JDK 11 java.sql.rowset.jmod - SQL Rowset Module

JDK 11 java.sql.rowset.jmod is the JMOD file for JDK 11 SQL Rowset module.

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JDK 11 SQL Rowset module source code files are stored in \fyicenter\jdk-11.0.1\lib\src.zip\java.sql.rowset.

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com/sun/rowset/internal/CachedRowSetWriter.java

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2003, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * ORACLE PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 */

package com.sun.rowset.internal;

import java.sql.*;
import javax.sql.*;
import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
import sun.reflect.misc.ReflectUtil;

import com.sun.rowset.*;
import java.text.MessageFormat;
import javax.sql.rowset.*;
import javax.sql.rowset.serial.SQLInputImpl;
import javax.sql.rowset.serial.SerialArray;
import javax.sql.rowset.serial.SerialBlob;
import javax.sql.rowset.serial.SerialClob;
import javax.sql.rowset.serial.SerialStruct;
import javax.sql.rowset.spi.*;


/**
 * The facility called on internally by the {@code RIOptimisticProvider} implementation to
 * propagate changes back to the data source from which the rowset got its data.
 * <P>
 * A {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object, called a writer, has the public
 * method {@code writeData} for writing modified data to the underlying data source.
 * This method is invoked by the rowset internally and is never invoked directly by an application.
 * A writer also has public methods for setting and getting
 * the {@code CachedRowSetReader} object, called a reader, that is associated
 * with the writer. The remainder of the methods in this class are private and
 * are invoked internally, either directly or indirectly, by the method
 * {@code writeData}.
 * <P>
 * Typically the {@code SyncFactory} manages the {@code RowSetReader} and
 * the {@code RowSetWriter} implementations using {@code SyncProvider} objects.
 * Standard JDBC RowSet implementations provide an object instance of this
 * writer by invoking the {@code SyncProvider.getRowSetWriter()} method.
 *
 * @version 0.2
 * @author Jonathan Bruce
 * @see javax.sql.rowset.spi.SyncProvider
 * @see javax.sql.rowset.spi.SyncFactory
 * @see javax.sql.rowset.spi.SyncFactoryException
 */
public class CachedRowSetWriter implements TransactionalWriter, Serializable {

/**
 * The {@code Connection} object that this writer will use to make a
 * connection to the data source to which it will write data.
 *
 */
    private transient Connection con;

/**
 * The SQL {@code SELECT} command that this writer will call
 * internally. The method {@code initSQLStatements} builds this
 * command by supplying the words "SELECT" and "FROM," and using
 * metadata to get the table name and column names .
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private String selectCmd;

/**
 * The SQL {@code UPDATE} command that this writer will call
 * internally to write data to the rowset's underlying data source.
 * The method {@code initSQLStatements} builds this {@code String}
 * object.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private String updateCmd;

/**
 * The SQL {@code WHERE} clause the writer will use for update
 * statements in the {@code PreparedStatement} object
 * it sends to the underlying data source.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private String updateWhere;

/**
 * The SQL {@code DELETE} command that this writer will call
 * internally to delete a row in the rowset's underlying data source.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private String deleteCmd;

/**
 * The SQL {@code WHERE} clause the writer will use for delete
 * statements in the {@code PreparedStatement} object
 * it sends to the underlying data source.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private String deleteWhere;

/**
 * The SQL {@code INSERT INTO} command that this writer will internally use
 * to insert data into the rowset's underlying data source.  The method
 * {@code initSQLStatements} builds this command with a question
 * mark parameter placeholder for each column in the rowset.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private String insertCmd;

/**
 * An array containing the column numbers of the columns that are
 * needed to uniquely identify a row in the {@code CachedRowSet} object
 * for which this {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object is the writer.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private int[] keyCols;

/**
 * An array of the parameters that should be used to set the parameter
 * placeholders in a {@code PreparedStatement} object that this
 * writer will execute.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private Object[] params;

/**
 * The {@code CachedRowSetReader} object that has been
 * set as the reader for the {@code CachedRowSet} object
 * for which this {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object is the writer.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private CachedRowSetReader reader;

/**
 * The {@code ResultSetMetaData} object that contains information
 * about the columns in the {@code CachedRowSet} object
 * for which this {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object is the writer.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private ResultSetMetaData callerMd;

/**
 * The number of columns in the {@code CachedRowSet} object
 * for which this {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object is the writer.
 *
 * @serial
 */
    private int callerColumnCount;

/**
 * This {@code CachedRowSet} will hold the conflicting values
 *  retrieved from the db and hold it.
 */
    private CachedRowSetImpl crsResolve;

/**
 * This {@code ArrayList} will hold the values of SyncResolver.*
 */
    private ArrayList<Integer> status;

/**
 * This will check whether the same field value has changed both
 * in database and CachedRowSet.
 */
    private int iChangedValsInDbAndCRS;

/**
 * This will hold the number of cols for which the values have
 * changed only in database.
 */
    private int iChangedValsinDbOnly ;

    private JdbcRowSetResourceBundle resBundle;

    public CachedRowSetWriter() {
       try {
               resBundle = JdbcRowSetResourceBundle.getJdbcRowSetResourceBundle();
       } catch(IOException ioe) {
               throw new RuntimeException(ioe);
       }
    }

