commons-net-1.4.1.jar - Apache Commons Net

commons-net-1.4.1.jar is the JAR file for Apache Commons Net 1.4.1, which implements the client side of many basic Internet protocols.

commons-net-1.4.1.jar is distributed as part of the commons-net-1.4.1.zip download file.

JAR File Size and Download Location:

JAR name: commons-net.jar, commons-net-3.6.jar
Target JDK version: 1.4
Dependency: None
File name: commons-net-1.4.1.jar
File size: 180792 bytes
Date modified: 03-Dec-2005
Download: Apache Commons Net

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org/apache/commons/net/nntp/Threader.java

/*
 * Copyright 2001-2005 The Apache Software Foundation
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.apache.commons.net.nntp;

/**
 * This is an implementation of a message threading algorithm, as originally devised by Zamie Zawinski.
 * See <a href="http://www.jwz.org/doc/threading.html">http://www.jwz.org/doc/threading.html</a> for details.
 * For his Java implementation, see <a href="http://lxr.mozilla.org/mozilla/source/grendel/sources/grendel/view/Threader.java">http://lxr.mozilla.org/mozilla/source/grendel/sources/grendel/view/Threader.java</a>
 *  
 * @author rwinston <rwinston@checkfree.com>
 *
 */

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;

public class Threader {
	private ThreadContainer root;
	private HashMap idTable;
	private int bogusIdCount = 0;

	/**
	 * The main threader entry point - The client passes in an array of Threadable objects, and 
	 * the Threader constructs a connected 'graph' of messages
	 * @param messages
	 * @return
	 */
	public Threadable thread(Threadable[] messages) {
		if (messages == null)
			return null;

		idTable = new HashMap();

		// walk through each Threadable element
		for (int i = 0; i < messages.length; ++i) {
			if (!messages[i].isDummy())
				buildContainer(messages[i]);
		}

		root = findRootSet();
		idTable.clear();
		idTable = null;

		pruneEmptyContainers(root);

		root.reverseChildren();
		gatherSubjects();

		if (root.next != null)
			throw new RuntimeException("root node has a next:" + root);

		for (ThreadContainer r = root.child; r != null; r = r.next) {
			if (r.threadable == null)
				r.threadable = r.child.threadable.makeDummy();
		}

		Threadable result = (root.child == null ? null : root.child.threadable);
		root.flush();
		root = null;

		return result;
	}

	/**
	 * 
	 * @param threadable
	 */
	private void buildContainer(Threadable threadable) {
		String id = threadable.messageThreadId();
		ThreadContainer container = (ThreadContainer) idTable.get(id);

		// A ThreadContainer exists for this id already. This should be a forward reference, but may 
		// be a duplicate id, in which case we will need to generate a bogus placeholder id
		if (container != null) {
			if (container.threadable != null) { // oops! duplicate ids...
				id = "<Bogus-id:" + (bogusIdCount++) + ">";
				container = null;
			} else {
				// The container just contained a forward reference to this message, so let's
				// fill in the threadable field of the container with this message
				container.threadable = threadable;
			}
		}

		// No container exists for that message Id. Create one and insert it into the hash table.
		if (container == null) {
			container = new ThreadContainer();
			container.threadable = threadable;
			idTable.put(id, container);
		}

		// Iterate through all of the references and create ThreadContainers for any references that
		// don't have them.
		ThreadContainer parentRef = null;
		{
			String[] references = threadable.messageThreadReferences();
			for (int i = 0; i < references.length; ++i) {
				String refString = references[i];
				ThreadContainer ref = (ThreadContainer) idTable.get(refString);

				// if this id doesnt have a container, create one
				if (ref == null) {
					ref = new ThreadContainer();
					idTable.put(refString, ref);
				}

				// Link references together in the order they appear in the References: header,
				// IF they dont have a have a parent already &&
				// IF it will not cause a circular reference
				if ((parentRef != null)
					&& (ref.parent == null)
					&& (parentRef != ref)
					&& !(parentRef.findChild(ref))) {
					// Link ref into the parent's child list
					ref.parent = parentRef;
					ref.next = parentRef.child;
					parentRef.child = ref;
				}
				parentRef = ref;
			}
		}

		// parentRef is now set to the container of the last element in the references field. make that 
		// be the parent of this container, unless doing so causes a circular reference
		if (parentRef != null
			&& (parentRef == container || container.findChild(parentRef)))
			parentRef = null;

		// if it has a parent already, its because we saw this message in a References: field, and presumed
		// a parent based on the other entries in that field. Now that we have the actual message, we can
		// throw away the old parent and use this new one
		if (container.parent != null) {
			ThreadContainer rest, prev;

			for (prev = null, rest = container.parent.child;
				rest != null;
				prev = rest, rest = rest.next) {
				if (rest == container)
					break;
			}

			if (rest == null) {
				throw new RuntimeException(
					"Didnt find "
						+ container
						+ " in parent"
						+ container.parent);
			}

