Source Code for Apache Log4j API

Apache Log4j API provides the interface that applications should code to and provides the adapter components required for implementers to create a logging implementation. Apache Log4j API is a required module to use Apache Log4j.

Bytecode (Java 8) for Apache Log4j API is provided in a separate JAR file like log4j-api-2.14.1.jar.

Source Code files for Apache Log4j API are provided in both binary packge like apache-log4j-2.14.1-bin.zip and source package like apache-log4j-2.14.1-src.zip. You can download them at Apache Log4j Website.

You can also browse Source Code files for Apache Log4j API 2.14.1 below.

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org/apache/logging/log4j/ThreadContext.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache license, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the license for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the license.
 */

package org.apache.logging.log4j;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.AbstractCollection;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.NoSuchElementException;

import org.apache.logging.log4j.message.ParameterizedMessage;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.DefaultThreadContextMap;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.DefaultThreadContextStack;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.NoOpThreadContextMap;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.ReadOnlyThreadContextMap;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.ThreadContextMap;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.ThreadContextMap2;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.CleanableThreadContextMap;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.ThreadContextMapFactory;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.ThreadContextStack;
import org.apache.logging.log4j.util.PropertiesUtil;

/**
 * The ThreadContext allows applications to store information either in a Map or a Stack.
 * <p>
 * <b><em>The MDC is managed on a per thread basis</em></b>. To enable automatic inheritance of <i>copies</i> of the MDC
 * to newly created threads, enable the {@value org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.DefaultThreadContextMap#INHERITABLE_MAP}
 * Log4j system property.
 * </p>
 * @see <a href="https://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/manual/thread-context.html">Thread Context Manual</a>
 */
public final class ThreadContext {

    /**
     * An empty read-only ThreadContextStack.
     */
    private static class EmptyThreadContextStack extends AbstractCollection<String> implements ThreadContextStack {

        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

        private static final Iterator<String> EMPTY_ITERATOR = new EmptyIterator<>();

        @Override
        public String pop() {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public String peek() {
            return null;
        }

        @Override
        public void push(final String message) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        public int getDepth() {
            return 0;
        }

        @Override
        public List<String> asList() {
            return Collections.emptyList();
        }

        @Override
        public void trim(final int depth) {
            // Do nothing
        }

        @Override
        public boolean equals(final Object o) {
            // Similar to java.util.Collections.EmptyList.equals(Object)
            return (o instanceof Collection) && ((Collection<?>) o).isEmpty();
        }

        @Override
        public int hashCode() {
            // Same as java.util.Collections.EmptyList.hashCode()
            return 1;
        }

        @Override
        public ContextStack copy() {
            return this;
        }

        @Override
        public <T> T[] toArray(final T[] a) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean add(final String e) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean containsAll(final Collection<?> c) {
            return false;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean addAll(final Collection<? extends String> c) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean removeAll(final Collection<?> c) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        public boolean retainAll(final Collection<?> c) {
            throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
        }

        @Override
        public Iterator<String> iterator() {
            return EMPTY_ITERATOR;
        }

        @Override
        public int size() {
            return 0;
        }

        @Override
        public ContextStack getImmutableStackOrNull() {
            return this;
        }
    }

    /**
     * An empty iterator. Since Java 1.7 added the Collections.emptyIterator() method, we have to make do.
     *
     * @param <E> the type of the empty iterator
     */
    private static class EmptyIterator<E> implements Iterator<E> {

        @Override
        public boolean hasNext() {
            return false;
        }

        @Override
        public E next() {
            throw new NoSuchElementException("This is an empty iterator!");
        }

        @Override
        public void remove() {
            // no-op
        }
    }

    /**
     * Empty, immutable Map.
     */
    // ironically, this annotation gives an "unsupported @SuppressWarnings" warning in Eclipse
    @SuppressWarnings("PublicStaticCollectionField")
    // I like irony, so I won't delete it...
    public static final Map<String, String> EMPTY_MAP = Collections.emptyMap();

