Apache ZooKeeper Server Source Code

Apache ZooKeeper is an open-source server which enables highly reliable distributed coordination.

Apache ZooKeeper Server Source Code files are provided in the source packge (apache-zookeeper-3.7.0.tar.gz). You can download it at Apache ZooKeeper Website.

You can also browse Apache ZooKeeper Server Source Code below:

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org/apache/zookeeper/server/quorum/FastLeaderElection.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.zookeeper.server.quorum;

import static java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets.UTF_8;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.BufferUnderflowException;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.LinkedBlockingQueue;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;
import org.apache.zookeeper.common.Time;
import org.apache.zookeeper.jmx.MBeanRegistry;
import org.apache.zookeeper.server.ZooKeeperThread;
import org.apache.zookeeper.server.quorum.QuorumCnxManager.Message;
import org.apache.zookeeper.server.quorum.QuorumPeer.LearnerType;
import org.apache.zookeeper.server.quorum.QuorumPeer.ServerState;
import org.apache.zookeeper.server.quorum.QuorumPeerConfig.ConfigException;
import org.apache.zookeeper.server.quorum.flexible.QuorumVerifier;
import org.apache.zookeeper.server.util.ZxidUtils;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

/**
 * Implementation of leader election using TCP. It uses an object of the class
 * QuorumCnxManager to manage connections. Otherwise, the algorithm is push-based
 * as with the other UDP implementations.
 *
 * There are a few parameters that can be tuned to change its behavior. First,
 * finalizeWait determines the amount of time to wait until deciding upon a leader.
 * This is part of the leader election algorithm.
 */

public class FastLeaderElection implements Election {

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FastLeaderElection.class);

    /**
     * Determine how much time a process has to wait
     * once it believes that it has reached the end of
     * leader election.
     */
    static final int finalizeWait = 200;

    /**
     * Upper bound on the amount of time between two consecutive
     * notification checks. This impacts the amount of time to get
     * the system up again after long partitions. Currently 60 seconds.
     */

    private static int maxNotificationInterval = 60000;

    /**
     * Lower bound for notification check. The observer don't need to use
     * the same lower bound as participant members
     */
    private static int minNotificationInterval = finalizeWait;

    /**
     * Minimum notification interval, default is equal to finalizeWait
     */
    public static final String MIN_NOTIFICATION_INTERVAL = "zookeeper.fastleader.minNotificationInterval";

    /**
     * Maximum notification interval, default is 60s
     */
    public static final String MAX_NOTIFICATION_INTERVAL = "zookeeper.fastleader.maxNotificationInterval";

    static {
        minNotificationInterval = Integer.getInteger(MIN_NOTIFICATION_INTERVAL, minNotificationInterval);
        LOG.info("{}={}", MIN_NOTIFICATION_INTERVAL, minNotificationInterval);
        maxNotificationInterval = Integer.getInteger(MAX_NOTIFICATION_INTERVAL, maxNotificationInterval);
        LOG.info("{}={}", MAX_NOTIFICATION_INTERVAL, maxNotificationInterval);
    }

    /**
     * Connection manager. Fast leader election uses TCP for
     * communication between peers, and QuorumCnxManager manages
     * such connections.
     */

    QuorumCnxManager manager;

    private SyncedLearnerTracker leadingVoteSet;

    /**
     * Notifications are messages that let other peers know that
     * a given peer has changed its vote, either because it has
     * joined leader election or because it learned of another
     * peer with higher zxid or same zxid and higher server id
     */

    public static class Notification {
        /*
         * Format version, introduced in 3.4.6
         */

        public static final int CURRENTVERSION = 0x2;
        int version;

        /*
         * Proposed leader
         */ long leader;

        /*
         * zxid of the proposed leader
         */ long zxid;

        /*
         * Epoch
         */ long electionEpoch;

        /*
         * current state of sender
         */ QuorumPeer.ServerState state;

        /*
         * Address of sender
         */ long sid;

        QuorumVerifier qv;
        /*
         * epoch of the proposed leader
         */ long peerEpoch;

    }

    static byte[] dummyData = new byte[0];

    /**
     * Messages that a peer wants to send to other peers.
     * These messages can be both Notifications and Acks
     * of reception of notification.
     */
    public static class ToSend {

        enum mType {
            crequest,
            challenge,
            notification,
            ack
        }

