JDK 11 java.base.jmod - Base Module

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java/lang/StackStreamFactory.java

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2015, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * ORACLE PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 */
package java.lang;

import jdk.internal.reflect.MethodAccessor;
import jdk.internal.reflect.ConstructorAccessor;
import java.lang.StackWalker.Option;
import java.lang.StackWalker.StackFrame;

import java.lang.annotation.Native;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Constructor;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.NoSuchElementException;
import java.util.Objects;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.Spliterator;
import java.util.function.Consumer;
import java.util.function.Function;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
import java.util.stream.StreamSupport;
import sun.security.action.GetPropertyAction;

import static java.lang.StackStreamFactory.WalkerState.*;

/**
 * StackStreamFactory class provides static factory methods
 * to get different kinds of stack walker/traverser.
 *
 * AbstractStackWalker provides the basic stack walking support
 * fetching stack frames from VM in batches.
 *
 * AbstractStackWalker subclass is specialized for a specific kind of stack traversal
 * to avoid overhead of Stream/Lambda
 * 1. Support traversing Stream<StackFrame>
 * 2. StackWalker::getCallerClass
 * 3. AccessControlContext getting ProtectionDomain
 */
final class StackStreamFactory {
    private StackStreamFactory() {}

    // Stack walk implementation classes to be excluded during stack walking
    // lazily add subclasses when they are loaded.
    private final static Set<Class<?>> stackWalkImplClasses = init();

    private static final int SMALL_BATCH       = 8;
    private static final int BATCH_SIZE        = 32;
    private static final int LARGE_BATCH_SIZE  = 256;
    private static final int MIN_BATCH_SIZE    = SMALL_BATCH;

    // These flags must match the values maintained in the VM
    @Native private static final int DEFAULT_MODE              = 0x0;
    @Native private static final int FILL_CLASS_REFS_ONLY      = 0x2;
    @Native private static final int GET_CALLER_CLASS          = 0x4;
    @Native private static final int SHOW_HIDDEN_FRAMES        = 0x20;  // LambdaForms are hidden by the VM
    @Native private static final int FILL_LIVE_STACK_FRAMES    = 0x100;
    /*
     * For Throwable to use StackWalker, set useNewThrowable to true.
     * Performance work and extensive testing is needed to replace the
     * VM built-in backtrace filled in Throwable with the StackWalker.
     */
    final static boolean isDebug =
            "true".equals(GetPropertyAction.privilegedGetProperty("stackwalk.debug"));

    static <T> StackFrameTraverser<T>
        makeStackTraverser(StackWalker walker, Function<? super Stream<StackFrame>, ? extends T> function)
    {
        if (walker.hasLocalsOperandsOption())
            return new LiveStackInfoTraverser<>(walker, function);
        else
            return new StackFrameTraverser<>(walker, function);
    }

    /**
     * Gets a stack stream to find caller class.
     */
    static CallerClassFinder makeCallerFinder(StackWalker walker) {
        return new CallerClassFinder(walker);
    }

    enum WalkerState {
        NEW,     // the stream is new and stack walking has not started
        OPEN,    // the stream is open when it is being traversed.
        CLOSED;  // the stream is closed when the stack walking is done
    }

    /**
     * Subclass of AbstractStackWalker implements a specific stack walking logic.
     * It needs to set up the frame buffer and stack walking mode.
     *
     * It initiates the VM stack walking via the callStackWalk method that serves
     * as the anchored frame and VM will call up to AbstractStackWalker::doStackWalk.
     *
     * @param <R> the type of the result returned from stack walking
     * @param <T> the type of the data gathered for each frame.
     *            For example, StackFrameInfo for StackWalker::walk or
     *            Class<?> for StackWalker::getCallerClass
     */
    static abstract class AbstractStackWalker<R, T> {
        protected final StackWalker walker;
        protected final Thread thread;
        protected final int maxDepth;
        protected final long mode;
        protected int depth;    // traversed stack depth
        protected FrameBuffer<? extends T> frameBuffer;
        protected long anchor;

