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java/lang/invoke/ClassSpecializer.java

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * ORACLE PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 *
 *
 *
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 *
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 */

package java.lang.invoke;

import jdk.internal.loader.BootLoader;
import jdk.internal.org.objectweb.asm.ClassWriter;
import jdk.internal.org.objectweb.asm.FieldVisitor;
import jdk.internal.org.objectweb.asm.MethodVisitor;
import jdk.internal.vm.annotation.Stable;
import sun.invoke.util.BytecodeName;

import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.Modifier;
import java.security.AccessController;
import java.security.PrivilegedAction;
import java.security.ProtectionDomain;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Objects;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import java.util.function.Function;

import static java.lang.invoke.LambdaForm.*;
import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandleNatives.Constants.REF_getStatic;
import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandleNatives.Constants.REF_putStatic;
import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandleStatics.*;
import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles.Lookup.IMPL_LOOKUP;
import static jdk.internal.org.objectweb.asm.Opcodes.*;

/**
 * Class specialization code.
 * @param <T> top class under which species classes are created.
 * @param <K> key which identifies individual specializations.
 * @param <S> species data type.
 */
/*non-public*/
abstract class ClassSpecializer<T,K,S extends ClassSpecializer<T,K,S>.SpeciesData> {
    private final Class<T> topClass;
    private final Class<K> keyType;
    private final Class<S> metaType;
    private final MemberName sdAccessor;
    private final String sdFieldName;
    private final List<MemberName> transformMethods;
    private final MethodType baseConstructorType;
    private final S topSpecies;
    private final ConcurrentHashMap<K, Object> cache = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();
    private final Factory factory;
    private @Stable boolean topClassIsSuper;

    /** Return the top type mirror, for type {@code T} */
    public final Class<T> topClass() { return topClass; }

    /** Return the key type mirror, for type {@code K} */
    public final Class<K> keyType() { return keyType; }

    /** Return the species metadata type mirror, for type {@code S} */
    public final Class<S> metaType() { return metaType; }

    /** Report the leading arguments (if any) required by every species factory.
     * Every species factory adds its own field types as additional arguments,
     * but these arguments always come first, in every factory method.
     */
    protected MethodType baseConstructorType() { return baseConstructorType; }

    /** Return the trivial species for the null sequence of arguments. */
    protected final S topSpecies() { return topSpecies; }

    /** Return the list of transform methods originally given at creation of this specializer. */
    protected final List<MemberName> transformMethods() { return transformMethods; }

    /** Return the factory object used to build and load concrete species code. */
    protected final Factory factory() { return factory; }

    /**
     * Constructor for this class specializer.
     * @param topClass type mirror for T
     * @param keyType type mirror for K
     * @param metaType type mirror for S
     * @param baseConstructorType principal constructor type
     * @param sdAccessor the method used to get the speciesData
     * @param sdFieldName the name of the species data field, inject the speciesData object
     * @param transformMethods optional list of transformMethods
     */
    protected ClassSpecializer(Class<T> topClass,
                               Class<K> keyType,
                               Class<S> metaType,
                               MethodType baseConstructorType,
                               MemberName sdAccessor,
                               String sdFieldName,
                               List<MemberName> transformMethods) {
        this.topClass = topClass;
        this.keyType = keyType;
        this.metaType = metaType;
        this.sdAccessor = sdAccessor;
        this.transformMethods = List.copyOf(transformMethods);
        this.sdFieldName = sdFieldName;
        this.baseConstructorType = baseConstructorType.changeReturnType(void.class);
        this.factory = makeFactory();
        K tsk = topSpeciesKey();
        S topSpecies = null;
        if (tsk != null && topSpecies == null) {
            // if there is a key, build the top species if needed:
            topSpecies = findSpecies(tsk);
        }
        this.topSpecies = topSpecies;
    }

    // Utilities for subclass constructors:
    protected static <T> Constructor<T> reflectConstructor(Class<T> defc, Class<?>... ptypes) {
        try {
            return defc.getDeclaredConstructor(ptypes);
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException ex) {
            throw newIAE(defc.getName()+"("+MethodType.methodType(void.class, ptypes)+")", ex);
        }
    }

    protected static Field reflectField(Class<?> defc, String name) {
        try {
            return defc.getDeclaredField(name);
        } catch (NoSuchFieldException ex) {
            throw newIAE(defc.getName()+"."+name, ex);
        }
    }

    private static RuntimeException newIAE(String message, Throwable cause) {
        return new IllegalArgumentException(message, cause);
    }

    private static final Function<Object, Object> CREATE_RESERVATION = new Function<>() {
        @Override
        public Object apply(Object key) {
            return new Object();
        }
    };