/**
 * Propagates changes in the given {@code RowSet} object
 * back to its underlying data source and returns {@code true}
 * if successful. The writer will check to see if
 * the data in the pre-modified rowset (the original values) differ
 * from the data in the underlying data source.  If data in the data
 * source has been modified by someone else, there is a conflict,
 * and in that case, the writer will not write to the data source.
 * In other words, the writer uses an optimistic concurrency algorithm:
 * It checks for conflicts before making changes rather than restricting
 * access for concurrent users.
 * <P>
 * This method is called by the rowset internally when
 * the application invokes the method {@code acceptChanges}.
 * The {@code writeData} method in turn calls private methods that
 * it defines internally.
 * The following is a general summary of what the method
 * {@code writeData} does, much of which is accomplished
 * through calls to its own internal methods.
 * <OL>
 * <LI>Creates a {@code CachedRowSet} object from the given
 *     {@code RowSet} object
 * <LI>Makes a connection with the data source
 *   <UL>
 *      <LI>Disables autocommit mode if it is not already disabled
 *      <LI>Sets the transaction isolation level to that of the rowset
 *   </UL>
 * <LI>Checks to see if the reader has read new data since the writer
 *     was last called and, if so, calls the method
 *    {@code initSQLStatements} to initialize new SQL statements
 *   <UL>
 *       <LI>Builds new {@code SELECT}, {@code UPDATE},
 *           {@code INSERT}, and {@code DELETE} statements
 *       <LI>Uses the {@code CachedRowSet} object's metadata to
 *           determine the table name, column names, and the columns
 *           that make up the primary key
 *   </UL>
 * <LI>When there is no conflict, propagates changes made to the
 *     {@code CachedRowSet} object back to its underlying data source
 *   <UL>
 *      <LI>Iterates through each row of the {@code CachedRowSet} object
 *          to determine whether it has been updated, inserted, or deleted
 *      <LI>If the corresponding row in the data source has not been changed
 *          since the rowset last read its
 *          values, the writer will use the appropriate command to update,
 *          insert, or delete the row
 *      <LI>If any data in the data source does not match the original values
 *          for the {@code CachedRowSet} object, the writer will roll
 *          back any changes it has made to the row in the data source.
 *   </UL>
 * </OL>
 *
 * @return {@code true} if changes to the rowset were successfully
 *         written to the rowset's underlying data source;
 *         {@code false} otherwise
 */
    public boolean writeData(RowSetInternal caller) throws SQLException {
        long conflicts = 0;
        boolean showDel = false;
        PreparedStatement pstmtIns = null;
        iChangedValsInDbAndCRS = 0;
        iChangedValsinDbOnly = 0;

        // We assume caller is a CachedRowSet
        CachedRowSetImpl crs = (CachedRowSetImpl)caller;
        // crsResolve = new CachedRowSetImpl();
        this.crsResolve = new CachedRowSetImpl();;

        // The reader is registered with the writer at design time.
        // This is not required, in general.  The reader has logic
        // to get a JDBC connection, so call it.

        con = reader.connect(caller);


        if (con == null) {
            throw new SQLException(resBundle.handleGetObject("crswriter.connect").toString());
        }

        /*
         // Fix 6200646.
         // Don't change the connection or transaction properties. This will fail in a
         // J2EE container.
        if (con.getAutoCommit() == true)  {
            con.setAutoCommit(false);
        }

        con.setTransactionIsolation(crs.getTransactionIsolation());
        */

        initSQLStatements(crs);
        int iColCount;

        RowSetMetaDataImpl rsmdWrite = (RowSetMetaDataImpl)crs.getMetaData();
        RowSetMetaDataImpl rsmdResolv = new RowSetMetaDataImpl();

        iColCount = rsmdWrite.getColumnCount();
        int sz= crs.size()+1;
        status = new ArrayList<>(sz);

        status.add(0,null);
        rsmdResolv.setColumnCount(iColCount);

        for(int i =1; i <= iColCount; i++) {
            rsmdResolv.setColumnType(i, rsmdWrite.getColumnType(i));
            rsmdResolv.setColumnName(i, rsmdWrite.getColumnName(i));
            rsmdResolv.setNullable(i, ResultSetMetaData.columnNullableUnknown);
        }
        this.crsResolve.setMetaData(rsmdResolv);

        // moved outside the insert inner loop
        //pstmtIns = con.prepareStatement(insertCmd);

        if (callerColumnCount < 1) {
            // No data, so return success.
            if (reader.getCloseConnection() == true)
                    con.close();
            return true;
        }
        // We need to see rows marked for deletion.
        showDel = crs.getShowDeleted();
        crs.setShowDeleted(true);

        // Look at all the rows.
        crs.beforeFirst();

        int rows =1;
        while (crs.next()) {
            if (crs.rowDeleted()) {
                // The row has been deleted.
                if (deleteOriginalRow(crs, this.crsResolve)) {
                       status.add(rows, SyncResolver.DELETE_ROW_CONFLICT);
                       conflicts++;
                } else {
                      // delete happened without any occurrence of conflicts
                      // so update status accordingly
                       status.add(rows, SyncResolver.NO_ROW_CONFLICT);
                }

           } else if (crs.rowInserted()) {
                // The row has been inserted.

                pstmtIns = con.prepareStatement(insertCmd);
                if (insertNewRow(crs, pstmtIns, this.crsResolve)) {
                          status.add(rows, SyncResolver.INSERT_ROW_CONFLICT);
                          conflicts++;
                } else {
                      // insert happened without any occurrence of conflicts
                      // so update status accordingly
                       status.add(rows, SyncResolver.NO_ROW_CONFLICT);
                }
            } else  if (crs.rowUpdated()) {
                  // The row has been updated.
                       if (updateOriginalRow(crs)) {
                             status.add(rows, SyncResolver.UPDATE_ROW_CONFLICT);
                             conflicts++;
               } else {
                      // update happened without any occurrence of conflicts
                      // so update status accordingly
                      status.add(rows, SyncResolver.NO_ROW_CONFLICT);
               }

