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com/sun/tools/javac/comp/LambdaToMethod.java

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2010, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * ORACLE PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 */

package com.sun.tools.javac.comp;

import com.sun.tools.javac.tree.*;
import com.sun.tools.javac.tree.JCTree.*;
import com.sun.tools.javac.tree.JCTree.JCMemberReference.ReferenceKind;
import com.sun.tools.javac.tree.TreeMaker;
import com.sun.tools.javac.tree.TreeTranslator;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Attribute;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Scope.WriteableScope;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Symbol;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Symbol.ClassSymbol;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Symbol.DynamicMethodSymbol;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Symbol.MethodSymbol;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Symbol.TypeSymbol;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Symbol.VarSymbol;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Symtab;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Type;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Type.MethodType;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Type.TypeVar;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Types;
import com.sun.tools.javac.comp.LambdaToMethod.LambdaAnalyzerPreprocessor.*;
import com.sun.tools.javac.comp.Lower.BasicFreeVarCollector;
import com.sun.tools.javac.resources.CompilerProperties.Notes;
import com.sun.tools.javac.jvm.*;
import com.sun.tools.javac.util.*;
import com.sun.tools.javac.util.JCDiagnostic.DiagnosticPosition;
import com.sun.source.tree.MemberReferenceTree.ReferenceMode;

import java.util.EnumMap;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Objects;
import java.util.Optional;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.function.Consumer;
import java.util.function.Supplier;

import static com.sun.tools.javac.comp.LambdaToMethod.LambdaSymbolKind.*;
import static com.sun.tools.javac.code.Flags.*;
import static com.sun.tools.javac.code.Kinds.Kind.*;
import static com.sun.tools.javac.code.TypeTag.*;
import static com.sun.tools.javac.tree.JCTree.Tag.*;
import static com.sun.tools.javac.jvm.Pool.DynamicMethod;

import javax.lang.model.element.ElementKind;
import javax.lang.model.type.TypeKind;

import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Type.IntersectionClassType;
import com.sun.tools.javac.code.Types.FunctionDescriptorLookupError;
import com.sun.tools.javac.main.Option;

/**
 * This pass desugars lambda expressions into static methods
 *
 *  <p><b>This is NOT part of any supported API.
 *  If you write code that depends on this, you do so at your own risk.
 *  This code and its internal interfaces are subject to change or
 *  deletion without notice.</b>
 */
public class LambdaToMethod extends TreeTranslator {

    private Attr attr;
    private JCDiagnostic.Factory diags;
    private Log log;
    private Lower lower;
    private Names names;
    private Symtab syms;
    private Resolve rs;
    private Operators operators;
    private TreeMaker make;
    private Types types;
    private TransTypes transTypes;
    private Env<AttrContext> attrEnv;

    /** the analyzer scanner */
    private LambdaAnalyzerPreprocessor analyzer;

    /** map from lambda trees to translation contexts */
    private Map<JCTree, TranslationContext<?>> contextMap;

    /** current translation context (visitor argument) */
    private TranslationContext<?> context;

    /** info about the current class being processed */
    private KlassInfo kInfo;

    /** dump statistics about lambda code generation */
    private final boolean dumpLambdaToMethodStats;

    /** force serializable representation, for stress testing **/
    private final boolean forceSerializable;

    /** true if line or local variable debug info has been requested */
    private final boolean debugLinesOrVars;

    /** dump statistics about lambda method deduplication */
    private final boolean verboseDeduplication;

    /** deduplicate lambda implementation methods */
    private final boolean deduplicateLambdas;

    /** Flag for alternate metafactories indicating the lambda object is intended to be serializable */
    public static final int FLAG_SERIALIZABLE = 1 << 0;

    /** Flag for alternate metafactories indicating the lambda object has multiple targets */
    public static final int FLAG_MARKERS = 1 << 1;

    /** Flag for alternate metafactories indicating the lambda object requires multiple bridges */
    public static final int FLAG_BRIDGES = 1 << 2;

    // <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="Instantiating">
    protected static final Context.Key<LambdaToMethod> unlambdaKey = new Context.Key<>();

    public static LambdaToMethod instance(Context context) {
        LambdaToMethod instance = context.get(unlambdaKey);
        if (instance == null) {
            instance = new LambdaToMethod(context);
        }
        return instance;
    }
    private LambdaToMethod(Context context) {
        context.put(unlambdaKey, this);
        diags = JCDiagnostic.Factory.instance(context);
        log = Log.instance(context);
        lower = Lower.instance(context);
        names = Names.instance(context);
        syms = Symtab.instance(context);
        rs = Resolve.instance(context);
        operators = Operators.instance(context);
        make = TreeMaker.instance(context);
        types = Types.instance(context);
        transTypes = TransTypes.instance(context);
        analyzer = new LambdaAnalyzerPreprocessor();
        Options options = Options.instance(context);
        dumpLambdaToMethodStats = options.isSet("debug.dumpLambdaToMethodStats");
        attr = Attr.instance(context);
        forceSerializable = options.isSet("forceSerializable");
        debugLinesOrVars = options.isSet(Option.G)
                || options.isSet(Option.G_CUSTOM, "lines")
                || options.isSet(Option.G_CUSTOM, "vars");
        verboseDeduplication = options.isSet("debug.dumpLambdaToMethodDeduplication");
        deduplicateLambdas = options.getBoolean("deduplicateLambdas", true);
    }
    // </editor-fold>

    class DedupedLambda {
        private final MethodSymbol symbol;
        private final JCTree tree;

        private int hashCode;

        DedupedLambda(MethodSymbol symbol, JCTree tree) {
            this.symbol = symbol;
            this.tree = tree;
        }


        @Override
        public int hashCode() {
            int hashCode = this.hashCode;
            if (hashCode == 0) {
                this.hashCode = hashCode = TreeHasher.hash(tree, symbol.params());
            }
            return hashCode;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean equals(Object o) {
            if (!(o instanceof DedupedLambda)) {
                return false;
            }
            DedupedLambda that = (DedupedLambda) o;
            return types.isSameType(symbol.asType(), that.symbol.asType())
                    && new TreeDiffer(symbol.params(), that.symbol.params()).scan(tree, that.tree);
        }
    }

    private class KlassInfo {

        /**
         * list of methods to append
         */
        private ListBuffer<JCTree> appendedMethodList;

        private Map<DedupedLambda, DedupedLambda> dedupedLambdas;

        private Map<DynamicMethod, DynamicMethodSymbol> dynMethSyms = new HashMap<>();

        /**
         * list of deserialization cases
         */
        private final Map<String, ListBuffer<JCStatement>> deserializeCases;

       /**
         * deserialize method symbol
         */
        private final MethodSymbol deserMethodSym;

        /**
         * deserialize method parameter symbol
         */
        private final VarSymbol deserParamSym;

        private final JCClassDecl clazz;

        private KlassInfo(JCClassDecl clazz) {
            this.clazz = clazz;
            appendedMethodList = new ListBuffer<>();
            dedupedLambdas = new HashMap<>();
            deserializeCases = new HashMap<>();
            MethodType type = new MethodType(List.of(syms.serializedLambdaType), syms.objectType,
                    List.nil(), syms.methodClass);
            deserMethodSym = makePrivateSyntheticMethod(STATIC, names.deserializeLambda, type, clazz.sym);
            deserParamSym = new VarSymbol(FINAL, names.fromString("lambda"),
                    syms.serializedLambdaType, deserMethodSym);
        }

        private void addMethod(JCTree decl) {
            appendedMethodList = appendedMethodList.prepend(decl);
        }
    }

    // <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="translate methods">
    @Override
    public <T extends JCTree> T translate(T tree) {
        TranslationContext<?> newContext = contextMap.get(tree);
        return translate(tree, newContext != null ? newContext : context);
    }

    <T extends JCTree> T translate(T tree, TranslationContext<?> newContext) {
        TranslationContext<?> prevContext = context;
        try {
            context = newContext;
            return super.translate(tree);
        }
        finally {
            context = prevContext;
        }
    }

    <T extends JCTree> List<T> translate(List<T> trees, TranslationContext<?> newContext) {
        ListBuffer<T> buf = new ListBuffer<>();
        for (T tree : trees) {
            buf.append(translate(tree, newContext));
        }
        return buf.toList();
    }

    public JCTree translateTopLevelClass(Env<AttrContext> env, JCTree cdef, TreeMaker make) {
        this.make = make;
        this.attrEnv = env;
        this.context = null;
        this.contextMap = new HashMap<>();
        return translate(cdef);
    }
    // </editor-fold>

    // <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="visitor methods">
    /**
     * Visit a class.
     * Maintain the translatedMethodList across nested classes.
     * Append the translatedMethodList to the class after it is translated.
     * @param tree
     */
    @Override
    public void visitClassDef(JCClassDecl tree) {
        if (tree.sym.owner.kind == PCK) {
            //analyze class
            tree = analyzer.analyzeAndPreprocessClass(tree);
        }
        KlassInfo prevKlassInfo = kInfo;
        try {
            kInfo = new KlassInfo(tree);
            super.visitClassDef(tree);
            if (!kInfo.deserializeCases.isEmpty()) {
                int prevPos = make.pos;
                try {
                    make.at(tree);
                    kInfo.addMethod(makeDeserializeMethod(tree.sym));
                } finally {
                    make.at(prevPos);
                }
            }
            //add all translated instance methods here
            List<JCTree> newMethods = kInfo.appendedMethodList.toList();
            tree.defs = tree.defs.appendList(newMethods);
            for (JCTree lambda : newMethods) {
                tree.sym.members().enter(((JCMethodDecl)lambda).sym);
            }
            result = tree;
        } finally {
            kInfo = prevKlassInfo;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Translate a lambda into a method to be inserted into the class.
     * Then replace the lambda site with an invokedynamic call of to lambda
     * meta-factory, which will use the lambda method.
     * @param tree
     */
    @Override
    public void visitLambda(JCLambda tree) {
        LambdaTranslationContext localContext = (LambdaTranslationContext)context;
        MethodSymbol sym = localContext.translatedSym;
        MethodType lambdaType = (MethodType) sym.type;

        {   /* Type annotation management: Based on where the lambda features, type annotations that
               are interior to it, may at this point be attached to the enclosing method, or the first
               constructor in the class, or in the enclosing class symbol or in the field whose
               initializer is the lambda. In any event, gather up the annotations that belong to the
               lambda and attach it to the implementation method.
            */