    public final S findSpecies(K key) {
        // Note:  Species instantiation may throw VirtualMachineError because of
        // code cache overflow.  If this happens the species bytecode may be
        // loaded but not linked to its species metadata (with MH's etc).
        // That will cause a throw out of Factory.loadSpecies.
        //
        // In a later attempt to get the same species, the already-loaded
        // class will be present in the system dictionary, causing an
        // error when the species generator tries to reload it.
        // We try to detect this case and link the pre-existing code.
        //
        // Although it would be better to start fresh by loading a new
        // copy, we have to salvage the previously loaded but broken code.
        // (As an alternative, we might spin a new class with a new name,
        // or use the anonymous class mechanism.)
        //
        // In the end, as long as everybody goes through this findSpecies method,
        // it will ensure only one SpeciesData will be set successfully on a
        // concrete class if ever.
        // The concrete class is published via SpeciesData instance
        // returned here only after the class and species data are linked together.
        Object speciesDataOrReservation = cache.computeIfAbsent(key, CREATE_RESERVATION);
        // Separating the creation of a placeholder SpeciesData instance above
        // from the loading and linking a real one below ensures we can never
        // accidentally call computeIfAbsent recursively.
        S speciesData;
        if (speciesDataOrReservation.getClass() == Object.class) {
            synchronized (speciesDataOrReservation) {
                Object existingSpeciesData = cache.get(key);
                if (existingSpeciesData == speciesDataOrReservation) { // won the race
                    // create a new SpeciesData...
                    speciesData = newSpeciesData(key);
                    // load and link it...
                    speciesData = factory.loadSpecies(speciesData);
                    if (!cache.replace(key, existingSpeciesData, speciesData)) {
                        throw newInternalError("Concurrent loadSpecies");
                    }
                } else { // lost the race; the retrieved existingSpeciesData is the final
                    speciesData = metaType.cast(existingSpeciesData);
                }
            }
        } else {
            speciesData = metaType.cast(speciesDataOrReservation);
        }
        assert(speciesData != null && speciesData.isResolved());
        return speciesData;
    }

    /**
     * Meta-data wrapper for concrete subtypes of the top class.
     * Each concrete subtype corresponds to a given sequence of basic field types (LIJFD).
     * The fields are immutable; their values are fully specified at object construction.
     * Each species supplies an array of getter functions which may be used in lambda forms.
     * A concrete value is always constructed from the full tuple of its field values,
     * accompanied by the required constructor parameters.
     * There *may* also be transforms which cloning a species instance and
     * either replace a constructor parameter or add one or more new field values.
     * The shortest possible species has zero fields.
     * Subtypes are not interrelated among themselves by subtyping, even though
     * it would appear that a shorter species could serve as a supertype of a
     * longer one which extends it.
     */
    public abstract class SpeciesData {
        // Bootstrapping requires circular relations Class -> SpeciesData -> Class
        // Therefore, we need non-final links in the chain.  Use @Stable fields.
        private final K key;
        private final List<Class<?>> fieldTypes;
        @Stable private Class<? extends T> speciesCode;
        @Stable private List<MethodHandle> factories;
        @Stable private List<MethodHandle> getters;
        @Stable private List<LambdaForm.NamedFunction> nominalGetters;
        @Stable private final MethodHandle[] transformHelpers = new MethodHandle[transformMethods.size()];

        protected SpeciesData(K key) {
            this.key = keyType.cast(Objects.requireNonNull(key));
            List<Class<?>> types = deriveFieldTypes(key);
            this.fieldTypes = List.copyOf(types);
        }

        public final K key() {
            return key;
        }

        protected final List<Class<?>> fieldTypes() {
            return fieldTypes;
        }

        protected final int fieldCount() {
            return fieldTypes.size();
        }

        protected ClassSpecializer<T,K,S> outer() {
            return ClassSpecializer.this;
        }

        protected final boolean isResolved() {
            return speciesCode != null && factories != null && !factories.isEmpty();
        }

        @Override public String toString() {
            return metaType.getSimpleName() + "[" + key.toString() + " => " + (isResolved() ? speciesCode.getSimpleName() : "UNRESOLVED") + "]";
        }

        @Override
        public int hashCode() {
            return key.hashCode();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean equals(Object obj) {
            if (!(obj instanceof ClassSpecializer.SpeciesData)) {
                return false;
            }
            @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
            ClassSpecializer.SpeciesData that = (ClassSpecializer.SpeciesData) obj;
            return this.outer() == that.outer() && this.key.equals(that.key);
        }

        /** Throws NPE if this species is not yet resolved. */
        protected final Class<? extends T> speciesCode() {
            return Objects.requireNonNull(speciesCode);
        }

        /**
         * Return a {@link MethodHandle} which can get the indexed field of this species.
         * The return type is the type of the species field it accesses.
         * The argument type is the {@code fieldHolder} class of this species.
         */
        protected MethodHandle getter(int i) {
            return getters.get(i);
        }