        ToSend(mType type, long leader, long zxid, long electionEpoch, ServerState state, long sid, long peerEpoch, byte[] configData) {

            this.leader = leader;
            this.zxid = zxid;
            this.electionEpoch = electionEpoch;
            this.state = state;
            this.sid = sid;
            this.peerEpoch = peerEpoch;
            this.configData = configData;
        }

        /*
         * Proposed leader in the case of notification
         */ long leader;

        /*
         * id contains the tag for acks, and zxid for notifications
         */ long zxid;

        /*
         * Epoch
         */ long electionEpoch;

        /*
         * Current state;
         */ QuorumPeer.ServerState state;

        /*
         * Address of recipient
         */ long sid;

        /*
         * Used to send a QuorumVerifier (configuration info)
         */ byte[] configData = dummyData;

        /*
         * Leader epoch
         */ long peerEpoch;

    }

    LinkedBlockingQueue<ToSend> sendqueue;
    LinkedBlockingQueue<Notification> recvqueue;

    /**
     * Multi-threaded implementation of message handler. Messenger
     * implements two sub-classes: WorkReceiver and  WorkSender. The
     * functionality of each is obvious from the name. Each of these
     * spawns a new thread.
     */

    protected class Messenger {

        /**
         * Receives messages from instance of QuorumCnxManager on
         * method run(), and processes such messages.
         */

        class WorkerReceiver extends ZooKeeperThread {

            volatile boolean stop;
            QuorumCnxManager manager;

            WorkerReceiver(QuorumCnxManager manager) {
                super("WorkerReceiver");
                this.stop = false;
                this.manager = manager;
            }

            public void run() {

                Message response;
                while (!stop) {
                    // Sleeps on receive
                    try {
                        response = manager.pollRecvQueue(3000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
                        if (response == null) {
                            continue;
                        }

                        final int capacity = response.buffer.capacity();

                        // The current protocol and two previous generations all send at least 28 bytes
                        if (capacity < 28) {
                            LOG.error("Got a short response from server {}: {}", response.sid, capacity);
                            continue;
                        }

                        // this is the backwardCompatibility mode in place before ZK-107
                        // It is for a version of the protocol in which we didn't send peer epoch
                        // With peer epoch and version the message became 40 bytes
                        boolean backCompatibility28 = (capacity == 28);

                        // this is the backwardCompatibility mode for no version information
                        boolean backCompatibility40 = (capacity == 40);

                        response.buffer.clear();

                        // Instantiate Notification and set its attributes
                        Notification n = new Notification();

                        int rstate = response.buffer.getInt();
                        long rleader = response.buffer.getLong();
                        long rzxid = response.buffer.getLong();
                        long relectionEpoch = response.buffer.getLong();
                        long rpeerepoch;

                        int version = 0x0;
                        QuorumVerifier rqv = null;

                        try {
                            if (!backCompatibility28) {
                                rpeerepoch = response.buffer.getLong();
                                if (!backCompatibility40) {
                                    /*
                                     * Version added in 3.4.6
                                     */

                                    version = response.buffer.getInt();
                                } else {
                                    LOG.info("Backward compatibility mode (36 bits), server id: {}", response.sid);
                                }
                            } else {
                                LOG.info("Backward compatibility mode (28 bits), server id: {}", response.sid);
                                rpeerepoch = ZxidUtils.getEpochFromZxid(rzxid);
                            }

                            // check if we have a version that includes config. If so extract config info from message.
                            if (version > 0x1) {
                                int configLength = response.buffer.getInt();

                                // we want to avoid errors caused by the allocation of a byte array with negative length
                                // (causing NegativeArraySizeException) or huge length (causing e.g. OutOfMemoryError)
                                if (configLength < 0 || configLength > capacity) {
                                    throw new IOException(String.format("Invalid configLength in notification message! sid=%d, capacity=%d, version=%d, configLength=%d",
                                                                        response.sid, capacity, version, configLength));
                                }

                                byte[] b = new byte[configLength];
                                response.buffer.get(b);

                                synchronized (self) {
                                    try {
                                        rqv = self.configFromString(new String(b, UTF_8));
                                        QuorumVerifier curQV = self.getQuorumVerifier();
                                        if (rqv.getVersion() > curQV.getVersion()) {
                                            LOG.info("{} Received version: {} my version: {}",
                                                     self.getId(),
                                                     Long.toHexString(rqv.getVersion()),
                                                     Long.toHexString(self.getQuorumVerifier().getVersion()));
                                            if (self.getPeerState() == ServerState.LOOKING) {
                                                LOG.debug("Invoking processReconfig(), state: {}", self.getServerState());
                                                self.processReconfig(rqv, null, null, false);
                                                if (!rqv.equals(curQV)) {
                                                    LOG.info("restarting leader election");
                                                    self.shuttingDownLE = true;
                                                    self.getElectionAlg().shutdown();