        // buffers to fill in stack frame information
        protected AbstractStackWalker(StackWalker walker, int mode) {
            this(walker, mode, Integer.MAX_VALUE);
        }
        protected AbstractStackWalker(StackWalker walker, int mode, int maxDepth) {
            this.thread = Thread.currentThread();
            this.mode = toStackWalkMode(walker, mode);
            this.walker = walker;
            this.maxDepth = maxDepth;
            this.depth = 0;
        }

        private int toStackWalkMode(StackWalker walker, int mode) {
            int newMode = mode;
            if (walker.hasOption(Option.SHOW_HIDDEN_FRAMES) &&
                    (mode & FILL_CLASS_REFS_ONLY) != FILL_CLASS_REFS_ONLY)
                newMode |= SHOW_HIDDEN_FRAMES;
            if (walker.hasLocalsOperandsOption())
                newMode |= FILL_LIVE_STACK_FRAMES;
            return newMode;
        }

        /**
         * A callback method to consume the stack frames.  This method is invoked
         * once stack walking begins (i.e. it is only invoked when walkFrames is called).
         *
         * Each specialized AbstractStackWalker subclass implements the consumeFrames method
         * to control the following:
         * 1. fetch the subsequent batches of stack frames
         * 2. reuse or expand the allocated buffers
         * 3. create specialized StackFrame objects
         *
         * @return the number of consumed frames
         */
         protected abstract R consumeFrames();

        /**
         * Initialize FrameBuffer.  Subclass should implement this method to
         * create its custom frame buffers.
         */
         protected abstract void initFrameBuffer();

        /**
         * Returns the suggested next batch size.
         *
         * Subclass should override this method to change the batch size
         *
         * @param lastBatchFrameCount number of frames in the last batch; or zero
         * @return suggested batch size
         */
        protected abstract int batchSize(int lastBatchFrameCount);

        /*
         * Returns the next batch size, always >= minimum batch size (32)
         *
         * Subclass may override this method if the minimum batch size is different.
         */
        protected int getNextBatchSize() {
            int lastBatchSize = depth == 0 ? 0 : frameBuffer.curBatchFrameCount();
            int nextBatchSize = batchSize(lastBatchSize);
            if (isDebug) {
                System.err.println("last batch size = " + lastBatchSize +
                                   " next batch size = " + nextBatchSize);
            }
            return nextBatchSize >= MIN_BATCH_SIZE ? nextBatchSize : MIN_BATCH_SIZE;
        }

        /*
         * Checks if this stream is in the given state. Otherwise, throws IllegalStateException.
         *
         * VM also validates this stream if it's anchored for stack walking
         * when stack frames are fetched for each batch.
         */
        final void checkState(WalkerState state) {
            if (thread != Thread.currentThread()) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("Invalid thread walking this stack stream: " +
                        Thread.currentThread().getName() + " " + thread.getName());
            }
            switch (state) {
                case NEW:
                    if (anchor != 0) {
                        throw new IllegalStateException("This stack stream is being reused.");
                    }
                    break;
                case OPEN:
                    if (anchor == 0 || anchor == -1L) {
                        throw new IllegalStateException("This stack stream is not valid for walking.");
                    }
                    break;
                case CLOSED:
                    if (anchor != -1L) {
                        throw new IllegalStateException("This stack stream is not closed.");
                    }
            }
        }

        /*
         * Close this stream.  This stream becomes invalid to walk.
         */
        private void close() {
            this.anchor = -1L;
        }

        /*
         * Walks stack frames until {@link #consumeFrames} is done consuming
         * the frames it is interested in.
         */
        final R walk() {
            checkState(NEW);
            try {
                // VM will need to stablize the stack before walking.  It will invoke
                // the AbstractStackWalker::doStackWalk method once it fetches the first batch.
                // the callback will be invoked within the scope of the callStackWalk frame.
                return beginStackWalk();
            } finally {
                close();  // done traversal; close the stream
            }
        }

        private boolean skipReflectionFrames() {
            return !walker.hasOption(Option.SHOW_REFLECT_FRAMES) &&
                       !walker.hasOption(Option.SHOW_HIDDEN_FRAMES);
        }

        /*
         * Returns {@code Class} object at the current frame;
         * or {@code null} if no more frame. If advanceToNextBatch is true,
         * it will only fetch the next batch.
         */
        final Class<?> peekFrame() {
            while (frameBuffer.isActive() && depth < maxDepth) {
                if (frameBuffer.isEmpty()) {
                    // fetch another batch of stack frames
                    getNextBatch();
                } else {
                    Class<?> c = frameBuffer.get();
                    if (skipReflectionFrames() && isReflectionFrame(c)) {
                        if (isDebug)
                            System.err.println("  skip: frame " + frameBuffer.getIndex() + " " + c);

