commons-net-1.4.1.jar - Apache Commons Net

commons-net-1.4.1.jar is the JAR file for Apache Commons Net 1.4.1, which implements the client side of many basic Internet protocols.

commons-net-1.4.1.jar is distributed as part of the commons-net-1.4.1.zip download file.

JAR File Size and Download Location:

JAR name: commons-net.jar, commons-net-3.6.jar
Target JDK version: 1.4
Dependency: None
File name: commons-net-1.4.1.jar
File size: 180792 bytes
Date modified: 03-Dec-2005
Download: Apache Commons Net

✍: FYIcenter.com

examples/ntp/NTPClient.java

package examples.ntp;
/*
 * Copyright 2001-2005 The Apache Software Foundation
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.SocketException;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.text.NumberFormat;

import org.apache.commons.net.ntp.*;

/***
 * This is an example program demonstrating how to use the NTPUDPClient
 * class. This program sends a Datagram client request packet to a
 * Network time Protocol (NTP) service port on a specified server,
 * retrieves the time, and prints it to standard output along with
 * the fields from the NTP message header (e.g. stratum level, reference id,
 * poll interval, root delay, mode, ...)
 * See <A HREF="ftp://ftp.rfc-editor.org/in-notes/rfc868.txt"> the spec </A>
 * for details.
 * <p>
 * Usage: NTPClient <hostname-or-address-list>
 * <br>
 * Example: NTPClient clock.psu.edu
 *
 * @author Jason Mathews, MITRE Corp
 ***/
public final class NTPClient
{

    private static final NumberFormat numberFormat = new java.text.DecimalFormat("0.00");

    /**
     * Process <code>TimeInfo</code> object and print its details.
     * @param info <code>TimeInfo</code> object.
     */
    public static void processResponse(TimeInfo info)
    {
        NtpV3Packet message = info.getMessage();
        int stratum = message.getStratum();
        String refType;
        if (stratum <= 0)
            refType = "(Unspecified or Unavailable)";
        else if (stratum == 1)
            refType = "(Primary Reference; e.g., GPS)"; // GPS, radio clock, etc.
        else
            refType = "(Secondary Reference; e.g. via NTP or SNTP)";
        // stratum should be 0..15...
        System.out.println(" Stratum: " + stratum + " " + refType);
        int version = message.getVersion();
        int li = message.getLeapIndicator();
        System.out.println(" leap=" + li + ", version="
                + version + ", precision=" + message.getPrecision());

        System.out.println(" mode: " + message.getModeName() + " (" + message.getMode() + ")");
        int poll = message.getPoll();
        // poll value typically btwn MINPOLL (4) and MAXPOLL (14)
        System.out.println(" poll: " + (poll <= 0 ? 1 : (int) Math.pow(2, poll))
                + " seconds" + " (2 ** " + poll + ")");
        double disp = message.getRootDispersionInMillisDouble();
        System.out.println(" rootdelay=" + numberFormat.format(message.getRootDelayInMillisDouble())
                + ", rootdispersion(ms): " + numberFormat.format(disp));

        int refId = message.getReferenceId();
        String refAddr = NtpUtils.getHostAddress(refId);
        String refName = null;
        if (refId != 0) {
            if (refAddr.equals("127.127.1.0")) {
                refName = "LOCAL"; // This is the ref address for the Local Clock
            } else if (stratum >= 2) {
                // If reference id has 127.127 prefix then it uses its own reference clock
                // defined in the form 127.127.clock-type.unit-num (e.g. 127.127.8.0 mode 5
                // for GENERIC DCF77 AM; see refclock.htm from the NTP software distribution.
                if (!refAddr.startsWith("127.127")) {
                    try {
                        InetAddress addr = InetAddress.getByName(refAddr);
                        String name = addr.getHostName();
                        if (name != null && !name.equals(refAddr))
                            refName = name;
                    } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
                        // some stratum-2 servers sync to ref clock device but fudge stratum level higher... (e.g. 2)
                        // ref not valid host maybe it's a reference clock name?
                        // otherwise just show the ref IP address.
                        refName = NtpUtils.getReferenceClock(message);
                    }
                }
            } else if (version >= 3 && (stratum == 0 || stratum == 1)) {
                refName = NtpUtils.getReferenceClock(message);
                // refname usually have at least 3 characters (e.g. GPS, WWV, LCL, etc.)
            }
            // otherwise give up on naming the beast...
        }
        if (refName != null && refName.length() > 1)
            refAddr += " (" + refName + ")";
        System.out.println(" Reference Identifier:\t" + refAddr);

        TimeStamp refNtpTime = message.getReferenceTimeStamp();
        System.out.println(" Reference Timestamp:\t" + refNtpTime + "  " + refNtpTime.toDateString());

        // Originate Time is time request sent by client (t1)
        TimeStamp origNtpTime = message.getOriginateTimeStamp();
        System.out.println(" Originate Timestamp:\t" + origNtpTime + "  " + origNtpTime.toDateString());

        long destTime = info.getReturnTime();
        // Receive Time is time request received by server (t2)
        TimeStamp rcvNtpTime = message.getReceiveTimeStamp();
        System.out.println(" Receive Timestamp:\t" + rcvNtpTime + "  " + rcvNtpTime.toDateString());

        // Transmit time is time reply sent by server (t3)
        TimeStamp xmitNtpTime = message.getTransmitTimeStamp();
        System.out.println(" Transmit Timestamp:\t" + xmitNtpTime + "  " + xmitNtpTime.toDateString());

        // Destination time is time reply received by client (t4)
        TimeStamp destNtpTime = TimeStamp.getNtpTime(destTime);
        System.out.println(" Destination Timestamp:\t" + destNtpTime + "  " + destNtpTime.toDateString());

        info.computeDetails(); // compute offset/delay if not already done
        Long offsetValue = info.getOffset();
        Long delayValue = info.getDelay();
        String delay = (delayValue == null) ? "N/A" : delayValue.toString();
        String offset = (offsetValue == null) ? "N/A" : offsetValue.toString();

        System.out.println(" Roundtrip delay(ms)=" + delay
                + ", clock offset(ms)=" + offset); // offset in ms
    }

    public static final void main(String[] args)
    {
        if (args == null || args.length == 0) {
            System.err.println("Usage: NTPClient <hostname-or-address-list>");
            System.exit(1);
        }

        NTPUDPClient client = new NTPUDPClient();
        // We want to timeout if a response takes longer than 10 seconds
        client.setDefaultTimeout(10000);
        try {
            client.open(NtpV3Packet.NTP_PORT);
            for (int i = 0; i < args.length; i++)
            {
                System.out.println();
                try {
                    InetAddress hostAddr = InetAddress.getByName(args[i]);
                    System.out.println("> " + hostAddr.getHostName() + "/" + hostAddr.getHostAddress());
                    TimeInfo info = client.getTime(hostAddr);
                    processResponse(info);
                } catch (IOException ioe) {
                    ioe.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        } catch (SocketException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        client.close();
    }

}

examples/ntp/NTPClient.java

 

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