                                                    break;
                                                }
                                            } else {
                                                LOG.debug("Skip processReconfig(), state: {}", self.getServerState());
                                            }
                                        }
                                    } catch (IOException | ConfigException e) {
                                        LOG.error("Something went wrong while processing config received from {}", response.sid);
                                    }
                                }
                            } else {
                                LOG.info("Backward compatibility mode (before reconfig), server id: {}", response.sid);
                            }
                        } catch (BufferUnderflowException | IOException e) {
                            LOG.warn("Skipping the processing of a partial / malformed response message sent by sid={} (message length: {})",
                                     response.sid, capacity, e);
                            continue;
                        }
                        /*
                         * If it is from a non-voting server (such as an observer or
                         * a non-voting follower), respond right away.
                         */
                        if (!validVoter(response.sid)) {
                            Vote current = self.getCurrentVote();
                            QuorumVerifier qv = self.getQuorumVerifier();
                            ToSend notmsg = new ToSend(
                                ToSend.mType.notification,
                                current.getId(),
                                current.getZxid(),
                                logicalclock.get(),
                                self.getPeerState(),
                                response.sid,
                                current.getPeerEpoch(),
                                qv.toString().getBytes(UTF_8));

                            sendqueue.offer(notmsg);
                        } else {
                            // Receive new message
                            LOG.debug("Receive new notification message. My id = {}", self.getId());

                            // State of peer that sent this message
                            QuorumPeer.ServerState ackstate = QuorumPeer.ServerState.LOOKING;
                            switch (rstate) {
                            case 0:
                                ackstate = QuorumPeer.ServerState.LOOKING;
                                break;
                            case 1:
                                ackstate = QuorumPeer.ServerState.FOLLOWING;
                                break;
                            case 2:
                                ackstate = QuorumPeer.ServerState.LEADING;
                                break;
                            case 3:
                                ackstate = QuorumPeer.ServerState.OBSERVING;
                                break;
                            default:
                                continue;
                            }

                            n.leader = rleader;
                            n.zxid = rzxid;
                            n.electionEpoch = relectionEpoch;
                            n.state = ackstate;
                            n.sid = response.sid;
                            n.peerEpoch = rpeerepoch;
                            n.version = version;
                            n.qv = rqv;
                            /*
                             * Print notification info
                             */
                            LOG.info(
                                "Notification: my state:{}; n.sid:{}, n.state:{}, n.leader:{}, n.round:0x{}, "
                                    + "n.peerEpoch:0x{}, n.zxid:0x{}, message format version:0x{}, n.config version:0x{}",
                                self.getPeerState(),
                                n.sid,
                                n.state,
                                n.leader,
                                Long.toHexString(n.electionEpoch),
                                Long.toHexString(n.peerEpoch),
                                Long.toHexString(n.zxid),
                                Long.toHexString(n.version),
                                (n.qv != null ? (Long.toHexString(n.qv.getVersion())) : "0"));

                            /*
                             * If this server is looking, then send proposed leader
                             */

                            if (self.getPeerState() == QuorumPeer.ServerState.LOOKING) {
                                recvqueue.offer(n);

                                /*
                                 * Send a notification back if the peer that sent this
                                 * message is also looking and its logical clock is
                                 * lagging behind.
                                 */
                                if ((ackstate == QuorumPeer.ServerState.LOOKING)
                                    && (n.electionEpoch < logicalclock.get())) {
                                    Vote v = getVote();
                                    QuorumVerifier qv = self.getQuorumVerifier();
                                    ToSend notmsg = new ToSend(
                                        ToSend.mType.notification,
                                        v.getId(),
                                        v.getZxid(),
                                        logicalclock.get(),
                                        self.getPeerState(),
                                        response.sid,
                                        v.getPeerEpoch(),
                                        qv.toString().getBytes());
                                    sendqueue.offer(notmsg);
                                }
                            } else {
                                /*
                                 * If this server is not looking, but the one that sent the ack
                                 * is looking, then send back what it believes to be the leader.
                                 */
                                Vote current = self.getCurrentVote();
                                if (ackstate == QuorumPeer.ServerState.LOOKING) {
                                    if (self.leader != null) {
                                        if (leadingVoteSet != null) {
                                            self.leader.setLeadingVoteSet(leadingVoteSet);
                                            leadingVoteSet = null;
                                        }
                                        self.leader.reportLookingSid(response.sid);
                                    }


