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java/lang/invoke/Invokers.java

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2008, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * ORACLE PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 *
 *
 *
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 *
 *
 *
 *
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 *
 *
 *
 */

package java.lang.invoke;

import jdk.internal.vm.annotation.DontInline;
import jdk.internal.vm.annotation.ForceInline;
import jdk.internal.vm.annotation.Hidden;
import jdk.internal.vm.annotation.Stable;

import java.lang.reflect.Array;
import java.util.Arrays;

import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandleStatics.*;
import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandleNatives.Constants.*;
import static java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles.Lookup.IMPL_LOOKUP;
import static java.lang.invoke.LambdaForm.*;
import static java.lang.invoke.LambdaForm.Kind.*;

/**
 * Construction and caching of often-used invokers.
 * @author jrose
 */
class Invokers {
    // exact type (sans leading target MH) for the outgoing call
    private final MethodType targetType;

    // Cached adapter information:
    private final @Stable MethodHandle[] invokers = new MethodHandle[INV_LIMIT];
    // Indexes into invokers:
    static final int
            INV_EXACT          =  0,  // MethodHandles.exactInvoker
            INV_GENERIC        =  1,  // MethodHandles.invoker (generic invocation)
            INV_BASIC          =  2,  // MethodHandles.basicInvoker
            VH_INV_EXACT       =  3,  // MethodHandles.varHandleExactInvoker
            VH_INV_GENERIC     =  VH_INV_EXACT   + VarHandle.AccessMode.COUNT,  // MethodHandles.varHandleInvoker
            INV_LIMIT          =  VH_INV_GENERIC + VarHandle.AccessMode.COUNT;

    /** Compute and cache information common to all collecting adapters
     *  that implement members of the erasure-family of the given erased type.
     */
    /*non-public*/
    Invokers(MethodType targetType) {
        this.targetType = targetType;
    }

    /*non-public*/
    MethodHandle exactInvoker() {
        MethodHandle invoker = cachedInvoker(INV_EXACT);
        if (invoker != null)  return invoker;
        invoker = makeExactOrGeneralInvoker(true);
        return setCachedInvoker(INV_EXACT, invoker);
    }

    /*non-public*/
    MethodHandle genericInvoker() {
        MethodHandle invoker = cachedInvoker(INV_GENERIC);
        if (invoker != null)  return invoker;
        invoker = makeExactOrGeneralInvoker(false);
        return setCachedInvoker(INV_GENERIC, invoker);
    }

    /*non-public*/
    MethodHandle basicInvoker() {
        MethodHandle invoker = cachedInvoker(INV_BASIC);
        if (invoker != null)  return invoker;
        MethodType basicType = targetType.basicType();
        if (basicType != targetType) {
            // double cache; not used significantly
            return setCachedInvoker(INV_BASIC, basicType.invokers().basicInvoker());
        }
        invoker = basicType.form().cachedMethodHandle(MethodTypeForm.MH_BASIC_INV);
        if (invoker == null) {
            MemberName method = invokeBasicMethod(basicType);
            invoker = DirectMethodHandle.make(method);
            assert(checkInvoker(invoker));
            invoker = basicType.form().setCachedMethodHandle(MethodTypeForm.MH_BASIC_INV, invoker);
        }
        return setCachedInvoker(INV_BASIC, invoker);
    }

    /*non-public*/
    MethodHandle varHandleMethodInvoker(VarHandle.AccessMode ak) {
        boolean isExact = false;
        MethodHandle invoker = cachedVHInvoker(isExact, ak);
        if (invoker != null)  return invoker;
        invoker = makeVarHandleMethodInvoker(ak, isExact);
        return setCachedVHInvoker(isExact, ak, invoker);
    }