        /**
         * Return a {@link LambdaForm.Name} containing a {@link LambdaForm.NamedFunction} that
         * represents a MH bound to a generic invoker, which in turn forwards to the corresponding
         * getter.
         */
        protected LambdaForm.NamedFunction getterFunction(int i) {
            LambdaForm.NamedFunction nf = nominalGetters.get(i);
            assert(nf.memberDeclaringClassOrNull() == speciesCode());
            assert(nf.returnType() == BasicType.basicType(fieldTypes.get(i)));
            return nf;
        }

        protected List<LambdaForm.NamedFunction> getterFunctions() {
            return nominalGetters;
        }

        protected List<MethodHandle> getters() {
            return getters;
        }

        protected MethodHandle factory() {
            return factories.get(0);
        }

        protected MethodHandle transformHelper(int whichtm) {
            MethodHandle mh = transformHelpers[whichtm];
            if (mh != null)  return mh;
            mh = deriveTransformHelper(transformMethods().get(whichtm), whichtm);
            // Do a little type checking before we start using the MH.
            // (It will be called with invokeBasic, so this is our only chance.)
            final MethodType mt = transformHelperType(whichtm);
            mh = mh.asType(mt);
            return transformHelpers[whichtm] = mh;
        }

        private final MethodType transformHelperType(int whichtm) {
            MemberName tm = transformMethods().get(whichtm);
            ArrayList<Class<?>> args = new ArrayList<>();
            ArrayList<Class<?>> fields = new ArrayList<>();
            Collections.addAll(args, tm.getParameterTypes());
            fields.addAll(fieldTypes());
            List<Class<?>> helperArgs = deriveTransformHelperArguments(tm, whichtm, args, fields);
            return MethodType.methodType(tm.getReturnType(), helperArgs);
        }

        // Hooks for subclasses:

        /**
         * Given a key, derive the list of field types, which all instances of this
         * species must store.
         */
        protected abstract List<Class<?>> deriveFieldTypes(K key);

        /**
         * Given the index of a method in the transforms list, supply a factory
         * method that takes the arguments of the transform, plus the local fields,
         * and produce a value of the required type.
         * You can override this to return null or throw if there are no transforms.
         * This method exists so that the transforms can be "grown" lazily.
         * This is necessary if the transform *adds* a field to an instance,
         * which sometimtes requires the creation, on the fly, of an extended species.
         * This method is only called once for any particular parameter.
         * The species caches the result in a private array.
         *
         * @param transform the transform being implemented
         * @param whichtm the index of that transform in the original list of transforms
         * @return the method handle which creates a new result from a mix of transform
         * arguments and field values
         */
        protected abstract MethodHandle deriveTransformHelper(MemberName transform, int whichtm);

        /**
         * During code generation, this method is called once per transform to determine
         * what is the mix of arguments to hand to the transform-helper.  The bytecode
         * which marshals these arguments is open-coded in the species-specific transform.
         * The two lists are of opaque objects, which you shouldn't do anything with besides
         * reordering them into the output list.  (They are both mutable, to make editing
         * easier.)  The imputed types of the args correspond to the transform's parameter
         * list, while the imputed types of the fields correspond to the species field types.
         * After code generation, this method may be called occasionally by error-checking code.
         *
         * @param transform the transform being implemented
         * @param whichtm the index of that transform in the original list of transforms
         * @param args a list of opaque objects representing the incoming transform arguments
         * @param fields a list of opaque objects representing the field values of the receiver
         * @param <X> the common element type of the various lists
         * @return a new list
         */
        protected abstract <X> List<X> deriveTransformHelperArguments(MemberName transform, int whichtm,
                                                                      List<X> args, List<X> fields);

        /** Given a key, generate the name of the class which implements the species for that key.
         * This algorithm must be stable.
         *
         * @return class name, which by default is {@code outer().topClass().getName() + "$Species_" + deriveTypeString(key)}
         */
        protected String deriveClassName() {
            return outer().topClass().getName() + "$Species_" + deriveTypeString();
        }

        /**
         * Default implementation collects basic type characters,
         * plus possibly type names, if some types don't correspond
         * to basic types.
         *
         * @return a string suitable for use in a class name
         */
        protected String deriveTypeString() {
            List<Class<?>> types = fieldTypes();
            StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
            StringBuilder end = new StringBuilder();
            for (Class<?> type : types) {
                BasicType basicType = BasicType.basicType(type);
                if (basicType.basicTypeClass() == type) {
                    buf.append(basicType.basicTypeChar());
                } else {
                    buf.append('V');
                    end.append(classSig(type));
                }
            }
            String typeString;
            if (end.length() > 0) {
                typeString = BytecodeName.toBytecodeName(buf.append("_").append(end).toString());
            } else {
                typeString = buf.toString();
            }
            return LambdaForm.shortenSignature(typeString);
        }

        /**
         * Report what immediate super-class to use for the concrete class of this species.
         * Normally this is {@code topClass}, but if that is an interface, the factory must override.
         * The super-class must provide a constructor which takes the {@code baseConstructorType} arguments, if any.
         * This hook also allows the code generator to use more than one canned supertype for species.
         *
         * @return the super-class of the class to be generated
         */
        protected Class<? extends T> deriveSuperClass() {
            final Class<T> topc = topClass();
            if (!topClassIsSuper) {
                try {
                    final Constructor<T> con = reflectConstructor(topc, baseConstructorType().parameterArray());
                    if (!topc.isInterface() && !Modifier.isPrivate(con.getModifiers())) {
                        topClassIsSuper = true;
                    }
                } catch (Exception|InternalError ex) {
                    // fall through...
                }
                if (!topClassIsSuper) {
                    throw newInternalError("must override if the top class cannot serve as a super class");
                }
            }
            return topc;
        }
    }

    protected abstract S newSpeciesData(K key);

    protected K topSpeciesKey() {
        return null;  // null means don't report a top species
    }

