commons-lang-2.6.jar - Apache Commons Lang

commons-lang-2.6.jar is the JAR file for Apache Commons Lang 2.6, which provides a host of helper utilities for the java.lang API.

JAR File Size and Download Location:

File name: commons-lang-2.6.jar
File size: 284220 bytes
Date modified: 01/13/2011
Download: Apache Commons Lang Website

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org/apache/commons/lang/WordUtils.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * 
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
package org.apache.commons.lang;

/**
 * <p>Operations on Strings that contain words.</p>
 * 
 * <p>This class tries to handle <code>null</code> input gracefully.
 * An exception will not be thrown for a <code>null</code> input.
 * Each method documents its behaviour in more detail.</p>
 * 
 * @author Apache Jakarta Velocity
 * @author Apache Software Foundation
 * @author <a href="mailto:hps@intermeta.de">Henning P. Schmiedehausen</a>
 * @author Gary Gregory
 * @since 2.0
 * @version $Id: WordUtils.java 905636 2010-02-02 14:03:32Z niallp $
 */
public class WordUtils {

    /**
     * <p><code>WordUtils</code> instances should NOT be constructed in
     * standard programming. Instead, the class should be used as
     * <code>WordUtils.wrap("foo bar", 20);</code>.</p>
     *
     * <p>This constructor is public to permit tools that require a JavaBean
     * instance to operate.</p>
     */
    public WordUtils() {
      super();
    }

    // Wrapping
    //--------------------------------------------------------------------------
//    /**
//     * <p>Wraps a block of text to a specified line length using '\n' as
//     * a newline.</p>
//     *
//     * <p>This method takes a block of text, which might have long lines in it
//     * and wraps the long lines based on the supplied lineLength parameter.</p>
//     * 
//     * <p>If a single word is longer than the line length (eg. a URL), it will
//     * not be broken, and will display beyond the expected width.</p>
//     * 
//     * <p>If there are tabs in inString, you are going to get results that are
//     * a bit strange. Tabs are a single character but are displayed as 4 or 8
//     * spaces. Remove the tabs.</p>
//     *
//     * @param str  text which is in need of word-wrapping, may be null
//     * @param lineLength  the column to wrap the words at
//     * @return the text with all the long lines word-wrapped
//     *  <code>null</code> if null string input
//     */
//    public static String wrapText(String str, int lineLength) {
//        return wrap(str, null, lineLength);
//    }
    
//    /**
//     * <p>Wraps a block of text to a specified line length.</p>
//     *
//     * <p>This method takes a block of text, which might have long lines in it
//     * and wraps the long lines based on the supplied lineLength parameter.</p>
//     * 
//     * <p>If a single word is longer than the wrapColumn (eg. a URL), it will
//     * not be broken, and will display beyond the expected width.</p>
//     * 
//     * <p>If there are tabs in inString, you are going to get results that are
//     * a bit strange. Tabs are a single character but are displayed as 4 or 8
//     * spaces. Remove the tabs.</p>
//     *
//     * @param str  text which is in need of word-wrapping, may be null
//     * @param newLineChars  the characters that define a newline, null treated as \n
//     * @param lineLength  the column to wrap the words at
//     * @return the text with all the long lines word-wrapped
//     *  <code>null</code> if null string input
//     */
//    public static String wrapText(String str, String newLineChars, int lineLength) {
//        if (str == null) {
//            return null;
//        }
//        if (newLineChars == null) {
//            newLineChars = "\n";
//        }
//        StringTokenizer lineTokenizer = new StringTokenizer(str, newLineChars, true);
//        StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
//
//        while (lineTokenizer.hasMoreTokens()) {
//            try {
//                String nextLine = lineTokenizer.nextToken();
//
//                if (nextLine.length() > lineLength) {
//                    // This line is long enough to be wrapped.
//                    nextLine = wrapLine(nextLine, null, lineLength, false);
//                }
//
//                stringBuffer.append(nextLine);
//
//            } catch (NoSuchElementException nsee) {
//                // thrown by nextToken(), but I don't know why it would
//                break;
//            }
//        }
//
//        return stringBuffer.toString();
//    }