            } else {
               /** The row is neither of inserted, updated or deleted.
                *  So set nulls in the this.crsResolve for this row,
                *  as nothing is to be done for such rows.
                *  Also note that if such a row has been changed in database
                *  and we have not changed(inserted, updated or deleted)
                *  that is fine.
                **/
                int icolCount = crs.getMetaData().getColumnCount();
                status.add(rows, SyncResolver.NO_ROW_CONFLICT);

                this.crsResolve.moveToInsertRow();
                for(int cols=0;cols<iColCount;cols++) {
                   this.crsResolve.updateNull(cols+1);
                } //end for

                this.crsResolve.insertRow();
                this.crsResolve.moveToCurrentRow();

                } //end if
         rows++;
      } //end while

        // close the insert statement
        if(pstmtIns!=null)
        pstmtIns.close();
        // reset
        crs.setShowDeleted(showDel);

        crs.beforeFirst();
        this.crsResolve.beforeFirst();

    if(conflicts != 0) {
        SyncProviderException spe = new SyncProviderException(conflicts + " " +
                resBundle.handleGetObject("crswriter.conflictsno").toString());
        //SyncResolver syncRes = spe.getSyncResolver();

         SyncResolverImpl syncResImpl = (SyncResolverImpl) spe.getSyncResolver();

         syncResImpl.setCachedRowSet(crs);
         syncResImpl.setCachedRowSetResolver(this.crsResolve);

         syncResImpl.setStatus(status);
         syncResImpl.setCachedRowSetWriter(this);

        throw spe;
    } else {
         return true;
    }
       /*
       if (conflict == true) {
            con.rollback();
            return false;
        } else {
            con.commit();
                if (reader.getCloseConnection() == true) {
                       con.close();
                }
            return true;
        }
        */

  } //end writeData

    /**
     * Updates the given {@code CachedRowSet} object's underlying data
     * source so that updates to the rowset are reflected in the original
     * data source, and returns {@code false} if the update was successful.
     * A return value of {@code true} indicates that there is a conflict,
     * meaning that a value updated in the rowset has already been changed by
     * someone else in the underlying data source.  A conflict can also exist
     * if, for example, more than one row in the data source would be affected
     * by the update or if no rows would be affected.  In any case, if there is
     * a conflict, this method does not update the underlying data source.
     * <P>
     * This method is called internally by the method {@code writeData}
     * if a row in the {@code CachedRowSet} object for which this
     * {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object is the writer has been updated.
     *
     * @return {@code false} if the update to the underlying data source is
     *         successful; {@code true} otherwise
     * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
     */
    private boolean updateOriginalRow(CachedRowSet crs)
        throws SQLException {
        PreparedStatement pstmt;
        int i = 0;
        int idx = 0;

        // Select the row from the database.
        ResultSet origVals = crs.getOriginalRow();
        origVals.next();

        try {
            updateWhere = buildWhereClause(updateWhere, origVals);


             /**
              *  The following block of code is for checking a particular type of
              *  query where in there is a where clause. Without this block, if a
              *  SQL statement is built the "where" clause will appear twice hence
              *  the DB errors out and a SQLException is thrown. This code also
              *  considers that the where clause is in the right place as the
              *  CachedRowSet object would already have been populated with this
              *  query before coming to this point.
              **/


            String tempselectCmd = selectCmd.toLowerCase();

            int idxWhere = tempselectCmd.indexOf("where");

            if(idxWhere != -1)
            {
               String tempSelect = selectCmd.substring(0,idxWhere);
               selectCmd = tempSelect;
            }

            pstmt = con.prepareStatement(selectCmd + updateWhere,
                        ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);

            for (i = 0; i < keyCols.length; i++) {
                if (params[i] != null) {
                    pstmt.setObject(++idx, params[i]);
                } else {
                    continue;
                }
            }

            try {
                pstmt.setMaxRows(crs.getMaxRows());
                pstmt.setMaxFieldSize(crs.getMaxFieldSize());
                pstmt.setEscapeProcessing(crs.getEscapeProcessing());
                pstmt.setQueryTimeout(crs.getQueryTimeout());
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                // Older driver don't support these operations.
            }

            ResultSet rs = null;
            rs = pstmt.executeQuery();
            ResultSetMetaData rsmd = rs.getMetaData();

            if (rs.next()) {
                if (rs.next()) {
                   /** More than one row conflict.
                    *  If rs has only one row we are able to
                    *  uniquely identify the row where update
                    *  have to happen else if more than one
                    *  row implies we cannot uniquely identify the row
                    *  where we have to do updates.
                    *  crs.setKeyColumns needs to be set to
                    *  come out of this situation.
                    */

                   return true;
                }

                // don't close the rs
                // we require the record in rs to be used.
                // rs.close();
                // pstmt.close();
                rs.first();

                // how many fields need to be updated
                int colsNotChanged = 0;
                Vector<Integer> cols = new Vector<>();
                String updateExec = updateCmd;
                Object orig;
                Object curr;
                Object rsval;
                boolean boolNull = true;
                Object objVal = null;

                // There's only one row and the cursor
                // needs to be on that row.