    /**
     * Empty, immutable ContextStack.
     */
    // ironically, this annotation gives an "unsupported @SuppressWarnings" warning in Eclipse
    @SuppressWarnings("PublicStaticCollectionField")
    public static final ThreadContextStack EMPTY_STACK = new EmptyThreadContextStack();

    private static final String DISABLE_MAP = "disableThreadContextMap";
    private static final String DISABLE_STACK = "disableThreadContextStack";
    private static final String DISABLE_ALL = "disableThreadContext";

    private static boolean useStack;
    private static ThreadContextMap contextMap;
    private static ThreadContextStack contextStack;
    private static ReadOnlyThreadContextMap readOnlyContextMap;

    static {
        init();
    }

    private ThreadContext() {
        // empty
    }

    /**
     * <em>Consider private, used for testing.</em>
     */
    static void init() {
        ThreadContextMapFactory.init();
        contextMap = null;
        final PropertiesUtil managerProps = PropertiesUtil.getProperties();
        boolean disableAll = managerProps.getBooleanProperty(DISABLE_ALL);
        useStack = !(managerProps.getBooleanProperty(DISABLE_STACK) || disableAll);
        boolean useMap = !(managerProps.getBooleanProperty(DISABLE_MAP) || disableAll);

        contextStack = new DefaultThreadContextStack(useStack);
        if (!useMap) {
            contextMap = new NoOpThreadContextMap();
        } else {
            contextMap = ThreadContextMapFactory.createThreadContextMap();
        }
        if (contextMap instanceof ReadOnlyThreadContextMap) {
            readOnlyContextMap = (ReadOnlyThreadContextMap) contextMap;
        } else {
            readOnlyContextMap = null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Puts a context value (the <code>value</code> parameter) as identified with the <code>key</code> parameter into
     * the current thread's context map.
     *
     * <p>
     * If the current thread does not have a context map it is created as a side effect.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param key The key name.
     * @param value The key value.
     */
    public static void put(final String key, final String value) {
        contextMap.put(key, value);
    }

    /**
     * Puts a context value (the <code>value</code> parameter) as identified with the <code>key</code> parameter into
     * the current thread's context map if the key does not exist.
     *
     * <p>
     * If the current thread does not have a context map it is created as a side effect.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param key The key name.
     * @param value The key value.
     * @since 2.13.0
     */
    public static void putIfNull(final String key, final String value) {
        if(!contextMap.containsKey(key)) {
            contextMap.put(key, value);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Puts all given context map entries into the current thread's
     * context map.
     *
     * <p>If the current thread does not have a context map it is
     * created as a side effect.</p>
     * @param m The map.
     * @since 2.7
     */
    public static void putAll(final Map<String, String> m) {
        if (contextMap instanceof ThreadContextMap2) {
            ((ThreadContextMap2) contextMap).putAll(m);
        } else if (contextMap instanceof DefaultThreadContextMap) {
            ((DefaultThreadContextMap) contextMap).putAll(m);
        } else {
            for (final Map.Entry<String, String> entry: m.entrySet()) {
                contextMap.put(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Gets the context value identified by the <code>key</code> parameter.
     *
     * <p>
     * This method has no side effects.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param key The key to locate.
     * @return The value associated with the key or null.
     */
    public static String get(final String key) {
        return contextMap.get(key);
    }

    /**
     * Removes the context value identified by the <code>key</code> parameter.
     *
     * @param key The key to remove.
     */
    public static void remove(final String key) {
        contextMap.remove(key);
    }

    /**
     * Removes the context values identified by the <code>keys</code> parameter.
     *
     * @param keys The keys to remove.
     *
     * @since 2.8
     */
    public static void removeAll(final Iterable<String> keys) {
        if (contextMap instanceof CleanableThreadContextMap) {
            ((CleanableThreadContextMap) contextMap).removeAll(keys);
        } else if (contextMap instanceof DefaultThreadContextMap) {
            ((DefaultThreadContextMap) contextMap).removeAll(keys);
        } else {
            for (final String key : keys) {
                contextMap.remove(key);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Clears the context map.
     */
    public static void clearMap() {
        contextMap.clear();
    }