    /*non-public*/
    MethodHandle varHandleMethodExactInvoker(VarHandle.AccessMode ak) {
        boolean isExact = true;
        MethodHandle invoker = cachedVHInvoker(isExact, ak);
        if (invoker != null)  return invoker;
        invoker = makeVarHandleMethodInvoker(ak, isExact);
        return setCachedVHInvoker(isExact, ak, invoker);
    }

    private MethodHandle cachedInvoker(int idx) {
        return invokers[idx];
    }

    private synchronized MethodHandle setCachedInvoker(int idx, final MethodHandle invoker) {
        // Simulate a CAS, to avoid racy duplication of results.
        MethodHandle prev = invokers[idx];
        if (prev != null)  return prev;
        return invokers[idx] = invoker;
    }

    private MethodHandle cachedVHInvoker(boolean isExact, VarHandle.AccessMode ak) {
        int baseIndex = (isExact ? VH_INV_EXACT : VH_INV_GENERIC);
        return cachedInvoker(baseIndex + ak.ordinal());
    }

    private MethodHandle setCachedVHInvoker(boolean isExact, VarHandle.AccessMode ak, final MethodHandle invoker) {
        int baseIndex = (isExact ? VH_INV_EXACT : VH_INV_GENERIC);
        return setCachedInvoker(baseIndex + ak.ordinal(), invoker);
    }

    private MethodHandle makeExactOrGeneralInvoker(boolean isExact) {
        MethodType mtype = targetType;
        MethodType invokerType = mtype.invokerType();
        int which = (isExact ? MethodTypeForm.LF_EX_INVOKER : MethodTypeForm.LF_GEN_INVOKER);
        LambdaForm lform = invokeHandleForm(mtype, false, which);
        MethodHandle invoker = BoundMethodHandle.bindSingle(invokerType, lform, mtype);
        String whichName = (isExact ? "invokeExact" : "invoke");
        invoker = invoker.withInternalMemberName(MemberName.makeMethodHandleInvoke(whichName, mtype), false);
        assert(checkInvoker(invoker));
        maybeCompileToBytecode(invoker);
        return invoker;
    }

    private MethodHandle makeVarHandleMethodInvoker(VarHandle.AccessMode ak, boolean isExact) {
        MethodType mtype = targetType;
        MethodType invokerType = mtype.insertParameterTypes(0, VarHandle.class);

        LambdaForm lform = varHandleMethodInvokerHandleForm(mtype, isExact);
        VarHandle.AccessDescriptor ad = new VarHandle.AccessDescriptor(mtype, ak.at.ordinal(), ak.ordinal());
        MethodHandle invoker = BoundMethodHandle.bindSingle(invokerType, lform, ad);

        invoker = invoker.withInternalMemberName(MemberName.makeVarHandleMethodInvoke(ak.methodName(), mtype), false);
        assert(checkVarHandleInvoker(invoker));

        maybeCompileToBytecode(invoker);
        return invoker;
    }

    /** If the target type seems to be common enough, eagerly compile the invoker to bytecodes. */
    private void maybeCompileToBytecode(MethodHandle invoker) {
        final int EAGER_COMPILE_ARITY_LIMIT = 10;
        if (targetType == targetType.erase() &&
            targetType.parameterCount() < EAGER_COMPILE_ARITY_LIMIT) {
            invoker.form.compileToBytecode();
        }
    }

    // This next one is called from LambdaForm.NamedFunction.<init>.
    /*non-public*/
    static MemberName invokeBasicMethod(MethodType basicType) {
        assert(basicType == basicType.basicType());
        try {
            //Lookup.findVirtual(MethodHandle.class, name, type);
            return IMPL_LOOKUP.resolveOrFail(REF_invokeVirtual, MethodHandle.class, "invokeBasic", basicType);
        } catch (ReflectiveOperationException ex) {
            throw newInternalError("JVM cannot find invoker for "+basicType, ex);
        }
    }

    private boolean checkInvoker(MethodHandle invoker) {
        assert(targetType.invokerType().equals(invoker.type()))
                : java.util.Arrays.asList(targetType, targetType.invokerType(), invoker);
        assert(invoker.internalMemberName() == null ||
               invoker.internalMemberName().getMethodType().equals(targetType));
        assert(!invoker.isVarargsCollector());
        return true;
    }