                boolean first = true;
                boolean flag = true;

          this.crsResolve.moveToInsertRow();

          for (i = 1; i <= callerColumnCount; i++) {
                orig = origVals.getObject(i);
                curr = crs.getObject(i);
                rsval = rs.getObject(i);
                /*
                 * the following block creates equivalent objects
                 * that would have been created if this rs is populated
                 * into a CachedRowSet so that comparison of the column values
                 * from the ResultSet and CachedRowSet are possible
                 */
                Map<String, Class<?>> map = (crs.getTypeMap() == null)?con.getTypeMap():crs.getTypeMap();
                if (rsval instanceof Struct) {

                    Struct s = (Struct)rsval;

                    // look up the class in the map
                    Class<?> c = null;
                    c = map.get(s.getSQLTypeName());
                    if (c != null) {
                        // create new instance of the class
                        SQLData obj = null;
                        try {
                            ReflectUtil.checkPackageAccess(c);
                            @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
                            Object tmp = c.newInstance();
                            obj = (SQLData)tmp;
                        } catch (Exception ex) {
                            throw new SQLException("Unable to Instantiate: ", ex);
                        }
                        // get the attributes from the struct
                        Object attribs[] = s.getAttributes(map);
                        // create the SQLInput "stream"
                        SQLInputImpl sqlInput = new SQLInputImpl(attribs, map);
                        // read the values...
                        obj.readSQL(sqlInput, s.getSQLTypeName());
                        rsval = obj;
                    }
                } else if (rsval instanceof SQLData) {
                    rsval = new SerialStruct((SQLData)rsval, map);
                } else if (rsval instanceof Blob) {
                    rsval = new SerialBlob((Blob)rsval);
                } else if (rsval instanceof Clob) {
                    rsval = new SerialClob((Clob)rsval);
                } else if (rsval instanceof java.sql.Array) {
                    rsval = new SerialArray((java.sql.Array)rsval, map);
                }

                // reset boolNull if it had been set
                boolNull = true;

                /** This addtional checking has been added when the current value
                 *  in the DB is null, but the DB had a different value when the
                 *  data was actaully fetched into the CachedRowSet.
                 **/

                if(rsval == null && orig != null) {
                   // value in db has changed
                    // don't proceed with synchronization
                    // get the value in db and pass it to the resolver.

                    iChangedValsinDbOnly++;
                   // Set the boolNull to false,
                   // in order to set the actual value;
                     boolNull = false;
                     objVal = rsval;
                }

                /** Adding the checking for rsval to be "not" null or else
                 *  it would through a NullPointerException when the values
                 *  are compared.
                 **/

                else if(rsval != null && (!rsval.equals(orig)))
                {
                    // value in db has changed
                    // don't proceed with synchronization
                    // get the value in db and pass it to the resolver.

                    iChangedValsinDbOnly++;
                   // Set the boolNull to false,
                   // in order to set the actual value;
                     boolNull = false;
                     objVal = rsval;
                } else if (  (orig == null || curr == null) ) {

                        /** Adding the additonal condition of checking for "flag"
                         *  boolean variable, which would otherwise result in
                         *  building a invalid query, as the comma would not be
                         *  added to the query string.
                         **/

                        if (first == false || flag == false) {
                          updateExec += ", ";
                         }
                        updateExec += crs.getMetaData().getColumnName(i);
                        cols.add(i);
                        updateExec += " = ? ";
                        first = false;

                /** Adding the extra condition for orig to be "not" null as the
                 *  condition for orig to be null is take prior to this, if this
                 *  is not added it will result in a NullPointerException when
                 *  the values are compared.
                 **/

                }  else if (orig.equals(curr)) {
                       colsNotChanged++;
                     //nothing to update in this case since values are equal

                /** Adding the extra condition for orig to be "not" null as the
                 *  condition for orig to be null is take prior to this, if this
                 *  is not added it will result in a NullPointerException when
                 *  the values are compared.
                 **/

                } else if(orig.equals(curr) == false) {
                      // When values from db and values in CachedRowSet are not equal,
                      // if db value is same as before updation for each col in
                      // the row before fetching into CachedRowSet,
                      // only then we go ahead with updation, else we
                      // throw SyncProviderException.

                      // if value has changed in db after fetching from db
                      // for some cols of the row and at the same time, some other cols
                      // have changed in CachedRowSet, no synchronization happens

                      // Synchronization happens only when data when fetching is
                      // same or at most has changed in cachedrowset

                      // check orig value with what is there in crs for a column
                      // before updation in crs.

                         if(crs.columnUpdated(i)) {
                             if(rsval.equals(orig)) {
                               // At this point we are sure that
                               // the value updated in crs was from
                               // what is in db now and has not changed
                                 if (flag == false || first == false) {
                                    updateExec += ", ";
                                 }
                                updateExec += crs.getMetaData().getColumnName(i);
                                cols.add(i);
                                updateExec += " = ? ";
                                flag = false;
                             } else {
                               // Here the value has changed in the db after
                               // data was fetched
                               // Plus store this row from CachedRowSet and keep it
                               // in a new CachedRowSet
                               boolNull= false;
                               objVal = rsval;
                               iChangedValsInDbAndCRS++;
                             }
                         }
                  }

                    if(!boolNull) {
                        this.crsResolve.updateObject(i,objVal);
                                 } else {
                                      this.crsResolve.updateNull(i);
                                 }
                } //end for

                rs.close();
                pstmt.close();

               this.crsResolve.insertRow();
                   this.crsResolve.moveToCurrentRow();