                                    LOG.debug(
                                        "Sending new notification. My id ={} recipient={} zxid=0x{} leader={} config version = {}",
                                        self.getId(),
                                        response.sid,
                                        Long.toHexString(current.getZxid()),
                                        current.getId(),
                                        Long.toHexString(self.getQuorumVerifier().getVersion()));

                                    QuorumVerifier qv = self.getQuorumVerifier();
                                    ToSend notmsg = new ToSend(
                                        ToSend.mType.notification,
                                        current.getId(),
                                        current.getZxid(),
                                        current.getElectionEpoch(),
                                        self.getPeerState(),
                                        response.sid,
                                        current.getPeerEpoch(),
                                        qv.toString().getBytes());
                                    sendqueue.offer(notmsg);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        LOG.warn("Interrupted Exception while waiting for new message", e);
                    }
                }
                LOG.info("WorkerReceiver is down");
            }

        }

        /**
         * This worker simply dequeues a message to send and
         * and queues it on the manager's queue.
         */

        class WorkerSender extends ZooKeeperThread {

            volatile boolean stop;
            QuorumCnxManager manager;

            WorkerSender(QuorumCnxManager manager) {
                super("WorkerSender");
                this.stop = false;
                this.manager = manager;
            }

            public void run() {
                while (!stop) {
                    try {
                        ToSend m = sendqueue.poll(3000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
                        if (m == null) {
                            continue;
                        }

                        process(m);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        break;
                    }
                }
                LOG.info("WorkerSender is down");
            }

            /**
             * Called by run() once there is a new message to send.
             *
             * @param m     message to send
             */
            void process(ToSend m) {
                ByteBuffer requestBuffer = buildMsg(m.state.ordinal(), m.leader, m.zxid, m.electionEpoch, m.peerEpoch, m.configData);

                manager.toSend(m.sid, requestBuffer);

            }

        }

        WorkerSender ws;
        WorkerReceiver wr;
        Thread wsThread = null;
        Thread wrThread = null;

        /**
         * Constructor of class Messenger.
         *
         * @param manager   Connection manager
         */
        Messenger(QuorumCnxManager manager) {

            this.ws = new WorkerSender(manager);

            this.wsThread = new Thread(this.ws, "WorkerSender[myid=" + self.getId() + "]");
            this.wsThread.setDaemon(true);

            this.wr = new WorkerReceiver(manager);

            this.wrThread = new Thread(this.wr, "WorkerReceiver[myid=" + self.getId() + "]");
            this.wrThread.setDaemon(true);
        }

        /**
         * Starts instances of WorkerSender and WorkerReceiver
         */
        void start() {
            this.wsThread.start();
            this.wrThread.start();
        }

        /**
         * Stops instances of WorkerSender and WorkerReceiver
         */
        void halt() {
            this.ws.stop = true;
            this.wr.stop = true;
        }

    }

    QuorumPeer self;
    Messenger messenger;
    AtomicLong logicalclock = new AtomicLong(); /* Election instance */
    long proposedLeader;
    long proposedZxid;
    long proposedEpoch;

    /**
     * Returns the current value of the logical clock counter
     */
    public long getLogicalClock() {
        return logicalclock.get();
    }

    static ByteBuffer buildMsg(int state, long leader, long zxid, long electionEpoch, long epoch) {
        byte[] requestBytes = new byte[40];
        ByteBuffer requestBuffer = ByteBuffer.wrap(requestBytes);

        /*
         * Building notification packet to send, this is called directly only in tests
         */

        requestBuffer.clear();
        requestBuffer.putInt(state);
        requestBuffer.putLong(leader);
        requestBuffer.putLong(zxid);
        requestBuffer.putLong(electionEpoch);
        requestBuffer.putLong(epoch);
        requestBuffer.putInt(0x1);

        return requestBuffer;
    }

    static ByteBuffer buildMsg(int state, long leader, long zxid, long electionEpoch, long epoch, byte[] configData) {
        byte[] requestBytes = new byte[44 + configData.length];
        ByteBuffer requestBuffer = ByteBuffer.wrap(requestBytes);