            Symbol owner = localContext.owner;
            apportionTypeAnnotations(tree,
                    owner::getRawTypeAttributes,
                    owner::setTypeAttributes,
                    sym::setTypeAttributes);


            boolean init;
            if ((init = (owner.name == names.init)) || owner.name == names.clinit) {
                owner = owner.owner;
                apportionTypeAnnotations(tree,
                        init ? owner::getInitTypeAttributes : owner::getClassInitTypeAttributes,
                        init ? owner::setInitTypeAttributes : owner::setClassInitTypeAttributes,
                        sym::appendUniqueTypeAttributes);
            }
            if (localContext.self != null && localContext.self.getKind() == ElementKind.FIELD) {
                owner = localContext.self;
                apportionTypeAnnotations(tree,
                        owner::getRawTypeAttributes,
                        owner::setTypeAttributes,
                        sym::appendUniqueTypeAttributes);
            }
        }

        //create the method declaration hoisting the lambda body
        JCMethodDecl lambdaDecl = make.MethodDef(make.Modifiers(sym.flags_field),
                sym.name,
                make.QualIdent(lambdaType.getReturnType().tsym),
                List.nil(),
                localContext.syntheticParams,
                lambdaType.getThrownTypes() == null ?
                    List.nil() :
                    make.Types(lambdaType.getThrownTypes()),
                null,
                null);
        lambdaDecl.sym = sym;
        lambdaDecl.type = lambdaType;

        //translate lambda body
        //As the lambda body is translated, all references to lambda locals,
        //captured variables, enclosing members are adjusted accordingly
        //to refer to the static method parameters (rather than i.e. acessing to
        //captured members directly).
        lambdaDecl.body = translate(makeLambdaBody(tree, lambdaDecl));

        boolean dedupe = false;
        if (deduplicateLambdas && !debugLinesOrVars && !localContext.isSerializable()) {
            DedupedLambda dedupedLambda = new DedupedLambda(lambdaDecl.sym, lambdaDecl.body);
            DedupedLambda existing = kInfo.dedupedLambdas.putIfAbsent(dedupedLambda, dedupedLambda);
            if (existing != null) {
                sym = existing.symbol;
                dedupe = true;
                if (verboseDeduplication) log.note(tree, Notes.VerboseL2mDeduplicate(sym));
            }
        }
        if (!dedupe) {
            //Add the method to the list of methods to be added to this class.
            kInfo.addMethod(lambdaDecl);
        }

        //now that we have generated a method for the lambda expression,
        //we can translate the lambda into a method reference pointing to the newly
        //created method.
        //
        //Note that we need to adjust the method handle so that it will match the
        //signature of the SAM descriptor - this means that the method reference
        //should be added the following synthetic arguments:
        //
        // * the "this" argument if it is an instance method
        // * enclosing locals captured by the lambda expression

        ListBuffer<JCExpression> syntheticInits = new ListBuffer<>();

        if (localContext.methodReferenceReceiver != null) {
            syntheticInits.append(localContext.methodReferenceReceiver);
        } else if (!sym.isStatic()) {
            syntheticInits.append(makeThis(
                    sym.owner.enclClass().asType(),
                    localContext.owner.enclClass()));
        }

        //add captured locals
        for (Symbol fv : localContext.getSymbolMap(CAPTURED_VAR).keySet()) {
            if (fv != localContext.self) {
                JCTree captured_local = make.Ident(fv).setType(fv.type);
                syntheticInits.append((JCExpression) captured_local);
            }
        }
        // add captured outer this instances (used only when `this' capture itself is illegal)
        for (Symbol fv : localContext.getSymbolMap(CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS).keySet()) {
            JCTree captured_local = make.QualThis(fv.type);
            syntheticInits.append((JCExpression) captured_local);
        }

        //then, determine the arguments to the indy call
        List<JCExpression> indy_args = translate(syntheticInits.toList(), localContext.prev);

        //build a sam instance using an indy call to the meta-factory
        int refKind = referenceKind(sym);

        //convert to an invokedynamic call
        result = makeMetafactoryIndyCall(context, refKind, sym, indy_args);
    }

    // where
        // Reassign type annotations from the source that should really belong to the lambda
        private void apportionTypeAnnotations(JCLambda tree,
                                              Supplier<List<Attribute.TypeCompound>> source,
                                              Consumer<List<Attribute.TypeCompound>> owner,
                                              Consumer<List<Attribute.TypeCompound>> lambda) {

            ListBuffer<Attribute.TypeCompound> ownerTypeAnnos = new ListBuffer<>();
            ListBuffer<Attribute.TypeCompound> lambdaTypeAnnos = new ListBuffer<>();

            for (Attribute.TypeCompound tc : source.get()) {
                if (tc.position.onLambda == tree) {
                    lambdaTypeAnnos.append(tc);
                } else {
                    ownerTypeAnnos.append(tc);
                }
            }
            if (lambdaTypeAnnos.nonEmpty()) {
                owner.accept(ownerTypeAnnos.toList());
                lambda.accept(lambdaTypeAnnos.toList());
            }
        }

    private JCIdent makeThis(Type type, Symbol owner) {
        VarSymbol _this = new VarSymbol(PARAMETER | FINAL | SYNTHETIC,
                names._this,
                type,
                owner);
        return make.Ident(_this);
    }

    /**
     * Translate a method reference into an invokedynamic call to the
     * meta-factory.
     * @param tree
     */
    @Override
    public void visitReference(JCMemberReference tree) {
        ReferenceTranslationContext localContext = (ReferenceTranslationContext)context;

        //first determine the method symbol to be used to generate the sam instance
        //this is either the method reference symbol, or the bridged reference symbol
        Symbol refSym = tree.sym;

        //the qualifying expression is treated as a special captured arg
        JCExpression init;
        switch(tree.kind) {

            case IMPLICIT_INNER:    /** Inner :: new */
            case SUPER:             /** super :: instMethod */
                init = makeThis(
                    localContext.owner.enclClass().asType(),
                    localContext.owner.enclClass());
                break;

            case BOUND:             /** Expr :: instMethod */
                init = tree.getQualifierExpression();
                init = attr.makeNullCheck(init);
                break;

            case UNBOUND:           /** Type :: instMethod */
            case STATIC:            /** Type :: staticMethod */
            case TOPLEVEL:          /** Top level :: new */
            case ARRAY_CTOR:        /** ArrayType :: new */
                init = null;
                break;

            default:
                throw new InternalError("Should not have an invalid kind");
        }

        List<JCExpression> indy_args = init==null? List.nil() : translate(List.of(init), localContext.prev);


        //build a sam instance using an indy call to the meta-factory
        result = makeMetafactoryIndyCall(localContext, localContext.referenceKind(), refSym, indy_args);
    }

    /**
     * Translate identifiers within a lambda to the mapped identifier
     * @param tree
     */
    @Override
    public void visitIdent(JCIdent tree) {
        if (context == null || !analyzer.lambdaIdentSymbolFilter(tree.sym)) {
            super.visitIdent(tree);
        } else {
            int prevPos = make.pos;
            try {
                make.at(tree);

                LambdaTranslationContext lambdaContext = (LambdaTranslationContext) context;
                JCTree ltree = lambdaContext.translate(tree);
                if (ltree != null) {
                    result = ltree;
                } else {
                    //access to untranslated symbols (i.e. compile-time constants,
                    //members defined inside the lambda body, etc.) )
                    super.visitIdent(tree);
                }
            } finally {
                make.at(prevPos);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Translate qualified `this' references within a lambda to the mapped identifier
     * @param tree
     */
    @Override
    public void visitSelect(JCFieldAccess tree) {
        if (context == null || !analyzer.lambdaFieldAccessFilter(tree)) {
            super.visitSelect(tree);
        } else {
            int prevPos = make.pos;
            try {
                make.at(tree);

                LambdaTranslationContext lambdaContext = (LambdaTranslationContext) context;
                JCTree ltree = lambdaContext.translate(tree);
                if (ltree != null) {
                    result = ltree;
                } else {
                    super.visitSelect(tree);
                }
            } finally {
                make.at(prevPos);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Translate instance creation expressions with implicit enclosing instances
     * @param tree
     */
    @Override
    public void visitNewClass(JCNewClass tree) {
        if (context == null || !analyzer.lambdaNewClassFilter(context, tree)) {
            super.visitNewClass(tree);
        } else {
            int prevPos = make.pos;
            try {
                make.at(tree);

                LambdaTranslationContext lambdaContext = (LambdaTranslationContext) context;
                tree = lambdaContext.translate(tree);
                super.visitNewClass(tree);
            } finally {
                make.at(prevPos);
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void visitVarDef(JCVariableDecl tree) {
        LambdaTranslationContext lambdaContext = (LambdaTranslationContext)context;
        if (context != null && lambdaContext.getSymbolMap(LOCAL_VAR).containsKey(tree.sym)) {
            tree.init = translate(tree.init);
            tree.sym = (VarSymbol) lambdaContext.getSymbolMap(LOCAL_VAR).get(tree.sym);
            result = tree;
        } else if (context != null && lambdaContext.getSymbolMap(TYPE_VAR).containsKey(tree.sym)) {
            JCExpression init = translate(tree.init);
            VarSymbol xsym = (VarSymbol)lambdaContext.getSymbolMap(TYPE_VAR).get(tree.sym);
            int prevPos = make.pos;
            try {
                result = make.at(tree).VarDef(xsym, init);
            } finally {
                make.at(prevPos);
            }
            // Replace the entered symbol for this variable
            WriteableScope sc = tree.sym.owner.members();
            if (sc != null) {
                sc.remove(tree.sym);
                sc.enter(xsym);
            }
        } else {
            super.visitVarDef(tree);
        }
    }

    // </editor-fold>

    // <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="Translation helper methods">

    private JCBlock makeLambdaBody(JCLambda tree, JCMethodDecl lambdaMethodDecl) {
        return tree.getBodyKind() == JCLambda.BodyKind.EXPRESSION ?
                makeLambdaExpressionBody((JCExpression)tree.body, lambdaMethodDecl) :
                makeLambdaStatementBody((JCBlock)tree.body, lambdaMethodDecl, tree.canCompleteNormally);
    }

    private JCBlock makeLambdaExpressionBody(JCExpression expr, JCMethodDecl lambdaMethodDecl) {
        Type restype = lambdaMethodDecl.type.getReturnType();
        boolean isLambda_void = expr.type.hasTag(VOID);
        boolean isTarget_void = restype.hasTag(VOID);
        boolean isTarget_Void = types.isSameType(restype, types.boxedClass(syms.voidType).type);
        int prevPos = make.pos;
        try {
            if (isTarget_void) {
                //target is void:
                // BODY;
                JCStatement stat = make.at(expr).Exec(expr);
                return make.Block(0, List.of(stat));
            } else if (isLambda_void && isTarget_Void) {
                //void to Void conversion:
                // BODY; return null;
                ListBuffer<JCStatement> stats = new ListBuffer<>();
                stats.append(make.at(expr).Exec(expr));
                stats.append(make.Return(make.Literal(BOT, null).setType(syms.botType)));
                return make.Block(0, stats.toList());
            } else {
                //non-void to non-void conversion:
                // return BODY;
                return make.at(expr).Block(0, List.of(make.Return(expr)));
            }
        } finally {
            make.at(prevPos);
        }
    }

    private JCBlock makeLambdaStatementBody(JCBlock block, final JCMethodDecl lambdaMethodDecl, boolean completeNormally) {
        final Type restype = lambdaMethodDecl.type.getReturnType();
        final boolean isTarget_void = restype.hasTag(VOID);
        boolean isTarget_Void = types.isSameType(restype, types.boxedClass(syms.voidType).type);

        class LambdaBodyTranslator extends TreeTranslator {

            @Override
            public void visitClassDef(JCClassDecl tree) {
                //do NOT recurse on any inner classes
                result = tree;
            }