    /**
     * Code generation support for instances.
     * Subclasses can modify the behavior.
     */
    public class Factory {
        /**
         * Get a concrete subclass of the top class for a given combination of bound types.
         *
         * @param speciesData the species requiring the class, not yet linked
         * @return a linked version of the same species
         */
        S loadSpecies(S speciesData) {
            String className = speciesData.deriveClassName();
            assert(className.indexOf('/') < 0) : className;
            Class<?> salvage = null;
            try {
                salvage = BootLoader.loadClassOrNull(className);
                if (TRACE_RESOLVE && salvage != null) {
                    // Used by jlink species pregeneration plugin, see
                    // jdk.tools.jlink.internal.plugins.GenerateJLIClassesPlugin
                    System.out.println("[SPECIES_RESOLVE] " + className + " (salvaged)");
                }
            } catch (Error ex) {
                if (TRACE_RESOLVE) {
                    System.out.println("[SPECIES_FRESOLVE] " + className + " (Error) " + ex.getMessage());
                }
            }
            final Class<? extends T> speciesCode;
            if (salvage != null) {
                speciesCode = salvage.asSubclass(topClass());
                linkSpeciesDataToCode(speciesData, speciesCode);
                linkCodeToSpeciesData(speciesCode, speciesData, true);
            } else {
                // Not pregenerated, generate the class
                try {
                    speciesCode = generateConcreteSpeciesCode(className, speciesData);
                    if (TRACE_RESOLVE) {
                        // Used by jlink species pregeneration plugin, see
                        // jdk.tools.jlink.internal.plugins.GenerateJLIClassesPlugin
                        System.out.println("[SPECIES_RESOLVE] " + className + " (generated)");
                    }
                    // This operation causes a lot of churn:
                    linkSpeciesDataToCode(speciesData, speciesCode);
                    // This operation commits the relation, but causes little churn:
                    linkCodeToSpeciesData(speciesCode, speciesData, false);
                } catch (Error ex) {
                    if (TRACE_RESOLVE) {
                        System.out.println("[SPECIES_RESOLVE] " + className + " (Error #2)" );
                    }
                    // We can get here if there is a race condition loading a class.
                    // Or maybe we are out of resources.  Back out of the CHM.get and retry.
                    throw ex;
                }
            }

            if (!speciesData.isResolved()) {
                throw newInternalError("bad species class linkage for " + className + ": " + speciesData);
            }
            assert(speciesData == loadSpeciesDataFromCode(speciesCode));
            return speciesData;
        }

        /**
         * Generate a concrete subclass of the top class for a given combination of bound types.
         *
         * A concrete species subclass roughly matches the following schema:
         *
         * <pre>
         * class Species_[[types]] extends [[T]] {
         *     final [[S]] speciesData() { return ... }
         *     static [[T]] make([[fields]]) { return ... }
         *     [[fields]]
         *     final [[T]] transform([[args]]) { return ... }
         * }
         * </pre>
         *
         * The {@code [[types]]} signature is precisely the key for the species.
         *
         * The {@code [[fields]]} section consists of one field definition per character in
         * the type signature, adhering to the naming schema described in the definition of
         * {@link #chooseFieldName}.
         *
         * For example, a concrete species for two references and one integral bound value
         * has a shape like the following:
         *
         * <pre>
         * class TopClass { ... private static
         * final class Species_LLI extends TopClass {
         *     final Object argL0;
         *     final Object argL1;
         *     final int argI2;
         *     private Species_LLI(CT ctarg, ..., Object argL0, Object argL1, int argI2) {
         *         super(ctarg, ...);
         *         this.argL0 = argL0;
         *         this.argL1 = argL1;
         *         this.argI2 = argI2;
         *     }
         *     final SpeciesData speciesData() { return BMH_SPECIES; }
         *     &#64;Stable static SpeciesData BMH_SPECIES; // injected afterwards
         *     static TopClass make(CT ctarg, ..., Object argL0, Object argL1, int argI2) {
         *         return new Species_LLI(ctarg, ..., argL0, argL1, argI2);
         *     }
         *     final TopClass copyWith(CT ctarg, ...) {
         *         return new Species_LLI(ctarg, ..., argL0, argL1, argI2);
         *     }
         *     // two transforms, for the sake of illustration:
         *     final TopClass copyWithExtendL(CT ctarg, ..., Object narg) {
         *         return BMH_SPECIES.transform(L_TYPE).invokeBasic(ctarg, ..., argL0, argL1, argI2, narg);
         *     }
         *     final TopClass copyWithExtendI(CT ctarg, ..., int narg) {
         *         return BMH_SPECIES.transform(I_TYPE).invokeBasic(ctarg, ..., argL0, argL1, argI2, narg);
         *     }
         * }
         * </pre>
         *
         * @param className of the species
         * @param speciesData what species we are generating
         * @return the generated concrete TopClass class
         */
        Class<? extends T> generateConcreteSpeciesCode(String className, ClassSpecializer<T,K,S>.SpeciesData speciesData) {
            byte[] classFile = generateConcreteSpeciesCodeFile(className, speciesData);