    private boolean checkVarHandleInvoker(MethodHandle invoker) {
        MethodType invokerType = targetType.insertParameterTypes(0, VarHandle.class);
        assert(invokerType.equals(invoker.type()))
                : java.util.Arrays.asList(targetType, invokerType, invoker);
        assert(invoker.internalMemberName() == null ||
               invoker.internalMemberName().getMethodType().equals(targetType));
        assert(!invoker.isVarargsCollector());
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Find or create an invoker which passes unchanged a given number of arguments
     * and spreads the rest from a trailing array argument.
     * The invoker target type is the post-spread type {@code (TYPEOF(uarg*), TYPEOF(sarg*))=>RT}.
     * All the {@code sarg}s must have a common type {@code C}.  (If there are none, {@code Object} is assumed.}
     * @param leadingArgCount the number of unchanged (non-spread) arguments
     * @return {@code invoker.invokeExact(mh, uarg*, C[]{sarg*}) := (RT)mh.invoke(uarg*, sarg*)}
     */
    /*non-public*/
    MethodHandle spreadInvoker(int leadingArgCount) {
        int spreadArgCount = targetType.parameterCount() - leadingArgCount;
        MethodType postSpreadType = targetType;
        Class<?> argArrayType = impliedRestargType(postSpreadType, leadingArgCount);
        if (postSpreadType.parameterSlotCount() <= MethodType.MAX_MH_INVOKER_ARITY) {
            return genericInvoker().asSpreader(argArrayType, spreadArgCount);
        }
        // Cannot build a generic invoker here of type ginvoker.invoke(mh, a*[254]).
        // Instead, factor sinvoker.invoke(mh, a) into ainvoker.invoke(filter(mh), a)
        // where filter(mh) == mh.asSpreader(Object[], spreadArgCount)
        MethodType preSpreadType = postSpreadType
            .replaceParameterTypes(leadingArgCount, postSpreadType.parameterCount(), argArrayType);
        MethodHandle arrayInvoker = MethodHandles.invoker(preSpreadType);
        MethodHandle makeSpreader = MethodHandles.insertArguments(Lazy.MH_asSpreader, 1, argArrayType, spreadArgCount);
        return MethodHandles.filterArgument(arrayInvoker, 0, makeSpreader);
    }

    private static Class<?> impliedRestargType(MethodType restargType, int fromPos) {
        if (restargType.isGeneric())  return Object[].class;  // can be nothing else
        int maxPos = restargType.parameterCount();
        if (fromPos >= maxPos)  return Object[].class;  // reasonable default
        Class<?> argType = restargType.parameterType(fromPos);
        for (int i = fromPos+1; i < maxPos; i++) {
            if (argType != restargType.parameterType(i))
                throw newIllegalArgumentException("need homogeneous rest arguments", restargType);
        }
        if (argType == Object.class)  return Object[].class;
        return Array.newInstance(argType, 0).getClass();
    }

    public String toString() {
        return "Invokers"+targetType;
    }

    static MemberName methodHandleInvokeLinkerMethod(String name,
                                                     MethodType mtype,
                                                     Object[] appendixResult) {
        int which = switch (name) {
            case "invokeExact" -> MethodTypeForm.LF_EX_LINKER;
            case "invoke"      -> MethodTypeForm.LF_GEN_LINKER;
            default -> throw new InternalError("not invoker: " + name);
        };
        LambdaForm lform;
        if (mtype.parameterSlotCount() <= MethodType.MAX_MH_ARITY - MH_LINKER_ARG_APPENDED) {
            lform = invokeHandleForm(mtype, false, which);
            appendixResult[0] = mtype;
        } else {
            lform = invokeHandleForm(mtype, true, which);
        }
        return lform.vmentry;
    }

    // argument count to account for trailing "appendix value" (typically the mtype)
    private static final int MH_LINKER_ARG_APPENDED = 1;