            @Override
            public void visitLambda(JCLambda tree) {
                //do NOT recurse on any nested lambdas
                result = tree;
            }

            @Override
            public void visitReturn(JCReturn tree) {
                boolean isLambda_void = tree.expr == null;
                if (isTarget_void && !isLambda_void) {
                    //Void to void conversion:
                    // { TYPE $loc = RET-EXPR; return; }
                    VarSymbol loc = makeSyntheticVar(0, names.fromString("$loc"), tree.expr.type, lambdaMethodDecl.sym);
                    JCVariableDecl varDef = make.VarDef(loc, tree.expr);
                    result = make.Block(0, List.of(varDef, make.Return(null)));
                } else {
                    result = tree;
                }

            }
        }

        JCBlock trans_block = new LambdaBodyTranslator().translate(block);
        if (completeNormally && isTarget_Void) {
            //there's no return statement and the lambda (possibly inferred)
            //return type is java.lang.Void; emit a synthetic return statement
            trans_block.stats = trans_block.stats.append(make.Return(make.Literal(BOT, null).setType(syms.botType)));
        }
        return trans_block;
    }

    private JCMethodDecl makeDeserializeMethod(Symbol kSym) {
        ListBuffer<JCCase> cases = new ListBuffer<>();
        ListBuffer<JCBreak> breaks = new ListBuffer<>();
        for (Map.Entry<String, ListBuffer<JCStatement>> entry : kInfo.deserializeCases.entrySet()) {
            JCBreak br = make.Break(null);
            breaks.add(br);
            List<JCStatement> stmts = entry.getValue().append(br).toList();
            cases.add(make.Case(make.Literal(entry.getKey()), stmts));
        }
        JCSwitch sw = make.Switch(deserGetter("getImplMethodName", syms.stringType), cases.toList());
        for (JCBreak br : breaks) {
            br.target = sw;
        }
        JCBlock body = make.Block(0L, List.of(
                sw,
                make.Throw(makeNewClass(
                    syms.illegalArgumentExceptionType,
                    List.of(make.Literal("Invalid lambda deserialization"))))));
        JCMethodDecl deser = make.MethodDef(make.Modifiers(kInfo.deserMethodSym.flags()),
                        names.deserializeLambda,
                        make.QualIdent(kInfo.deserMethodSym.getReturnType().tsym),
                        List.nil(),
                        List.of(make.VarDef(kInfo.deserParamSym, null)),
                        List.nil(),
                        body,
                        null);
        deser.sym = kInfo.deserMethodSym;
        deser.type = kInfo.deserMethodSym.type;
        //System.err.printf("DESER: '%s'\n", deser);
        return deser;
    }

    /** Make an attributed class instance creation expression.
     *  @param ctype    The class type.
     *  @param args     The constructor arguments.
     *  @param cons     The constructor symbol
     */
    JCNewClass makeNewClass(Type ctype, List<JCExpression> args, Symbol cons) {
        JCNewClass tree = make.NewClass(null,
            null, make.QualIdent(ctype.tsym), args, null);
        tree.constructor = cons;
        tree.type = ctype;
        return tree;
    }

    /** Make an attributed class instance creation expression.
     *  @param ctype    The class type.
     *  @param args     The constructor arguments.
     */
    JCNewClass makeNewClass(Type ctype, List<JCExpression> args) {
        return makeNewClass(ctype, args,
                rs.resolveConstructor(null, attrEnv, ctype, TreeInfo.types(args), List.nil()));
     }

    private void addDeserializationCase(int implMethodKind, Symbol refSym, Type targetType, MethodSymbol samSym,
            DiagnosticPosition pos, List<Object> staticArgs, MethodType indyType) {
        String functionalInterfaceClass = classSig(targetType);
        String functionalInterfaceMethodName = samSym.getSimpleName().toString();
        String functionalInterfaceMethodSignature = typeSig(types.erasure(samSym.type));
        String implClass = classSig(types.erasure(refSym.owner.type));
        String implMethodName = refSym.getQualifiedName().toString();
        String implMethodSignature = typeSig(types.erasure(refSym.type));

        JCExpression kindTest = eqTest(syms.intType, deserGetter("getImplMethodKind", syms.intType), make.Literal(implMethodKind));
        ListBuffer<JCExpression> serArgs = new ListBuffer<>();
        int i = 0;
        for (Type t : indyType.getParameterTypes()) {
            List<JCExpression> indexAsArg = new ListBuffer<JCExpression>().append(make.Literal(i)).toList();
            List<Type> argTypes = new ListBuffer<Type>().append(syms.intType).toList();
            serArgs.add(make.TypeCast(types.erasure(t), deserGetter("getCapturedArg", syms.objectType, argTypes, indexAsArg)));
            ++i;
        }
        JCStatement stmt = make.If(
                deserTest(deserTest(deserTest(deserTest(deserTest(
                    kindTest,
                    "getFunctionalInterfaceClass", functionalInterfaceClass),
                    "getFunctionalInterfaceMethodName", functionalInterfaceMethodName),
                    "getFunctionalInterfaceMethodSignature", functionalInterfaceMethodSignature),
                    "getImplClass", implClass),
                    "getImplMethodSignature", implMethodSignature),
                make.Return(makeIndyCall(
                    pos,
                    syms.lambdaMetafactory,
                    names.altMetafactory,
                    staticArgs, indyType, serArgs.toList(), samSym.name)),
                null);
        ListBuffer<JCStatement> stmts = kInfo.deserializeCases.get(implMethodName);
        if (stmts == null) {
            stmts = new ListBuffer<>();
            kInfo.deserializeCases.put(implMethodName, stmts);
        }
        /****
        System.err.printf("+++++++++++++++++\n");
        System.err.printf("*functionalInterfaceClass: '%s'\n", functionalInterfaceClass);
        System.err.printf("*functionalInterfaceMethodName: '%s'\n", functionalInterfaceMethodName);
        System.err.printf("*functionalInterfaceMethodSignature: '%s'\n", functionalInterfaceMethodSignature);
        System.err.printf("*implMethodKind: %d\n", implMethodKind);
        System.err.printf("*implClass: '%s'\n", implClass);
        System.err.printf("*implMethodName: '%s'\n", implMethodName);
        System.err.printf("*implMethodSignature: '%s'\n", implMethodSignature);
        ****/
        stmts.append(stmt);
    }

    private JCExpression eqTest(Type argType, JCExpression arg1, JCExpression arg2) {
        JCBinary testExpr = make.Binary(JCTree.Tag.EQ, arg1, arg2);
        testExpr.operator = operators.resolveBinary(testExpr, JCTree.Tag.EQ, argType, argType);
        testExpr.setType(syms.booleanType);
        return testExpr;
    }

    private JCExpression deserTest(JCExpression prev, String func, String lit) {
        MethodType eqmt = new MethodType(List.of(syms.objectType), syms.booleanType, List.nil(), syms.methodClass);
        Symbol eqsym = rs.resolveQualifiedMethod(null, attrEnv, syms.objectType, names.equals, List.of(syms.objectType), List.nil());
        JCMethodInvocation eqtest = make.Apply(
                List.nil(),
                make.Select(deserGetter(func, syms.stringType), eqsym).setType(eqmt),
                List.of(make.Literal(lit)));
        eqtest.setType(syms.booleanType);
        JCBinary compound = make.Binary(JCTree.Tag.AND, prev, eqtest);
        compound.operator = operators.resolveBinary(compound, JCTree.Tag.AND, syms.booleanType, syms.booleanType);
        compound.setType(syms.booleanType);
        return compound;
    }

    private JCExpression deserGetter(String func, Type type) {
        return deserGetter(func, type, List.nil(), List.nil());
    }

    private JCExpression deserGetter(String func, Type type, List<Type> argTypes, List<JCExpression> args) {
        MethodType getmt = new MethodType(argTypes, type, List.nil(), syms.methodClass);
        Symbol getsym = rs.resolveQualifiedMethod(null, attrEnv, syms.serializedLambdaType, names.fromString(func), argTypes, List.nil());
        return make.Apply(
                    List.nil(),
                    make.Select(make.Ident(kInfo.deserParamSym).setType(syms.serializedLambdaType), getsym).setType(getmt),
                    args).setType(type);
    }

    /**
     * Create new synthetic method with given flags, name, type, owner
     */
    private MethodSymbol makePrivateSyntheticMethod(long flags, Name name, Type type, Symbol owner) {
        return new MethodSymbol(flags | SYNTHETIC | PRIVATE, name, type, owner);
    }

    /**
     * Create new synthetic variable with given flags, name, type, owner
     */
    private VarSymbol makeSyntheticVar(long flags, Name name, Type type, Symbol owner) {
        return new VarSymbol(flags | SYNTHETIC, name, type, owner);
    }

    /**
     * Set varargsElement field on a given tree (must be either a new class tree
     * or a method call tree)
     */
    private void setVarargsIfNeeded(JCTree tree, Type varargsElement) {
        if (varargsElement != null) {
            switch (tree.getTag()) {
                case APPLY: ((JCMethodInvocation)tree).varargsElement = varargsElement; break;
                case NEWCLASS: ((JCNewClass)tree).varargsElement = varargsElement; break;
                case TYPECAST: setVarargsIfNeeded(((JCTypeCast) tree).expr, varargsElement); break;
                default: throw new AssertionError();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Convert method/constructor arguments by inserting appropriate cast
     * as required by type-erasure - this is needed when bridging a lambda/method
     * reference, as the bridged signature might require downcast to be compatible
     * with the generated signature.
     */
    private List<JCExpression> convertArgs(Symbol meth, List<JCExpression> args, Type varargsElement) {
       Assert.check(meth.kind == MTH);
       List<Type> formals = types.erasure(meth.type).getParameterTypes();
       if (varargsElement != null) {
           Assert.check((meth.flags() & VARARGS) != 0);
       }
       return transTypes.translateArgs(args, formals, varargsElement, attrEnv);
    }