    // Wrapping
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * <p>Wraps a single line of text, identifying words by <code>' '</code>.</p>
     * 
     * <p>New lines will be separated by the system property line separator.
     * Very long words, such as URLs will <i>not</i> be wrapped.</p>
     * 
     * <p>Leading spaces on a new line are stripped.
     * Trailing spaces are not stripped.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.wrap(null, *) = null
     * WordUtils.wrap("", *) = ""
     * </pre>
     *
     * @param str  the String to be word wrapped, may be null
     * @param wrapLength  the column to wrap the words at, less than 1 is treated as 1
     * @return a line with newlines inserted, <code>null</code> if null input
     */
    public static String wrap(String str, int wrapLength) {
        return wrap(str, wrapLength, null, false);
    }
    
    /**
     * <p>Wraps a single line of text, identifying words by <code>' '</code>.</p>
     * 
     * <p>Leading spaces on a new line are stripped.
     * Trailing spaces are not stripped.</p>
     * 
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.wrap(null, *, *, *) = null
     * WordUtils.wrap("", *, *, *) = ""
     * </pre>
     *
     * @param str  the String to be word wrapped, may be null
     * @param wrapLength  the column to wrap the words at, less than 1 is treated as 1
     * @param newLineStr  the string to insert for a new line, 
     *  <code>null</code> uses the system property line separator
     * @param wrapLongWords  true if long words (such as URLs) should be wrapped
     * @return a line with newlines inserted, <code>null</code> if null input
     */
    public static String wrap(String str, int wrapLength, String newLineStr, boolean wrapLongWords) {
        if (str == null) {
            return null;
        }
        if (newLineStr == null) {
            newLineStr = SystemUtils.LINE_SEPARATOR;
        }
        if (wrapLength < 1) {
            wrapLength = 1;
        }
        int inputLineLength = str.length();
        int offset = 0;
        StringBuffer wrappedLine = new StringBuffer(inputLineLength + 32);
        
        while ((inputLineLength - offset) > wrapLength) {
            if (str.charAt(offset) == ' ') {
                offset++;
                continue;
            }
            int spaceToWrapAt = str.lastIndexOf(' ', wrapLength + offset);

            if (spaceToWrapAt >= offset) {
                // normal case
                wrappedLine.append(str.substring(offset, spaceToWrapAt));
                wrappedLine.append(newLineStr);
                offset = spaceToWrapAt + 1;
                
            } else {
                // really long word or URL
                if (wrapLongWords) {
                    // wrap really long word one line at a time
                    wrappedLine.append(str.substring(offset, wrapLength + offset));
                    wrappedLine.append(newLineStr);
                    offset += wrapLength;
                } else {
                    // do not wrap really long word, just extend beyond limit
                    spaceToWrapAt = str.indexOf(' ', wrapLength + offset);
                    if (spaceToWrapAt >= 0) {
                        wrappedLine.append(str.substring(offset, spaceToWrapAt));
                        wrappedLine.append(newLineStr);
                        offset = spaceToWrapAt + 1;
                    } else {
                        wrappedLine.append(str.substring(offset));
                        offset = inputLineLength;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        // Whatever is left in line is short enough to just pass through
        wrappedLine.append(str.substring(offset));

