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org/xml/sax/ContentHandler.java

// ContentHandler.java - handle main document content.
// http://www.saxproject.org
// Written by David Megginson
// NO WARRANTY!  This class is in the public domain.
// $Id: ContentHandler.java 226184 2005-04-08 10:53:24Z neeraj $

package org.xml.sax;


/**
 * Receive notification of the logical content of a document.
 *
 * <blockquote>
 * <em>This module, both source code and documentation, is in the
 * Public Domain, and comes with <strong>NO WARRANTY</strong>.</em>
 * See <a href='http://www.saxproject.org'>http://www.saxproject.org</a>
 * for further information.
 * </blockquote>
 *
 * <p>This is the main interface that most SAX applications
 * implement: if the application needs to be informed of basic parsing 
 * events, it implements this interface and registers an instance with 
 * the SAX parser using the {@link org.xml.sax.XMLReader#setContentHandler 
 * setContentHandler} method.  The parser uses the instance to report 
 * basic document-related events like the start and end of elements 
 * and character data.</p>
 *
 * <p>The order of events in this interface is very important, and
 * mirrors the order of information in the document itself.  For
 * example, all of an element's content (character data, processing
 * instructions, and/or subelements) will appear, in order, between
 * the startElement event and the corresponding endElement event.</p>
 *
 * <p>This interface is similar to the now-deprecated SAX 1.0
 * DocumentHandler interface, but it adds support for Namespaces
 * and for reporting skipped entities (in non-validating XML
 * processors).</p>
 *
 * <p>Implementors should note that there is also a 
 * <code>ContentHandler</code> class in the <code>java.net</code>
 * package; that means that it's probably a bad idea to do</p>
 *
 * <pre>import java.net.*;
 * import org.xml.sax.*;
 * </pre>
 *
 * <p>In fact, "import ...*" is usually a sign of sloppy programming
 * anyway, so the user should consider this a feature rather than a
 * bug.</p>
 *
 * @since SAX 2.0
 * @author David Megginson
 * @version 2.0.1+ (sax2r3pre1)
 * @see org.xml.sax.XMLReader
 * @see org.xml.sax.DTDHandler
 * @see org.xml.sax.ErrorHandler
 */
public interface ContentHandler
{

    /**
     * Receive an object for locating the origin of SAX document events.
     *
     * <p>SAX parsers are strongly encouraged (though not absolutely
     * required) to supply a locator: if it does so, it must supply
     * the locator to the application by invoking this method before
     * invoking any of the other methods in the ContentHandler
     * interface.</p>
     *
     * <p>The locator allows the application to determine the end
     * position of any document-related event, even if the parser is
     * not reporting an error.  Typically, the application will
     * use this information for reporting its own errors (such as
     * character content that does not match an application's
     * business rules).  The information returned by the locator
     * is probably not sufficient for use with a search engine.</p>
     *
     * <p>Note that the locator will return correct information only
     * during the invocation SAX event callbacks after
     * {@link #startDocument startDocument} returns and before
     * {@link #endDocument endDocument} is called.  The
     * application should not attempt to use it at any other time.</p>
     *
     * @param locator an object that can return the location of
     *                any SAX document event
     * @see org.xml.sax.Locator
     */
    public void setDocumentLocator (Locator locator);