    // </editor-fold>

    /**
     * Converts a method reference which cannot be used directly into a lambda
     */
    private class MemberReferenceToLambda {

        private final JCMemberReference tree;
        private final ReferenceTranslationContext localContext;
        private final Symbol owner;
        private final ListBuffer<JCExpression> args = new ListBuffer<>();
        private final ListBuffer<JCVariableDecl> params = new ListBuffer<>();

        private JCExpression receiverExpression = null;

        MemberReferenceToLambda(JCMemberReference tree, ReferenceTranslationContext localContext, Symbol owner) {
            this.tree = tree;
            this.localContext = localContext;
            this.owner = owner;
        }

        JCLambda lambda() {
            int prevPos = make.pos;
            try {
                make.at(tree);

                //body generation - this can be either a method call or a
                //new instance creation expression, depending on the member reference kind
                VarSymbol rcvr = addParametersReturnReceiver();
                JCExpression expr = (tree.getMode() == ReferenceMode.INVOKE)
                        ? expressionInvoke(rcvr)
                        : expressionNew();

                JCLambda slam = make.Lambda(params.toList(), expr);
                slam.target = tree.target;
                slam.type = tree.type;
                slam.pos = tree.pos;
                return slam;
            } finally {
                make.at(prevPos);
            }
        }

        /**
         * Generate the parameter list for the converted member reference.
         *
         * @return The receiver variable symbol, if any
         */
        VarSymbol addParametersReturnReceiver() {
            Type samDesc = localContext.bridgedRefSig();
            List<Type> samPTypes = samDesc.getParameterTypes();
            List<Type> descPTypes = tree.getDescriptorType(types).getParameterTypes();

            // Determine the receiver, if any
            VarSymbol rcvr;
            switch (tree.kind) {
                case BOUND:
                    // The receiver is explicit in the method reference
                    rcvr = addParameter("rec$", tree.getQualifierExpression().type, false);
                    receiverExpression = attr.makeNullCheck(tree.getQualifierExpression());
                    break;
                case UNBOUND:
                    // The receiver is the first parameter, extract it and
                    // adjust the SAM and unerased type lists accordingly
                    rcvr = addParameter("rec$", samDesc.getParameterTypes().head, false);
                    samPTypes = samPTypes.tail;
                    descPTypes = descPTypes.tail;
                    break;
                default:
                    rcvr = null;
                    break;
            }
            List<Type> implPTypes = tree.sym.type.getParameterTypes();
            int implSize = implPTypes.size();
            int samSize = samPTypes.size();
            // Last parameter to copy from referenced method, exclude final var args
            int last = localContext.needsVarArgsConversion() ? implSize - 1 : implSize;

            // Failsafe -- assure match-up
            boolean checkForIntersection = tree.varargsElement != null || implSize == descPTypes.size();

            // Use parameter types of the implementation method unless the unerased
            // SAM parameter type is an intersection type, in that case use the
            // erased SAM parameter type so that the supertype relationship
            // the implementation method parameters is not obscured.
            // Note: in this loop, the lists implPTypes, samPTypes, and descPTypes
            // are used as pointers to the current parameter type information
            // and are thus not usable afterwards.
            for (int i = 0; implPTypes.nonEmpty() && i < last; ++i) {
                // By default use the implementation method parmeter type
                Type parmType = implPTypes.head;
                // If the unerased parameter type is a type variable whose
                // bound is an intersection (eg. <T extends A & B>) then
                // use the SAM parameter type
                if (checkForIntersection && descPTypes.head.getKind() == TypeKind.TYPEVAR) {
                    TypeVar tv = (TypeVar) descPTypes.head;
                    if (tv.bound.getKind() == TypeKind.INTERSECTION) {
                        parmType = samPTypes.head;
                    }
                }
                addParameter("x$" + i, parmType, true);

                // Advance to the next parameter
                implPTypes = implPTypes.tail;
                samPTypes = samPTypes.tail;
                descPTypes = descPTypes.tail;
            }
            // Flatten out the var args
            for (int i = last; i < samSize; ++i) {
                addParameter("xva$" + i, tree.varargsElement, true);
            }

            return rcvr;
        }

        JCExpression getReceiverExpression() {
            return receiverExpression;
        }

        private JCExpression makeReceiver(VarSymbol rcvr) {
            if (rcvr == null) return null;
            JCExpression rcvrExpr = make.Ident(rcvr);
            Type rcvrType = tree.ownerAccessible ? tree.sym.enclClass().type : tree.expr.type;
            if (rcvrType == syms.arrayClass.type) {
                // Map the receiver type to the actually type, not just "array"
                rcvrType = tree.getQualifierExpression().type;
            }
            if (!rcvr.type.tsym.isSubClass(rcvrType.tsym, types)) {
                rcvrExpr = make.TypeCast(make.Type(rcvrType), rcvrExpr).setType(rcvrType);
            }
            return rcvrExpr;
        }

        /**
         * determine the receiver of the method call - the receiver can
         * be a type qualifier, the synthetic receiver parameter or 'super'.
         */
        private JCExpression expressionInvoke(VarSymbol rcvr) {
            JCExpression qualifier =
                    (rcvr != null) ?
                        makeReceiver(rcvr) :
                        tree.getQualifierExpression();

            //create the qualifier expression
            JCFieldAccess select = make.Select(qualifier, tree.sym.name);
            select.sym = tree.sym;
            select.type = tree.sym.erasure(types);

            //create the method call expression
            JCExpression apply = make.Apply(List.nil(), select,
                    convertArgs(tree.sym, args.toList(), tree.varargsElement)).
                    setType(tree.sym.erasure(types).getReturnType());

            apply = transTypes.coerce(attrEnv, apply,
                    types.erasure(localContext.tree.referentType.getReturnType()));

            setVarargsIfNeeded(apply, tree.varargsElement);
            return apply;
        }

        /**
         * Lambda body to use for a 'new'.
         */
        private JCExpression expressionNew() {
            if (tree.kind == ReferenceKind.ARRAY_CTOR) {
                //create the array creation expression
                JCNewArray newArr = make.NewArray(
                        make.Type(types.elemtype(tree.getQualifierExpression().type)),
                        List.of(make.Ident(params.first())),
                        null);
                newArr.type = tree.getQualifierExpression().type;
                return newArr;
            } else {
                //create the instance creation expression
                //note that method reference syntax does not allow an explicit
                //enclosing class (so the enclosing class is null)
                // but this may need to be patched up later with the proxy for the outer this
                JCNewClass newClass = make.NewClass(null,
                        List.nil(),
                        make.Type(tree.getQualifierExpression().type),
                        convertArgs(tree.sym, args.toList(), tree.varargsElement),
                        null);
                newClass.constructor = tree.sym;
                newClass.constructorType = tree.sym.erasure(types);
                newClass.type = tree.getQualifierExpression().type;
                setVarargsIfNeeded(newClass, tree.varargsElement);
                return newClass;
            }
        }

        private VarSymbol addParameter(String name, Type p, boolean genArg) {
            VarSymbol vsym = new VarSymbol(PARAMETER | SYNTHETIC, names.fromString(name), p, owner);
            vsym.pos = tree.pos;
            params.append(make.VarDef(vsym, null));
            if (genArg) {
                args.append(make.Ident(vsym));
            }
            return vsym;
        }
    }

    private MethodType typeToMethodType(Type mt) {
        Type type = types.erasure(mt);
        return new MethodType(type.getParameterTypes(),
                        type.getReturnType(),
                        type.getThrownTypes(),
                        syms.methodClass);
    }

    /**
     * Generate an indy method call to the meta factory
     */
    private JCExpression makeMetafactoryIndyCall(TranslationContext<?> context,
            int refKind, Symbol refSym, List<JCExpression> indy_args) {
        JCFunctionalExpression tree = context.tree;
        //determine the static bsm args
        MethodSymbol samSym = (MethodSymbol) types.findDescriptorSymbol(tree.target.tsym);
        List<Object> staticArgs = List.of(
                typeToMethodType(samSym.type),
                new Pool.MethodHandle(refKind, refSym, types),
                typeToMethodType(tree.getDescriptorType(types)));

        //computed indy arg types
        ListBuffer<Type> indy_args_types = new ListBuffer<>();
        for (JCExpression arg : indy_args) {
            indy_args_types.append(arg.type);
        }

        //finally, compute the type of the indy call
        MethodType indyType = new MethodType(indy_args_types.toList(),
                tree.type,
                List.nil(),
                syms.methodClass);

        Name metafactoryName = context.needsAltMetafactory() ?
                names.altMetafactory : names.metafactory;

        if (context.needsAltMetafactory()) {
            ListBuffer<Object> markers = new ListBuffer<>();
            List<Type> targets = tree.target.isIntersection() ?
                    types.directSupertypes(tree.target) :
                    List.nil();
            for (Type t : targets) {
                t = types.erasure(t);
                if (t.tsym != syms.serializableType.tsym &&
                    t.tsym != tree.type.tsym &&
                    t.tsym != syms.objectType.tsym) {
                    markers.append(t.tsym);
                }
            }
            int flags = context.isSerializable() ? FLAG_SERIALIZABLE : 0;
            boolean hasMarkers = markers.nonEmpty();
            boolean hasBridges = context.bridges.nonEmpty();
            if (hasMarkers) {
                flags |= FLAG_MARKERS;
            }
            if (hasBridges) {
                flags |= FLAG_BRIDGES;
            }
            staticArgs = staticArgs.append(flags);
            if (hasMarkers) {
                staticArgs = staticArgs.append(markers.length());
                staticArgs = staticArgs.appendList(markers.toList());
            }
            if (hasBridges) {
                staticArgs = staticArgs.append(context.bridges.length() - 1);
                for (Symbol s : context.bridges) {
                    Type s_erasure = s.erasure(types);
                    if (!types.isSameType(s_erasure, samSym.erasure(types))) {
                        staticArgs = staticArgs.append(s.erasure(types));
                    }
                }
            }
            if (context.isSerializable()) {
                int prevPos = make.pos;
                try {
                    make.at(kInfo.clazz);
                    addDeserializationCase(refKind, refSym, tree.type, samSym,
                            tree, staticArgs, indyType);
                } finally {
                    make.at(prevPos);
                }
            }
        }

        return makeIndyCall(tree, syms.lambdaMetafactory, metafactoryName, staticArgs, indyType, indy_args, samSym.name);
    }

    /**
     * Generate an indy method call with given name, type and static bootstrap
     * arguments types
     */
    private JCExpression makeIndyCall(DiagnosticPosition pos, Type site, Name bsmName,
            List<Object> staticArgs, MethodType indyType, List<JCExpression> indyArgs,
            Name methName) {
        int prevPos = make.pos;
        try {
            make.at(pos);
            List<Type> bsm_staticArgs = List.of(syms.methodHandleLookupType,
                    syms.stringType,
                    syms.methodTypeType).appendList(bsmStaticArgToTypes(staticArgs));