                        frameBuffer.next();
                        depth++;
                        continue;
                    } else {
                        return c;
                    }
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

        /*
         * This method is only invoked by VM.
         *
         * It will invoke the consumeFrames method to start the stack walking
         * with the first batch of stack frames.  Each specialized AbstractStackWalker
         * subclass implements the consumeFrames method to control the following:
         * 1. fetch the subsequent batches of stack frames
         * 2. reuse or expand the allocated buffers
         * 3. create specialized StackFrame objects
         */
        private Object doStackWalk(long anchor, int skipFrames, int batchSize,
                                                int bufStartIndex, int bufEndIndex) {
            checkState(NEW);

            frameBuffer.check(skipFrames);

            if (isDebug) {
                System.err.format("doStackWalk: skip %d start %d end %d%n",
                        skipFrames, bufStartIndex, bufEndIndex);
            }

            this.anchor = anchor;  // set anchor for this bulk stack frame traversal
            frameBuffer.setBatch(depth, bufStartIndex, bufEndIndex);

            // traverse all frames and perform the action on the stack frames, if specified
            return consumeFrames();
        }

        /*
         * Get next batch of stack frames.
         */
        private int getNextBatch() {
            int nextBatchSize = Math.min(maxDepth - depth, getNextBatchSize());
            if (!frameBuffer.isActive() || nextBatchSize <= 0) {
                if (isDebug) {
                    System.out.format("  more stack walk done%n");
                }
                frameBuffer.freeze();   // stack walk done
                return 0;
            }

            return fetchStackFrames(nextBatchSize);
        }

        /*
         * This method traverses the next stack frame and returns the Class
         * invoking that stack frame.
         *
         * This method can only be called during the walk method.  This is intended
         * to be used to walk the stack frames in one single invocation and
         * this stack stream will be invalidated once walk is done.
         *
         * @see #tryNextFrame
         */
        final Class<?> nextFrame() {
            if (!hasNext()) {
                return null;
            }

            Class<?> c = frameBuffer.next();
            depth++;
            return c;
        }

        /*
         * Returns true if there is next frame to be traversed.
         * This skips hidden frames unless this StackWalker has
         * {@link Option#SHOW_REFLECT_FRAMES}
         */
        final boolean hasNext() {
            return peekFrame() != null;
        }

        /**
         * Begin stack walking - pass the allocated arrays to the VM to fill in
         * stack frame information.
         *
         * VM first anchors the frame of the current thread.  A traversable stream
         * on this thread's stack will be opened.  The VM will fetch the first batch
         * of stack frames and call AbstractStackWalker::doStackWalk to invoke the
         * stack walking function on each stack frame.
         *
         * If all fetched stack frames are traversed, AbstractStackWalker::fetchStackFrames will
         * fetch the next batch of stack frames to continue.
         */
        private R beginStackWalk() {
            // initialize buffers for VM to fill the stack frame info
            initFrameBuffer();

            return callStackWalk(mode, 0,
                                 frameBuffer.curBatchFrameCount(),
                                 frameBuffer.startIndex(),
                                 frameBuffer.frames());
        }

        /*
         * Fetches stack frames.
         *
         * @params batchSize number of elements of the frame  buffers for this batch
         * @returns number of frames fetched in this batch
         */
        private int fetchStackFrames(int batchSize) {
            int startIndex = frameBuffer.startIndex();
            frameBuffer.resize(startIndex, batchSize);

            int endIndex = fetchStackFrames(mode, anchor, batchSize,
                                            startIndex,
                                            frameBuffer.frames());
            if (isDebug) {
                System.out.format("  more stack walk requesting %d got %d to %d frames%n",
                                  batchSize, frameBuffer.startIndex(), endIndex);
            }
            int numFrames = endIndex - startIndex;
            if (numFrames == 0) {
                frameBuffer.freeze(); // done stack walking
            } else {
                frameBuffer.setBatch(depth, startIndex, endIndex);
            }
            return numFrames;
        }