                /**
                 * if nothing has changed return now - this can happen
                 * if column is updated to the same value.
                 * if colsNotChanged == callerColumnCount implies we are updating
                 * the database with ALL COLUMNS HAVING SAME VALUES,
                 * so skip going to database, else do as usual.
                 **/
                if ( (first == false && cols.size() == 0)  ||
                     colsNotChanged == callerColumnCount ) {
                    return false;
                }

                if(iChangedValsInDbAndCRS != 0 || iChangedValsinDbOnly != 0) {
                   return true;
                }


                updateExec += updateWhere;

                pstmt = con.prepareStatement(updateExec);

                // Comments needed here
                for (i = 0; i < cols.size(); i++) {
                    Object obj = crs.getObject(cols.get(i));
                    if (obj != null)
                        pstmt.setObject(i + 1, obj);
                    else
                        pstmt.setNull(i + 1,crs.getMetaData().getColumnType(i + 1));
                }
                idx = i;

                // Comments needed here
                for (i = 0; i < keyCols.length; i++) {
                    if (params[i] != null) {
                        pstmt.setObject(++idx, params[i]);
                    } else {
                        continue;
                    }
                }

                i = pstmt.executeUpdate();

               /**
                * i should be equal to 1(row count), because we update
                * one row(returned as row count) at a time, if all goes well.
                * if 1 != 1, this implies we have not been able to
                * do updations properly i.e there is a conflict in database
                * versus what is in CachedRowSet for this particular row.
                **/

                 return false;

            } else {
                /**
                 * Cursor will be here, if the ResultSet may not return even a single row
                 * i.e. we can't find the row where to update because it has been deleted
                 * etc. from the db.
                 * Present the whole row as null to user, to force null to be sync'ed
                 * and hence nothing to be synced.
                 *
                 * NOTE:
                 * ------
                 * In the database if a column that is mapped to java.sql.Types.REAL stores
                 * a Double value and is compared with value got from ResultSet.getFloat()
                 * no row is retrieved and will throw a SyncProviderException. For details
                 * see bug Id 5053830
                 **/
                return true;
            }
        } catch (SQLException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
            // if executeUpdate fails it will come here,
            // update crsResolve with null rows
            this.crsResolve.moveToInsertRow();

            for(i = 1; i <= callerColumnCount; i++) {
               this.crsResolve.updateNull(i);
            }

            this.crsResolve.insertRow();
            this.crsResolve.moveToCurrentRow();

            return true;
        }
    }

   /**
    * Inserts a row that has been inserted into the given
    * {@code CachedRowSet} object into the data source from which
    * the rowset is derived, returning {@code false} if the insertion
    * was successful.
    *
    * @param crs the {@code CachedRowSet} object that has had a row inserted
    *            and to whose underlying data source the row will be inserted
    * @param pstmt the {@code PreparedStatement} object that will be used
    *              to execute the insertion
    * @return {@code false} to indicate that the insertion was successful;
    *         {@code true} otherwise
    * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
    */
   private boolean insertNewRow(CachedRowSet crs,
       PreparedStatement pstmt, CachedRowSetImpl crsRes) throws SQLException {

       boolean returnVal = false;

       try (PreparedStatement pstmtSel = con.prepareStatement(selectCmd,
                       ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE,
                       ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
            ResultSet rs = pstmtSel.executeQuery();
            ResultSet rs2 = con.getMetaData().getPrimaryKeys(null, null,
                       crs.getTableName())
       ) {

           ResultSetMetaData rsmd = crs.getMetaData();
           int icolCount = rsmd.getColumnCount();
           String[] primaryKeys = new String[icolCount];
           int k = 0;
           while (rs2.next()) {
               primaryKeys[k] = rs2.getString("COLUMN_NAME");
               k++;
           }

           if (rs.next()) {
               for (String pkName : primaryKeys) {
                   if (!isPKNameValid(pkName, rsmd)) {

                       /* We came here as one of the primary keys
                        * of the table is not present in the cached
                        * rowset object, it should be an autoincrement column
                        * and not included while creating CachedRowSet
                        * Object, proceed to check for other primary keys
                        */
                       continue;
                   }

                   Object crsPK = crs.getObject(pkName);
                   if (crsPK == null) {
                       /*
                        * It is possible that the PK is null on some databases
                        * and will be filled in at insert time (MySQL for example)
                        */
                       break;
                   }

                   String rsPK = rs.getObject(pkName).toString();
                   if (crsPK.toString().equals(rsPK)) {
                       returnVal = true;
                       this.crsResolve.moveToInsertRow();
                       for (int i = 1; i <= icolCount; i++) {
                           String colname = (rs.getMetaData()).getColumnName(i);
                           if (colname.equals(pkName))
                               this.crsResolve.updateObject(i,rsPK);
                           else
                               this.crsResolve.updateNull(i);
                       }
                       this.crsResolve.insertRow();
                       this.crsResolve.moveToCurrentRow();
                   }
               }
           }

           if (returnVal) {
               return returnVal;
           }

           try {
               for (int i = 1; i <= icolCount; i++) {
                   Object obj = crs.getObject(i);
                   if (obj != null) {
                       pstmt.setObject(i, obj);
                   } else {
                       pstmt.setNull(i,crs.getMetaData().getColumnType(i));
                   }
               }

               pstmt.executeUpdate();
               return false;