            Symbol bsm = rs.resolveInternalMethod(pos, attrEnv, site,
                    bsmName, bsm_staticArgs, List.nil());

            DynamicMethodSymbol dynSym =
                    new DynamicMethodSymbol(methName,
                                            syms.noSymbol,
                                            bsm.isStatic() ?
                                                ClassFile.REF_invokeStatic :
                                                ClassFile.REF_invokeVirtual,
                                            (MethodSymbol)bsm,
                                            indyType,
                                            staticArgs.toArray());
            JCFieldAccess qualifier = make.Select(make.QualIdent(site.tsym), bsmName);
            DynamicMethodSymbol existing = kInfo.dynMethSyms.putIfAbsent(
                    new DynamicMethod(dynSym, types), dynSym);
            qualifier.sym = existing != null ? existing : dynSym;
            qualifier.type = indyType.getReturnType();

            JCMethodInvocation proxyCall = make.Apply(List.nil(), qualifier, indyArgs);
            proxyCall.type = indyType.getReturnType();
            return proxyCall;
        } finally {
            make.at(prevPos);
        }
    }
    //where
    private List<Type> bsmStaticArgToTypes(List<Object> args) {
        ListBuffer<Type> argtypes = new ListBuffer<>();
        for (Object arg : args) {
            argtypes.append(bsmStaticArgToType(arg));
        }
        return argtypes.toList();
    }

    private Type bsmStaticArgToType(Object arg) {
        Assert.checkNonNull(arg);
        if (arg instanceof ClassSymbol) {
            return syms.classType;
        } else if (arg instanceof Integer) {
            return syms.intType;
        } else if (arg instanceof Long) {
            return syms.longType;
        } else if (arg instanceof Float) {
            return syms.floatType;
        } else if (arg instanceof Double) {
            return syms.doubleType;
        } else if (arg instanceof String) {
            return syms.stringType;
        } else if (arg instanceof Pool.MethodHandle) {
            return syms.methodHandleType;
        } else if (arg instanceof MethodType) {
            return syms.methodTypeType;
        } else {
            Assert.error("bad static arg " + arg.getClass());
            return null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Get the opcode associated with this method reference
     */
    private int referenceKind(Symbol refSym) {
        if (refSym.isConstructor()) {
            return ClassFile.REF_newInvokeSpecial;
        } else {
            if (refSym.isStatic()) {
                return ClassFile.REF_invokeStatic;
            } else if ((refSym.flags() & PRIVATE) != 0) {
                return ClassFile.REF_invokeSpecial;
            } else if (refSym.enclClass().isInterface()) {
                return ClassFile.REF_invokeInterface;
            } else {
                return ClassFile.REF_invokeVirtual;
            }
        }
    }

    // <editor-fold defaultstate="collapsed" desc="Lambda/reference analyzer">
    /**
     * This visitor collects information about translation of a lambda expression.
     * More specifically, it keeps track of the enclosing contexts and captured locals
     * accessed by the lambda being translated (as well as other useful info).
     * It also translates away problems for LambdaToMethod.
     */
    class LambdaAnalyzerPreprocessor extends TreeTranslator {

        /** the frame stack - used to reconstruct translation info about enclosing scopes */
        private List<Frame> frameStack;

        /**
         * keep the count of lambda expression (used to generate unambiguous
         * names)
         */
        private int lambdaCount = 0;

        /**
         * List of types undergoing construction via explicit constructor chaining.
         */
        private List<ClassSymbol> typesUnderConstruction;

        /**
         * keep the count of lambda expression defined in given context (used to
         * generate unambiguous names for serializable lambdas)
         */
        private class SyntheticMethodNameCounter {
            private Map<String, Integer> map = new HashMap<>();
            int getIndex(StringBuilder buf) {
                String temp = buf.toString();
                Integer count = map.get(temp);
                if (count == null) {
                    count = 0;
                }
                ++count;
                map.put(temp, count);
                return count;
            }
        }
        private SyntheticMethodNameCounter syntheticMethodNameCounts =
                new SyntheticMethodNameCounter();

        private Map<Symbol, JCClassDecl> localClassDefs;

        /**
         * maps for fake clinit symbols to be used as owners of lambda occurring in
         * a static var init context
         */
        private Map<ClassSymbol, Symbol> clinits = new HashMap<>();

        private JCClassDecl analyzeAndPreprocessClass(JCClassDecl tree) {
            frameStack = List.nil();
            typesUnderConstruction = List.nil();
            localClassDefs = new HashMap<>();
            return translate(tree);
        }

        @Override
        public void visitApply(JCMethodInvocation tree) {
            List<ClassSymbol> previousNascentTypes = typesUnderConstruction;
            try {
                Name methName = TreeInfo.name(tree.meth);
                if (methName == names._this || methName == names._super) {
                    typesUnderConstruction = typesUnderConstruction.prepend(currentClass());
                }
                super.visitApply(tree);
            } finally {
                typesUnderConstruction = previousNascentTypes;
            }
        }
            // where
            private ClassSymbol currentClass() {
                for (Frame frame : frameStack) {
                    if (frame.tree.hasTag(JCTree.Tag.CLASSDEF)) {
                        JCClassDecl cdef = (JCClassDecl) frame.tree;
                        return cdef.sym;
                    }
                }
                return null;
            }

        @Override
        public void visitBlock(JCBlock tree) {
            List<Frame> prevStack = frameStack;
            try {
                if (frameStack.nonEmpty() && frameStack.head.tree.hasTag(CLASSDEF)) {
                    frameStack = frameStack.prepend(new Frame(tree));
                }
                super.visitBlock(tree);
            }
            finally {
                frameStack = prevStack;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void visitClassDef(JCClassDecl tree) {
            List<Frame> prevStack = frameStack;
            int prevLambdaCount = lambdaCount;
            SyntheticMethodNameCounter prevSyntheticMethodNameCounts =
                    syntheticMethodNameCounts;
            Map<ClassSymbol, Symbol> prevClinits = clinits;
            DiagnosticSource prevSource = log.currentSource();
            try {
                log.useSource(tree.sym.sourcefile);
                lambdaCount = 0;
                syntheticMethodNameCounts = new SyntheticMethodNameCounter();
                prevClinits = new HashMap<>();
                if (tree.sym.owner.kind == MTH) {
                    localClassDefs.put(tree.sym, tree);
                }
                if (directlyEnclosingLambda() != null) {
                    tree.sym.owner = owner();
                    if (tree.sym.hasOuterInstance()) {
                        //if a class is defined within a lambda, the lambda must capture
                        //its enclosing instance (if any)
                        TranslationContext<?> localContext = context();
                        final TypeSymbol outerInstanceSymbol = tree.sym.type.getEnclosingType().tsym;
                        while (localContext != null && !localContext.owner.isStatic()) {
                            if (localContext.tree.hasTag(LAMBDA)) {
                                JCTree block = capturedDecl(localContext.depth, outerInstanceSymbol);
                                if (block == null) break;
                                ((LambdaTranslationContext)localContext)
                                        .addSymbol(outerInstanceSymbol, CAPTURED_THIS);
                            }
                            localContext = localContext.prev;
                        }
                    }
                }
                frameStack = frameStack.prepend(new Frame(tree));
                super.visitClassDef(tree);
            }
            finally {
                log.useSource(prevSource.getFile());
                frameStack = prevStack;
                lambdaCount = prevLambdaCount;
                syntheticMethodNameCounts = prevSyntheticMethodNameCounts;
                clinits = prevClinits;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void visitIdent(JCIdent tree) {
            if (context() != null && lambdaIdentSymbolFilter(tree.sym)) {
                if (tree.sym.kind == VAR &&
                        tree.sym.owner.kind == MTH &&
                        tree.type.constValue() == null) {
                    TranslationContext<?> localContext = context();
                    while (localContext != null) {
                        if (localContext.tree.getTag() == LAMBDA) {
                            JCTree block = capturedDecl(localContext.depth, tree.sym);
                            if (block == null) break;
                            ((LambdaTranslationContext)localContext)
                                    .addSymbol(tree.sym, CAPTURED_VAR);
                        }
                        localContext = localContext.prev;
                    }
                } else if (tree.sym.owner.kind == TYP) {
                    TranslationContext<?> localContext = context();
                    while (localContext != null  && !localContext.owner.isStatic()) {
                        if (localContext.tree.hasTag(LAMBDA)) {
                            JCTree block = capturedDecl(localContext.depth, tree.sym);
                            if (block == null) break;
                            switch (block.getTag()) {
                                case CLASSDEF:
                                    JCClassDecl cdecl = (JCClassDecl)block;
                                    ((LambdaTranslationContext)localContext)
                                            .addSymbol(cdecl.sym, CAPTURED_THIS);
                                    break;
                                default:
                                    Assert.error("bad block kind");
                            }
                        }
                        localContext = localContext.prev;
                    }
                }
            }
            super.visitIdent(tree);
        }

        @Override
        public void visitLambda(JCLambda tree) {
            analyzeLambda(tree, "lambda.stat");
        }

        private void analyzeLambda(JCLambda tree, JCExpression methodReferenceReceiver) {
            // Translation of the receiver expression must occur first
            JCExpression rcvr = translate(methodReferenceReceiver);
            LambdaTranslationContext context = analyzeLambda(tree, "mref.stat.1");
            if (rcvr != null) {
                context.methodReferenceReceiver = rcvr;
            }
        }