        /*
         * Building notification packet to send
         */

        requestBuffer.clear();
        requestBuffer.putInt(state);
        requestBuffer.putLong(leader);
        requestBuffer.putLong(zxid);
        requestBuffer.putLong(electionEpoch);
        requestBuffer.putLong(epoch);
        requestBuffer.putInt(Notification.CURRENTVERSION);
        requestBuffer.putInt(configData.length);
        requestBuffer.put(configData);

        return requestBuffer;
    }

    /**
     * Constructor of FastLeaderElection. It takes two parameters, one
     * is the QuorumPeer object that instantiated this object, and the other
     * is the connection manager. Such an object should be created only once
     * by each peer during an instance of the ZooKeeper service.
     *
     * @param self  QuorumPeer that created this object
     * @param manager   Connection manager
     */
    public FastLeaderElection(QuorumPeer self, QuorumCnxManager manager) {
        this.stop = false;
        this.manager = manager;
        starter(self, manager);
    }

    /**
     * This method is invoked by the constructor. Because it is a
     * part of the starting procedure of the object that must be on
     * any constructor of this class, it is probably best to keep as
     * a separate method. As we have a single constructor currently,
     * it is not strictly necessary to have it separate.
     *
     * @param self      QuorumPeer that created this object
     * @param manager   Connection manager
     */
    private void starter(QuorumPeer self, QuorumCnxManager manager) {
        this.self = self;
        proposedLeader = -1;
        proposedZxid = -1;

        sendqueue = new LinkedBlockingQueue<ToSend>();
        recvqueue = new LinkedBlockingQueue<Notification>();
        this.messenger = new Messenger(manager);
    }

    /**
     * This method starts the sender and receiver threads.
     */
    public void start() {
        this.messenger.start();
    }

    private void leaveInstance(Vote v) {
        LOG.debug(
            "About to leave FLE instance: leader={}, zxid=0x{}, my id={}, my state={}",
            v.getId(),
            Long.toHexString(v.getZxid()),
            self.getId(),
            self.getPeerState());
        recvqueue.clear();
    }

    public QuorumCnxManager getCnxManager() {
        return manager;
    }

    volatile boolean stop;
    public void shutdown() {
        stop = true;
        proposedLeader = -1;
        proposedZxid = -1;
        leadingVoteSet = null;
        LOG.debug("Shutting down connection manager");
        manager.halt();
        LOG.debug("Shutting down messenger");
        messenger.halt();
        LOG.debug("FLE is down");
    }

    /**
     * Send notifications to all peers upon a change in our vote
     */
    private void sendNotifications() {
        for (long sid : self.getCurrentAndNextConfigVoters()) {
            QuorumVerifier qv = self.getQuorumVerifier();
            ToSend notmsg = new ToSend(
                ToSend.mType.notification,
                proposedLeader,
                proposedZxid,
                logicalclock.get(),
                QuorumPeer.ServerState.LOOKING,
                sid,
                proposedEpoch,
                qv.toString().getBytes(UTF_8));

            LOG.debug(
                "Sending Notification: {} (n.leader), 0x{} (n.zxid), 0x{} (n.round), {} (recipient),"
                    + " {} (myid), 0x{} (n.peerEpoch) ",
                proposedLeader,
                Long.toHexString(proposedZxid),
                Long.toHexString(logicalclock.get()),
                sid,
                self.getId(),
                Long.toHexString(proposedEpoch));

            sendqueue.offer(notmsg);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Check if a pair (server id, zxid) succeeds our
     * current vote.
     *
     */
    protected boolean totalOrderPredicate(long newId, long newZxid, long newEpoch, long curId, long curZxid, long curEpoch) {
        LOG.debug(
            "id: {}, proposed id: {}, zxid: 0x{}, proposed zxid: 0x{}",
            newId,
            curId,
            Long.toHexString(newZxid),
            Long.toHexString(curZxid));

        if (self.getQuorumVerifier().getWeight(newId) == 0) {
            return false;
        }

        /*
         * We return true if one of the following three cases hold:
         * 1- New epoch is higher
         * 2- New epoch is the same as current epoch, but new zxid is higher
         * 3- New epoch is the same as current epoch, new zxid is the same
         *  as current zxid, but server id is higher.
         */

        return ((newEpoch > curEpoch)
                || ((newEpoch == curEpoch)
                    && ((newZxid > curZxid)
                        || ((newZxid == curZxid)
                            && (newId > curId)))));
    }

