calling bufferedReceive() again, or else the data
     * will be overwritten by the the call.
     *
     * @return The TFTPPacket received.
     * @throws InterruptedIOException  If a socket timeout occurs.  The
     *       Java documentation claims an InterruptedIOException is thrown
     *       on a DatagramSocket timeout, but in practice we find a
     *       SocketException is thrown.  You should catch both to be safe.
     * @throws SocketException  If a socket timeout occurs.  The
     *       Java documentation claims an InterruptedIOException is thrown
     *       on a DatagramSocket timeout, but in practice we find a
     *       SocketException is thrown.  You should catch both to be safe.
     * @throws IOException  If some other I/O error occurs.
     * @throws TFTPPacketException If an invalid TFTP packet is received.
     ***/
    public final TFTPPacket bufferedReceive() throws IOException,
                InterruptedIOException, SocketException, TFTPPacketException
    {
        __receiveDatagram.setData(__receiveBuffer);
        __receiveDatagram.setLength(__receiveBuffer.length);
        _socket_.receive(__receiveDatagram);

        TFTPPacket newTFTPPacket = TFTPPacket.newTFTPPacket(__receiveDatagram);
        trace("<", newTFTPPacket);
        return newTFTPPacket;
    }

    /***
     * This is a special method to perform a more efficient packet send.
     * It should only be used after calling
     * {@link #beginBufferedOps  beginBufferedOps() }.  beginBufferedOps()
     * initializes a set of buffers used internally that prevent the new
     * allocation of a DatagramPacket and byte array for each send and receive.
     * To use these buffers you must call the bufferedReceive() and
     * bufferedSend() methods instead of send() and receive().  You must
     * also be certain that you don't manipulate the resulting packet in
     * such a way that it interferes with future buffered operations.
     * For example, a TFTPDataPacket received with bufferedReceive() will
     * have a reference to the internal byte buffer.  You must finish using
     * this data before calling bufferedReceive() again, or else the data
     * will be overwritten by the the call.
     *
     * @param packet  The TFTP packet to send.
     * @throws IOException  If some  I/O error occurs.
     ***/
    public final void bufferedSend(TFTPPacket packet) throws IOException
    {
        trace(">", packet);
        _socket_.send(packet._newDatagram(__sendDatagram, _sendBuffer));
    }


    /***
     * Initializes the internal buffers. Buffers are used by
     * {@link #bufferedSend  bufferedSend() } and
     * {@link #bufferedReceive  bufferedReceive() }.  This
     * method must be called before calling either one of those two
     * methods.  When you finish using buffered operations, you must
     * call {@link #endBufferedOps  endBufferedOps() }.
     ***/
    public final void beginBufferedOps()
    {
        __receiveBuffer = new byte[PACKET_SIZE];
        __receiveDatagram =
            new DatagramPacket(__receiveBuffer, __receiveBuffer.length);
        _sendBuffer = new byte[PACKET_SIZE];
        __sendDatagram =
            new DatagramPacket(_sendBuffer, _sendBuffer.length);
    }

    /***
     * Releases the resources used to perform buffered sends and receives.
     ***/
    public final void endBufferedOps()
    {
        __receiveBuffer = null;
        __receiveDatagram = null;
        _sendBuffer = null;
        __sendDatagram = null;
    }


    /***
     * Sends a TFTP packet to its destination.
     *
     * @param packet  The TFTP packet to send.
     * @throws IOException  If some  I/O error occurs.
     ***/
    public final void send(TFTPPacket packet) throws IOException
    {
        trace(">", packet);
        _socket_.send(packet.newDatagram());
    }


    /***
     * Receives a TFTPPacket.
     *
     * @return The TFTPPacket received.
     * @throws InterruptedIOException  If a socket timeout occurs.  The
     *       Java documentation claims an InterruptedIOException is thrown
     *       on a DatagramSocket timeout, but in practice we find a
     *       SocketException is thrown.  You should catch both to be safe.
     * @throws SocketException  If a socket timeout occurs.  The
     *       Java documentation claims an InterruptedIOException is thrown
     *       on a DatagramSocket timeout, but in practice we find a
     *       SocketException is thrown.  You should catch both to be safe.
     * @throws IOException  If some other I/O error occurs.
     * @throws TFTPPacketException If an invalid TFTP packet is received.
     ***/
    public final TFTPPacket receive() throws IOException, InterruptedIOException,
                SocketException, TFTPPacketException
    {
        DatagramPacket packet;

        packet = new DatagramPacket(new byte[PACKET_SIZE], PACKET_SIZE);

        _socket_.receive(packet);

        TFTPPacket newTFTPPacket = TFTPPacket.newTFTPPacket(packet);
        trace("<", newTFTPPacket);
        return newTFTPPacket;
    }

    /**
     * Trace facility; this implementation does nothing.
     * <p>
     * Override it to trace the data, for example:<br>
     * {@code System.out.println(direction + " " + packet.toString());}
     * @param direction ">" or "<"
     * @param packet the packet to be sent or that has been received
     * @since 3.6
     */
    protected void trace(String direction, TFTPPacket packet) {
    }

}

org/apache/commons/net/tftp/TFTP.java

 

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