            // load class
            InvokerBytecodeGenerator.maybeDump(classBCName(className), classFile);
            Class<?> speciesCode;

            ClassLoader cl = topClass().getClassLoader();
            ProtectionDomain pd = null;
            if (cl != null) {
                pd = AccessController.doPrivileged(
                        new PrivilegedAction<>() {
                            @Override
                            public ProtectionDomain run() {
                                return topClass().getProtectionDomain();
                            }
                        });
            }
            try {
                speciesCode = UNSAFE.defineClass(className, classFile, 0, classFile.length, cl, pd);
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                throw newInternalError(ex);
            }

            return speciesCode.asSubclass(topClass());
        }

        // These are named like constants because there is only one per specialization scheme:
        private final String SPECIES_DATA = classBCName(metaType);
        private final String SPECIES_DATA_SIG = classSig(SPECIES_DATA);
        private final String SPECIES_DATA_NAME = sdAccessor.getName();
        private final int SPECIES_DATA_MODS = sdAccessor.getModifiers();
        private final List<String> TRANSFORM_NAMES;  // derived from transformMethods
        private final List<MethodType> TRANSFORM_TYPES;
        private final List<Integer> TRANSFORM_MODS;
        {
            // Tear apart transformMethods to get the names, types, and modifiers.
            List<String> tns = new ArrayList<>();
            List<MethodType> tts = new ArrayList<>();
            List<Integer> tms = new ArrayList<>();
            for (int i = 0; i < transformMethods.size(); i++) {
                MemberName tm = transformMethods.get(i);
                tns.add(tm.getName());
                final MethodType tt = tm.getMethodType();
                tts.add(tt);
                tms.add(tm.getModifiers());
            }
            TRANSFORM_NAMES = List.of(tns.toArray(new String[0]));
            TRANSFORM_TYPES = List.of(tts.toArray(new MethodType[0]));
            TRANSFORM_MODS = List.of(tms.toArray(new Integer[0]));
        }
        private static final int ACC_PPP = ACC_PUBLIC | ACC_PRIVATE | ACC_PROTECTED;

        /*non-public*/ byte[] generateConcreteSpeciesCodeFile(String className0, ClassSpecializer<T,K,S>.SpeciesData speciesData) {
            final String className = classBCName(className0);
            final String superClassName = classBCName(speciesData.deriveSuperClass());

            final ClassWriter cw = new ClassWriter(ClassWriter.COMPUTE_MAXS + ClassWriter.COMPUTE_FRAMES);
            final int NOT_ACC_PUBLIC = 0;  // not ACC_PUBLIC
            cw.visit(V1_6, NOT_ACC_PUBLIC + ACC_FINAL + ACC_SUPER, className, null, superClassName, null);

            final String sourceFile = className.substring(className.lastIndexOf('.')+1);
            cw.visitSource(sourceFile, null);

            // emit static types and BMH_SPECIES fields
            FieldVisitor fw = cw.visitField(NOT_ACC_PUBLIC + ACC_STATIC, sdFieldName, SPECIES_DATA_SIG, null, null);
            fw.visitAnnotation(STABLE_SIG, true);
            fw.visitEnd();

            // handy holder for dealing with groups of typed values (ctor arguments and fields)
            class Var {
                final int index;
                final String name;
                final Class<?> type;
                final String desc;
                final BasicType basicType;
                final int slotIndex;
                Var(int index, int slotIndex) {
                    this.index = index;
                    this.slotIndex = slotIndex;
                    name = null; type = null; desc = null;
                    basicType = BasicType.V_TYPE;
                }
                Var(String name, Class<?> type, Var prev) {
                    int slotIndex = prev.nextSlotIndex();
                    int index = prev.nextIndex();
                    if (name == null)  name = "x";
                    if (name.endsWith("#"))
                        name = name.substring(0, name.length()-1) + index;
                    assert(!type.equals(void.class));
                    String desc = classSig(type);
                    BasicType basicType = BasicType.basicType(type);
                    this.index = index;
                    this.name = name;
                    this.type = type;
                    this.desc = desc;
                    this.basicType = basicType;
                    this.slotIndex = slotIndex;
                }
                Var lastOf(List<Var> vars) {
                    int n = vars.size();
                    return (n == 0 ? this : vars.get(n-1));
                }
                <X> List<Var> fromTypes(List<X> types) {
                    Var prev = this;
                    ArrayList<Var> result = new ArrayList<>(types.size());
                    int i = 0;
                    for (X x : types) {
                        String vn = name;
                        Class<?> vt;
                        if (x instanceof Class) {
                            vt = (Class<?>) x;
                            // make the names friendlier if debugging
                            assert((vn = vn + "_" + (i++)) != null);
                        } else {
                            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
                            Var v = (Var) x;
                            vn = v.name;
                            vt = v.type;
                        }
                        prev = new Var(vn, vt, prev);
                        result.add(prev);
                    }
                    return result;
                }