        return wrappedLine.toString();
    }

    // Capitalizing
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * <p>Capitalizes all the whitespace separated words in a String.
     * Only the first letter of each word is changed. To convert the 
     * rest of each word to lowercase at the same time, 
     * use {@link #capitalizeFully(String)}.</p>
     *
     * <p>Whitespace is defined by {@link Character#isWhitespace(char)}.
     * A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.
     * Capitalization uses the unicode title case, normally equivalent to
     * upper case.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.capitalize(null)        = null
     * WordUtils.capitalize("")          = ""
     * WordUtils.capitalize("i am FINE") = "I Am FINE"
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to capitalize, may be null
     * @return capitalized String, <code>null</code> if null String input
     * @see #uncapitalize(String)
     * @see #capitalizeFully(String)
     */
    public static String capitalize(String str) {
        return capitalize(str, null);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Capitalizes all the delimiter separated words in a String.
     * Only the first letter of each word is changed. To convert the 
     * rest of each word to lowercase at the same time, 
     * use {@link #capitalizeFully(String, char[])}.</p>
     *
     * <p>The delimiters represent a set of characters understood to separate words.
     * The first string character and the first non-delimiter character after a
     * delimiter will be capitalized. </p>
     *
     * <p>A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.
     * Capitalization uses the unicode title case, normally equivalent to
     * upper case.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.capitalize(null, *)            = null
     * WordUtils.capitalize("", *)              = ""
     * WordUtils.capitalize(*, new char[0])     = *
     * WordUtils.capitalize("i am fine", null)  = "I Am Fine"
     * WordUtils.capitalize("i aM.fine", {'.'}) = "I aM.Fine"
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to capitalize, may be null
     * @param delimiters  set of characters to determine capitalization, null means whitespace
     * @return capitalized String, <code>null</code> if null String input
     * @see #uncapitalize(String)
     * @see #capitalizeFully(String)
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static String capitalize(String str, char[] delimiters) {
        int delimLen = (delimiters == null ? -1 : delimiters.length);
        if (str == null || str.length() == 0 || delimLen == 0) {
            return str;
        }
        int strLen = str.length();
        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer(strLen);
        boolean capitalizeNext = true;
        for (int i = 0; i < strLen; i++) {
            char ch = str.charAt(i);

            if (isDelimiter(ch, delimiters)) {
                buffer.append(ch);
                capitalizeNext = true;
            } else if (capitalizeNext) {
                buffer.append(Character.toTitleCase(ch));
                capitalizeNext = false;
            } else {
                buffer.append(ch);
            }
        }
        return buffer.toString();
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * <p>Converts all the whitespace separated words in a String into capitalized words, 
     * that is each word is made up of a titlecase character and then a series of 
     * lowercase characters.  </p>
     *
     * <p>Whitespace is defined by {@link Character#isWhitespace(char)}.
     * A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.
     * Capitalization uses the unicode title case, normally equivalent to
     * upper case.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully(null)        = null
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully("")          = ""
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully("i am FINE") = "I Am Fine"
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to capitalize, may be null
     * @return capitalized String, <code>null</code> if null String input
     */
    public static String capitalizeFully(String str) {
        return capitalizeFully(str, null);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Converts all the delimiter separated words in a String into capitalized words, 
     * that is each word is made up of a titlecase character and then a series of 
     * lowercase characters. </p>
     *
     * <p>The delimiters represent a set of characters understood to separate words.
     * The first string character and the first non-delimiter character after a
     * delimiter will be capitalized. </p>
     *
     * <p>A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.
     * Capitalization uses the unicode title case, normally equivalent to
     * upper case.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully(null, *)            = null
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully("", *)              = ""
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully(*, null)            = *
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully(*, new char[0])     = *
     * WordUtils.capitalizeFully("i aM.fine", {'.'}) = "I am.Fine"
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to capitalize, may be null
     * @param delimiters  set of characters to determine capitalization, null means whitespace
     * @return capitalized String, <code>null</code> if null String input
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static String capitalizeFully(String str, char[] delimiters) {
        int delimLen = (delimiters == null ? -1 : delimiters.length);
        if (str == null || str.length() == 0 || delimLen == 0) {
            return str;
        }
        str = str.toLowerCase();
        return capitalize(str, delimiters);
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * <p>Uncapitalizes all the whitespace separated words in a String.
     * Only the first letter of each word is changed.</p>
     *
     * <p>Whitespace is defined by {@link Character#isWhitespace(char)}.
     * A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize(null)        = null
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize("")          = ""
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize("I Am FINE") = "i am fINE"
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to uncapitalize, may be null
     * @return uncapitalized String, <code>null</code> if null String input
     * @see #capitalize(String)
     */
    public static String uncapitalize(String str) {
        return uncapitalize(str, null);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Uncapitalizes all the whitespace separated words in a String.
     * Only the first letter of each word is changed.</p>
     *
     * <p>The delimiters represent a set of characters understood to separate words.
     * The first string character and the first non-delimiter character after a
     * delimiter will be uncapitalized. </p>
     *
     * <p>Whitespace is defined by {@link Character#isWhitespace(char)}.
     * A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize(null, *)            = null
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize("", *)              = ""
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize(*, null)            = *
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize(*, new char[0])     = *
     * WordUtils.uncapitalize("I AM.FINE", {'.'}) = "i AM.fINE"
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to uncapitalize, may be null
     * @param delimiters  set of characters to determine uncapitalization, null means whitespace
     * @return uncapitalized String, <code>null</code> if null String input
     * @see #capitalize(String)
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static String uncapitalize(String str, char[] delimiters) {
        int delimLen = (delimiters == null ? -1 : delimiters.length);
        if (str == null || str.length() == 0 || delimLen == 0) {
            return str;
        }
        int strLen = str.length();
        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer(strLen);
        boolean uncapitalizeNext = true;
        for (int i = 0; i < strLen; i++) {
            char ch = str.charAt(i);

