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javax/xml/transform/Transformer.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

// $Id: Transformer.java 570103 2007-08-27 13:24:55Z mrglavas $

package javax.xml.transform;

import java.util.Properties;

/**
 * An instance of this abstract class can transform a
 * source tree into a result tree.
 *
 * <p>An instance of this class can be obtained with the
 * {@link TransformerFactory#newTransformer TransformerFactory.newTransformer}
 * method. This instance may then be used to process XML from a
 * variety of sources and write the transformation output to a
 * variety of sinks.</p>
 *
 * <p>An object of this class may not be used in multiple threads
 * running concurrently.  Different Transformers may be used
 * concurrently by different threads.</p>
 *
 * <p>A <code>Transformer</code> may be used multiple times.  Parameters and
 * output properties are preserved across transformations.</p>
 * 
 * @author <a href="Jeff.Suttor@Sun.com">Jeff Suttor</a>
 * @version $Revision: 570103 $, $Date: 2007-08-27 09:24:55 -0400 (Mon, 27 Aug 2007) $
 */
public abstract class Transformer {

    /**
     * Default constructor is protected on purpose.
     */
    protected Transformer() { }
    
	/**
	 * <p>Reset this <code>Transformer</code> to its original configuration.</p>
	 * 
	 * <p><code>Transformer</code> is reset to the same state as when it was created with
	 * {@link TransformerFactory#newTransformer()},
	 * {@link TransformerFactory#newTransformer(Source source)} or
	 * {@link Templates#newTransformer()}.
	 * <code>reset()</code> is designed to allow the reuse of existing <code>Transformer</code>s
	 * thus saving resources associated with the creation of new <code>Transformer</code>s.</p>
	 * 
	 * <p>The reset <code>Transformer</code> is not guaranteed to have the same {@link URIResolver}
	 * or {@link ErrorListener} <code>Object</code>s, e.g. {@link Object#equals(Object obj)}.
	 * It is guaranteed to have a functionally equal <code>URIResolver</code>
	 * and <code>ErrorListener</code>.</p>
	 * 
	 * @since 1.5
	 */
	public void reset() {

		// implementors should override this method
		throw new UnsupportedOperationException(
			"This Transformer, \"" + this.getClass().getName() + "\", does not support the reset functionality."
			+ "  Specification \"" + this.getClass().getPackage().getSpecificationTitle() + "\""
			+ " version \"" + this.getClass().getPackage().getSpecificationVersion() + "\""
			);
	}

    /**
     * <p>Transform the XML <code>Source</code> to a <code>Result</code>.
     * Specific transformation behavior is determined by the settings of the
     * <code>TransformerFactory</code> in effect when the
     * <code>Transformer</code> was instantiated and any modifications made to
     * the <code>Transformer</code> instance.</p>
     *
     * <p>An empty <code>Source</code> is represented as an empty document
     * as constructed by {@link javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder#newDocument()}.
     * The result of transforming an empty <code>Source</code> depends on
     * the transformation behavior; it is not always an empty
     * <code>Result</code>.</p>
     *
     * @param xmlSource The XML input to transform.
     * @param outputTarget The <code>Result</code> of transforming the
     *   <code>xmlSource</code>.
     *
     * @throws TransformerException If an unrecoverable error occurs
     *   during the course of the transformation.
     */
    public abstract void transform(Source xmlSource, Result outputTarget)
        throws TransformerException;

    /**
     * Add a parameter for the transformation.
     *
     * <p>Pass a qualified name as a two-part string, the namespace URI
     * enclosed in curly braces ({}), followed by the local name. If the
     * name has a null URL, the String only contain the local name. An
     * application can safely check for a non-null URI by testing to see if the
     * first character of the name is a '{' character.</p>
     * <p>For example, if a URI and local name were obtained from an element
     * defined with &lt;xyz:foo
     * xmlns:xyz="http://xyz.foo.com/yada/baz.html"/&gt;,
     * then the qualified name would be "{http://xyz.foo.com/yada/baz.html}foo".
     * Note that no prefix is used.</p>
     *
     * @param name The name of the parameter, which may begin with a
     * namespace URI in curly braces ({}).
     * @param value The value object.  This can be any valid Java object. It is
     * up to the processor to provide the proper object coercion or to simply
     * pass the object on for use in an extension.
     *
     * @throws NullPointerException If value is null.
     */
     public abstract void setParameter(String name, Object value);

    /**
     * Get a parameter that was explicitly set with setParameter.
     *
     * <p>This method does not return a default parameter value, which
     * cannot be determined until the node context is evaluated during
     * the transformation process.
     *
     * @param name of <code>Object</code> to get
     * @return A parameter that has been set with setParameter.
     */
    public abstract Object getParameter(String name);
    
    /**
     * <p>Set a list of parameters.</p>
     * 
     * <p>Note that the list of parameters is specified as a
     * <code>Properties</code> <code>Object</code> which limits the parameter
     * values to <code>String</code>s.  Multiple calls to
     * {@link #setParameter(String name, Object value)} should be used when the
     * desired values are non-<code>String</code> <code>Object</code>s.
     * The parameter names should conform as specified in
     * {@link #setParameter(String name, Object value)}.
     * An <code>IllegalArgumentException</code> is thrown if any names do not
     * conform.</p>
     * 
     * <p>New parameters in the list are added to any existing parameters.
     * If the name of a new parameter is equal to the name of an existing
     * parameter as determined by {@link java.lang.Object#equals(Object obj)},
     *  the existing parameter is set to the new value.</p>
     * 
     * @param params Parameters to set.
     * 
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException If any parameter names do not conform
     *   to the naming rules.
     */