    /** Returns an adapter for invokeExact or generic invoke, as a MH or constant pool linker.
     * If !customized, caller is responsible for supplying, during adapter execution,
     * a copy of the exact mtype.  This is because the adapter might be generalized to
     * a basic type.
     * @param mtype the caller's method type (either basic or full-custom)
     * @param customized whether to use a trailing appendix argument (to carry the mtype)
     * @param which bit-encoded 0x01 whether it is a CP adapter ("linker") or MHs.invoker value ("invoker");
     *                          0x02 whether it is for invokeExact or generic invoke
     */
    static LambdaForm invokeHandleForm(MethodType mtype, boolean customized, int which) {
        boolean isCached;
        if (!customized) {
            mtype = mtype.basicType();  // normalize Z to I, String to Object, etc.
            isCached = true;
        } else {
            isCached = false;  // maybe cache if mtype == mtype.basicType()
        }
        boolean isLinker, isGeneric;
        Kind kind;
        switch (which) {
        case MethodTypeForm.LF_EX_LINKER:   isLinker = true;  isGeneric = false; kind = EXACT_LINKER; break;
        case MethodTypeForm.LF_EX_INVOKER:  isLinker = false; isGeneric = false; kind = EXACT_INVOKER; break;
        case MethodTypeForm.LF_GEN_LINKER:  isLinker = true;  isGeneric = true;  kind = GENERIC_LINKER; break;
        case MethodTypeForm.LF_GEN_INVOKER: isLinker = false; isGeneric = true;  kind = GENERIC_INVOKER; break;
        default: throw new InternalError();
        }
        LambdaForm lform;
        if (isCached) {
            lform = mtype.form().cachedLambdaForm(which);
            if (lform != null)  return lform;
        }
        // exactInvokerForm (Object,Object)Object
        //   link with java.lang.invoke.MethodHandle.invokeBasic(MethodHandle,Object,Object)Object/invokeSpecial
        final int THIS_MH      = 0;
        final int CALL_MH      = THIS_MH + (isLinker ? 0 : 1);
        final int ARG_BASE     = CALL_MH + 1;
        final int OUTARG_LIMIT = ARG_BASE + mtype.parameterCount();
        final int INARG_LIMIT  = OUTARG_LIMIT + (isLinker && !customized ? 1 : 0);
        int nameCursor = OUTARG_LIMIT;
        final int MTYPE_ARG    = customized ? -1 : nameCursor++;  // might be last in-argument
        final int CHECK_TYPE   = nameCursor++;
        final int CHECK_CUSTOM = (CUSTOMIZE_THRESHOLD >= 0) ? nameCursor++ : -1;
        final int LINKER_CALL  = nameCursor++;
        MethodType invokerFormType = mtype.invokerType();
        if (isLinker) {
            if (!customized)
                invokerFormType = invokerFormType.appendParameterTypes(MemberName.class);
        } else {
            invokerFormType = invokerFormType.invokerType();
        }
        Name[] names = arguments(nameCursor - INARG_LIMIT, invokerFormType);
        assert(names.length == nameCursor)
                : Arrays.asList(mtype, customized, which, nameCursor, names.length);
        if (MTYPE_ARG >= INARG_LIMIT) {
            assert(names[MTYPE_ARG] == null);
            BoundMethodHandle.SpeciesData speciesData = BoundMethodHandle.speciesData_L();
            names[THIS_MH] = names[THIS_MH].withConstraint(speciesData);
            NamedFunction getter = speciesData.getterFunction(0);
            names[MTYPE_ARG] = new Name(getter, names[THIS_MH]);
            // else if isLinker, then MTYPE is passed in from the caller (e.g., the JVM)
        }

        // Make the final call.  If isGeneric, then prepend the result of type checking.
        MethodType outCallType = mtype.basicType();
        Object[] outArgs = Arrays.copyOfRange(names, CALL_MH, OUTARG_LIMIT, Object[].class);
        Object mtypeArg = (customized ? mtype : names[MTYPE_ARG]);
        if (!isGeneric) {
            names[CHECK_TYPE] = new Name(getFunction(NF_checkExactType), names[CALL_MH], mtypeArg);
            // mh.invokeExact(a*):R => checkExactType(mh, TYPEOF(a*:R)); mh.invokeBasic(a*)
        } else {
            names[CHECK_TYPE] = new Name(getFunction(NF_checkGenericType), names[CALL_MH], mtypeArg);
            // mh.invokeGeneric(a*):R => checkGenericType(mh, TYPEOF(a*:R)).invokeBasic(a*)
            outArgs[0] = names[CHECK_TYPE];
        }
        if (CHECK_CUSTOM != -1) {
            names[CHECK_CUSTOM] = new Name(getFunction(NF_checkCustomized), outArgs[0]);
        }
        names[LINKER_CALL] = new Name(outCallType, outArgs);
        if (customized) {
            lform = new LambdaForm(INARG_LIMIT, names);
        } else {
            lform = new LambdaForm(INARG_LIMIT, names, kind);
        }
        if (isLinker)
            lform.compileToBytecode();  // JVM needs a real methodOop
        if (isCached)
            lform = mtype.form().setCachedLambdaForm(which, lform);
        return lform;
    }