            if (isDelimiter(ch, delimiters)) {
                buffer.append(ch);
                uncapitalizeNext = true;
            } else if (uncapitalizeNext) {
                buffer.append(Character.toLowerCase(ch));
                uncapitalizeNext = false;
            } else {
                buffer.append(ch);
            }
        }
        return buffer.toString();
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * <p>Swaps the case of a String using a word based algorithm.</p>
     * 
     * <ul>
     *  <li>Upper case character converts to Lower case</li>
     *  <li>Title case character converts to Lower case</li>
     *  <li>Lower case character after Whitespace or at start converts to Title case</li>
     *  <li>Other Lower case character converts to Upper case</li>
     * </ul>
     * 
     * <p>Whitespace is defined by {@link Character#isWhitespace(char)}.
     * A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.</p>
     * 
     * <pre>
     * StringUtils.swapCase(null)                 = null
     * StringUtils.swapCase("")                   = ""
     * StringUtils.swapCase("The dog has a BONE") = "tHE DOG HAS A bone"
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to swap case, may be null
     * @return the changed String, <code>null</code> if null String input
     */
    public static String swapCase(String str) {
        int strLen;
        if (str == null || (strLen = str.length()) == 0) {
            return str;
        }
        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer(strLen);

        boolean whitespace = true;
        char ch = 0;
        char tmp = 0;

        for (int i = 0; i < strLen; i++) {
            ch = str.charAt(i);
            if (Character.isUpperCase(ch)) {
                tmp = Character.toLowerCase(ch);
            } else if (Character.isTitleCase(ch)) {
                tmp = Character.toLowerCase(ch);
            } else if (Character.isLowerCase(ch)) {
                if (whitespace) {
                    tmp = Character.toTitleCase(ch);
                } else {
                    tmp = Character.toUpperCase(ch);
                }
            } else {
                tmp = ch;
            }
            buffer.append(tmp);
            whitespace = Character.isWhitespace(ch);
        }
        return buffer.toString();
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * <p>Extracts the initial letters from each word in the String.</p>
     * 
     * <p>The first letter of the string and all first letters after
     * whitespace are returned as a new string.
     * Their case is not changed.</p>
     *
     * <p>Whitespace is defined by {@link Character#isWhitespace(char)}.
     * A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.initials(null)             = null
     * WordUtils.initials("")               = ""
     * WordUtils.initials("Ben John Lee")   = "BJL"
     * WordUtils.initials("Ben J.Lee")      = "BJ"
     * </pre>
     *
     * @param str  the String to get initials from, may be null
     * @return String of initial letters, <code>null</code> if null String input
     * @see #initials(String,char[])
     * @since 2.2
     */
    public static String initials(String str) {
        return initials(str, null);
    }