        /**
         * Begins stack walking.  This method anchors this frame and invokes
         * AbstractStackWalker::doStackWalk after fetching the first batch of stack frames.
         *
         * @param mode        mode of stack walking
         * @param skipframes  number of frames to be skipped before filling the frame buffer.
         * @param batchSize   the batch size, max. number of elements to be filled in the frame buffers.
         * @param startIndex  start index of the frame buffers to be filled.
         * @param frames      Either a Class<?> array, if mode is {@link #FILL_CLASS_REFS_ONLY}
         *                    or a {@link StackFrameInfo} (or derivative) array otherwise.
         * @return            Result of AbstractStackWalker::doStackWalk
         */
        private native R callStackWalk(long mode, int skipframes,
                                       int batchSize, int startIndex,
                                       T[] frames);

        /**
         * Fetch the next batch of stack frames.
         *
         * @param mode        mode of stack walking
         * @param anchor
         * @param batchSize   the batch size, max. number of elements to be filled in the frame buffers.
         * @param startIndex  start index of the frame buffers to be filled.
         * @param frames      Either a Class<?> array, if mode is {@link #FILL_CLASS_REFS_ONLY}
         *                    or a {@link StackFrameInfo} (or derivative) array otherwise.
         *
         * @return the end index to the frame buffers
         */
        private native int fetchStackFrames(long mode, long anchor,
                                            int batchSize, int startIndex,
                                            T[] frames);
    }

    /*
     * This StackFrameTraverser supports {@link Stream} traversal.
     *
     * This class implements Spliterator::forEachRemaining and Spliterator::tryAdvance.
     */
    static class StackFrameTraverser<T> extends AbstractStackWalker<T, StackFrameInfo>
            implements Spliterator<StackFrame>
    {
        static {
            stackWalkImplClasses.add(StackFrameTraverser.class);
        }
        private static final int CHARACTERISTICS = Spliterator.ORDERED | Spliterator.IMMUTABLE;

        final class StackFrameBuffer extends FrameBuffer<StackFrameInfo> {
            private StackFrameInfo[] stackFrames;
            StackFrameBuffer(int initialBatchSize) {
                super(initialBatchSize);

                this.stackFrames = new StackFrameInfo[initialBatchSize];
                for (int i = START_POS; i < initialBatchSize; i++) {
                    stackFrames[i] = new StackFrameInfo(walker);
                }
            }

            @Override
            StackFrameInfo[] frames() {
                return stackFrames;
            }

            @Override
            void resize(int startIndex, int elements) {
                if (!isActive())
                    throw new IllegalStateException("inactive frame buffer can't be resized");

                assert startIndex == START_POS :
                       "bad start index " + startIndex + " expected " + START_POS;

                int size = startIndex+elements;
                if (stackFrames.length < size) {
                    StackFrameInfo[] newFrames = new StackFrameInfo[size];
                    // copy initial magic...
                    System.arraycopy(stackFrames, 0, newFrames, 0, startIndex);
                    stackFrames = newFrames;
                }
                for (int i = startIndex; i < size; i++) {
                    stackFrames[i] = new StackFrameInfo(walker);
                }
                currentBatchSize = size;
            }

            @Override
            StackFrameInfo nextStackFrame() {
                if (isEmpty()) {
                    throw new NoSuchElementException("origin=" + origin + " fence=" + fence);
                }

                StackFrameInfo frame = stackFrames[origin];
                origin++;
                return frame;
            }

            @Override
            final Class<?> at(int index) {
                return stackFrames[index].declaringClass();
            }
        }

        final Function<? super Stream<StackFrame>, ? extends T> function;  // callback

        StackFrameTraverser(StackWalker walker,
                            Function<? super Stream<StackFrame>, ? extends T> function) {
            this(walker, function, DEFAULT_MODE);
        }
        StackFrameTraverser(StackWalker walker,
                            Function<? super Stream<StackFrame>, ? extends T> function,
                            int mode) {
            super(walker, mode);
            this.function = function;
        }

        /**
         * Returns next StackFrame object in the current batch of stack frames;
         * or null if no more stack frame.
         */
        StackFrame nextStackFrame() {
            if (!hasNext()) {
                return null;
            }

            StackFrameInfo frame = frameBuffer.nextStackFrame();
            depth++;
            return frame;
        }

        @Override
        protected T consumeFrames() {
            checkState(OPEN);
            Stream<StackFrame> stream = StreamSupport.stream(this, false);
            if (function != null) {
                return function.apply(stream);
            } else
                throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        protected void initFrameBuffer() {
            this.frameBuffer = new StackFrameBuffer(getNextBatchSize());
        }