    /**
     * Clear all parameters set with setParameter.
     */
    public abstract void clearParameters();

    /**
     * Set an object that will be used to resolve URIs used in
     * document().
     *
     * <p>If the resolver argument is null, the URIResolver value will
     * be cleared and the transformer will no longer have a resolver.</p>
     *
     * @param resolver An object that implements the URIResolver interface,
     * or null.
     */
    public abstract void setURIResolver(URIResolver resolver);

    /**
     * Get an object that will be used to resolve URIs used in
     * document().
     *
     * @return An object that implements the URIResolver interface,
     * or null.
     */
    public abstract URIResolver getURIResolver();

    /**
     * Set the output properties for the transformation.  These
     * properties will override properties set in the Templates
     * with xsl:output.
     *
     * <p>If argument to this function is null, any properties
     * previously set are removed, and the value will revert to the value
     * defined in the templates object.</p>
     *
     * <p>Pass a qualified property key name as a two-part string, the namespace
     * URI enclosed in curly braces ({}), followed by the local name. If the
     * name has a null URL, the String only contain the local name. An
     * application can safely check for a non-null URI by testing to see if the
     * first character of the name is a '{' character.</p>
     * <p>For example, if a URI and local name were obtained from an element
     * defined with &lt;xyz:foo
     * xmlns:xyz="http://xyz.foo.com/yada/baz.html"/&gt;,
     * then the qualified name would be "{http://xyz.foo.com/yada/baz.html}foo".
     * Note that no prefix is used.</p>
     * An <code>IllegalArgumentException</code> is thrown  if any of the
     * argument keys are not recognized and are not namespace qualified.
     *
     * @param oformat A set of output properties that will be
     * used to override any of the same properties in affect
     * for the transformation.
     *
     * @see javax.xml.transform.OutputKeys
     * @see java.util.Properties
     *
     */
    public abstract void setOutputProperties(Properties oformat);

    /**
     * <p>Get a copy of the output properties for the transformation.</p>
     *
     * <p>The properties returned should contain properties set by the user,
     * and properties set by the stylesheet, and these properties
     * are "defaulted" by default properties specified by
     * <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt#output">section 16 of the
     * XSL Transformations (XSLT) W3C Recommendation</a>.  The properties that
     * were specifically set by the user or the stylesheet should be in the base
     * Properties list, while the XSLT default properties that were not
     * specifically set should be the default Properties list.  Thus,
     * getOutputProperties().getProperty(String key) will obtain any
     * property in that was set by {@link #setOutputProperty},
     * {@link #setOutputProperties}, in the stylesheet, <em>or</em> the default
     * properties, while
     * getOutputProperties().get(String key) will only retrieve properties
     * that were explicitly set by {@link #setOutputProperty},
     * {@link #setOutputProperties}, or in the stylesheet.</p>
     *
     * <p>Note that mutation of the Properties object returned will not
     * effect the properties that the transformer contains.</p>
     *
     * <p>If any of the argument keys are not recognized and are not
     * namespace qualified, the property will be ignored and not returned.
     * In other words the behaviour is not orthogonal with
     * {@link #setOutputProperties setOutputProperties}.</p>
     *
     * @return A copy of the set of output properties in effect for
     *   the next transformation.
     *
     * @see javax.xml.transform.OutputKeys
     * @see java.util.Properties
     * @see <a href="http://www.w3.org/TR/xslt#output">
     *   XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0</a>
     */
    public abstract Properties getOutputProperties();

    /**
     * Set an output property that will be in effect for the
     * transformation.
     *
     * <p>Pass a qualified property name as a two-part string, the namespace URI
     * enclosed in curly braces ({}), followed by the local name. If the
     * name has a null URL, the String only contain the local name. An
     * application can safely check for a non-null URI by testing to see if the
     * first character of the name is a '{' character.</p>
     * <p>For example, if a URI and local name were obtained from an element
     * defined with &lt;xyz:foo
     * xmlns:xyz="http://xyz.foo.com/yada/baz.html"/&gt;,
     * then the qualified name would be "{http://xyz.foo.com/yada/baz.html}foo".
     * Note that no prefix is used.</p>
     *
     * <p>The Properties object that was passed to {@link #setOutputProperties}
     * won't be effected by calling this method.</p>
     *
     * @param name A non-null String that specifies an output
     * property name, which may be namespace qualified.
     * @param value The non-null string value of the output property.
     *
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException If the property is not supported, and is
     * not qualified with a namespace.
     *
     * @see javax.xml.transform.OutputKeys
     */
    public abstract void setOutputProperty(String name, String value)
        throws IllegalArgumentException;

    /**
     * Get an output property that is in effect for the
     * transformer.  The property specified may be a property
     * that was set with setOutputProperty, or it may be a
     * property specified in the stylesheet.
     *
     * @param name A non-null String that specifies an output
     * property name, which may be namespace qualified.
     *
     * @return The string value of the output property, or null
     * if no property was found.
     *
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException If the property is not supported.
     *
     * @see javax.xml.transform.OutputKeys
     */
    public abstract String getOutputProperty(String name)
        throws IllegalArgumentException;

    /**
     * Set the error event listener in effect for the transformation.
     *
     * @param listener The new error listener.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if listener is null.
     */
    public abstract void setErrorListener(ErrorListener listener)
        throws IllegalArgumentException;

    /**
     * Get the error event handler in effect for the transformation.
     * Implementations must provide a default error listener.
     *
     * @return The current error handler, which should never be null.
     */
    public abstract ErrorListener getErrorListener();
}

javax/xml/transform/Transformer.java

 

 

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