    static MemberName varHandleInvokeLinkerMethod(MethodType mtype) {
        if (mtype.parameterSlotCount() > MethodType.MAX_MH_ARITY - MH_LINKER_ARG_APPENDED) {
            throw newInternalError("Unsupported parameter slot count " + mtype.parameterSlotCount());
        }
        LambdaForm lform = varHandleMethodGenericLinkerHandleForm(mtype);
        return lform.vmentry;
    }

    private static LambdaForm varHandleMethodGenericLinkerHandleForm(MethodType mtype) {
        mtype = mtype.basicType();  // normalize Z to I, String to Object, etc.

        int which = MethodTypeForm.LF_VH_GEN_LINKER;
        LambdaForm lform = mtype.form().cachedLambdaForm(which);
        if (lform != null) {
            return lform;
        }

        final int THIS_VH      = 0;
        final int ARG_BASE     = THIS_VH + 1;
        final int ARG_LIMIT = ARG_BASE + mtype.parameterCount();
        int nameCursor = ARG_LIMIT;
        final int VAD_ARG      = nameCursor++;
        final int UNBOUND_VH   = nameCursor++;
        final int CHECK_TYPE   = nameCursor++;
        final int CHECK_CUSTOM = (CUSTOMIZE_THRESHOLD >= 0) ? nameCursor++ : -1;
        final int LINKER_CALL  = nameCursor++;

        Name[] names = new Name[LINKER_CALL + 1];
        names[THIS_VH] = argument(THIS_VH, BasicType.basicType(Object.class));
        for (int i = 0; i < mtype.parameterCount(); i++) {
            names[ARG_BASE + i] = argument(ARG_BASE + i, BasicType.basicType(mtype.parameterType(i)));
        }
        names[VAD_ARG] = new Name(ARG_LIMIT, BasicType.basicType(Object.class));

        names[UNBOUND_VH] = new Name(getFunction(NF_directVarHandleTarget), names[THIS_VH]);

        names[CHECK_TYPE] = new Name(getFunction(NF_checkVarHandleGenericType), names[THIS_VH], names[VAD_ARG]);

        Object[] outArgs = new Object[ARG_LIMIT + 1];
        outArgs[0] = names[CHECK_TYPE];
        outArgs[1] = names[UNBOUND_VH];
        for (int i = 1; i < ARG_LIMIT; i++) {
            outArgs[i + 1] = names[i];
        }

        if (CHECK_CUSTOM != -1) {
            names[CHECK_CUSTOM] = new Name(getFunction(NF_checkCustomized), outArgs[0]);
        }

        MethodType outCallType = mtype.insertParameterTypes(0, VarHandle.class)
                .basicType();
        names[LINKER_CALL] = new Name(outCallType, outArgs);
        lform = new LambdaForm(ARG_LIMIT + 1, names, VARHANDLE_LINKER);
        if (LambdaForm.debugNames()) {
            String name = "VarHandle_invoke_MT_" + shortenSignature(basicTypeSignature(mtype));
            LambdaForm.associateWithDebugName(lform, name);
        }
        lform.compileToBytecode();

        lform = mtype.form().setCachedLambdaForm(which, lform);

        return lform;
    }

    private static LambdaForm varHandleMethodInvokerHandleForm(MethodType mtype, boolean isExact) {
        mtype = mtype.basicType();  // normalize Z to I, String to Object, etc.

        int which = (isExact ? MethodTypeForm.LF_VH_EX_INVOKER : MethodTypeForm.LF_VH_GEN_INVOKER);
        LambdaForm lform = mtype.form().cachedLambdaForm(which);
        if (lform != null) {
            return lform;
        }

        final int THIS_MH      = 0;
        final int CALL_VH      = THIS_MH + 1;
        final int ARG_BASE     = CALL_VH + 1;
        final int ARG_LIMIT = ARG_BASE + mtype.parameterCount();
        int nameCursor = ARG_LIMIT;
        final int VAD_ARG      = nameCursor++;
        final int UNBOUND_VH   = nameCursor++;
        final int CHECK_TYPE   = nameCursor++;
        final int LINKER_CALL  = nameCursor++;

