commons-codec-1.11.jar - Apache Commons Codec

commons-codec-1.11.jar is the JAR file for Apache Commons Codec 1.11, which provides implementations of common encoders and decoders such as Base64, Hex, Phonetic and URLs.

JAR File Size and Download Location:

JAR name: commons-codec.jar
Target JDK version: 1.8
Dependency: None
File name: commons-codec-1.11.jar
File size: 335,042 bytes
Date modified: 10/17/2017 
Download: Apache Commons Codec

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org/apache/commons/codec/net/QCodec.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.commons.codec.net;

import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.util.BitSet;

import org.apache.commons.codec.Charsets;
import org.apache.commons.codec.DecoderException;
import org.apache.commons.codec.EncoderException;
import org.apache.commons.codec.StringDecoder;
import org.apache.commons.codec.StringEncoder;

/**
 * Similar to the Quoted-Printable content-transfer-encoding defined in
 * <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1521.txt">RFC 1521</a> and designed to allow text containing mostly ASCII
 * characters to be decipherable on an ASCII terminal without decoding.
 * <p>
 * <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1522.txt">RFC 1522</a> describes techniques to allow the encoding of non-ASCII
 * text in various portions of a RFC 822 [2] message header, in a manner which is unlikely to confuse existing message
 * handling software.
 * <p>
 * This class is conditionally thread-safe.
 * The instance field {@link #encodeBlanks} is mutable {@link #setEncodeBlanks(boolean)}
 * but is not volatile, and accesses are not synchronised.
 * If an instance of the class is shared between threads, the caller needs to ensure that suitable synchronisation
 * is used to ensure safe publication of the value between threads, and must not invoke
 * {@link #setEncodeBlanks(boolean)} after initial setup.
 *
 * @see <a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1522.txt">MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) Part Two: Message
 *          Header Extensions for Non-ASCII Text</a>
 *
 * @since 1.3
 * @version $Id: QCodec.java 1619948 2014-08-22 22:53:55Z ggregory $
 */
public class QCodec extends RFC1522Codec implements StringEncoder, StringDecoder {
    /**
     * The default charset used for string decoding and encoding.
     */
    private final Charset charset;

    /**
     * BitSet of printable characters as defined in RFC 1522.
     */
    private static final BitSet PRINTABLE_CHARS = new BitSet(256);
    // Static initializer for printable chars collection
    static {
        // alpha characters
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(' ');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('!');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('"');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('#');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('$');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('%');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('&');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('\'');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('(');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(')');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('*');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('+');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(',');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('-');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('.');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('/');
        for (int i = '0'; i <= '9'; i++) {
            PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(i);
        }
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(':');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(';');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('<');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('>');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('@');
        for (int i = 'A'; i <= 'Z'; i++) {
            PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(i);
        }
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('[');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('\\');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(']');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('^');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('`');
        for (int i = 'a'; i <= 'z'; i++) {
            PRINTABLE_CHARS.set(i);
        }
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('{');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('|');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('}');
        PRINTABLE_CHARS.set('~');
    }

    private static final byte BLANK = 32;

    private static final byte UNDERSCORE = 95;

    private boolean encodeBlanks = false;

    /**
     * Default constructor.
     */
    public QCodec() {
        this(Charsets.UTF_8);
    }

    /**
     * Constructor which allows for the selection of a default charset.
     *
     * @param charset
     *            the default string charset to use.
     *
     * @see <a href="http://download.oracle.com/javase/6/docs/api/java/nio/charset/Charset.html">Standard charsets</a>
     * @since 1.7
     */
    public QCodec(final Charset charset) {
        super();
        this.charset = charset;
    }

    /**
     * Constructor which allows for the selection of a default charset.
     *
     * @param charsetName
     *            the charset to use.
     * @throws java.nio.charset.UnsupportedCharsetException
     *             If the named charset is unavailable
     * @since 1.7 throws UnsupportedCharsetException if the named charset is unavailable
     * @see <a href="http://download.oracle.com/javase/6/docs/api/java/nio/charset/Charset.html">Standard charsets</a>
     */
    public QCodec(final String charsetName) {
        this(Charset.forName(charsetName));
    }

    @Override
    protected String getEncoding() {
        return "Q";
    }

    @Override
    protected byte[] doEncoding(final byte[] bytes) {
        if (bytes == null) {
            return null;
        }
        final byte[] data = QuotedPrintableCodec.encodeQuotedPrintable(PRINTABLE_CHARS, bytes);
        if (this.encodeBlanks) {
            for (int i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
                if (data[i] == BLANK) {
                    data[i] = UNDERSCORE;
                }
            }
        }
        return data;
    }