        @Override
        protected int batchSize(int lastBatchFrameCount) {
            if (lastBatchFrameCount == 0) {
                // First batch, use estimateDepth if not exceed the large batch size
                // and not too small
                int initialBatchSize = Math.max(walker.estimateDepth(), SMALL_BATCH);
                return Math.min(initialBatchSize, LARGE_BATCH_SIZE);
            } else {
                if (lastBatchFrameCount > BATCH_SIZE) {
                    return lastBatchFrameCount;
                } else {
                    return Math.min(lastBatchFrameCount*2, BATCH_SIZE);
                }
            }
        }

        // ------- Implementation of Spliterator

        @Override
        public Spliterator<StackFrame> trySplit() {
            return null;   // ordered stream and do not allow to split
        }

        @Override
        public long estimateSize() {
            return maxDepth;
        }

        @Override
        public int characteristics() {
            return CHARACTERISTICS;
        }

        @Override
        public void forEachRemaining(Consumer<? super StackFrame> action) {
            checkState(OPEN);
            for (int n = 0; n < maxDepth; n++) {
                StackFrame frame = nextStackFrame();
                if (frame == null) break;

                action.accept(frame);
            }
        }

        @Override
        public boolean tryAdvance(Consumer<? super StackFrame> action) {
            checkState(OPEN);

            int index = frameBuffer.getIndex();
            if (hasNext()) {
                StackFrame frame = nextStackFrame();
                action.accept(frame);
                if (isDebug) {
                    System.err.println("tryAdvance: " + index + " " + frame);
                }
                return true;
            }
            if (isDebug) {
                System.err.println("tryAdvance: " + index + " NO element");
            }
            return false;
        }
    }

    /*
     * CallerClassFinder is specialized to return Class<?> for each stack frame.
     * StackFrame is not requested.
     */
    static final class CallerClassFinder extends AbstractStackWalker<Integer, Class<?>> {
        static {
            stackWalkImplClasses.add(CallerClassFinder.class);
        }

        private Class<?> caller;

        CallerClassFinder(StackWalker walker) {
            super(walker, FILL_CLASS_REFS_ONLY|GET_CALLER_CLASS);
        }

        final class ClassBuffer extends FrameBuffer<Class<?>> {
            Class<?>[] classes;      // caller class for fast path
            ClassBuffer(int batchSize) {
                super(batchSize);
                classes = new Class<?>[batchSize];
            }

            @Override
            Class<?>[] frames() { return classes;}

            @Override
            final Class<?> at(int index) { return classes[index];}


            // ------ subclass may override the following methods -------
            /**
             * Resizes the buffers for VM to fill in the next batch of stack frames.
             * The next batch will start at the given startIndex with the maximum number
             * of elements.
             *
             * <p> Subclass may override this method to manage the allocated buffers.
             *
             * @param startIndex the start index for the first frame of the next batch to fill in.
             * @param elements the number of elements for the next batch to fill in.
             *
             */
            @Override
            void resize(int startIndex, int elements) {
                if (!isActive())
                    throw new IllegalStateException("inactive frame buffer can't be resized");

                assert startIndex == START_POS :
                       "bad start index " + startIndex + " expected " + START_POS;

                int size = startIndex+elements;
                if (classes.length < size) {
                    // copy the elements in classes array to the newly allocated one.
                    // classes[0] is a Thread object
                    Class<?>[] prev = classes;
                    classes = new Class<?>[size];
                    System.arraycopy(prev, 0, classes, 0, startIndex);
                }
                currentBatchSize = size;
            }
        }

        Class<?> findCaller() {
            walk();
            return caller;
        }

        @Override
        protected Integer consumeFrames() {
            checkState(OPEN);
            int n = 0;
            Class<?>[] frames = new Class<?>[2];
            // skip the API calling this getCallerClass method
            // 0: StackWalker::getCallerClass
            // 1: caller-sensitive method
            // 2: caller class
            while (n < 2 && (caller = nextFrame()) != null) {
                if (isMethodHandleFrame(caller)) { continue; }
                if (isReflectionFrame(caller)) { continue; }
                frames[n++] = caller;
            }
            if (frames[1] == null) {
                throw new IllegalCallerException("no caller frame");
            }
            return n;
        }

        @Override
        protected void initFrameBuffer() {
            this.frameBuffer = new ClassBuffer(getNextBatchSize());
        }