        Name[] names = new Name[LINKER_CALL + 1];
        names[THIS_MH] = argument(THIS_MH, BasicType.basicType(Object.class));
        names[CALL_VH] = argument(CALL_VH, BasicType.basicType(Object.class));
        for (int i = 0; i < mtype.parameterCount(); i++) {
            names[ARG_BASE + i] = argument(ARG_BASE + i, BasicType.basicType(mtype.parameterType(i)));
        }

        BoundMethodHandle.SpeciesData speciesData = BoundMethodHandle.speciesData_L();
        names[THIS_MH] = names[THIS_MH].withConstraint(speciesData);

        NamedFunction getter = speciesData.getterFunction(0);
        names[VAD_ARG] = new Name(getter, names[THIS_MH]);

        names[UNBOUND_VH] = new Name(getFunction(NF_directVarHandleTarget), names[CALL_VH]);

        if (isExact) {
            names[CHECK_TYPE] = new Name(getFunction(NF_checkVarHandleExactType), names[CALL_VH], names[VAD_ARG]);
        } else {
            names[CHECK_TYPE] = new Name(getFunction(NF_checkVarHandleGenericType), names[CALL_VH], names[VAD_ARG]);
        }
        Object[] outArgs = new Object[ARG_LIMIT];
        outArgs[0] = names[CHECK_TYPE];
        outArgs[1] = names[UNBOUND_VH];
        for (int i = 2; i < ARG_LIMIT; i++) {
            outArgs[i] = names[i];
        }

        MethodType outCallType = mtype.insertParameterTypes(0, VarHandle.class)
                                      .basicType();
        names[LINKER_CALL] = new Name(outCallType, outArgs);
        Kind kind = isExact ? VARHANDLE_EXACT_INVOKER : VARHANDLE_INVOKER;
        lform = new LambdaForm(ARG_LIMIT, names, kind);
        if (LambdaForm.debugNames()) {
            String name = (isExact ? "VarHandle_exactInvoker_" : "VarHandle_invoker_") + shortenSignature(basicTypeSignature(mtype));
            LambdaForm.associateWithDebugName(lform, name);
        }
        lform.prepare();

        lform = mtype.form().setCachedLambdaForm(which, lform);

        return lform;
    }

    @ForceInline
    /*non-public*/
    @Hidden
    static MethodHandle checkVarHandleGenericType(VarHandle handle, VarHandle.AccessDescriptor ad) {
        if (handle.hasInvokeExactBehavior() && handle.accessModeType(ad.type) != ad.symbolicMethodTypeExact) {
            throw new WrongMethodTypeException("expected " + handle.accessModeType(ad.type) + " but found "
                    + ad.symbolicMethodTypeExact);
        }
        // Test for exact match on invoker types
        // TODO match with erased types and add cast of return value to lambda form
        MethodHandle mh = handle.getMethodHandle(ad.mode);
        if (mh.type() != ad.symbolicMethodTypeInvoker) {
            return mh.asType(ad.symbolicMethodTypeInvoker);
        }
        return mh;
    }

    @ForceInline
    /*non-public*/
    static MethodHandle checkVarHandleExactType(VarHandle handle, VarHandle.AccessDescriptor ad) {
        MethodHandle mh = handle.getMethodHandle(ad.mode);
        MethodType mt = mh.type();
        if (mt != ad.symbolicMethodTypeInvoker) {
            throw newWrongMethodTypeException(mt, ad.symbolicMethodTypeInvoker);
        }
        return mh;
    }

    /*non-public*/
    static WrongMethodTypeException newWrongMethodTypeException(MethodType actual, MethodType expected) {
        // FIXME: merge with JVM logic for throwing WMTE
        return new WrongMethodTypeException("expected "+expected+" but found "+actual);
    }

    /** Static definition of MethodHandle.invokeExact checking code. */
    @ForceInline
    /*non-public*/
    static void checkExactType(MethodHandle mh, MethodType expected) {
        MethodType actual = mh.type();
        if (actual != expected)
            throw newWrongMethodTypeException(expected, actual);
    }