    /**
     * Given a set of votes, return the SyncedLearnerTracker which is used to
     * determines if have sufficient to declare the end of the election round.
     *
     * @param votes
     *            Set of votes
     * @param vote
     *            Identifier of the vote received last
     * @return the SyncedLearnerTracker with vote details
     */
    protected SyncedLearnerTracker getVoteTracker(Map<Long, Vote> votes, Vote vote) {
        SyncedLearnerTracker voteSet = new SyncedLearnerTracker();
        voteSet.addQuorumVerifier(self.getQuorumVerifier());
        if (self.getLastSeenQuorumVerifier() != null
            && self.getLastSeenQuorumVerifier().getVersion() > self.getQuorumVerifier().getVersion()) {
            voteSet.addQuorumVerifier(self.getLastSeenQuorumVerifier());
        }

        /*
         * First make the views consistent. Sometimes peers will have different
         * zxids for a server depending on timing.
         */
        for (Map.Entry<Long, Vote> entry : votes.entrySet()) {
            if (vote.equals(entry.getValue())) {
                voteSet.addAck(entry.getKey());
            }
        }

        return voteSet;
    }

    /**
     * In the case there is a leader elected, and a quorum supporting
     * this leader, we have to check if the leader has voted and acked
     * that it is leading. We need this check to avoid that peers keep
     * electing over and over a peer that has crashed and it is no
     * longer leading.
     *
     * @param votes set of votes
     * @param   leader  leader id
     * @param   electionEpoch   epoch id
     */
    protected boolean checkLeader(Map<Long, Vote> votes, long leader, long electionEpoch) {

        boolean predicate = true;

        /*
         * If everyone else thinks I'm the leader, I must be the leader.
         * The other two checks are just for the case in which I'm not the
         * leader. If I'm not the leader and I haven't received a message
         * from leader stating that it is leading, then predicate is false.
         */

        if (leader != self.getId()) {
            if (votes.get(leader) == null) {
                predicate = false;
            } else if (votes.get(leader).getState() != ServerState.LEADING) {
                predicate = false;
            }
        } else if (logicalclock.get() != electionEpoch) {
            predicate = false;
        }

        return predicate;
    }

    synchronized void updateProposal(long leader, long zxid, long epoch) {
        LOG.debug(
            "Updating proposal: {} (newleader), 0x{} (newzxid), {} (oldleader), 0x{} (oldzxid)",
            leader,
            Long.toHexString(zxid),
            proposedLeader,
            Long.toHexString(proposedZxid));

        proposedLeader = leader;
        proposedZxid = zxid;
        proposedEpoch = epoch;
    }

    public synchronized Vote getVote() {
        return new Vote(proposedLeader, proposedZxid, proposedEpoch);
    }

    /**
     * A learning state can be either FOLLOWING or OBSERVING.
     * This method simply decides which one depending on the
     * role of the server.
     *
     * @return ServerState
     */
    private ServerState learningState() {
        if (self.getLearnerType() == LearnerType.PARTICIPANT) {
            LOG.debug("I am a participant: {}", self.getId());
            return ServerState.FOLLOWING;
        } else {
            LOG.debug("I am an observer: {}", self.getId());
            return ServerState.OBSERVING;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns the initial vote value of server identifier.
     *
     * @return long
     */
    private long getInitId() {
        if (self.getQuorumVerifier().getVotingMembers().containsKey(self.getId())) {
            return self.getId();
        } else {
            return Long.MIN_VALUE;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns initial last logged zxid.
     *
     * @return long
     */
    private long getInitLastLoggedZxid() {
        if (self.getLearnerType() == LearnerType.PARTICIPANT) {
            return self.getLastLoggedZxid();
        } else {
            return Long.MIN_VALUE;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Returns the initial vote value of the peer epoch.
     *
     * @return long
     */
    private long getPeerEpoch() {
        if (self.getLearnerType() == LearnerType.PARTICIPANT) {
            try {
                return self.getCurrentEpoch();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                RuntimeException re = new RuntimeException(e.getMessage());
                re.setStackTrace(e.getStackTrace());
                throw re;
            }
        } else {
            return Long.MIN_VALUE;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Update the peer state based on the given proposedLeader. Also update
     * the leadingVoteSet if it becomes the leader.
     */
    private void setPeerState(long proposedLeader, SyncedLearnerTracker voteSet) {
        ServerState ss = (proposedLeader == self.getId()) ? ServerState.LEADING : learningState();
        self.setPeerState(ss);
        if (ss == ServerState.LEADING) {
            leadingVoteSet = voteSet;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Starts a new round of leader election. Whenever our QuorumPeer
     * changes its state to LOOKING, this method is invoked, and it
     * sends notifications to all other peers.
     */
    public Vote lookForLeader() throws InterruptedException {
        try {
            self.jmxLeaderElectionBean = new LeaderElectionBean();
            MBeanRegistry.getInstance().register(self.jmxLeaderElectionBean, self.jmxLocalPeerBean);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            LOG.warn("Failed to register with JMX", e);
            self.jmxLeaderElectionBean = null;
        }

