iText kernel.jar Source Code

kernel.jar is a component in iText Java library to provide low-level functionalities. iText Java library allows you to generate and manage PDF documents.

The Source Code files are provided together with the JAR file in the binary packge like iText7-Core-7.1.4.zip. You can download it at iText 7 Core Download site.

You can compile it to generate your JAR file, using kernel.pom as the build configuration file.

The source code of kernel-7.1.4.jar is provided below:

✍: FYIcenter.com

com/itextpdf/kernel/xmp/impl/Latin1Converter.java

//Copyright (c) 2006, Adobe Systems Incorporated
//All rights reserved.
//
//        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
//        modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
//        1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
//        notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
//        2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
//        notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
//        documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
//        3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
//        must display the following acknowledgement:
//        This product includes software developed by the Adobe Systems Incorporated.
//        4. Neither the name of the Adobe Systems Incorporated nor the
//        names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products
//        derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
//
//        THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ADOBE SYSTEMS INCORPORATED ''AS IS'' AND ANY
//        EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
//        WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
//        DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL ADOBE SYSTEMS INCORPORATED BE LIABLE FOR ANY
//        DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
//        (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
//        LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
//        ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
//        (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
//        SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
//
//        http://www.adobe.com/devnet/xmp/library/eula-xmp-library-java.html

package com.itextpdf.kernel.xmp.impl;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;


/**
 * @since   12.10.2006
 */
public class Latin1Converter
{
	/** */
	private static final int STATE_START = 0;
	/** */
	private static final int STATE_UTF8CHAR = 11;

	
	/**
	 * Private constructor
	 */
	private Latin1Converter()
	{
		// EMPTY
	}
	
	
	/**
	 * A converter that processes a byte buffer containing a mix of UTF8 and Latin-1/Cp1252 chars.
	 * The result is a buffer where those chars have been converted to UTF-8; 
	 * that means it contains only valid UTF-8 chars.
	 * <p>
	 * <em>Explanation of the processing:</em> First the encoding of the buffer is detected looking 
	 * at the first four bytes (that works only if the buffer starts with an ASCII-char, 
	 * like xmls '&lt;'). UTF-16/32 flavours do not require further processing.
	 * <p> 
	 * In the case, UTF-8 is detected, it assumes wrong UTF8 chars to be a sequence of 
	 * Latin-1/Cp1252 encoded bytes and converts the chars to their corresponding UTF-8 byte 
	 * sequence.
	 * <p> 
	 * The 0x80..0x9F range is undefined in Latin-1, but is defined in Windows code
	 * page 1252. The bytes 0x81, 0x8D, 0x8F, 0x90, and 0x9D are formally undefined
	 * by Windows 1252. These are in XML's RestrictedChar set, so we map them to a
	 * space. 
	 * <p>
	 * The official Latin-1 characters in the range 0xA0..0xFF are converted into
	 * the Unicode Latin Supplement range U+00A0 - U+00FF.
	 * <p>
	 * <em>Example:</em> If an Euro-symbol (€) appears in the byte buffer (0xE2, 0x82, 0xAC), 
	 * it will be left as is. But if only the first two bytes are appearing, 
	 * followed by an ASCII char a (0xE2 - 0x82 - 0x41), it will be converted to 
	 * 0xC3, 0xA2 (â) - 0xE2, 0x80, 0x9A (‚) - 0x41 (a).
	 *  
	 * @param buffer a byte buffer contain
	 * @return Returns a new buffer containing valid UTF-8
	 */
	public static ByteBuffer convert(ByteBuffer buffer)
	{
		if ("UTF-8".equals(buffer.getEncoding()))
		{
			// the buffer containing one UTF-8 char (up to 8 bytes) 
			byte[] readAheadBuffer = new byte[8];
			// the number of bytes read ahead.
			int readAhead  = 0;
			// expected UTF8 bytesto come
			int expectedBytes = 0;
			// output buffer with estimated length
			ByteBuffer out = new ByteBuffer(buffer.length() * 4 / 3);
			
			int state = STATE_START;
			for (int i = 0; i < buffer.length(); i++)
			{
				int b = buffer.charAt(i);
			
				switch (state)
				{
					default:
					case STATE_START:
						if (b < 0x7F)
						{
							out.append((byte) b);
						}
						else if (b >= 0xC0)
						{
							// start of UTF8 sequence
							expectedBytes = -1;
							int test = b;
							for (; expectedBytes < 8  &&  (test & 0x80) == 0x80; test = test << 1)
							{
								expectedBytes++;
							}
							readAheadBuffer[readAhead++] = (byte) b;
							state = STATE_UTF8CHAR;
						}
						else //  implicitly:  b >= 0x80  &&  b < 0xC0
						{
							// invalid UTF8 start char, assume to be Latin-1
							byte[] utf8 = convertToUTF8((byte) b);
							out.append(utf8);
						}
						break;
						
					case STATE_UTF8CHAR:
						if (expectedBytes > 0  &&  (b & 0xC0) == 0x80)
						{
							// valid UTF8 char, add to readAheadBuffer
							readAheadBuffer[readAhead++] = (byte) b;
							expectedBytes--;
							
							if (expectedBytes == 0)
							{
								out.append(readAheadBuffer, 0, readAhead);
								readAhead = 0;
								
								state = STATE_START;
							}
						}
						else
						{
							// invalid UTF8 char: 
							// 1. convert first of seq to UTF8 
							byte[] utf8 = convertToUTF8(readAheadBuffer[0]);
							out.append(utf8);

							// 2. continue processing at second byte of sequence
							i = i - readAhead;
							readAhead = 0;
							
							state = STATE_START;
						}
						break;
				}		
			}
			
			// loop ends with "half" Utf8 char --> assume that the bytes are Latin-1
			if (state == STATE_UTF8CHAR)
			{
				for (int j = 0; j < readAhead; j++)
				{
					byte b = readAheadBuffer[j];
					byte[] utf8 = convertToUTF8(b);
					out.append(utf8);
				}
			}
			
			return out;
		}
		else
		{
			// Latin-1 fixing applies only to UTF-8
			return buffer;
		}	
	}
		
		
	/**
	 * Converts a Cp1252 char (contains all Latin-1 chars above 0x80) into a
	 * UTF-8 byte sequence. The bytes 0x81, 0x8D, 0x8F, 0x90, and 0x9D are
	 * formally undefined by Windows 1252 and therefore replaced by a space
	 * (0x20).
	 * 
	 * @param ch
	 *            an Cp1252 / Latin-1 byte
	 * @return Returns a byte array containing a UTF-8 byte sequence.
	 */
	private static byte[] convertToUTF8(byte ch)
	{
		int c = ch & 0xFF; 
		try
		{
			if (c >= 0x80)
			{
				if (c == 0x81  ||  c == 0x8D  ||  c == 0x8F  ||  c == 0x90  ||  c == 0x9D)
				{
					return new byte[] { 0x20 }; // space for undefined 
				}
				
				// interpret byte as Windows Cp1252 char
				return new String(new byte[] { ch }, "cp1252").getBytes("UTF-8");
			}
		}	
		catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e)
		{
			// EMPTY
		}
		return new byte[] { ch };
	}
}

com/itextpdf/kernel/xmp/impl/Latin1Converter.java

 

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