    /**
     * Clears the context map and stack.
     */
    public static void clearAll() {
        clearMap();
        clearStack();
    }

    /**
     * Determines if the key is in the context.
     *
     * @param key The key to locate.
     * @return True if the key is in the context, false otherwise.
     */
    public static boolean containsKey(final String key) {
        return contextMap.containsKey(key);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a mutable copy of current thread's context Map.
     *
     * @return a mutable copy of the context.
     */
    public static Map<String, String> getContext() {
        return contextMap.getCopy();
    }

    /**
     * Returns an immutable view of the current thread's context Map.
     *
     * @return An immutable view of the ThreadContext Map.
     */
    public static Map<String, String> getImmutableContext() {
        final Map<String, String> map = contextMap.getImmutableMapOrNull();
        return map == null ? EMPTY_MAP : map;
    }

    /**
     * Returns a read-only view of the internal data structure used to store thread context key-value pairs,
     * or {@code null} if the internal data structure does not implement the
     * {@code ReadOnlyThreadContextMap} interface.
     * <p>
     * The {@link DefaultThreadContextMap} implementation does not implement {@code ReadOnlyThreadContextMap}, so by
     * default this method returns {@code null}.
     * </p>
     *
     * @return the internal data structure used to store thread context key-value pairs or {@code null}
     * @see ThreadContextMapFactory
     * @see DefaultThreadContextMap
     * @see org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.CopyOnWriteSortedArrayThreadContextMap
     * @see org.apache.logging.log4j.spi.GarbageFreeSortedArrayThreadContextMap
     * @since 2.8
     */
    public static ReadOnlyThreadContextMap getThreadContextMap() {
        return readOnlyContextMap;
    }

    /**
     * Returns true if the Map is empty.
     *
     * @return true if the Map is empty, false otherwise.
     */
    public static boolean isEmpty() {
        return contextMap.isEmpty();
    }

    /**
     * Clears the stack for this thread.
     */
    public static void clearStack() {
        contextStack.clear();
    }

    /**
     * Returns a copy of this thread's stack.
     *
     * @return A copy of this thread's stack.
     */
    public static ContextStack cloneStack() {
        return contextStack.copy();
    }

    /**
     * Gets an immutable copy of this current thread's context stack.
     *
     * @return an immutable copy of the ThreadContext stack.
     */
    public static ContextStack getImmutableStack() {
        final ContextStack result = contextStack.getImmutableStackOrNull();
        return result == null ? EMPTY_STACK : result;
    }

    /**
     * Sets this thread's stack.
     *
     * @param stack The stack to use.
     */
    public static void setStack(final Collection<String> stack) {
        if (stack.isEmpty() || !useStack) {
            return;
        }
        contextStack.clear();
        contextStack.addAll(stack);
    }

    /**
     * Gets the current nesting depth of this thread's stack.
     *
     * @return the number of items in the stack.
     *
     * @see #trim
     */
    public static int getDepth() {
        return contextStack.getDepth();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the value of the last item placed on the stack.
     *
     * <p>
     * The returned value is the value that was pushed last. If no context is available, then the empty string "" is
     * returned.
     * </p>
     *
     * @return String The innermost diagnostic context.
     */
    public static String pop() {
        return contextStack.pop();
    }

    /**
     * Looks at the last diagnostic context at the top of this NDC without removing it.
     *
     * <p>
     * The returned value is the value that was pushed last. If no context is available, then the empty string "" is
     * returned.
     * </p>
     *
     * @return String The innermost diagnostic context.
     */
    public static String peek() {
        return contextStack.peek();
    }

    /**
     * Pushes new diagnostic context information for the current thread.
     *
     * <p>
     * The contents of the <code>message</code> parameter is determined solely by the client.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param message The new diagnostic context information.
     */
    public static void push(final String message) {
        contextStack.push(message);
    }