                int slotSize() { return basicType.basicTypeSlots(); }
                int nextIndex() { return index + (slotSize() == 0 ? 0 : 1); }
                int nextSlotIndex() { return slotIndex >= 0 ? slotIndex + slotSize() : slotIndex; }
                boolean isInHeap() { return slotIndex < 0; }
                void emitVarInstruction(int asmop, MethodVisitor mv) {
                    if (asmop == ALOAD)
                        asmop = typeLoadOp(basicType.basicTypeChar());
                    else
                        throw new AssertionError("bad op="+asmop+" for desc="+desc);
                    mv.visitVarInsn(asmop, slotIndex);
                }
                public void emitFieldInsn(int asmop, MethodVisitor mv) {
                    mv.visitFieldInsn(asmop, className, name, desc);
                }
            }

            final Var NO_THIS = new Var(0, 0),
                    AFTER_THIS = new Var(0, 1),
                    IN_HEAP = new Var(0, -1);

            // figure out the field types
            final List<Class<?>> fieldTypes = speciesData.fieldTypes();
            final List<Var> fields = new ArrayList<>(fieldTypes.size());
            {
                Var nextF = IN_HEAP;
                for (Class<?> ft : fieldTypes) {
                    String fn = chooseFieldName(ft, nextF.nextIndex());
                    nextF = new Var(fn, ft, nextF);
                    fields.add(nextF);
                }
            }

            // emit bound argument fields
            for (Var field : fields) {
                cw.visitField(ACC_FINAL, field.name, field.desc, null, null).visitEnd();
            }

            MethodVisitor mv;

            // emit implementation of speciesData()
            mv = cw.visitMethod((SPECIES_DATA_MODS & ACC_PPP) + ACC_FINAL,
                    SPECIES_DATA_NAME, "()" + SPECIES_DATA_SIG, null, null);
            mv.visitCode();
            mv.visitFieldInsn(GETSTATIC, className, sdFieldName, SPECIES_DATA_SIG);
            mv.visitInsn(ARETURN);
            mv.visitMaxs(0, 0);
            mv.visitEnd();

            // figure out the constructor arguments
            MethodType superCtorType = ClassSpecializer.this.baseConstructorType();
            MethodType thisCtorType = superCtorType.appendParameterTypes(fieldTypes);

            // emit constructor
            {
                mv = cw.visitMethod(ACC_PRIVATE,
                        "<init>", methodSig(thisCtorType), null, null);
                mv.visitCode();
                mv.visitVarInsn(ALOAD, 0); // this

                final List<Var> ctorArgs = AFTER_THIS.fromTypes(superCtorType.parameterList());
                for (Var ca : ctorArgs) {
                    ca.emitVarInstruction(ALOAD, mv);
                }

                // super(ca...)
                mv.visitMethodInsn(INVOKESPECIAL, superClassName,
                        "<init>", methodSig(superCtorType), false);

                // store down fields
                Var lastFV = AFTER_THIS.lastOf(ctorArgs);
                for (Var f : fields) {
                    // this.argL1 = argL1
                    mv.visitVarInsn(ALOAD, 0);  // this
                    lastFV = new Var(f.name, f.type, lastFV);
                    lastFV.emitVarInstruction(ALOAD, mv);
                    f.emitFieldInsn(PUTFIELD, mv);
                }

                mv.visitInsn(RETURN);
                mv.visitMaxs(0, 0);
                mv.visitEnd();
            }

            // emit make()  ...factory method wrapping constructor
            {
                MethodType ftryType = thisCtorType.changeReturnType(topClass());
                mv = cw.visitMethod(NOT_ACC_PUBLIC + ACC_STATIC,
                        "make", methodSig(ftryType), null, null);
                mv.visitCode();
                // make instance
                mv.visitTypeInsn(NEW, className);
                mv.visitInsn(DUP);
                // load factory method arguments:  ctarg... and arg...
                for (Var v : NO_THIS.fromTypes(ftryType.parameterList())) {
                    v.emitVarInstruction(ALOAD, mv);
                }

                // finally, invoke the constructor and return
                mv.visitMethodInsn(INVOKESPECIAL, className,
                        "<init>", methodSig(thisCtorType), false);
                mv.visitInsn(ARETURN);
                mv.visitMaxs(0, 0);
                mv.visitEnd();
            }