    /**
     * Receive notification of the beginning of a document.
     *
     * <p>The SAX parser will invoke this method only once, before any
     * other event callbacks (except for {@link #setDocumentLocator 
     * setDocumentLocator}).</p>
     *
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     * @see #endDocument
     */
    public void startDocument ()
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Receive notification of the end of a document.
     *
     * <p><strong>There is an apparent contradiction between the
     * documentation for this method and the documentation for {@link
     * org.xml.sax.ErrorHandler#fatalError}.  Until this ambiguity is
     * resolved in a future major release, clients should make no
     * assumptions about whether endDocument() will or will not be
     * invoked when the parser has reported a fatalError() or thrown
     * an exception.</strong></p>
     *
     * <p>The SAX parser will invoke this method only once, and it will
     * be the last method invoked during the parse.  The parser shall
     * not invoke this method until it has either abandoned parsing
     * (because of an unrecoverable error) or reached the end of
     * input.</p>
     *
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     * @see #startDocument
     */
    public void endDocument()
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Begin the scope of a prefix-URI Namespace mapping.
     *
     * <p>The information from this event is not necessary for
     * normal Namespace processing: the SAX XML reader will 
     * automatically replace prefixes for element and attribute
     * names when the <code>http://xml.org/sax/features/namespaces</code>
     * feature is <var>true</var> (the default).</p>
     *
     * <p>There are cases, however, when applications need to
     * use prefixes in character data or in attribute values,
     * where they cannot safely be expanded automatically; the
     * start/endPrefixMapping event supplies the information
     * to the application to expand prefixes in those contexts
     * itself, if necessary.</p>
     *
     * <p>Note that start/endPrefixMapping events are not
     * guaranteed to be properly nested relative to each other:
     * all startPrefixMapping events will occur immediately before the
     * corresponding {@link #startElement startElement} event, 
     * and all {@link #endPrefixMapping endPrefixMapping}
     * events will occur immediately after the corresponding
     * {@link #endElement endElement} event,
     * but their order is not otherwise 
     * guaranteed.</p>
     *
     * <p>There should never be start/endPrefixMapping events for the
     * "xml" prefix, since it is predeclared and immutable.</p>
     *
     * @param prefix the Namespace prefix being declared.
     *	An empty string is used for the default element namespace,
     *	which has no prefix.
     * @param uri the Namespace URI the prefix is mapped to
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException the client may throw
     *            an exception during processing
     * @see #endPrefixMapping
     * @see #startElement
     */
    public void startPrefixMapping (String prefix, String uri)
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * End the scope of a prefix-URI mapping.
     *
     * <p>See {@link #startPrefixMapping startPrefixMapping} for 
     * details.  These events will always occur immediately after the
     * corresponding {@link #endElement endElement} event, but the order of 
     * {@link #endPrefixMapping endPrefixMapping} events is not otherwise
     * guaranteed.</p>
     *
     * @param prefix the prefix that was being mapped.
     *	This is the empty string when a default mapping scope ends.
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException the client may throw
     *            an exception during processing
     * @see #startPrefixMapping
     * @see #endElement
     */
    public void endPrefixMapping (String prefix)
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Receive notification of the beginning of an element.
     *
     * <p>The Parser will invoke this method at the beginning of every
     * element in the XML document; there will be a corresponding
     * {@link #endElement endElement} event for every startElement event
     * (even when the element is empty). All of the element's content will be
     * reported, in order, before the corresponding endElement
     * event.</p>
     *
     * <p>This event allows up to three name components for each
     * element:</p>
     *
     * <ol>
     * <li>the Namespace URI;</li>
     * <li>the local name; and</li>
     * <li>the qualified (prefixed) name.</li>
     * </ol>
     *
     * <p>Any or all of these may be provided, depending on the
     * values of the <var>http://xml.org/sax/features/namespaces</var>
     * and the <var>http://xml.org/sax/features/namespace-prefixes</var>
     * properties:</p>
     *
     * <ul>
     * <li>the Namespace URI and local name are required when 
     * the namespaces property is <var>true</var> (the default), and are
     * optional when the namespaces property is <var>false</var> (if one is
     * specified, both must be);</li>
     * <li>the qualified name is required when the namespace-prefixes property
     * is <var>true</var>, and is optional when the namespace-prefixes property
     * is <var>false</var> (the default).</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * <p>Note that the attribute list provided will contain only
     * attributes with explicit values (specified or defaulted):
     * #IMPLIED attributes will be omitted.  The attribute list
     * will contain attributes used for Namespace declarations
     * (xmlns* attributes) only if the
     * <code>http://xml.org/sax/features/namespace-prefixes</code>
     * property is true (it is false by default, and support for a 
     * true value is optional).</p>
     *
     * <p>Like {@link #characters characters()}, attribute values may have
     * characters that need more than one <code>char</code> value.  </p>
     *
     * @param uri the Namespace URI, or the empty string if the
     *        element has no Namespace URI or if Namespace
     *        processing is not being performed
     * @param localName the local name (without prefix), or the
     *        empty string if Namespace processing is not being
     *        performed
     * @param qName the qualified name (with prefix), or the
     *        empty string if qualified names are not available
     * @param atts the attributes attached to the element.  If
     *        there are no attributes, it shall be an empty
     *        Attributes object.  The value of this object after
     *        startElement returns is undefined
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     * @see #endElement
     * @see org.xml.sax.Attributes
     * @see org.xml.sax.helpers.AttributesImpl
     */
    public void startElement (String uri, String localName,
