commons-lang-2.6.jar - Apache Commons Lang

commons-lang-2.6.jar is the JAR file for Apache Commons Lang 2.6, which provides a host of helper utilities for the java.lang API.

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File name: commons-lang-2.6.jar
File size: 284220 bytes
Date modified: 01/13/2011
Download: Apache Commons Lang Website

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org/apache/commons/lang/RandomStringUtils.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.commons.lang;

import java.util.Random;
/**
 * <p>Operations for random <code>String</code>s.</p>
 * <p>Currently <em>private high surrogate</em> characters are ignored. 
 * These are unicode characters that fall between the values 56192 (db80)
 * and 56319 (dbff) as we don't know how to handle them. 
 * High and low surrogates are correctly dealt with - that is if a 
 * high surrogate is randomly chosen, 55296 (d800) to 56191 (db7f) 
 * then it is followed by a low surrogate. If a low surrogate is chosen, 
 * 56320 (dc00) to 57343 (dfff) then it is placed after a randomly 
 * chosen high surrogate. </p>
 *
 * <p>#ThreadSafe#</p>
 * @author Apache Software Foundation
 * @author <a href="mailto:steven@caswell.name">Steven Caswell</a>
 * @author Gary Gregory
 * @author Phil Steitz
 * @since 1.0
 * @version $Id: RandomStringUtils.java 1056988 2011-01-09 17:58:53Z niallp $
 */
public class RandomStringUtils {

    /**
     * <p>Random object used by random method. This has to be not local
     * to the random method so as to not return the same value in the 
     * same millisecond.</p>
     */
    private static final Random RANDOM = new Random();

    /**
     * <p><code>RandomStringUtils</code> instances should NOT be constructed in
     * standard programming. Instead, the class should be used as
     * <code>RandomStringUtils.random(5);</code>.</p>
     *
     * <p>This constructor is public to permit tools that require a JavaBean instance
     * to operate.</p>
     */
    public RandomStringUtils() {
      super();
    }

    // Random
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of all characters.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @return the random string
     */
    public static String random(int count) {
        return random(count, false, false);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of characters whose
     * ASCII value is between <code>32</code> and <code>126</code> (inclusive).</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @return the random string
     */
    public static String randomAscii(int count) {
        return random(count, 32, 127, false, false);
    }
    
    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of alphabetic
     * characters.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @return the random string
     */
    public static String randomAlphabetic(int count) {
        return random(count, true, false);
    }
    
    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of alpha-numeric
     * characters.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @return the random string
     */
    public static String randomAlphanumeric(int count) {
        return random(count, true, true);
    }
    
    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of numeric
     * characters.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @return the random string
     */
    public static String randomNumeric(int count) {
        return random(count, false, true);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of alpha-numeric
     * characters as indicated by the arguments.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @param letters  if <code>true</code>, generated string will include
     *  alphabetic characters
     * @param numbers  if <code>true</code>, generated string will include
     *  numeric characters
     * @return the random string
     */
    public static String random(int count, boolean letters, boolean numbers) {
        return random(count, 0, 0, letters, numbers);
    }
    