            // For each transform, emit the customized override of the transform method.
            // This method mixes together some incoming arguments (from the transform's
            // static type signature) with the field types themselves, and passes
            // the resulting mish-mosh of values to a method handle produced by
            // the species itself.  (Typically this method handle is the factory
            // method of this species or a related one.)
            for (int whichtm = 0; whichtm < TRANSFORM_NAMES.size(); whichtm++) {
                final String     TNAME = TRANSFORM_NAMES.get(whichtm);
                final MethodType TTYPE = TRANSFORM_TYPES.get(whichtm);
                final int        TMODS = TRANSFORM_MODS.get(whichtm);
                mv = cw.visitMethod((TMODS & ACC_PPP) | ACC_FINAL,
                        TNAME, TTYPE.toMethodDescriptorString(), null, E_THROWABLE);
                mv.visitCode();
                // return a call to the corresponding "transform helper", something like this:
                //   MY_SPECIES.transformHelper(whichtm).invokeBasic(ctarg, ..., argL0, ..., xarg)
                mv.visitFieldInsn(GETSTATIC, className,
                        sdFieldName, SPECIES_DATA_SIG);
                emitIntConstant(whichtm, mv);
                mv.visitMethodInsn(INVOKEVIRTUAL, SPECIES_DATA,
                        "transformHelper", "(I)" + MH_SIG, false);

                List<Var> targs = AFTER_THIS.fromTypes(TTYPE.parameterList());
                List<Var> tfields = new ArrayList<>(fields);
                // mix them up and load them for the transform helper:
                List<Var> helperArgs = speciesData.deriveTransformHelperArguments(transformMethods.get(whichtm), whichtm, targs, tfields);
                List<Class<?>> helperTypes = new ArrayList<>(helperArgs.size());
                for (Var ha : helperArgs) {
                    helperTypes.add(ha.basicType.basicTypeClass());
                    if (ha.isInHeap()) {
                        assert(tfields.contains(ha));
                        mv.visitVarInsn(ALOAD, 0);
                        ha.emitFieldInsn(GETFIELD, mv);
                    } else {
                        assert(targs.contains(ha));
                        ha.emitVarInstruction(ALOAD, mv);
                    }
                }

                // jump into the helper (which is probably a factory method)
                final Class<?> rtype = TTYPE.returnType();
                final BasicType rbt = BasicType.basicType(rtype);
                MethodType invokeBasicType = MethodType.methodType(rbt.basicTypeClass(), helperTypes);
                mv.visitMethodInsn(INVOKEVIRTUAL, MH,
                        "invokeBasic", methodSig(invokeBasicType), false);
                if (rbt == BasicType.L_TYPE) {
                    mv.visitTypeInsn(CHECKCAST, classBCName(rtype));
                    mv.visitInsn(ARETURN);
                } else {
                    throw newInternalError("NYI: transform of type "+rtype);
                }
                mv.visitMaxs(0, 0);
                mv.visitEnd();
            }

            cw.visitEnd();

            return cw.toByteArray();
        }

        private int typeLoadOp(char t) {
            switch (t) {
            case 'L': return ALOAD;
            case 'I': return ILOAD;
            case 'J': return LLOAD;
            case 'F': return FLOAD;
            case 'D': return DLOAD;
            default : throw newInternalError("unrecognized type " + t);
            }
        }

        private void emitIntConstant(int con, MethodVisitor mv) {
            if (ICONST_M1 - ICONST_0 <= con && con <= ICONST_5 - ICONST_0)
                mv.visitInsn(ICONST_0 + con);
            else if (con == (byte) con)
                mv.visitIntInsn(BIPUSH, con);
            else if (con == (short) con)
                mv.visitIntInsn(SIPUSH, con);
            else {
                mv.visitLdcInsn(con);
            }

        }

        //
        // Getter MH generation.
        //

        private MethodHandle findGetter(Class<?> speciesCode, List<Class<?>> types, int index) {
            Class<?> fieldType = types.get(index);
            String fieldName = chooseFieldName(fieldType, index);
            try {
                return IMPL_LOOKUP.findGetter(speciesCode, fieldName, fieldType);
            } catch (NoSuchFieldException | IllegalAccessException e) {
                throw newInternalError(e);
            }
        }

        private List<MethodHandle> findGetters(Class<?> speciesCode, List<Class<?>> types) {
            MethodHandle[] mhs = new MethodHandle[types.size()];
            for (int i = 0; i < mhs.length; ++i) {
                mhs[i] = findGetter(speciesCode, types, i);
                assert(mhs[i].internalMemberName().getDeclaringClass() == speciesCode);
            }
            return List.of(mhs);
        }

        private List<MethodHandle> findFactories(Class<? extends T> speciesCode, List<Class<?>> types) {
            MethodHandle[] mhs = new MethodHandle[1];
            mhs[0] = findFactory(speciesCode, types);
            return List.of(mhs);
        }

        List<LambdaForm.NamedFunction> makeNominalGetters(List<Class<?>> types, List<MethodHandle> getters) {
            LambdaForm.NamedFunction[] nfs = new LambdaForm.NamedFunction[types.size()];
            for (int i = 0; i < nfs.length; ++i) {
                nfs[i] = new LambdaForm.NamedFunction(getters.get(i));
            }
            return List.of(nfs);
        }