           } catch (SQLException ex) {
               /*
                * Cursor will come here if executeUpdate fails.
                * There can be many reasons why the insertion failed,
                * one can be violation of primary key.
                * Hence we cannot exactly identify why the insertion failed,
                * present the current row as a null row to the caller.
                */
               this.crsResolve.moveToInsertRow();

               for (int i = 1; i <= icolCount; i++) {
                   this.crsResolve.updateNull(i);
               }

               this.crsResolve.insertRow();
               this.crsResolve.moveToCurrentRow();

               return true;
           }
       }
   }

   /**
    * Deletes the row in the underlying data source that corresponds to
    * a row that has been deleted in the given {@code  CachedRowSet} object
    * and returns {@code false} if the deletion was successful.
    * <P>
    * This method is called internally by this writer's {@code writeData}
    * method when a row in the rowset has been deleted. The values in the
    * deleted row are the same as those that are stored in the original row
    * of the given {@code CachedRowSet} object.  If the values in the
    * original row differ from the row in the underlying data source, the row
    * in the data source is not deleted, and {@code deleteOriginalRow}
    * returns {@code true} to indicate that there was a conflict.
    *
    *
    * @return {@code false} if the deletion was successful, which means that
    *         there was no conflict; {@code true} otherwise
    * @throws SQLException if there was a database access error
    */
    private boolean deleteOriginalRow(CachedRowSet crs, CachedRowSetImpl crsRes) throws SQLException {
        PreparedStatement pstmt;
        int i;
        int idx = 0;
        String strSelect;
    // Select the row from the database.
        ResultSet origVals = crs.getOriginalRow();
        origVals.next();

        deleteWhere = buildWhereClause(deleteWhere, origVals);
        pstmt = con.prepareStatement(selectCmd + deleteWhere,
                ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);

        for (i = 0; i < keyCols.length; i++) {
            if (params[i] != null) {
                pstmt.setObject(++idx, params[i]);
            } else {
                continue;
            }
        }

        try {
            pstmt.setMaxRows(crs.getMaxRows());
            pstmt.setMaxFieldSize(crs.getMaxFieldSize());
            pstmt.setEscapeProcessing(crs.getEscapeProcessing());
            pstmt.setQueryTimeout(crs.getQueryTimeout());
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            /*
             * Older driver don't support these operations...
             */
            ;
        }

        ResultSet rs = pstmt.executeQuery();

        if (rs.next() == true) {
            if (rs.next()) {
                // more than one row
                return true;
            }
            rs.first();

            // Now check all the values in rs to be same in
            // db also before actually going ahead with deleting
            boolean boolChanged = false;

            crsRes.moveToInsertRow();

            for (i = 1; i <= crs.getMetaData().getColumnCount(); i++) {

                Object original = origVals.getObject(i);
                Object changed = rs.getObject(i);

                if(original != null && changed != null ) {
                  if(! (original.toString()).equals(changed.toString()) ) {
                      boolChanged = true;
                      crsRes.updateObject(i,origVals.getObject(i));
                  }
                } else {
                   crsRes.updateNull(i);
               }
            }

           crsRes.insertRow();
           crsRes.moveToCurrentRow();

           if(boolChanged) {
               // do not delete as values in db have changed
               // deletion will not happen for this row from db
                   // exit now returning true. i.e. conflict
               return true;
            } else {
                // delete the row.
                // Go ahead with deleting,
                // don't do anything here
            }

            String cmd = deleteCmd + deleteWhere;
            pstmt = con.prepareStatement(cmd);

            idx = 0;
            for (i = 0; i < keyCols.length; i++) {
                if (params[i] != null) {
                    pstmt.setObject(++idx, params[i]);
                } else {
                    continue;
                }
            }

            if (pstmt.executeUpdate() != 1) {
                return true;
            }
            pstmt.close();
        } else {
            // didn't find the row
            return true;
        }

        // no conflict
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * Sets the reader for this writer to the given reader.
     *
     * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
     */
    public void setReader(CachedRowSetReader reader) throws SQLException {
        this.reader = reader;
    }

    /**
     * Gets the reader for this writer.
     *
     * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
     */
    public CachedRowSetReader getReader() throws SQLException {
        return reader;
    }

    /**
     * Composes a {@code SELECT}, {@code UPDATE}, {@code INSERT},
     * and {@code DELETE} statement that can be used by this writer to
     * write data to the data source backing the given {@code CachedRowSet}
     * object.
     *
     * @param caller a {@code CachedRowSet} object for which this
     *        {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object is the writer
     * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
     */
    private void initSQLStatements(CachedRowSet caller) throws SQLException {

        int i;

        callerMd = caller.getMetaData();
        callerColumnCount = callerMd.getColumnCount();
        if (callerColumnCount < 1)
            // No data, so return.
            return;

        /*
         * If the RowSet has a Table name we should use it.
         * This is really a hack to get round the fact that
         * a lot of the jdbc drivers can't provide the tab.
         */
        String table = caller.getTableName();
        if (table == null) {
            /*
             * attempt to build a table name using the info
             * that the driver gave us for the first column
             * in the source result set.
             */
            table = callerMd.getTableName(1);
            if (table == null || table.length() == 0) {
                throw new SQLException(resBundle.handleGetObject("crswriter.tname").toString());
            }
        }
        String catalog = callerMd.getCatalogName(1);
            String schema = callerMd.getSchemaName(1);
        DatabaseMetaData dbmd = con.getMetaData();

        /*
         * Compose a SELECT statement.  There are three parts.
         */

        // Project List
        selectCmd = "SELECT ";
        for (i=1; i <= callerColumnCount; i++) {
            selectCmd += callerMd.getColumnName(i);
            if ( i <  callerMd.getColumnCount() )
                selectCmd += ", ";
            else
                selectCmd += " ";
        }

        // FROM clause.
        selectCmd += "FROM " + buildTableName(dbmd, catalog, schema, table);