        self.start_fle = Time.currentElapsedTime();
        try {
            /*
             * The votes from the current leader election are stored in recvset. In other words, a vote v is in recvset
             * if v.electionEpoch == logicalclock. The current participant uses recvset to deduce on whether a majority
             * of participants has voted for it.
             */
            Map<Long, Vote> recvset = new HashMap<Long, Vote>();

            /*
             * The votes from previous leader elections, as well as the votes from the current leader election are
             * stored in outofelection. Note that notifications in a LOOKING state are not stored in outofelection.
             * Only FOLLOWING or LEADING notifications are stored in outofelection. The current participant could use
             * outofelection to learn which participant is the leader if it arrives late (i.e., higher logicalclock than
             * the electionEpoch of the received notifications) in a leader election.
             */
            Map<Long, Vote> outofelection = new HashMap<Long, Vote>();

            int notTimeout = minNotificationInterval;

            synchronized (this) {
                logicalclock.incrementAndGet();
                updateProposal(getInitId(), getInitLastLoggedZxid(), getPeerEpoch());
            }

            LOG.info(
                "New election. My id = {}, proposed zxid=0x{}",
                self.getId(),
                Long.toHexString(proposedZxid));
            sendNotifications();

            SyncedLearnerTracker voteSet;

            /*
             * Loop in which we exchange notifications until we find a leader
             */

            while ((self.getPeerState() == ServerState.LOOKING) && (!stop)) {
                /*
                 * Remove next notification from queue, times out after 2 times
                 * the termination time
                 */
                Notification n = recvqueue.poll(notTimeout, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);

                /*
                 * Sends more notifications if haven't received enough.
                 * Otherwise processes new notification.
                 */
                if (n == null) {
                    if (manager.haveDelivered()) {
                        sendNotifications();
                    } else {
                        manager.connectAll();
                    }

                    /*
                     * Exponential backoff
                     */
                    int tmpTimeOut = notTimeout * 2;
                    notTimeout = Math.min(tmpTimeOut, maxNotificationInterval);
                    LOG.info("Notification time out: {}", notTimeout);
                } else if (validVoter(n.sid) && validVoter(n.leader)) {
                    /*
                     * Only proceed if the vote comes from a replica in the current or next
                     * voting view for a replica in the current or next voting view.
                     */
                    switch (n.state) {
                    case LOOKING:
                        if (getInitLastLoggedZxid() == -1) {
                            LOG.debug("Ignoring notification as our zxid is -1");
                            break;
                        }
                        if (n.zxid == -1) {
                            LOG.debug("Ignoring notification from member with -1 zxid {}", n.sid);
                            break;
                        }
                        // If notification > current, replace and send messages out
                        if (n.electionEpoch > logicalclock.get()) {
                            logicalclock.set(n.electionEpoch);
                            recvset.clear();
                            if (totalOrderPredicate(n.leader, n.zxid, n.peerEpoch, getInitId(), getInitLastLoggedZxid(), getPeerEpoch())) {
                                updateProposal(n.leader, n.zxid, n.peerEpoch);
                            } else {
                                updateProposal(getInitId(), getInitLastLoggedZxid(), getPeerEpoch());
                            }
                            sendNotifications();
                        } else if (n.electionEpoch < logicalclock.get()) {
                                LOG.debug(
                                    "Notification election epoch is smaller than logicalclock. n.electionEpoch = 0x{}, logicalclock=0x{}",
                                    Long.toHexString(n.electionEpoch),
                                    Long.toHexString(logicalclock.get()));
                            break;
                        } else if (totalOrderPredicate(n.leader, n.zxid, n.peerEpoch, proposedLeader, proposedZxid, proposedEpoch)) {
                            updateProposal(n.leader, n.zxid, n.peerEpoch);
                            sendNotifications();
                        }