    /**
     * Pushes new diagnostic context information for the current thread.
     *
     * <p>
     * The contents of the <code>message</code> and args parameters are determined solely by the client. The message
     * will be treated as a format String and tokens will be replaced with the String value of the arguments in
     * accordance with ParameterizedMessage.
     * </p>
     *
     * @param message The new diagnostic context information.
     * @param args Parameters for the message.
     */
    public static void push(final String message, final Object... args) {
        contextStack.push(ParameterizedMessage.format(message, args));
    }

    /**
     * Removes the diagnostic context for this thread.
     *
     * <p>
     * Each thread that created a diagnostic context by calling {@link #push} should call this method before exiting.
     * Otherwise, the memory used by the <b>thread</b> cannot be reclaimed by the VM.
     * </p>
     *
     * <p>
     * As this is such an important problem in heavy duty systems and because it is difficult to always guarantee that
     * the remove method is called before exiting a thread, this method has been augmented to lazily remove references
     * to dead threads. In practice, this means that you can be a little sloppy and occasionally forget to call
     * {@link #remove} before exiting a thread. However, you must call <code>remove</code> sometime. If you never call
     * it, then your application is sure to run out of memory.
     * </p>
     */
    public static void removeStack() {
        contextStack.clear();
    }

    /**
     * Trims elements from this diagnostic context. If the current depth is smaller or equal to <code>maxDepth</code>,
     * then no action is taken. If the current depth is larger than newDepth then all elements at maxDepth or higher are
     * discarded.
     *
     * <p>
     * This method is a convenient alternative to multiple {@link #pop} calls. Moreover, it is often the case that at
     * the end of complex call sequences, the depth of the ThreadContext is unpredictable. The <code>trim</code> method
     * circumvents this problem.
     * </p>
     *
     * <p>
     * For example, the combination
     * </p>
     *
     * <pre>
     * void foo() {
     *     final int depth = ThreadContext.getDepth();
     *
     *     // ... complex sequence of calls
     *
     *     ThreadContext.trim(depth);
     * }
     * </pre>
     *
     * <p>
     * ensures that between the entry and exit of {@code foo} the depth of the diagnostic stack is conserved.
     * </p>
     *
     * @see #getDepth
     * @param depth The number of elements to keep.
     */
    public static void trim(final int depth) {
        contextStack.trim(depth);
    }

    /**
     * The ThreadContext Stack interface.
     */
    public interface ContextStack extends Serializable, Collection<String> {

        /**
         * Returns the element at the top of the stack.
         *
         * @return The element at the top of the stack.
         * @throws java.util.NoSuchElementException if the stack is empty.
         */
        String pop();

        /**
         * Returns the element at the top of the stack without removing it or null if the stack is empty.
         *
         * @return the element at the top of the stack or null if the stack is empty.
         */
        String peek();

        /**
         * Pushes an element onto the stack.
         *
         * @param message The element to add.
         */
        void push(String message);

        /**
         * Returns the number of elements in the stack.
         *
         * @return the number of elements in the stack.
         */
        int getDepth();

        /**
         * Returns all the elements in the stack in a List.
         *
         * @return all the elements in the stack in a List.
         */
        List<String> asList();

        /**
         * Trims elements from the end of the stack.
         *
         * @param depth The maximum number of items in the stack to keep.
         */
        void trim(int depth);

        /**
         * Returns a copy of the ContextStack.
         *
         * @return a copy of the ContextStack.
         */
        ContextStack copy();

        /**
         * Returns a ContextStack with the same contents as this ContextStack or {@code null}. Attempts to modify the
         * returned stack may or may not throw an exception, but will not affect the contents of this ContextStack.
         *
         * @return a ContextStack with the same contents as this ContextStack or {@code null}.
         */
        ContextStack getImmutableStackOrNull();
    }
}

org/apache/logging/log4j/ThreadContext.java

 

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File name: log4j-api-2.14.1-sources.jar
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Release date: 2021-03-06
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