        //
        // Auxiliary methods.
        //

        protected void linkSpeciesDataToCode(ClassSpecializer<T,K,S>.SpeciesData speciesData, Class<? extends T> speciesCode) {
            speciesData.speciesCode = speciesCode.asSubclass(topClass);
            final List<Class<?>> types = speciesData.fieldTypes;
            speciesData.factories = this.findFactories(speciesCode, types);
            speciesData.getters = this.findGetters(speciesCode, types);
            speciesData.nominalGetters = this.makeNominalGetters(types, speciesData.getters);
        }

        private Field reflectSDField(Class<? extends T> speciesCode) {
            final Field field = reflectField(speciesCode, sdFieldName);
            assert(field.getType() == metaType);
            assert(Modifier.isStatic(field.getModifiers()));
            return field;
        }

        private S readSpeciesDataFromCode(Class<? extends T> speciesCode) {
            try {
                MemberName sdField = IMPL_LOOKUP.resolveOrFail(REF_getStatic, speciesCode, sdFieldName, metaType);
                Object base = MethodHandleNatives.staticFieldBase(sdField);
                long offset = MethodHandleNatives.staticFieldOffset(sdField);
                UNSAFE.loadFence();
                return metaType.cast(UNSAFE.getObject(base, offset));
            } catch (Error err) {
                throw err;
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                throw newInternalError("Failed to load speciesData from speciesCode: " + speciesCode.getName(), ex);
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                throw uncaughtException(t);
            }
        }

        protected S loadSpeciesDataFromCode(Class<? extends T> speciesCode) {
            if (speciesCode == topClass()) {
                return topSpecies;
            }
            S result = readSpeciesDataFromCode(speciesCode);
            if (result.outer() != ClassSpecializer.this) {
                throw newInternalError("wrong class");
            }
            return result;
        }

        protected void linkCodeToSpeciesData(Class<? extends T> speciesCode, ClassSpecializer<T,K,S>.SpeciesData speciesData, boolean salvage) {
            try {
                assert(readSpeciesDataFromCode(speciesCode) == null ||
                    (salvage && readSpeciesDataFromCode(speciesCode).equals(speciesData)));

                MemberName sdField = IMPL_LOOKUP.resolveOrFail(REF_putStatic, speciesCode, sdFieldName, metaType);
                Object base = MethodHandleNatives.staticFieldBase(sdField);
                long offset = MethodHandleNatives.staticFieldOffset(sdField);
                UNSAFE.storeFence();
                UNSAFE.putObject(base, offset, speciesData);
                UNSAFE.storeFence();
            } catch (Error err) {
                throw err;
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                throw newInternalError("Failed to link speciesData to speciesCode: " + speciesCode.getName(), ex);
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                throw uncaughtException(t);
            }
        }

        /**
         * Field names in concrete species classes adhere to this pattern:
         * type + index, where type is a single character (L, I, J, F, D).
         * The factory subclass can customize this.
         * The name is purely cosmetic, since it applies to a private field.
         */
        protected String chooseFieldName(Class<?> type, int index) {
            BasicType bt = BasicType.basicType(type);
            return "" + bt.basicTypeChar() + index;
        }

        MethodHandle findFactory(Class<? extends T> speciesCode, List<Class<?>> types) {
            final MethodType type = baseConstructorType().changeReturnType(topClass()).appendParameterTypes(types);
            try {
                return IMPL_LOOKUP.findStatic(speciesCode, "make", type);
            } catch (NoSuchMethodException | IllegalAccessException | IllegalArgumentException | TypeNotPresentException e) {
                throw newInternalError(e);
            }
        }
    }

    /** Hook that virtualizes the Factory class, allowing subclasses to extend it. */
    protected Factory makeFactory() {
        return new Factory();
    }


    // Other misc helpers:
    private static final String MH = "java/lang/invoke/MethodHandle";
    private static final String MH_SIG = "L" + MH + ";";
    private static final String STABLE = "jdk/internal/vm/annotation/Stable";
    private static final String STABLE_SIG = "L" + STABLE + ";";
    private static final String[] E_THROWABLE = new String[] { "java/lang/Throwable" };
    static {
        assert(MH_SIG.equals(classSig(MethodHandle.class)));
        assert(MH.equals(classBCName(MethodHandle.class)));
    }

    static String methodSig(MethodType mt) {
        return mt.toMethodDescriptorString();
    }
    static String classSig(Class<?> cls) {
        if (cls.isPrimitive() || cls.isArray())
            return MethodType.methodType(cls).toMethodDescriptorString().substring(2);
        return classSig(classBCName(cls));
    }
    static String classSig(String bcName) {
        assert(bcName.indexOf('.') < 0);
        assert(!bcName.endsWith(";"));
        assert(!bcName.startsWith("["));
        return "L" + bcName + ";";
    }
    static String classBCName(Class<?> cls) {
        return classBCName(className(cls));
    }
    static String classBCName(String str) {
        assert(str.indexOf('/') < 0) : str;
        return str.replace('.', '/');
    }
    static String className(Class<?> cls) {
        assert(!cls.isArray() && !cls.isPrimitive());
        return cls.getName();
    }
}

java/lang/invoke/ClassSpecializer.java

 

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2020-05-29, 38352👍, 0💬