Jackson Annotations Source Code

Jackson is "the Java JSON library" or "the best JSON parser for Java". Or simply as "JSON for Java".

Jackson Annotations Source Code files are provided in the source packge (jackson-annotations-2.12.4-sources.jar). You can download it at Jackson Maven Website.

You can also browse Jackson Annotations Source Code below:

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package com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.jsontype.impl;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.*;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonParser;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonToken;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.*;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.introspect.BeanPropertyDefinition;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.jsontype.NamedType;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.jsontype.TypeDeserializer;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.jsontype.TypeIdResolver;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.util.ClassUtil;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.util.TokenBuffer;

 * A {@link TypeDeserializer} capable of deducing polymorphic types based on the
 * fields available. Deduction is limited to the <i>names</i> of child properties
 * (not their values or, consequently, any nested descendants).
 * Exceptions will be thrown if not enough unique information is present
 * to select a single subtype.
 * <p>
 * The current deduction process <b>does not</b> support pojo-hierarchies such that
 * the absence of child fields infers a parent type. That is, every deducible subtype
 * MUST have some unique fields and the input data MUST contain said unique fields
 * to provide a <i>positive match</i>.
 * @since 2.12
public class AsDeductionTypeDeserializer extends AsPropertyTypeDeserializer
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    // 03-May-2021, tatu: for [databind#3139], support for "empty" type
    private static final BitSet EMPTY_CLASS_FINGERPRINT = new BitSet(0);

    // Fieldname -> bitmap-index of every field discovered, across all subtypes
    private final Map<String, Integer> fieldBitIndex;
    // Bitmap of available fields in each subtype (including its parents)
    private final Map<BitSet, String> subtypeFingerprints;

    public AsDeductionTypeDeserializer(JavaType bt, TypeIdResolver idRes, JavaType defaultImpl,
            DeserializationConfig config, Collection<NamedType> subtypes)
        super(bt, idRes, null, false, defaultImpl, null);
        fieldBitIndex = new HashMap<>();
        subtypeFingerprints = buildFingerprints(config, subtypes);

    public AsDeductionTypeDeserializer(AsDeductionTypeDeserializer src, BeanProperty property) {
        super(src, property);
        fieldBitIndex = src.fieldBitIndex;
        subtypeFingerprints = src.subtypeFingerprints;

    public TypeDeserializer forProperty(BeanProperty prop) {
        return (prop == _property) ? this : new AsDeductionTypeDeserializer(this, prop);

    protected Map<BitSet, String> buildFingerprints(DeserializationConfig config, Collection<NamedType> subtypes) {
        boolean ignoreCase = config.isEnabled(MapperFeature.ACCEPT_CASE_INSENSITIVE_PROPERTIES);

        int nextField = 0;
        Map<BitSet, String> fingerprints = new HashMap<>();

        for (NamedType subtype : subtypes) {
            JavaType subtyped = config.getTypeFactory().constructType(subtype.getType());
            List<BeanPropertyDefinition> properties = config.introspect(subtyped).findProperties();

            BitSet fingerprint = new BitSet(nextField + properties.size());
            for (BeanPropertyDefinition property : properties) {
                String name = property.getName();
                if (ignoreCase) name = name.toLowerCase();
                Integer bitIndex = fieldBitIndex.get(name);
                if (bitIndex == null) {
                    bitIndex = nextField;
                    fieldBitIndex.put(name, nextField++);

            String existingFingerprint = fingerprints.put(fingerprint, subtype.getType().getName());

            // Validate uniqueness
            if (existingFingerprint != null) {
                throw new IllegalStateException(
                        String.format("Subtypes %s and %s have the same signature and cannot be uniquely deduced.", existingFingerprint, subtype.getType().getName())
        return fingerprints;

    public Object deserializeTypedFromObject(JsonParser p, DeserializationContext ctxt) throws IOException {

        JsonToken t = p.currentToken();
        if (t == JsonToken.START_OBJECT) {
            t = p.nextToken();
        } else if (/*t == JsonToken.START_ARRAY ||*/ t != JsonToken.FIELD_NAME) {
            /* This is most likely due to the fact that not all Java types are
             * serialized as JSON Objects; so if "as-property" inclusion is requested,
             * serialization of things like Lists must be instead handled as if
             * "as-wrapper-array" was requested.
             * But this can also be due to some custom handling: so, if "defaultImpl"
             * is defined, it will be asked to handle this case.
            return _deserializeTypedUsingDefaultImpl(p, ctxt, null, "Unexpected input");

        // 03-May-2021, tatu: [databind#3139] Special case, "empty" Object
        if (t == JsonToken.END_OBJECT) {
            String emptySubtype = subtypeFingerprints.get(EMPTY_CLASS_FINGERPRINT);
            if (emptySubtype != null) { // ... and an "empty" subtype registered
                return _deserializeTypedForId(p, ctxt, null, emptySubtype);

        List<BitSet> candidates = new LinkedList<>(subtypeFingerprints.keySet());

        // Record processed tokens as we must rewind once after deducing the deserializer to use
        TokenBuffer tb = new TokenBuffer(p, ctxt);
        boolean ignoreCase = ctxt.isEnabled(MapperFeature.ACCEPT_CASE_INSENSITIVE_PROPERTIES);

        for (; t == JsonToken.FIELD_NAME; t = p.nextToken()) {
            String name = p.currentName();
            if (ignoreCase) name = name.toLowerCase();


            Integer bit = fieldBitIndex.get(name);
            if (bit != null) {
                // field is known by at least one subtype
                prune(candidates, bit);
                if (candidates.size() == 1) {
                    return _deserializeTypedForId(p, ctxt, tb, subtypeFingerprints.get(candidates.get(0)));

        // We have zero or multiple candidates, deduction has failed
        String msgToReportIfDefaultImplFailsToo = String.format("Cannot deduce unique subtype of %s (%d candidates match)", ClassUtil.getTypeDescription(_baseType), candidates.size());
        return _deserializeTypedUsingDefaultImpl(p, ctxt, tb, msgToReportIfDefaultImplFailsToo);

    // Keep only fingerprints containing this field
    private static void prune(List<BitSet> candidates, int bit) {
        for (Iterator<BitSet> iter = candidates.iterator(); iter.hasNext(); ) {
            if (!iter.next().get(bit)) {



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