        @Override
        protected int batchSize(int lastBatchFrameCount) {
            return MIN_BATCH_SIZE;
        }

        @Override
        protected int getNextBatchSize() {
            return MIN_BATCH_SIZE;
        }
    }

    static final class LiveStackInfoTraverser<T> extends StackFrameTraverser<T> {
        static {
            stackWalkImplClasses.add(LiveStackInfoTraverser.class);
        }
        // VM will fill in all method info and live stack info directly in StackFrameInfo
        final class LiveStackFrameBuffer extends FrameBuffer<LiveStackFrameInfo> {
            private LiveStackFrameInfo[] stackFrames;
            LiveStackFrameBuffer(int initialBatchSize) {
                super(initialBatchSize);
                this.stackFrames = new LiveStackFrameInfo[initialBatchSize];
                for (int i = START_POS; i < initialBatchSize; i++) {
                    stackFrames[i] = new LiveStackFrameInfo(walker);
                }
            }

            @Override
            LiveStackFrameInfo[] frames() {
                return stackFrames;
            }

            @Override
            void resize(int startIndex, int elements) {
                if (!isActive()) {
                    throw new IllegalStateException("inactive frame buffer can't be resized");
                }
                assert startIndex == START_POS :
                       "bad start index " + startIndex + " expected " + START_POS;

                int size = startIndex + elements;
                if (stackFrames.length < size) {
                    LiveStackFrameInfo[] newFrames = new LiveStackFrameInfo[size];
                    // copy initial magic...
                    System.arraycopy(stackFrames, 0, newFrames, 0, startIndex);
                    stackFrames = newFrames;
                }

                for (int i = startIndex(); i < size; i++) {
                    stackFrames[i] = new LiveStackFrameInfo(walker);
                }

                currentBatchSize = size;
            }

            @Override
            LiveStackFrameInfo nextStackFrame() {
                if (isEmpty()) {
                    throw new NoSuchElementException("origin=" + origin + " fence=" + fence);
                }

                LiveStackFrameInfo frame = stackFrames[origin];
                origin++;
                return frame;
            }

            @Override
            final Class<?> at(int index) {
                return stackFrames[index].declaringClass();
            }
        }

        LiveStackInfoTraverser(StackWalker walker,
                               Function<? super Stream<StackFrame>, ? extends T> function) {
            super(walker, function, DEFAULT_MODE);
        }

        @Override
        protected void initFrameBuffer() {
            this.frameBuffer = new LiveStackFrameBuffer(getNextBatchSize());
        }
    }

    /*
     * Frame buffer
     *
     * Each specialized AbstractStackWalker subclass may subclass the FrameBuffer.
     */
    static abstract class FrameBuffer<F> {
        static final int START_POS = 2;     // 0th and 1st elements are reserved

        // buffers for VM to fill stack frame info
        int currentBatchSize;    // current batch size
        int origin;         // index to the current traversed stack frame
        int fence;          // index to the last frame in the current batch

        FrameBuffer(int initialBatchSize) {
            if (initialBatchSize < MIN_BATCH_SIZE) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException(initialBatchSize +
                        " < minimum batch size: " + MIN_BATCH_SIZE);
            }
            this.origin = START_POS;
            this.fence = 0;
            this.currentBatchSize = initialBatchSize;
        }

        /**
         * Returns an array of frames that may be used to store frame objects
         * when walking the stack.
         *
         * May be an array of {@code Class<?>} if the {@code AbstractStackWalker}
         * mode is {@link #FILL_CLASS_REFS_ONLY}, or an array of
         * {@link StackFrameInfo} (or derivative) array otherwise.
         *
         * @return An array of frames that may be used to store frame objects
         * when walking the stack. Must not be null.
         */
        abstract F[] frames(); // must not return null

        /**
         * Resizes the buffers for VM to fill in the next batch of stack frames.
         * The next batch will start at the given startIndex with the maximum number
         * of elements.
         *
         * <p> Subclass may override this method to manage the allocated buffers.
         *
         * @param startIndex the start index for the first frame of the next batch to fill in.
         * @param elements the number of elements for the next batch to fill in.
         *
         */
        abstract void resize(int startIndex, int elements);

        /**
         * Return the class at the given position in the current batch.
         * @param index the position of the frame.
         * @return the class at the given position in the current batch.
         */
        abstract Class<?> at(int index);