    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of alpha-numeric
     * characters as indicated by the arguments.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @param start  the position in set of chars to start at
     * @param end  the position in set of chars to end before
     * @param letters  if <code>true</code>, generated string will include
     *  alphabetic characters
     * @param numbers  if <code>true</code>, generated string will include
     *  numeric characters
     * @return the random string
     */
    public static String random(int count, int start, int end, boolean letters, boolean numbers) {
        return random(count, start, end, letters, numbers, null, RANDOM);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string based on a variety of options, using
     * default source of randomness.</p>
     *
     * <p>This method has exactly the same semantics as
     * {@link #random(int,int,int,boolean,boolean,char[],Random)}, but
     * instead of using an externally supplied source of randomness, it uses
     * the internal static {@link Random} instance.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @param start  the position in set of chars to start at
     * @param end  the position in set of chars to end before
     * @param letters  only allow letters?
     * @param numbers  only allow numbers?
     * @param chars  the set of chars to choose randoms from.
     *  If <code>null</code>, then it will use the set of all chars.
     * @return the random string
     * @throws ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException if there are not
     *  <code>(end - start) + 1</code> characters in the set array.
     */
    public static String random(int count, int start, int end, boolean letters, boolean numbers, char[] chars) {
        return random(count, start, end, letters, numbers, chars, RANDOM);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string based on a variety of options, using
     * supplied source of randomness.</p>
     *
     * <p>If start and end are both <code>0</code>, start and end are set
     * to <code>' '</code> and <code>'z'</code>, the ASCII printable
     * characters, will be used, unless letters and numbers are both
     * <code>false</code>, in which case, start and end are set to
     * <code>0</code> and <code>Integer.MAX_VALUE</code>.
     *
     * <p>If set is not <code>null</code>, characters between start and
     * end are chosen.</p>
     *
     * <p>This method accepts a user-supplied {@link Random}
     * instance to use as a source of randomness. By seeding a single 
     * {@link Random} instance with a fixed seed and using it for each call,
     * the same random sequence of strings can be generated repeatedly
     * and predictably.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @param start  the position in set of chars to start at
     * @param end  the position in set of chars to end before
     * @param letters  only allow letters?
     * @param numbers  only allow numbers?
     * @param chars  the set of chars to choose randoms from.
     *  If <code>null</code>, then it will use the set of all chars.
     * @param random  a source of randomness.
     * @return the random string
     * @throws ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException if there are not
     *  <code>(end - start) + 1</code> characters in the set array.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if <code>count</code> &lt; 0.
     * @since 2.0
     */
    public static String random(int count, int start, int end, boolean letters, boolean numbers,
                                char[] chars, Random random) {
        if (count == 0) {
            return "";
        } else if (count < 0) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Requested random string length " + count + " is less than 0.");
        }
        if ((start == 0) && (end == 0)) {
            end = 'z' + 1;
            start = ' ';
            if (!letters && !numbers) {
                start = 0;
                end = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
            }
        }

        char[] buffer = new char[count];
        int gap = end - start;

        while (count-- != 0) {
            char ch;
            if (chars == null) {
                ch = (char) (random.nextInt(gap) + start);
            } else {
                ch = chars[random.nextInt(gap) + start];
            }
            if ((letters && Character.isLetter(ch))
                || (numbers && Character.isDigit(ch))
                || (!letters && !numbers)) 
            {
                if(ch >= 56320 && ch <= 57343) {
                    if(count == 0) {
                        count++;
                    } else {
                        // low surrogate, insert high surrogate after putting it in
                        buffer[count] = ch;
                        count--;
                        buffer[count] = (char) (55296 + random.nextInt(128));
                    }
                } else if(ch >= 55296 && ch <= 56191) {
                    if(count == 0) {
                        count++;
                    } else {
                        // high surrogate, insert low surrogate before putting it in
                        buffer[count] = (char) (56320 + random.nextInt(128));
                        count--;
                        buffer[count] = ch;
                    }
                } else if(ch >= 56192 && ch <= 56319) {
                    // private high surrogate, no effing clue, so skip it
                    count++;
                } else {
                    buffer[count] = ch;
                }
            } else {
                count++;
            }
        }
        return new String(buffer);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @param chars  the String containing the set of characters to use,
     *  may be null
     * @return the random string
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if <code>count</code> &lt; 0.
     */
    public static String random(int count, String chars) {
        if (chars == null) {
            return random(count, 0, 0, false, false, null, RANDOM);
        }
        return random(count, chars.toCharArray());
    }

    /**
     * <p>Creates a random string whose length is the number of characters
     * specified.</p>
     *
     * <p>Characters will be chosen from the set of characters specified.</p>
     *
     * @param count  the length of random string to create
     * @param chars  the character array containing the set of characters to use,
     *  may be null
     * @return the random string
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if <code>count</code> &lt; 0.
     */
    public static String random(int count, char[] chars) {
        if (chars == null) {
            return random(count, 0, 0, false, false, null, RANDOM);
        }
        return random(count, 0, chars.length, false, false, chars, RANDOM);
    }
    
}

org/apache/commons/lang/RandomStringUtils.java

 

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