        /*
         * Compose an UPDATE statement.
         */
        updateCmd = "UPDATE " + buildTableName(dbmd, catalog, schema, table);


        /**
         *  The following block of code is for checking a particular type of
         *  query where in there is a where clause. Without this block, if a
         *  SQL statement is built the "where" clause will appear twice hence
         *  the DB errors out and a SQLException is thrown. This code also
         *  considers that the where clause is in the right place as the
         *  CachedRowSet object would already have been populated with this
         *  query before coming to this point.
         **/

        String tempupdCmd = updateCmd.toLowerCase();

        int idxupWhere = tempupdCmd.indexOf("where");

        if(idxupWhere != -1)
        {
           updateCmd = updateCmd.substring(0,idxupWhere);
        }
        updateCmd += "SET ";

        /*
         * Compose an INSERT statement.
         */
        insertCmd = "INSERT INTO " + buildTableName(dbmd, catalog, schema, table);
        // Column list
        insertCmd += "(";
        for (i=1; i <= callerColumnCount; i++) {
            insertCmd += callerMd.getColumnName(i);
            if ( i <  callerMd.getColumnCount() )
                insertCmd += ", ";
            else
                insertCmd += ") VALUES (";
        }
        for (i=1; i <= callerColumnCount; i++) {
            insertCmd += "?";
            if (i < callerColumnCount)
                insertCmd += ", ";
            else
                insertCmd += ")";
        }

        /*
         * Compose a DELETE statement.
         */
        deleteCmd = "DELETE FROM " + buildTableName(dbmd, catalog, schema, table);

        /*
         * set the key desriptors that will be
         * needed to construct where clauses.
         */
        buildKeyDesc(caller);
    }

    /**
     * Returns a fully qualified table name built from the given catalog and
     * table names. The given metadata object is used to get the proper order
     * and separator.
     *
     * @param dbmd a {@code DatabaseMetaData} object that contains metadata
     *          about this writer's {@code CachedRowSet} object
     * @param catalog a {@code String} object with the rowset's catalog
     *          name
     * @param table a {@code String} object with the name of the table from
     *          which this writer's rowset was derived
     * @return a {@code String} object with the fully qualified name of the
     *          table from which this writer's rowset was derived
     * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
     */
    private String buildTableName(DatabaseMetaData dbmd,
        String catalog, String schema, String table) throws SQLException {

       // trim all the leading and trailing whitespaces,
       // white spaces can never be catalog, schema or a table name.

        String cmd = "";

        catalog = catalog.trim();
        schema = schema.trim();
        table = table.trim();

        if (dbmd.isCatalogAtStart() == true) {
            if (catalog != null && catalog.length() > 0) {
                cmd += catalog + dbmd.getCatalogSeparator();
            }
            if (schema != null && schema.length() > 0) {
                cmd += schema + ".";
            }
            cmd += table;
        } else {
            if (schema != null && schema.length() > 0) {
                cmd += schema + ".";
            }
            cmd += table;
            if (catalog != null && catalog.length() > 0) {
                cmd += dbmd.getCatalogSeparator() + catalog;
            }
        }
        cmd += " ";
        return cmd;
    }

    /**
     * Assigns to the given {@code CachedRowSet} object's
     * {@code params}
     * field an array whose length equals the number of columns needed
     * to uniquely identify a row in the rowset. The array is given
     * values by the method {@code buildWhereClause}.
     * <P>
     * If the {@code CachedRowSet} object's {@code keyCols}
     * field has length {@code 0} or is {@code null}, the array
     * is set with the column number of every column in the rowset.
     * Otherwise, the array in the field {@code keyCols} is set with only
     * the column numbers of the columns that are required to form a unique
     * identifier for a row.
     *
     * @param crs the {@code CachedRowSet} object for which this
     *     {@code CachedRowSetWriter} object is the writer
     *
     * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
     */
    private void buildKeyDesc(CachedRowSet crs) throws SQLException {

        keyCols = crs.getKeyColumns();
        ResultSetMetaData resultsetmd = crs.getMetaData();
        if (keyCols == null || keyCols.length == 0) {
            ArrayList<Integer> listKeys = new ArrayList<Integer>();

            for (int i = 0; i < callerColumnCount; i++ ) {
                if(resultsetmd.getColumnType(i+1) != java.sql.Types.CLOB &&
                        resultsetmd.getColumnType(i+1) != java.sql.Types.STRUCT &&
                        resultsetmd.getColumnType(i+1) != java.sql.Types.SQLXML &&
                        resultsetmd.getColumnType(i+1) != java.sql.Types.BLOB &&
                        resultsetmd.getColumnType(i+1) != java.sql.Types.ARRAY &&
                        resultsetmd.getColumnType(i+1) != java.sql.Types.OTHER )
                    listKeys.add(i+1);
            }
            keyCols = new int[listKeys.size()];
            for (int i = 0; i < listKeys.size(); i++ )
                keyCols[i] = listKeys.get(i);
        }
        params = new Object[keyCols.length];
    }