    /**
     * <p>Extracts the initial letters from each word in the String.</p>
     * 
     * <p>The first letter of the string and all first letters after the
     * defined delimiters are returned as a new string.
     * Their case is not changed.</p>
     *
     * <p>If the delimiters array is null, then Whitespace is used.
     * Whitespace is defined by {@link Character#isWhitespace(char)}.
     * A <code>null</code> input String returns <code>null</code>.
     * An empty delimiter array returns an empty String.</p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * WordUtils.initials(null, *)                = null
     * WordUtils.initials("", *)                  = ""
     * WordUtils.initials("Ben John Lee", null)   = "BJL"
     * WordUtils.initials("Ben J.Lee", null)      = "BJ"
     * WordUtils.initials("Ben J.Lee", [' ','.']) = "BJL"
     * WordUtils.initials(*, new char[0])         = ""
     * </pre>
     * 
     * @param str  the String to get initials from, may be null
     * @param delimiters  set of characters to determine words, null means whitespace
     * @return String of initial letters, <code>null</code> if null String input
     * @see #initials(String)
     * @since 2.2
     */
    public static String initials(String str, char[] delimiters) {
        if (str == null || str.length() == 0) {
            return str;
        }
        if (delimiters != null && delimiters.length == 0) {
            return "";
        }
        int strLen = str.length();
        char[] buf = new char[strLen / 2 + 1];
        int count = 0;
        boolean lastWasGap = true;
        for (int i = 0; i < strLen; i++) {
            char ch = str.charAt(i);

            if (isDelimiter(ch, delimiters)) {
                lastWasGap = true;
            } else if (lastWasGap) {
                buf[count++] = ch;
                lastWasGap = false;
            } else {
                // ignore ch
            }
        }
        return new String(buf, 0, count);
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Is the character a delimiter.
     *
     * @param ch  the character to check
     * @param delimiters  the delimiters
     * @return true if it is a delimiter
     */
    private static boolean isDelimiter(char ch, char[] delimiters) {
        if (delimiters == null) {
            return Character.isWhitespace(ch);
        }
        for (int i = 0, isize = delimiters.length; i < isize; i++) {
            if (ch == delimiters[i]) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }

    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------
    /**
     * Abbreviates a string nicely.
     * 
     * This method searches for the first space after the lower limit and abbreviates
     * the String there. It will also append any String passed as a parameter
     * to the end of the String. The upper limit can be specified to forcibly
     * abbreviate a String.
     * 
     * @param str         the string to be abbreviated. If null is passed, null is returned.
     *                    If the empty String is passed, the empty string is returned.
     * @param lower       the lower limit.
     * @param upper       the upper limit; specify -1 if no limit is desired.
     *                    If the upper limit is lower than the lower limit, it will be
     *                    adjusted to be the same as the lower limit.
     * @param appendToEnd String to be appended to the end of the abbreviated string.
     *                    This is appended ONLY if the string was indeed abbreviated.
     *                    The append does not count towards the lower or upper limits.
     * @return the abbreviated String.
     * @since 2.4
     */
    public static String abbreviate(String str, int lower, int upper, String appendToEnd) {
        // initial parameter checks
        if (str == null) {
            return null;
        }
        if (str.length() == 0) {
            return StringUtils.EMPTY;
        }

        // if the lower value is greater than the length of the string,
        // set to the length of the string
        if (lower > str.length()) {
            lower = str.length();    
        }
        // if the upper value is -1 (i.e. no limit) or is greater
        // than the length of the string, set to the length of the string
        if (upper == -1 || upper > str.length()) {
            upper = str.length();
        }
        // if upper is less than lower, raise it to lower
        if (upper < lower) {
            upper = lower;
        }

        StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer();
        int index = StringUtils.indexOf(str, " ", lower);
        if (index == -1) {
            result.append(str.substring(0, upper));
            // only if abbreviation has occured do we append the appendToEnd value
            if (upper != str.length()) {
                result.append(StringUtils.defaultString(appendToEnd));
            }
        } else if (index > upper) {
            result.append(str.substring(0, upper));
            result.append(StringUtils.defaultString(appendToEnd));
        } else {
            result.append(str.substring(0, index));
            result.append(StringUtils.defaultString(appendToEnd));
        }
        return result.toString();
    }

}

org/apache/commons/lang/WordUtils.java

 

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