    /** Static definition of MethodHandle.invokeGeneric checking code.
     * Directly returns the type-adjusted MH to invoke, as follows:
     * {@code (R)MH.invoke(a*) => MH.asType(TYPEOF(a*:R)).invokeBasic(a*)}
     */
    @ForceInline
    /*non-public*/
    static MethodHandle checkGenericType(MethodHandle mh,  MethodType expected) {
        return mh.asType(expected);
        /* Maybe add more paths here.  Possible optimizations:
         * for (R)MH.invoke(a*),
         * let MT0 = TYPEOF(a*:R), MT1 = MH.type
         *
         * if MT0==MT1 or MT1 can be safely called by MT0
         *  => MH.invokeBasic(a*)
         * if MT1 can be safely called by MT0[R := Object]
         *  => MH.invokeBasic(a*) & checkcast(R)
         * if MT1 can be safely called by MT0[* := Object]
         *  => checkcast(A)* & MH.invokeBasic(a*) & checkcast(R)
         * if a big adapter BA can be pulled out of (MT0,MT1)
         *  => BA.invokeBasic(MT0,MH,a*)
         * if a local adapter LA can be cached on static CS0 = new GICS(MT0)
         *  => CS0.LA.invokeBasic(MH,a*)
         * else
         *  => MH.asType(MT0).invokeBasic(A*)
         */
    }

    @ForceInline
    /*non-public*/
    static VarHandle directVarHandleTarget(VarHandle handle) {
        return handle.asDirect();
    }

    static MemberName linkToCallSiteMethod(MethodType mtype) {
        LambdaForm lform = callSiteForm(mtype, false);
        return lform.vmentry;
    }

    static MemberName linkToTargetMethod(MethodType mtype) {
        LambdaForm lform = callSiteForm(mtype, true);
        return lform.vmentry;
    }

    // skipCallSite is true if we are optimizing a ConstantCallSite
    static LambdaForm callSiteForm(MethodType mtype, boolean skipCallSite) {
        mtype = mtype.basicType();  // normalize Z to I, String to Object, etc.
        final int which = (skipCallSite ? MethodTypeForm.LF_MH_LINKER : MethodTypeForm.LF_CS_LINKER);
        LambdaForm lform = mtype.form().cachedLambdaForm(which);
        if (lform != null)  return lform;
        // exactInvokerForm (Object,Object)Object
        //   link with java.lang.invoke.MethodHandle.invokeBasic(MethodHandle,Object,Object)Object/invokeSpecial
        final int ARG_BASE     = 0;
        final int OUTARG_LIMIT = ARG_BASE + mtype.parameterCount();
        final int INARG_LIMIT  = OUTARG_LIMIT + 1;
        int nameCursor = OUTARG_LIMIT;
        final int APPENDIX_ARG = nameCursor++;  // the last in-argument
        final int CSITE_ARG    = skipCallSite ? -1 : APPENDIX_ARG;
        final int CALL_MH      = skipCallSite ? APPENDIX_ARG : nameCursor++;  // result of getTarget
        final int LINKER_CALL  = nameCursor++;
        MethodType invokerFormType = mtype.appendParameterTypes(skipCallSite ? MethodHandle.class : CallSite.class);
        Name[] names = arguments(nameCursor - INARG_LIMIT, invokerFormType);
        assert(names.length == nameCursor);
        assert(names[APPENDIX_ARG] != null);
        if (!skipCallSite)
            names[CALL_MH] = new Name(getFunction(NF_getCallSiteTarget), names[CSITE_ARG]);
        // (site.)invokedynamic(a*):R => mh = site.getTarget(); mh.invokeBasic(a*)
        final int PREPEND_MH = 0, PREPEND_COUNT = 1;
        Object[] outArgs = Arrays.copyOfRange(names, ARG_BASE, OUTARG_LIMIT + PREPEND_COUNT, Object[].class);
        // prepend MH argument:
        System.arraycopy(outArgs, 0, outArgs, PREPEND_COUNT, outArgs.length - PREPEND_COUNT);
        outArgs[PREPEND_MH] = names[CALL_MH];
        names[LINKER_CALL] = new Name(mtype, outArgs);
        lform = new LambdaForm(INARG_LIMIT, names,
                (skipCallSite ? LINK_TO_TARGET_METHOD : LINK_TO_CALL_SITE));
        lform.compileToBytecode();  // JVM needs a real methodOop
        lform = mtype.form().setCachedLambdaForm(which, lform);
        return lform;
    }