        private LambdaTranslationContext analyzeLambda(JCLambda tree, String statKey) {
            List<Frame> prevStack = frameStack;
            try {
                LambdaTranslationContext context = new LambdaTranslationContext(tree);
                frameStack = frameStack.prepend(new Frame(tree));
                for (JCVariableDecl param : tree.params) {
                    context.addSymbol(param.sym, PARAM);
                    frameStack.head.addLocal(param.sym);
                }
                contextMap.put(tree, context);
                super.visitLambda(tree);
                context.complete();
                if (dumpLambdaToMethodStats) {
                    log.note(tree, diags.noteKey(statKey, context.needsAltMetafactory(), context.translatedSym));
                }
                return context;
            }
            finally {
                frameStack = prevStack;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void visitMethodDef(JCMethodDecl tree) {
            List<Frame> prevStack = frameStack;
            try {
                frameStack = frameStack.prepend(new Frame(tree));
                super.visitMethodDef(tree);
            }
            finally {
                frameStack = prevStack;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void visitNewClass(JCNewClass tree) {
            TypeSymbol def = tree.type.tsym;
            boolean inReferencedClass = currentlyInClass(def);
            boolean isLocal = def.isLocal();
            if ((inReferencedClass && isLocal || lambdaNewClassFilter(context(), tree))) {
                TranslationContext<?> localContext = context();
                final TypeSymbol outerInstanceSymbol = tree.type.getEnclosingType().tsym;
                while (localContext != null  && !localContext.owner.isStatic()) {
                    if (localContext.tree.hasTag(LAMBDA)) {
                        if (outerInstanceSymbol != null) {
                            JCTree block = capturedDecl(localContext.depth, outerInstanceSymbol);
                            if (block == null) break;
                        }
                        ((LambdaTranslationContext)localContext)
                                .addSymbol(outerInstanceSymbol, CAPTURED_THIS);
                    }
                    localContext = localContext.prev;
                }
            }
            if (context() != null && !inReferencedClass && isLocal) {
                LambdaTranslationContext lambdaContext = (LambdaTranslationContext)context();
                captureLocalClassDefs(def, lambdaContext);
            }
            super.visitNewClass(tree);
        }
        //where
            void captureLocalClassDefs(Symbol csym, final LambdaTranslationContext lambdaContext) {
                JCClassDecl localCDef = localClassDefs.get(csym);
                if (localCDef != null && lambdaContext.freeVarProcessedLocalClasses.add(csym)) {
                    BasicFreeVarCollector fvc = lower.new BasicFreeVarCollector() {
                        @Override
                        void addFreeVars(ClassSymbol c) {
                            captureLocalClassDefs(c, lambdaContext);
                        }
                        @Override
                        void visitSymbol(Symbol sym) {
                            if (sym.kind == VAR &&
                                    sym.owner.kind == MTH &&
                                    ((VarSymbol)sym).getConstValue() == null) {
                                TranslationContext<?> localContext = context();
                                while (localContext != null) {
                                    if (localContext.tree.getTag() == LAMBDA) {
                                        JCTree block = capturedDecl(localContext.depth, sym);
                                        if (block == null) break;
                                        ((LambdaTranslationContext)localContext).addSymbol(sym, CAPTURED_VAR);
                                    }
                                    localContext = localContext.prev;
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    };
                    fvc.scan(localCDef);
                }
        }
        //where
        boolean currentlyInClass(Symbol csym) {
            for (Frame frame : frameStack) {
                if (frame.tree.hasTag(JCTree.Tag.CLASSDEF)) {
                    JCClassDecl cdef = (JCClassDecl) frame.tree;
                    if (cdef.sym == csym) {
                        return true;
                    }
                }
            }
            return false;
        }

        /**
         * Method references to local class constructors, may, if the local
         * class references local variables, have implicit constructor
         * parameters added in Lower; As a result, the invokedynamic bootstrap
         * information added in the LambdaToMethod pass will have the wrong
         * signature. Hooks between Lower and LambdaToMethod have been added to
         * handle normal "new" in this case. This visitor converts potentially
         * affected method references into a lambda containing a normal
         * expression.
         *
         * @param tree
         */
        @Override
        public void visitReference(JCMemberReference tree) {
            ReferenceTranslationContext rcontext = new ReferenceTranslationContext(tree);
            contextMap.put(tree, rcontext);
            if (rcontext.needsConversionToLambda()) {
                 // Convert to a lambda, and process as such
                MemberReferenceToLambda conv = new MemberReferenceToLambda(tree, rcontext, owner());
                analyzeLambda(conv.lambda(), conv.getReceiverExpression());
            } else {
                super.visitReference(tree);
                if (dumpLambdaToMethodStats) {
                    log.note(tree, Notes.MrefStat(rcontext.needsAltMetafactory(), null));
                }
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void visitSelect(JCFieldAccess tree) {
            if (context() != null && tree.sym.kind == VAR &&
                        (tree.sym.name == names._this ||
                         tree.sym.name == names._super)) {
                // A select of this or super means, if we are in a lambda,
                // we much have an instance context
                TranslationContext<?> localContext = context();
                while (localContext != null  && !localContext.owner.isStatic()) {
                    if (localContext.tree.hasTag(LAMBDA)) {
                        JCClassDecl clazz = (JCClassDecl)capturedDecl(localContext.depth, tree.sym);
                        if (clazz == null) break;
                        ((LambdaTranslationContext)localContext).addSymbol(clazz.sym, CAPTURED_THIS);
                    }
                    localContext = localContext.prev;
                }
            }
            super.visitSelect(tree);
        }

        @Override
        public void visitVarDef(JCVariableDecl tree) {
            TranslationContext<?> context = context();
            LambdaTranslationContext ltc = (context != null && context instanceof LambdaTranslationContext)?
                    (LambdaTranslationContext)context :
                    null;
            if (ltc != null) {
                if (frameStack.head.tree.hasTag(LAMBDA)) {
                    ltc.addSymbol(tree.sym, LOCAL_VAR);
                }
                // Check for type variables (including as type arguments).
                // If they occur within class nested in a lambda, mark for erasure
                Type type = tree.sym.asType();
                if (inClassWithinLambda() && !types.isSameType(types.erasure(type), type)) {
                    ltc.addSymbol(tree.sym, TYPE_VAR);
                }
            }

            List<Frame> prevStack = frameStack;
            try {
                if (tree.sym.owner.kind == MTH) {
                    frameStack.head.addLocal(tree.sym);
                }
                frameStack = frameStack.prepend(new Frame(tree));
                super.visitVarDef(tree);
            }
            finally {
                frameStack = prevStack;
            }
        }

        /**
         * Return a valid owner given the current declaration stack
         * (required to skip synthetic lambda symbols)
         */
        private Symbol owner() {
            return owner(false);
        }

        @SuppressWarnings("fallthrough")
        private Symbol owner(boolean skipLambda) {
            List<Frame> frameStack2 = frameStack;
            while (frameStack2.nonEmpty()) {
                switch (frameStack2.head.tree.getTag()) {
                    case VARDEF:
                        if (((JCVariableDecl)frameStack2.head.tree).sym.isLocal()) {
                            frameStack2 = frameStack2.tail;
                            break;
                        }
                        JCClassDecl cdecl = (JCClassDecl)frameStack2.tail.head.tree;
                        return initSym(cdecl.sym,
                                ((JCVariableDecl)frameStack2.head.tree).sym.flags() & STATIC);
                    case BLOCK:
                        JCClassDecl cdecl2 = (JCClassDecl)frameStack2.tail.head.tree;
                        return initSym(cdecl2.sym,
                                ((JCBlock)frameStack2.head.tree).flags & STATIC);
                    case CLASSDEF:
                        return ((JCClassDecl)frameStack2.head.tree).sym;
                    case METHODDEF:
                        return ((JCMethodDecl)frameStack2.head.tree).sym;
                    case LAMBDA:
                        if (!skipLambda)
                            return ((LambdaTranslationContext)contextMap
                                    .get(frameStack2.head.tree)).translatedSym;
                    default:
                        frameStack2 = frameStack2.tail;
                }
            }
            Assert.error();
            return null;
        }

        private Symbol initSym(ClassSymbol csym, long flags) {
            boolean isStatic = (flags & STATIC) != 0;
            if (isStatic) {
                /* static clinits are generated in Gen, so we need to use a fake
                 * one. Attr creates a fake clinit method while attributing
                 * lambda expressions used as initializers of static fields, so
                 * let's use that one.
                 */
                MethodSymbol clinit = attr.removeClinit(csym);
                if (clinit != null) {
                    clinits.put(csym, clinit);
                    return clinit;
                }

                /* if no clinit is found at Attr, then let's try at clinits.
                 */
                clinit = (MethodSymbol)clinits.get(csym);
                if (clinit == null) {
                    /* no luck, let's create a new one
                     */
                    clinit = makePrivateSyntheticMethod(STATIC,
                            names.clinit,
                            new MethodType(List.nil(), syms.voidType,
                                List.nil(), syms.methodClass),
                            csym);
                    clinits.put(csym, clinit);
                }
                return clinit;
            } else {
                //get the first constructor and treat it as the instance init sym
                for (Symbol s : csym.members_field.getSymbolsByName(names.init)) {
                    return s;
                }
            }
            Assert.error("init not found");
            return null;
        }

        private JCTree directlyEnclosingLambda() {
            if (frameStack.isEmpty()) {
                return null;
            }
            List<Frame> frameStack2 = frameStack;
            while (frameStack2.nonEmpty()) {
                switch (frameStack2.head.tree.getTag()) {
                    case CLASSDEF:
                    case METHODDEF:
                        return null;
                    case LAMBDA:
                        return frameStack2.head.tree;
                    default:
                        frameStack2 = frameStack2.tail;
                }
            }
            Assert.error();
            return null;
        }

        private boolean inClassWithinLambda() {
            if (frameStack.isEmpty()) {
                return false;
            }
            List<Frame> frameStack2 = frameStack;
            boolean classFound = false;
            while (frameStack2.nonEmpty()) {
                switch (frameStack2.head.tree.getTag()) {
                    case LAMBDA:
                        return classFound;
                    case CLASSDEF:
                        classFound = true;
                        frameStack2 = frameStack2.tail;
                        break;
                    default:
                        frameStack2 = frameStack2.tail;
                }
            }
            // No lambda
            return false;
        }

        /**
         * Return the declaration corresponding to a symbol in the enclosing
         * scope; the depth parameter is used to filter out symbols defined
         * in nested scopes (which do not need to undergo capture).
         */
        private JCTree capturedDecl(int depth, Symbol sym) {
            int currentDepth = frameStack.size() - 1;
            for (Frame block : frameStack) {
                switch (block.tree.getTag()) {
                    case CLASSDEF:
                        ClassSymbol clazz = ((JCClassDecl)block.tree).sym;
                        if (clazz.isSubClass(sym, types) || sym.isMemberOf(clazz, types)) {
                            return currentDepth > depth ? null : block.tree;
                        }
                        break;
                    case VARDEF:
                        if (((JCVariableDecl)block.tree).sym == sym &&
                                sym.owner.kind == MTH) { //only locals are captured
                            return currentDepth > depth ? null : block.tree;
                        }
                        break;
                    case BLOCK:
                    case METHODDEF:
                    case LAMBDA:
                        if (block.locals != null && block.locals.contains(sym)) {
                            return currentDepth > depth ? null : block.tree;
                        }
                        break;
                    default:
                        Assert.error("bad decl kind " + block.tree.getTag());
                }
                currentDepth--;
            }
            return null;
        }

        private TranslationContext<?> context() {
            for (Frame frame : frameStack) {
                TranslationContext<?> context = contextMap.get(frame.tree);
                if (context != null) {
                    return context;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        /**
         *  This is used to filter out those identifiers that needs to be adjusted
         *  when translating away lambda expressions
         */
        private boolean lambdaIdentSymbolFilter(Symbol sym) {
            return (sym.kind == VAR || sym.kind == MTH)
                    && !sym.isStatic()
                    && sym.name != names.init;
        }