        // ------ subclass may override the following methods -------

        /*
         * Returns the start index for this frame buffer is refilled.
         *
         * This implementation reuses the allocated buffer for the next batch
         * of stack frames.  For subclass to retain the fetched stack frames,
         * it should override this method to return the index at which the frame
         * should be filled in for the next batch.
         */
        int startIndex() {
            return START_POS;
        }

        /**
         * Returns next StackFrame object in the current batch of stack frames
         */
        F nextStackFrame() {
            throw new InternalError("should not reach here");
        }

        // ------ FrameBuffer implementation ------

        final int curBatchFrameCount() {
            return currentBatchSize-START_POS;
        }

        /*
         * Tests if this frame buffer is empty.  All frames are fetched.
         */
        final boolean isEmpty() {
            return origin >= fence || (origin == START_POS && fence == 0);
        }

        /*
         * Freezes this frame buffer.  The stack stream source is done fetching.
         */
        final void freeze() {
            origin = 0;
            fence = 0;
        }

        /*
         * Tests if this frame buffer is active.  It is inactive when
         * it is done for traversal.  All stack frames have been traversed.
         */
        final boolean isActive() {
            return origin > 0 && (fence == 0 || origin < fence || fence == currentBatchSize);
        }

        /**
         * Gets the class at the current frame and move to the next frame.
         */
        final Class<?> next() {
            if (isEmpty()) {
                throw new NoSuchElementException("origin=" + origin + " fence=" + fence);
            }
            Class<?> c = at(origin);
            origin++;
            if (isDebug) {
                int index = origin-1;
                System.out.format("  next frame at %d: %s (origin %d fence %d)%n", index,
                        Objects.toString(c), index, fence);
            }
            return c;
        }

        /**
         * Gets the class at the current frame.
         */
        final Class<?> get() {
            if (isEmpty()) {
                throw new NoSuchElementException("origin=" + origin + " fence=" + fence);
            }
            return at(origin);
        }

        /*
         * Returns the index of the current frame.
         */
        final int getIndex() {
            return origin;
        }

        /*
         * Set the start and end index of a new batch of stack frames that have
         * been filled in this frame buffer.
         */
        final void setBatch(int depth, int startIndex, int endIndex) {
            if (startIndex <= 0 || endIndex <= 0)
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("startIndex=" + startIndex
                        + " endIndex=" + endIndex);

            this.origin = startIndex;
            this.fence = endIndex;
            if (depth == 0 && fence > 0) {
                // filter the frames due to the stack stream implementation
                for (int i = START_POS; i < fence; i++) {
                    Class<?> c = at(i);
                    if (isDebug) System.err.format("  frame %d: %s%n", i, c);
                    if (filterStackWalkImpl(c)) {
                        origin++;
                    } else {
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /*
         * Checks if the origin is the expected start index.
         */
        final void check(int skipFrames) {
            int index = skipFrames + START_POS;
            if (origin != index) {
                // stack walk must continue with the previous frame depth
                throw new IllegalStateException("origin " + origin + " != " + index);
            }
        }
    }

    private static native boolean checkStackWalkModes();

    // avoid loading other subclasses as they may not be used
    private static Set<Class<?>> init() {
        if (!checkStackWalkModes()) {
            throw new InternalError("StackWalker mode values do not match with JVM");
        }

        Set<Class<?>> classes = new HashSet<>();
        classes.add(StackWalker.class);
        classes.add(StackStreamFactory.class);
        classes.add(AbstractStackWalker.class);
        return classes;
    }

    private static boolean filterStackWalkImpl(Class<?> c) {
        return stackWalkImplClasses.contains(c) ||
                c.getName().startsWith("java.util.stream.");
    }

    // MethodHandle frames are not hidden and CallerClassFinder has
    // to filter them out
    private static boolean isMethodHandleFrame(Class<?> c) {
        return c.getName().startsWith("java.lang.invoke.");
    }

    private static boolean isReflectionFrame(Class<?> c) {
        // ## should filter all @Hidden frames?
        return c == Method.class ||
               c == Constructor.class ||
               MethodAccessor.class.isAssignableFrom(c) ||
               ConstructorAccessor.class.isAssignableFrom(c) ||
               c.getName().startsWith("java.lang.invoke.LambdaForm");
    }

}

java/lang/StackStreamFactory.java

 

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