    @Override
    protected byte[] doDecoding(final byte[] bytes) throws DecoderException {
        if (bytes == null) {
            return null;
        }
        boolean hasUnderscores = false;
        for (final byte b : bytes) {
            if (b == UNDERSCORE) {
                hasUnderscores = true;
                break;
            }
        }
        if (hasUnderscores) {
            final byte[] tmp = new byte[bytes.length];
            for (int i = 0; i < bytes.length; i++) {
                final byte b = bytes[i];
                if (b != UNDERSCORE) {
                    tmp[i] = b;
                } else {
                    tmp[i] = BLANK;
                }
            }
            return QuotedPrintableCodec.decodeQuotedPrintable(tmp);
        }
        return QuotedPrintableCodec.decodeQuotedPrintable(bytes);
    }

    /**
     * Encodes a string into its quoted-printable form using the specified charset. Unsafe characters are escaped.
     *
     * @param str
     *            string to convert to quoted-printable form
     * @param charset
     *            the charset for str
     * @return quoted-printable string
     * @throws EncoderException
     *             thrown if a failure condition is encountered during the encoding process.
     * @since 1.7
     */
    public String encode(final String str, final Charset charset) throws EncoderException {
        if (str == null) {
            return null;
        }
        return encodeText(str, charset);
    }

    /**
     * Encodes a string into its quoted-printable form using the specified charset. Unsafe characters are escaped.
     *
     * @param str
     *            string to convert to quoted-printable form
     * @param charset
     *            the charset for str
     * @return quoted-printable string
     * @throws EncoderException
     *             thrown if a failure condition is encountered during the encoding process.
     */
    public String encode(final String str, final String charset) throws EncoderException {
        if (str == null) {
            return null;
        }
        try {
            return encodeText(str, charset);
        } catch (final UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            throw new EncoderException(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Encodes a string into its quoted-printable form using the default charset. Unsafe characters are escaped.
     *
     * @param str
     *            string to convert to quoted-printable form
     * @return quoted-printable string
     * @throws EncoderException
     *             thrown if a failure condition is encountered during the encoding process.
     */
    @Override
    public String encode(final String str) throws EncoderException {
        if (str == null) {
            return null;
        }
        return encode(str, getCharset());
    }

    /**
     * Decodes a quoted-printable string into its original form. Escaped characters are converted back to their original
     * representation.
     *
     * @param str
     *            quoted-printable string to convert into its original form
     * @return original string
     * @throws DecoderException
     *             A decoder exception is thrown if a failure condition is encountered during the decode process.
     */
    @Override
    public String decode(final String str) throws DecoderException {
        if (str == null) {
            return null;
        }
        try {
            return decodeText(str);
        } catch (final UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            throw new DecoderException(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Encodes an object into its quoted-printable form using the default charset. Unsafe characters are escaped.
     *
     * @param obj
     *            object to convert to quoted-printable form
     * @return quoted-printable object
     * @throws EncoderException
     *             thrown if a failure condition is encountered during the encoding process.
     */
    @Override
    public Object encode(final Object obj) throws EncoderException {
        if (obj == null) {
            return null;
        } else if (obj instanceof String) {
            return encode((String) obj);
        } else {
            throw new EncoderException("Objects of type " +
                  obj.getClass().getName() +
                  " cannot be encoded using Q codec");
        }
    }

    /**
     * Decodes a quoted-printable object into its original form. Escaped characters are converted back to their original
     * representation.
     *
     * @param obj
     *            quoted-printable object to convert into its original form
     * @return original object
     * @throws DecoderException
     *             Thrown if the argument is not a <code>String</code>. Thrown if a failure condition is encountered
     *             during the decode process.
     */
    @Override
    public Object decode(final Object obj) throws DecoderException {
        if (obj == null) {
            return null;
        } else if (obj instanceof String) {
            return decode((String) obj);
        } else {
            throw new DecoderException("Objects of type " +
                  obj.getClass().getName() +
                  " cannot be decoded using Q codec");
        }
    }

    /**
     * Gets the default charset name used for string decoding and encoding.
     *
     * @return the default charset name
     * @since 1.7
     */
    public Charset getCharset() {
        return this.charset;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the default charset name used for string decoding and encoding.
     *
     * @return the default charset name
     */
    public String getDefaultCharset() {
        return this.charset.name();
    }

    /**
     * Tests if optional transformation of SPACE characters is to be used
     *
     * @return <code>true</code> if SPACE characters are to be transformed, <code>false</code> otherwise
     */
    public boolean isEncodeBlanks() {
        return this.encodeBlanks;
    }

    /**
     * Defines whether optional transformation of SPACE characters is to be used
     *
     * @param b
     *            <code>true</code> if SPACE characters are to be transformed, <code>false</code> otherwise
     */
    public void setEncodeBlanks(final boolean b) {
        this.encodeBlanks = b;
    }
}

org/apache/commons/codec/net/QCodec.java

 

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