        /**
         *  This is used to filter out those select nodes that need to be adjusted
         *  when translating away lambda expressions - at the moment, this is the
         *  set of nodes that select `this' (qualified this)
         */
        private boolean lambdaFieldAccessFilter(JCFieldAccess fAccess) {
            LambdaTranslationContext lambdaContext =
                    context instanceof LambdaTranslationContext ?
                            (LambdaTranslationContext) context : null;
            return lambdaContext != null
                    && !fAccess.sym.isStatic()
                    && fAccess.name == names._this
                    && (fAccess.sym.owner.kind == TYP)
                    && !lambdaContext.translatedSymbols.get(CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS).isEmpty();
        }

        /**
         * This is used to filter out those new class expressions that need to
         * be qualified with an enclosing tree
         */
        private boolean lambdaNewClassFilter(TranslationContext<?> context, JCNewClass tree) {
            if (context != null
                    && tree.encl == null
                    && tree.def == null
                    && !tree.type.getEnclosingType().hasTag(NONE)) {
                Type encl = tree.type.getEnclosingType();
                Type current = context.owner.enclClass().type;
                while (!current.hasTag(NONE)) {
                    if (current.tsym.isSubClass(encl.tsym, types)) {
                        return true;
                    }
                    current = current.getEnclosingType();
                }
                return false;
            } else {
                return false;
            }
        }

        private class Frame {
            final JCTree tree;
            List<Symbol> locals;

            public Frame(JCTree tree) {
                this.tree = tree;
            }

            void addLocal(Symbol sym) {
                if (locals == null) {
                    locals = List.nil();
                }
                locals = locals.prepend(sym);
            }
        }

        /**
         * This class is used to store important information regarding translation of
         * lambda expression/method references (see subclasses).
         */
        abstract class TranslationContext<T extends JCFunctionalExpression> {

            /** the underlying (untranslated) tree */
            final T tree;

            /** points to the adjusted enclosing scope in which this lambda/mref expression occurs */
            final Symbol owner;

            /** the depth of this lambda expression in the frame stack */
            final int depth;

            /** the enclosing translation context (set for nested lambdas/mref) */
            final TranslationContext<?> prev;

            /** list of methods to be bridged by the meta-factory */
            final List<Symbol> bridges;

            TranslationContext(T tree) {
                this.tree = tree;
                this.owner = owner(true);
                this.depth = frameStack.size() - 1;
                this.prev = context();
                ClassSymbol csym =
                        types.makeFunctionalInterfaceClass(attrEnv, names.empty, tree.target, ABSTRACT | INTERFACE);
                this.bridges = types.functionalInterfaceBridges(csym);
            }

            /** does this functional expression need to be created using alternate metafactory? */
            boolean needsAltMetafactory() {
                return tree.target.isIntersection() ||
                        isSerializable() ||
                        bridges.length() > 1;
            }

            /** does this functional expression require serialization support? */
            boolean isSerializable() {
                if (forceSerializable) {
                    return true;
                }
                return types.asSuper(tree.target, syms.serializableType.tsym) != null;
            }

            /**
             * @return Name of the enclosing method to be folded into synthetic
             * method name
             */
            String enclosingMethodName() {
                return syntheticMethodNameComponent(owner.name);
            }

            /**
             * @return Method name in a form that can be folded into a
             * component of a synthetic method name
             */
            String syntheticMethodNameComponent(Name name) {
                if (name == null) {
                    return "null";
                }
                String methodName = name.toString();
                if (methodName.equals("<clinit>")) {
                    methodName = "static";
                } else if (methodName.equals("<init>")) {
                    methodName = "new";
                }
                return methodName;
            }
        }

        /**
         * This class retains all the useful information about a lambda expression;
         * the contents of this class are filled by the LambdaAnalyzer visitor,
         * and the used by the main translation routines in order to adjust references
         * to captured locals/members, etc.
         */
        class LambdaTranslationContext extends TranslationContext<JCLambda> {

            /** variable in the enclosing context to which this lambda is assigned */
            final Symbol self;

            /** variable in the enclosing context to which this lambda is assigned */
            final Symbol assignedTo;

            Map<LambdaSymbolKind, Map<Symbol, Symbol>> translatedSymbols;

            /** the synthetic symbol for the method hoisting the translated lambda */
            MethodSymbol translatedSym;

            List<JCVariableDecl> syntheticParams;

            /**
             * to prevent recursion, track local classes processed
             */
            final Set<Symbol> freeVarProcessedLocalClasses;

            /**
             * For method references converted to lambdas.  The method
             * reference receiver expression. Must be treated like a captured
             * variable.
             */
            JCExpression methodReferenceReceiver;

            LambdaTranslationContext(JCLambda tree) {
                super(tree);
                Frame frame = frameStack.head;
                switch (frame.tree.getTag()) {
                    case VARDEF:
                        assignedTo = self = ((JCVariableDecl) frame.tree).sym;
                        break;
                    case ASSIGN:
                        self = null;
                        assignedTo = TreeInfo.symbol(((JCAssign) frame.tree).getVariable());
                        break;
                    default:
                        assignedTo = self = null;
                        break;
                 }

                // This symbol will be filled-in in complete
                this.translatedSym = makePrivateSyntheticMethod(0, null, null, owner.enclClass());

                translatedSymbols = new EnumMap<>(LambdaSymbolKind.class);

                translatedSymbols.put(PARAM, new LinkedHashMap<Symbol, Symbol>());
                translatedSymbols.put(LOCAL_VAR, new LinkedHashMap<Symbol, Symbol>());
                translatedSymbols.put(CAPTURED_VAR, new LinkedHashMap<Symbol, Symbol>());
                translatedSymbols.put(CAPTURED_THIS, new LinkedHashMap<Symbol, Symbol>());
                translatedSymbols.put(CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS, new LinkedHashMap<Symbol, Symbol>());
                translatedSymbols.put(TYPE_VAR, new LinkedHashMap<Symbol, Symbol>());

                freeVarProcessedLocalClasses = new HashSet<>();
            }

             /**
             * For a serializable lambda, generate a disambiguating string
             * which maximizes stability across deserialization.
             *
             * @return String to differentiate synthetic lambda method names
             */
            private String serializedLambdaDisambiguation() {
                StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
                // Append the enclosing method signature to differentiate
                // overloaded enclosing methods.  For lambdas enclosed in
                // lambdas, the generated lambda method will not have type yet,
                // but the enclosing method's name will have been generated
                // with this same method, so it will be unique and never be
                // overloaded.
                Assert.check(
                        owner.type != null ||
                        directlyEnclosingLambda() != null);
                if (owner.type != null) {
                    buf.append(typeSig(owner.type));
                    buf.append(":");
                }

                // Add target type info
                buf.append(types.findDescriptorSymbol(tree.type.tsym).owner.flatName());
                buf.append(" ");

                // Add variable assigned to
                if (assignedTo != null) {
                    buf.append(assignedTo.flatName());
                    buf.append("=");
                }
                //add captured locals info: type, name, order
                for (Symbol fv : getSymbolMap(CAPTURED_VAR).keySet()) {
                    if (fv != self) {
                        buf.append(typeSig(fv.type));
                        buf.append(" ");
                        buf.append(fv.flatName());
                        buf.append(",");
                    }
                }

                return buf.toString();
            }

            /**
             * For a non-serializable lambda, generate a simple method.
             *
             * @return Name to use for the synthetic lambda method name
             */
            private Name lambdaName() {
                return names.lambda.append(names.fromString(enclosingMethodName() + "$" + lambdaCount++));
            }

            /**
             * For a serializable lambda, generate a method name which maximizes
             * name stability across deserialization.
             *
             * @return Name to use for the synthetic lambda method name
             */
            private Name serializedLambdaName() {
                StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
                buf.append(names.lambda);
                // Append the name of the method enclosing the lambda.
                buf.append(enclosingMethodName());
                buf.append('$');
                // Append a hash of the disambiguating string : enclosing method
                // signature, etc.
                String disam = serializedLambdaDisambiguation();
                buf.append(Integer.toHexString(disam.hashCode()));
                buf.append('$');
                // The above appended name components may not be unique, append
                // a count based on the above name components.
                buf.append(syntheticMethodNameCounts.getIndex(buf));
                String result = buf.toString();
                //System.err.printf("serializedLambdaName: %s -- %s\n", result, disam);
                return names.fromString(result);
            }

            /**
             * Translate a symbol of a given kind into something suitable for the
             * synthetic lambda body
             */
            Symbol translate(final Symbol sym, LambdaSymbolKind skind) {
                Symbol ret;
                switch (skind) {
                    case CAPTURED_THIS:
                        ret = sym;  // self represented
                        break;
                    case TYPE_VAR:
                        // Just erase the type var
                        ret = new VarSymbol(sym.flags(), sym.name,
                                types.erasure(sym.type), sym.owner);

                        /* this information should also be kept for LVT generation at Gen
                         * a Symbol with pos < startPos won't be tracked.
                         */
                        ((VarSymbol)ret).pos = ((VarSymbol)sym).pos;
                        break;
                    case CAPTURED_VAR:
                        ret = new VarSymbol(SYNTHETIC | FINAL | PARAMETER, sym.name, types.erasure(sym.type), translatedSym) {
                            @Override
                            public Symbol baseSymbol() {
                                //keep mapping with original captured symbol
                                return sym;
                            }
                        };
                        break;
                    case CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS:
                        Name name = names.fromString(new String(sym.flatName().toString().replace('.', '$') + names.dollarThis));
                        ret = new VarSymbol(SYNTHETIC | FINAL | PARAMETER, name, types.erasure(sym.type), translatedSym) {
                            @Override
                            public Symbol baseSymbol() {
                                //keep mapping with original captured symbol
                                return sym;
                            }
                        };
                        break;
                    case LOCAL_VAR:
                        ret = new VarSymbol(sym.flags() & FINAL, sym.name, sym.type, translatedSym);
                        ((VarSymbol) ret).pos = ((VarSymbol) sym).pos;
                        break;
                    case PARAM:
                        ret = new VarSymbol((sym.flags() & FINAL) | PARAMETER, sym.name, types.erasure(sym.type), translatedSym);
                        ((VarSymbol) ret).pos = ((VarSymbol) sym).pos;
                        break;
                    default:
                        Assert.error(skind.name());
                        throw new AssertionError();
                }
                if (ret != sym && skind.propagateAnnotations()) {
                    ret.setDeclarationAttributes(sym.getRawAttributes());
                    ret.setTypeAttributes(sym.getRawTypeAttributes());
                }
                return ret;
            }

            void addSymbol(Symbol sym, LambdaSymbolKind skind) {
                if (skind == CAPTURED_THIS && sym != null && sym.kind == TYP && !typesUnderConstruction.isEmpty()) {
                    ClassSymbol currentClass = currentClass();
                    if (currentClass != null && typesUnderConstruction.contains(currentClass)) {
                        // reference must be to enclosing outer instance, mutate capture kind.
                        Assert.check(sym != currentClass); // should have been caught right in Attr
                        skind = CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS;
                    }
                }
                Map<Symbol, Symbol> transMap = getSymbolMap(skind);
                if (!transMap.containsKey(sym)) {
                    transMap.put(sym, translate(sym, skind));
                }
            }