                        LOG.debug(
                            "Adding vote: from={}, proposed leader={}, proposed zxid=0x{}, proposed election epoch=0x{}",
                            n.sid,
                            n.leader,
                            Long.toHexString(n.zxid),
                            Long.toHexString(n.electionEpoch));

                        // don't care about the version if it's in LOOKING state
                        recvset.put(n.sid, new Vote(n.leader, n.zxid, n.electionEpoch, n.peerEpoch));

                        voteSet = getVoteTracker(recvset, new Vote(proposedLeader, proposedZxid, logicalclock.get(), proposedEpoch));

                        if (voteSet.hasAllQuorums()) {

                            // Verify if there is any change in the proposed leader
                            while ((n = recvqueue.poll(finalizeWait, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)) != null) {
                                if (totalOrderPredicate(n.leader, n.zxid, n.peerEpoch, proposedLeader, proposedZxid, proposedEpoch)) {
                                    recvqueue.put(n);
                                    break;
                                }
                            }

                            /*
                             * This predicate is true once we don't read any new
                             * relevant message from the reception queue
                             */
                            if (n == null) {
                                setPeerState(proposedLeader, voteSet);
                                Vote endVote = new Vote(proposedLeader, proposedZxid, logicalclock.get(), proposedEpoch);
                                leaveInstance(endVote);
                                return endVote;
                            }
                        }
                        break;
                    case OBSERVING:
                        LOG.debug("Notification from observer: {}", n.sid);
                        break;
                    case FOLLOWING:
                    case LEADING:
                        /*
                         * Consider all notifications from the same epoch
                         * together.
                         */
                        if (n.electionEpoch == logicalclock.get()) {
                            recvset.put(n.sid, new Vote(n.leader, n.zxid, n.electionEpoch, n.peerEpoch, n.state));
                            voteSet = getVoteTracker(recvset, new Vote(n.version, n.leader, n.zxid, n.electionEpoch, n.peerEpoch, n.state));
                            if (voteSet.hasAllQuorums() && checkLeader(recvset, n.leader, n.electionEpoch)) {
                                setPeerState(n.leader, voteSet);
                                Vote endVote = new Vote(n.leader, n.zxid, n.electionEpoch, n.peerEpoch);
                                leaveInstance(endVote);
                                return endVote;
                            }
                        }

                        /*
                         * Before joining an established ensemble, verify that
                         * a majority are following the same leader.
                         *
                         * Note that the outofelection map also stores votes from the current leader election.
                         * See ZOOKEEPER-1732 for more information.
                         */
                        outofelection.put(n.sid, new Vote(n.version, n.leader, n.zxid, n.electionEpoch, n.peerEpoch, n.state));
                        voteSet = getVoteTracker(outofelection, new Vote(n.version, n.leader, n.zxid, n.electionEpoch, n.peerEpoch, n.state));

                        if (voteSet.hasAllQuorums() && checkLeader(outofelection, n.leader, n.electionEpoch)) {
                            synchronized (this) {
                                logicalclock.set(n.electionEpoch);
                                setPeerState(n.leader, voteSet);
                            }
                            Vote endVote = new Vote(n.leader, n.zxid, n.electionEpoch, n.peerEpoch);
                            leaveInstance(endVote);
                            return endVote;
                        }
                        break;
                    default:
                        LOG.warn("Notification state unrecognized: {} (n.state), {}(n.sid)", n.state, n.sid);
                        break;
                    }
                } else {
                    if (!validVoter(n.leader)) {
                        LOG.warn("Ignoring notification for non-cluster member sid {} from sid {}", n.leader, n.sid);
                    }
                    if (!validVoter(n.sid)) {
                        LOG.warn("Ignoring notification for sid {} from non-quorum member sid {}", n.leader, n.sid);
                    }
                }
            }
            return null;
        } finally {
            try {
                if (self.jmxLeaderElectionBean != null) {
                    MBeanRegistry.getInstance().unregister(self.jmxLeaderElectionBean);
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                LOG.warn("Failed to unregister with JMX", e);
            }
            self.jmxLeaderElectionBean = null;
            LOG.debug("Number of connection processing threads: {}", manager.getConnectionThreadCount());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Check if a given sid is represented in either the current or
     * the next voting view
     *
     * @param sid     Server identifier
     * @return boolean
     */
    private boolean validVoter(long sid) {
        return self.getCurrentAndNextConfigVoters().contains(sid);
    }

}

org/apache/zookeeper/server/quorum/FastLeaderElection.java

 

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