Source Code for Apache Log4j Core Implementation

Apache Log4j Core Implementation provides the functional components of the logging system. Users are free to create their own plugins and include them in the logging configuration. Apache Log4j Core is a required module to use Apache Log4j.

Bytecode (Java 8) for Apache Log4j Core Implementation is provided in a separate JAR file like log4j-core-2.14.1.jar.

Source Code files for Apache Log4j API are provided in both binary packge like and source package like You can download them at Apache Log4j Website.

You can also browse Source Code files for Apache Log4j Core Implementation 2.14.1 below.



 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache license, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * See the license for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the license.
package org.apache.logging.log4j.core.appender;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import org.apache.logging.log4j.LoggingException;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.Appender;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.Core;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.Filter;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.LogEvent;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.AppenderControl;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.Configuration;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.Property;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.Plugin;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.PluginAliases;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.PluginAttribute;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.PluginConfiguration;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.PluginElement;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.config.plugins.PluginFactory;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.util.Booleans;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.core.util.Constants;

 * The FailoverAppender will capture exceptions in an Appender and then route the event
 * to a different appender. Hopefully it is obvious that the Appenders must be configured
 * to not suppress exceptions for the FailoverAppender to work.
@Plugin(name = "Failover", category = Core.CATEGORY_NAME, elementType = Appender.ELEMENT_TYPE, printObject = true)
public final class FailoverAppender extends AbstractAppender {

    private static final int DEFAULT_INTERVAL_SECONDS = 60;

    private final String primaryRef;

    private final String[] failovers;

    private final Configuration config;

    private AppenderControl primary;

    private final List<AppenderControl> failoverAppenders = new ArrayList<>();

    private final long intervalNanos;

    private volatile long nextCheckNanos;

    private FailoverAppender(final String name, final Filter filter, final String primary, final String[] failovers,
            final int intervalMillis, final Configuration config, final boolean ignoreExceptions,
            final Property[] properties) {
        super(name, filter, null, ignoreExceptions, properties);
        this.primaryRef = primary;
        this.failovers = failovers;
        this.config = config;
        this.intervalNanos = TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.toNanos(intervalMillis);

    public void start() {
        final Map<String, Appender> map = config.getAppenders();
        int errors = 0;
        final Appender appender = map.get(primaryRef);
        if (appender != null) {
            primary = new AppenderControl(appender, null, null);
        } else {
            LOGGER.error("Unable to locate primary Appender " + primaryRef);
        for (final String name : failovers) {
            final Appender foAppender = map.get(name);
            if (foAppender != null) {
                failoverAppenders.add(new AppenderControl(foAppender, null, null));
            } else {
                LOGGER.error("Failover appender " + name + " is not configured");
        if (failoverAppenders.isEmpty()) {
            LOGGER.error("No failover appenders are available");
        if (errors == 0) {

     * Handle the Log event.
     * @param event The LogEvent.
    public void append(final LogEvent event) {
        if (!isStarted()) {
            error("FailoverAppender " + getName() + " did not start successfully");
        final long localCheckNanos = nextCheckNanos;
        if (localCheckNanos == 0 || System.nanoTime() - localCheckNanos > 0) {
        } else {
            failover(event, null);

    private void callAppender(final LogEvent event) {
        try {
            nextCheckNanos = 0;
        } catch (final Exception ex) {
            nextCheckNanos = System.nanoTime() + intervalNanos;
            failover(event, ex);

    private void failover(final LogEvent event, final Exception ex) {
        final RuntimeException re = ex != null ?
                (ex instanceof LoggingException ? (LoggingException) ex : new LoggingException(ex)) : null;
        boolean written = false;
        Exception failoverException = null;
        for (final AppenderControl control : failoverAppenders) {
            try {
                written = true;
            } catch (final Exception fex) {
                if (failoverException == null) {
                    failoverException = fex;
        if (!written && !ignoreExceptions()) {
            if (re != null) {
                throw re;
            throw new LoggingException("Unable to write to failover appenders", failoverException);

    public String toString() {
        final StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(getName());
        sb.append(" primary=").append(primary).append(", failover={");
        boolean first = true;
        for (final String str : failovers) {
            if (!first) {
                sb.append(", ");
            first = false;
        return sb.toString();

     * Create a Failover Appender.
     * @param name The name of the Appender (required).
     * @param primary The name of the primary Appender (required).
     * @param failovers The name of one or more Appenders to fail over to (at least one is required).
     * @param retryIntervalSeconds The retry interval in seconds.
     * @param config The current Configuration (passed by the Configuration when the appender is created).
     * @param filter A Filter (optional).
     * @param ignore If {@code "true"} (default) exceptions encountered when appending events are logged; otherwise
     *               they are propagated to the caller.
     * @return The FailoverAppender that was created.
    public static FailoverAppender createAppender(
            @PluginAttribute("name") final String name,
            @PluginAttribute("primary") final String primary,
            @PluginElement("Failovers") final String[] failovers,
            @PluginAliases("retryInterval") // deprecated
            @PluginAttribute("retryIntervalSeconds") final String retryIntervalSeconds,
            @PluginConfiguration final Configuration config,
            @PluginElement("Filter") final Filter filter,
            @PluginAttribute("ignoreExceptions") final String ignore) {
        if (name == null) {
            LOGGER.error("A name for the Appender must be specified");
            return null;
        if (primary == null) {
            LOGGER.error("A primary Appender must be specified");
            return null;
        if (failovers == null || failovers.length == 0) {
            LOGGER.error("At least one failover Appender must be specified");
            return null;

        final int seconds = parseInt(retryIntervalSeconds, DEFAULT_INTERVAL_SECONDS);
        int retryIntervalMillis;
        if (seconds >= 0) {
            retryIntervalMillis = seconds * Constants.MILLIS_IN_SECONDS;
        } else {
            LOGGER.warn("Interval " + retryIntervalSeconds + " is less than zero. Using default");
            retryIntervalMillis = DEFAULT_INTERVAL_SECONDS * Constants.MILLIS_IN_SECONDS;

        final boolean ignoreExceptions = Booleans.parseBoolean(ignore, true);

        return new FailoverAppender(name, filter, primary, failovers, retryIntervalMillis, config, ignoreExceptions, null);



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2015-11-03, 51053👍, 0💬