            Map<Symbol, Symbol> getSymbolMap(LambdaSymbolKind skind) {
                Map<Symbol, Symbol> m = translatedSymbols.get(skind);
                Assert.checkNonNull(m);
                return m;
            }

            JCTree translate(JCIdent lambdaIdent) {
                for (LambdaSymbolKind kind : LambdaSymbolKind.values()) {
                    Map<Symbol, Symbol> m = getSymbolMap(kind);
                    switch(kind) {
                        default:
                            if (m.containsKey(lambdaIdent.sym)) {
                                Symbol tSym = m.get(lambdaIdent.sym);
                                JCTree t = make.Ident(tSym).setType(lambdaIdent.type);
                                return t;
                            }
                            break;
                        case CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS:
                            Optional<Symbol> proxy = m.keySet().stream()
                                    .filter(out -> lambdaIdent.sym.isMemberOf(out.type.tsym, types))
                                    .reduce((a, b) -> a.isEnclosedBy((ClassSymbol)b) ? a : b);
                            if (proxy.isPresent()) {
                                // Transform outer instance variable references anchoring them to the captured synthetic.
                                Symbol tSym = m.get(proxy.get());
                                JCExpression t = make.Ident(tSym).setType(lambdaIdent.sym.owner.type);
                                t = make.Select(t, lambdaIdent.name);
                                t.setType(lambdaIdent.type);
                                TreeInfo.setSymbol(t, lambdaIdent.sym);
                                return t;
                            }
                            break;
                    }
                }
                return null;
            }

            /* Translate away qualified this expressions, anchoring them to synthetic parameters that
               capture the qualified this handle. `fieldAccess' is guaranteed to one such.
            */
            public JCTree translate(JCFieldAccess fieldAccess) {
                Assert.check(fieldAccess.name == names._this);
                Map<Symbol, Symbol> m = translatedSymbols.get(LambdaSymbolKind.CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS);
                if (m.containsKey(fieldAccess.sym.owner)) {
                    Symbol tSym = m.get(fieldAccess.sym.owner);
                    JCExpression t = make.Ident(tSym).setType(fieldAccess.sym.owner.type);
                    return t;
                }
                return null;
            }

            /* Translate away naked new instance creation expressions with implicit enclosing instances,
               anchoring them to synthetic parameters that stand proxy for the qualified outer this handle.
            */
            public JCNewClass translate(JCNewClass newClass) {
                Assert.check(newClass.clazz.type.tsym.hasOuterInstance() && newClass.encl == null);
                Map<Symbol, Symbol> m = translatedSymbols.get(LambdaSymbolKind.CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS);
                final Type enclosingType = newClass.clazz.type.getEnclosingType();
                if (m.containsKey(enclosingType.tsym)) {
                      Symbol tSym = m.get(enclosingType.tsym);
                      JCExpression encl = make.Ident(tSym).setType(enclosingType);
                      newClass.encl = encl;
                }
                return newClass;
            }

            /**
             * The translatedSym is not complete/accurate until the analysis is
             * finished.  Once the analysis is finished, the translatedSym is
             * "completed" -- updated with type information, access modifiers,
             * and full parameter list.
             */
            void complete() {
                if (syntheticParams != null) {
                    return;
                }
                boolean inInterface = translatedSym.owner.isInterface();
                boolean thisReferenced = !getSymbolMap(CAPTURED_THIS).isEmpty();

                // If instance access isn't needed, make it static.
                // Interface instance methods must be default methods.
                // Lambda methods are private synthetic.
                // Inherit ACC_STRICT from the enclosing method, or, for clinit,
                // from the class.
                translatedSym.flags_field = SYNTHETIC | LAMBDA_METHOD |
                        owner.flags_field & STRICTFP |
                        owner.owner.flags_field & STRICTFP |
                        PRIVATE |
                        (thisReferenced? (inInterface? DEFAULT : 0) : STATIC);

                //compute synthetic params
                ListBuffer<JCVariableDecl> params = new ListBuffer<>();
                ListBuffer<VarSymbol> parameterSymbols = new ListBuffer<>();

                // The signature of the method is augmented with the following
                // synthetic parameters:
                //
                // 1) reference to enclosing contexts captured by the lambda expression
                // 2) enclosing locals captured by the lambda expression
                for (Symbol thisSym : getSymbolMap(CAPTURED_VAR).values()) {
                    params.append(make.VarDef((VarSymbol) thisSym, null));
                    parameterSymbols.append((VarSymbol) thisSym);
                }
                for (Symbol thisSym : getSymbolMap(CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS).values()) {
                    params.append(make.VarDef((VarSymbol) thisSym, null));
                    parameterSymbols.append((VarSymbol) thisSym);
                }
                for (Symbol thisSym : getSymbolMap(PARAM).values()) {
                    params.append(make.VarDef((VarSymbol) thisSym, null));
                    parameterSymbols.append((VarSymbol) thisSym);
                }
                syntheticParams = params.toList();

                translatedSym.params = parameterSymbols.toList();

                // Compute and set the lambda name
                translatedSym.name = isSerializable()
                        ? serializedLambdaName()
                        : lambdaName();

                //prepend synthetic args to translated lambda method signature
                translatedSym.type = types.createMethodTypeWithParameters(
                        generatedLambdaSig(),
                        TreeInfo.types(syntheticParams));
            }

            Type generatedLambdaSig() {
                return types.erasure(tree.getDescriptorType(types));
            }
        }

        /**
         * This class retains all the useful information about a method reference;
         * the contents of this class are filled by the LambdaAnalyzer visitor,
         * and the used by the main translation routines in order to adjust method
         * references (i.e. in case a bridge is needed)
         */
        final class ReferenceTranslationContext extends TranslationContext<JCMemberReference> {

            final boolean isSuper;

            ReferenceTranslationContext(JCMemberReference tree) {
                super(tree);
                this.isSuper = tree.hasKind(ReferenceKind.SUPER);
            }

            /**
             * Get the opcode associated with this method reference
             */
            int referenceKind() {
                return LambdaToMethod.this.referenceKind(tree.sym);
            }

            boolean needsVarArgsConversion() {
                return tree.varargsElement != null;
            }

            /**
             * @return Is this an array operation like clone()
             */
            boolean isArrayOp() {
                return tree.sym.owner == syms.arrayClass;
            }

            boolean receiverAccessible() {
                //hack needed to workaround 292 bug (7087658)
                //when 292 issue is fixed we should remove this and change the backend
                //code to always generate a method handle to an accessible method
                return tree.ownerAccessible;
            }

            /**
             * The VM does not support access across nested classes (8010319).
             * Were that ever to change, this should be removed.
             */
            boolean isPrivateInOtherClass() {
                return  (tree.sym.flags() & PRIVATE) != 0 &&
                        !types.isSameType(
                              types.erasure(tree.sym.enclClass().asType()),
                              types.erasure(owner.enclClass().asType()));
            }

            boolean isProtectedInSuperClassOfEnclosingClassInOtherPackage() {
                return ((tree.sym.flags() & PROTECTED) != 0 &&
                        tree.sym.packge() != owner.packge() &&
                        !owner.enclClass().isSubClass(tree.sym.owner, types));
            }

            /**
             * Erasure destroys the implementation parameter subtype
             * relationship for intersection types.
             * Have similar problems for union types too.
             */
            boolean interfaceParameterIsIntersectionOrUnionType() {
                List<Type> tl = tree.getDescriptorType(types).getParameterTypes();
                for (; tl.nonEmpty(); tl = tl.tail) {
                    Type pt = tl.head;
                    switch (pt.getKind()) {
                        case INTERSECTION:
                        case UNION:
                            return true;
                        case TYPEVAR:
                            TypeVar tv = (TypeVar) pt;
                            if (tv.bound.getKind() == TypeKind.INTERSECTION) {
                                return true;
                            }
                    }
                }
                return false;
            }

            /**
             * Does this reference need to be converted to a lambda
             * (i.e. var args need to be expanded or "super" is used)
             */
            final boolean needsConversionToLambda() {
                return interfaceParameterIsIntersectionOrUnionType() ||
                        isSuper ||
                        needsVarArgsConversion() ||
                        isArrayOp() ||
                        isPrivateInOtherClass() ||
                        isProtectedInSuperClassOfEnclosingClassInOtherPackage() ||
                        !receiverAccessible() ||
                        (tree.getMode() == ReferenceMode.NEW &&
                          tree.kind != ReferenceKind.ARRAY_CTOR &&
                          (tree.sym.owner.isLocal() || tree.sym.owner.isInner()));
            }

            Type generatedRefSig() {
                return types.erasure(tree.sym.type);
            }

            Type bridgedRefSig() {
                return types.erasure(types.findDescriptorSymbol(tree.target.tsym).type);
            }
        }
    }
    // </editor-fold>

    /*
     * These keys provide mappings for various translated lambda symbols
     * and the prevailing order must be maintained.
     */
    enum LambdaSymbolKind {
        PARAM,          // original to translated lambda parameters
        LOCAL_VAR,      // original to translated lambda locals
        CAPTURED_VAR,   // variables in enclosing scope to translated synthetic parameters
        CAPTURED_THIS,  // class symbols to translated synthetic parameters (for captured member access)
        CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS, // used when `this' capture is illegal, but outer this capture is legit (JDK-8129740)
        TYPE_VAR;      // original to translated lambda type variables

        boolean propagateAnnotations() {
            switch (this) {
                case CAPTURED_VAR:
                case CAPTURED_THIS:
                case CAPTURED_OUTER_THIS:
                    return false;
                default:
                    return true;
           }
        }
    }

    /**
     * ****************************************************************
     * Signature Generation
     * ****************************************************************
     */

    private String typeSig(Type type) {
        L2MSignatureGenerator sg = new L2MSignatureGenerator();
        sg.assembleSig(type);
        return sg.toString();
    }

    private String classSig(Type type) {
        L2MSignatureGenerator sg = new L2MSignatureGenerator();
        sg.assembleClassSig(type);
        return sg.toString();
    }

    /**
     * Signature Generation
     */
    private class L2MSignatureGenerator extends Types.SignatureGenerator {

        /**
         * An output buffer for type signatures.
         */
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();

        L2MSignatureGenerator() {
            super(types);
        }

        @Override
        protected void append(char ch) {
            sb.append(ch);
        }

        @Override
        protected void append(byte[] ba) {
            sb.append(new String(ba));
        }

        @Override
        protected void append(Name name) {
            sb.append(name.toString());
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return sb.toString();
        }
    }
}

com/sun/tools/javac/comp/LambdaToMethod.java

 

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