    /** Static definition of MethodHandle.invokeGeneric checking code. */
    @ForceInline
    /*non-public*/
    static MethodHandle getCallSiteTarget(CallSite site) {
        return site.getTarget();
    }

    @ForceInline
    /*non-public*/
    static void checkCustomized(MethodHandle mh) {
        if (MethodHandleImpl.isCompileConstant(mh)) {
            return; // no need to customize a MH when the instance is known to JIT
        }
        if (mh.form.customized == null) { // fast approximate check that the underlying form is already customized
            maybeCustomize(mh); // marked w/ @DontInline
        }
    }

    @DontInline
    static void maybeCustomize(MethodHandle mh) {
        mh.maybeCustomize();
    }

    // Local constant functions:
    private static final byte NF_checkExactType = 0,
        NF_checkGenericType = 1,
        NF_getCallSiteTarget = 2,
        NF_checkCustomized = 3,
        NF_checkVarHandleGenericType = 4,
        NF_checkVarHandleExactType = 5,
        NF_directVarHandleTarget = 6,
        NF_LIMIT = 7;

    private static final @Stable NamedFunction[] NFS = new NamedFunction[NF_LIMIT];

    private static NamedFunction getFunction(byte func) {
        NamedFunction nf = NFS[func];
        if (nf != null) {
            return nf;
        }
        NFS[func] = nf = createFunction(func);
        // Each nf must be statically invocable or we get tied up in our bootstraps.
        assert(InvokerBytecodeGenerator.isStaticallyInvocable(nf));
        return nf;
    }

    private static NamedFunction createFunction(byte func) {
        try {
            return switch (func) {
                case NF_checkExactType            -> getNamedFunction("checkExactType", MethodType.methodType(void.class, MethodHandle.class, MethodType.class));
                case NF_checkGenericType          -> getNamedFunction("checkGenericType", MethodType.methodType(MethodHandle.class, MethodHandle.class, MethodType.class));
                case NF_getCallSiteTarget         -> getNamedFunction("getCallSiteTarget", MethodType.methodType(MethodHandle.class, CallSite.class));
                case NF_checkCustomized           -> getNamedFunction("checkCustomized", MethodType.methodType(void.class, MethodHandle.class));
                case NF_checkVarHandleGenericType -> getNamedFunction("checkVarHandleGenericType", MethodType.methodType(MethodHandle.class, VarHandle.class, VarHandle.AccessDescriptor.class));
                case NF_checkVarHandleExactType   -> getNamedFunction("checkVarHandleExactType", MethodType.methodType(MethodHandle.class, VarHandle.class, VarHandle.AccessDescriptor.class));
                case NF_directVarHandleTarget     -> getNamedFunction("directVarHandleTarget", MethodType.methodType(VarHandle.class, VarHandle.class));
                default -> throw newInternalError("Unknown function: " + func);
            };
        } catch (ReflectiveOperationException ex) {
            throw newInternalError(ex);
        }
    }

    private static NamedFunction getNamedFunction(String name, MethodType type)
        throws ReflectiveOperationException
    {
        MemberName member = new MemberName(Invokers.class, name, type, REF_invokeStatic);
        return new NamedFunction(
                MemberName.getFactory()
                        .resolveOrFail(REF_invokeStatic, member, Invokers.class, LM_TRUSTED, NoSuchMethodException.class));
    }

    private static class Lazy {
        private static final MethodHandle MH_asSpreader;

        static {
            try {
                MH_asSpreader = IMPL_LOOKUP.findVirtual(MethodHandle.class, "asSpreader",
                        MethodType.methodType(MethodHandle.class, Class.class, int.class));
            } catch (ReflectiveOperationException ex) {
                throw newInternalError(ex);
            }
        }
    }

    static {
        // The Holder class will contain pre-generated Invokers resolved
        // speculatively using MemberName.getFactory().resolveOrNull. However, that
        // doesn't initialize the class, which subtly breaks inlining etc. By forcing
        // initialization of the Holder class we avoid these issues.
        UNSAFE.ensureClassInitialized(Holder.class);
    }

    /* Placeholder class for Invokers generated ahead of time */
    final class Holder {}
}

java/lang/invoke/Invokers.java

 

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File name: java.base-17.0.5-src.zip
File size: 8883851 bytes
Release date: 2022-09-13
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