			      String qName, Attributes atts)
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Receive notification of the end of an element.
     *
     * <p>The SAX parser will invoke this method at the end of every
     * element in the XML document; there will be a corresponding
     * {@link #startElement startElement} event for every endElement 
     * event (even when the element is empty).</p>
     *
     * <p>For information on the names, see startElement.</p>
     *
     * @param uri the Namespace URI, or the empty string if the
     *        element has no Namespace URI or if Namespace
     *        processing is not being performed
     * @param localName the local name (without prefix), or the
     *        empty string if Namespace processing is not being
     *        performed
     * @param qName the qualified XML name (with prefix), or the
     *        empty string if qualified names are not available
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     */
    public void endElement (String uri, String localName,
			    String qName)
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Receive notification of character data.
     *
     * <p>The Parser will call this method to report each chunk of
     * character data.  SAX parsers may return all contiguous character
     * data in a single chunk, or they may split it into several
     * chunks; however, all of the characters in any single event
     * must come from the same external entity so that the Locator
     * provides useful information.</p>
     *
     * <p>The application must not attempt to read from the array
     * outside of the specified range.</p>
     *
     * <p>Individual characters may consist of more than one Java
     * <code>char</code> value.  There are two important cases where this
     * happens, because characters can't be represented in just sixteen bits.
     * In one case, characters are represented in a <em>Surrogate Pair</em>,
     * using two special Unicode values. Such characters are in the so-called
     * "Astral Planes", with a code point above U+FFFF.  A second case involves
     * composite characters, such as a base character combining with one or
     * more accent characters. </p>
     *
     * <p> Your code should not assume that algorithms using
     * <code>char</code>-at-a-time idioms will be working in character
     * units; in some cases they will split characters.  This is relevant
     * wherever XML permits arbitrary characters, such as attribute values,
     * processing instruction data, and comments as well as in data reported
     * from this method.  It's also generally relevant whenever Java code
     * manipulates internationalized text; the issue isn't unique to XML.</p>
     *
     * <p>Note that some parsers will report whitespace in element
     * content using the {@link #ignorableWhitespace ignorableWhitespace}
     * method rather than this one (validating parsers <em>must</em> 
     * do so).</p>
     *
     * @param ch the characters from the XML document
     * @param start the start position in the array
     * @param length the number of characters to read from the array
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     * @see #ignorableWhitespace 
     * @see org.xml.sax.Locator
     */
    public void characters (char ch[], int start, int length)
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Receive notification of ignorable whitespace in element content.
     *
     * <p>Validating Parsers must use this method to report each chunk
     * of whitespace in element content (see the W3C XML 1.0
     * recommendation, section 2.10): non-validating parsers may also
     * use this method if they are capable of parsing and using
     * content models.</p>
     *
     * <p>SAX parsers may return all contiguous whitespace in a single
     * chunk, or they may split it into several chunks; however, all of
     * the characters in any single event must come from the same
     * external entity, so that the Locator provides useful
     * information.</p>
     *
     * <p>The application must not attempt to read from the array
     * outside of the specified range.</p>
     *
     * @param ch the characters from the XML document
     * @param start the start position in the array
     * @param length the number of characters to read from the array
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     * @see #characters
     */
    public void ignorableWhitespace (char ch[], int start, int length)
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Receive notification of a processing instruction.
     *
     * <p>The Parser will invoke this method once for each processing
     * instruction found: note that processing instructions may occur
     * before or after the main document element.</p>
     *
     * <p>A SAX parser must never report an XML declaration (XML 1.0,
     * section 2.8) or a text declaration (XML 1.0, section 4.3.1)
     * using this method.</p>
     *
     * <p>Like {@link #characters characters()}, processing instruction
     * data may have characters that need more than one <code>char</code>
     * value. </p>
     *
     * @param target the processing instruction target
     * @param data the processing instruction data, or null if
     *        none was supplied.  The data does not include any
     *        whitespace separating it from the target
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     */
    public void processingInstruction (String target, String data)
	throws SAXException;


    /**
     * Receive notification of a skipped entity.
     * This is not called for entity references within markup constructs
     * such as element start tags or markup declarations.  (The XML
     * recommendation requires reporting skipped external entities.
     * SAX also reports internal entity expansion/non-expansion, except
     * within markup constructs.)
     *
     * <p>The Parser will invoke this method each time the entity is
     * skipped.  Non-validating processors may skip entities if they
     * have not seen the declarations (because, for example, the
     * entity was declared in an external DTD subset).  All processors
     * may skip external entities, depending on the values of the
     * <code>http://xml.org/sax/features/external-general-entities</code>
     * and the
     * <code>http://xml.org/sax/features/external-parameter-entities</code>
     * properties.</p>
     *
     * @param name the name of the skipped entity.  If it is a 
     *        parameter entity, the name will begin with '%', and if
     *        it is the external DTD subset, it will be the string
     *        "[dtd]"
     * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException any SAX exception, possibly
     *            wrapping another exception
     */
    public void skippedEntity (String name)
	throws SAXException;
}

// end of ContentHandler.java

org/xml/sax/ContentHandler.java

 

 

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