    /**
     * Constructs an SQL {@code WHERE} clause using the given
     * string as a starting point. The resulting clause will contain
     * a column name and " = ?" for each key column, that is, each column
     * that is needed to form a unique identifier for a row in the rowset.
     * This {@code WHERE} clause can be added to
     * a {@code PreparedStatement} object that updates, inserts, or
     * deletes a row.
     * <P>
     * This method uses the given result set to access values in the
     * {@code CachedRowSet} object that called this writer.  These
     * values are used to build the array of parameters that will serve as
     * replacements for the "?" parameter placeholders in the
     * {@code PreparedStatement} object that is sent to the
     * {@code CachedRowSet} object's underlying data source.
     *
     * @param whereClause a {@code String} object that is an empty
     *                    string ("")
     * @param rs a {@code ResultSet} object that can be used
     *           to access the {@code CachedRowSet} object's data
     * @return a {@code WHERE} clause of the form "{@code WHERE}
     *         columnName = ? AND columnName = ? AND columnName = ? ..."
     * @throws SQLException if a database access error occurs
     */
    private String buildWhereClause(String whereClause,
                                    ResultSet rs) throws SQLException {
        whereClause = "WHERE ";

        for (int i = 0; i < keyCols.length; i++) {
            if (i > 0) {
                    whereClause += "AND ";
            }
            whereClause += callerMd.getColumnName(keyCols[i]);
            params[i] = rs.getObject(keyCols[i]);
            if (rs.wasNull() == true) {
                whereClause += " IS NULL ";
            } else {
                whereClause += " = ? ";
            }
        }
        return whereClause;
    }

    void updateResolvedConflictToDB(CachedRowSet crs, Connection con) throws SQLException {
          //String updateExe = ;
          PreparedStatement pStmt  ;
          String strWhere = "WHERE " ;
          String strExec =" ";
          String strUpdate = "UPDATE ";
          int icolCount = crs.getMetaData().getColumnCount();
          int keyColumns[] = crs.getKeyColumns();
          Object param[];
          String strSet="";

        strWhere = buildWhereClause(strWhere, crs);

        if (keyColumns == null || keyColumns.length == 0) {
            keyColumns = new int[icolCount];
            for (int i = 0; i < keyColumns.length; ) {
                keyColumns[i] = ++i;
            }
          }
          param = new Object[keyColumns.length];

         strUpdate = "UPDATE " + buildTableName(con.getMetaData(),
                            crs.getMetaData().getCatalogName(1),
                           crs.getMetaData().getSchemaName(1),
                           crs.getTableName());

         // changed or updated values will become part of
         // set clause here
         strUpdate += "SET ";

        boolean first = true;

        for (int i=1; i<=icolCount;i++) {
           if (crs.columnUpdated(i)) {
                  if (first == false) {
                    strSet += ", ";
                  }
                 strSet += crs.getMetaData().getColumnName(i);
                 strSet += " = ? ";
                 first = false;
         } //end if
      } //end for

         // keycols will become part of where clause
         strUpdate += strSet;
         strWhere = "WHERE ";

        for (int i = 0; i < keyColumns.length; i++) {
            if (i > 0) {
                    strWhere += "AND ";
            }
            strWhere += crs.getMetaData().getColumnName(keyColumns[i]);
            param[i] = crs.getObject(keyColumns[i]);
            if (crs.wasNull() == true) {
                strWhere += " IS NULL ";
            } else {
                strWhere += " = ? ";
            }
        }
          strUpdate += strWhere;

        pStmt = con.prepareStatement(strUpdate);

        int idx =0;
          for (int i = 0; i < icolCount; i++) {
             if(crs.columnUpdated(i+1)) {
              Object obj = crs.getObject(i+1);
              if (obj != null) {
                  pStmt.setObject(++idx, obj);
              } else {
                  pStmt.setNull(i + 1,crs.getMetaData().getColumnType(i + 1));
             } //end if ..else
           } //end if crs.column...
        } //end for

          // Set the key cols for after WHERE =? clause
          for (int i = 0; i < keyColumns.length; i++) {
              if (param[i] != null) {
                  pStmt.setObject(++idx, param[i]);
              }
          }

        int id = pStmt.executeUpdate();
      }


    /**
     *
     */
    public void commit() throws SQLException {
        con.commit();
        if (reader.getCloseConnection() == true) {
            con.close();
        }
    }

     public void commit(CachedRowSetImpl crs, boolean updateRowset) throws SQLException {
        con.commit();
        if(updateRowset) {
          if(crs.getCommand() != null)
            crs.execute(con);
        }

        if (reader.getCloseConnection() == true) {
            con.close();
        }
    }

    /**
     *
     */
    public void rollback() throws SQLException {
        con.rollback();
        if (reader.getCloseConnection() == true) {
            con.close();
        }
    }

    /**
     *
     */
    public void rollback(Savepoint s) throws SQLException {
        con.rollback(s);
        if (reader.getCloseConnection() == true) {
            con.close();
        }
    }

    private void readObject(ObjectInputStream ois) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        // Default state initialization happens here
        ois.defaultReadObject();
        // Initialization of  Res Bundle happens here .
        try {
           resBundle = JdbcRowSetResourceBundle.getJdbcRowSetResourceBundle();
        } catch(IOException ioe) {
            throw new RuntimeException(ioe);
        }

    }

    static final long serialVersionUID =-8506030970299413976L;

    /**
     * Validate whether the Primary Key is known to the CachedRowSet.  If it is
     * not, it is an auto-generated key
     * @param pk - Primary Key to validate
     * @param rsmd - ResultSetMetadata for the RowSet
     * @return true if found, false otherwise (auto generated key)
     */
    private boolean isPKNameValid(String pk, ResultSetMetaData rsmd) throws SQLException {
        boolean isValid = false;
        int cols = rsmd.getColumnCount();
        for(int i = 1; i<= cols; i++) {
            String colName = rsmd.getColumnClassName(i);
            if(colName.equalsIgnoreCase(pk)) {
                isValid = true;
                break;
            }
        }

        return isValid;
    }

}

com/sun/rowset/internal/CachedRowSetWriter.java

 

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