			// Unlink this container from the parent's child list
			if (prev == null)
				container.parent.child = container.next;
			else
				prev.next = container.next;

			container.next = null;
			container.parent = null;
		}

		// If we have a parent, link container into the parents child list
		if (parentRef != null) {
			container.parent = parentRef;
			container.next = parentRef.child;
			parentRef.child = container;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Find the root set of all existing ThreadContainers
	 * @return root the ThreadContainer representing the root node
	 */
	private ThreadContainer findRootSet() {
		ThreadContainer root = new ThreadContainer();
		Iterator iter = idTable.keySet().iterator();

		while (iter.hasNext()) {
			Object key = iter.next();
			ThreadContainer c = (ThreadContainer) idTable.get(key);
			if (c.parent == null) {
				if (c.next != null)
					throw new RuntimeException(
						"c.next is " + c.next.toString());
				c.next = root.child;
				root.child = c;
			}
		}
		return root;
	}

	/**
	 * Delete any empty or dummy ThreadContainers
	 * @param parent
	 */
	private void pruneEmptyContainers(ThreadContainer parent) {
		ThreadContainer container, prev, next;
		for (prev = null, container = parent.child, next = container.next;
			container != null;
			prev = container,
				container = next,
				next = (container == null ? null : container.next)) {

			// Is it empty and without any children? If so,delete it 
			if (container.threadable == null && container.child == null) {
				if (prev == null)
					parent.child = container.next;
				else
					prev.next = container.next;

				// Set container to prev so that prev keeps its same value the next time through the loop	
				container = prev;
			}

			// Else if empty, with kids, and (not at root or only one kid)
			else if (
				container.threadable == null
					&& container.child != null
					&& (container.parent != null
						|| container.child.next == null)) {
				// We have an invalid/expired message with kids. Promote the kids to this level. 
				ThreadContainer tail;
				ThreadContainer kids = container.child;

				// Remove this container and replace with 'kids'.
				if (prev == null)
					parent.child = kids;
				else
					prev.next = kids;

				// Make each child's parent be this level's parent -> i.e. promote the children. Make the last child's next point to this container's next
				// i.e. splice kids into the list in place of container
				for (tail = kids; tail.next != null; tail = tail.next)
					tail.parent = container.parent;

				tail.parent = container.parent;
				tail.next = container.next;

				// next currently points to the item after the inserted items in the chain - reset that so we process the newly
				// promoted items next time round
				next = kids;

				// Set container to prev so that prev keeps its same value the next time through the loop
				container = prev;
			} else if (container.child != null) {
				// A real message , with kids
				// Iterate over the children
				pruneEmptyContainers(container);
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 *  If any two members of the root set have the same subject, merge them. This is to attempt to accomodate messages without References: headers. 
	 */
	private void gatherSubjects() {

		int count = 0;

		for (ThreadContainer c = root.child; c != null; c = c.next)
			count++;

		// TODO verify this will avoid rehashing
		HashMap subjectTable = new HashMap((int) (count * 1.2), (float) 0.9);
		count = 0;

		for (ThreadContainer c = root.child; c != null; c = c.next) {
			Threadable threadable = c.threadable;

			// No threadable? If so, it is a dummy node in the root set.
			// Only root set members may be dummies, and they alway have at least 2 kids
			// Take the first kid as representative of the subject
			if (threadable == null)
				threadable = c.child.threadable;

			String subj = threadable.simplifiedSubject();

			if (subj == null || subj == "")
				continue;

			ThreadContainer old = (ThreadContainer) subjectTable.get(subj);

			// Add this container to the table iff:
			// - There exists no container with this subject
			// - or this is a dummy container and the old one is not - the dummy one is
			// more interesting as a root, so put it in the table instead
			// - The container in the table has a "Re:" version of this subject, and 
			// this container has a non-"Re:" version of this subject. The non-"Re:" version
			// is the more interesting of the two.
			if (old == null
				|| (c.threadable == null && old.threadable != null)
				|| (old.threadable != null
					&& old.threadable.subjectIsReply()
					&& c.threadable != null
					&& !c.threadable.subjectIsReply())) {
				subjectTable.put(subj, c);
				count++;
			}
		}

		// If the table is empty, we're done
		if (count == 0)
			return;

		// subjectTable is now populated with one entry for each subject which occurs in the 
		// root set. Iterate over the root set, and gather together the difference.
		ThreadContainer prev, c, rest;
		for (prev = null, c = root.child, rest = c.next;
			c != null;
			prev = c, c = rest, rest = (rest == null ? null : rest.next)) {
			Threadable threadable = c.threadable;

			// is it a dummy node?
			if (threadable == null)
				threadable = c.child.threadable;

			String subj = threadable.simplifiedSubject();

			// Dont thread together all subjectless messages
			if (subj == null || subj == "")
				continue;

			ThreadContainer old = (ThreadContainer) subjectTable.get(subj);

			if (old == c) // That's us
				continue;

			// We have now found another container in the root set with the same subject
			// Remove the "second" message from the root set
			if (prev == null)
				root.child = c.next;
			else
				prev.next = c.next;
			c.next = null;

			if (old.threadable == null && c.threadable == null) {
				// both dummies - merge them
				ThreadContainer tail;
				for (tail = old.child;
					tail != null && tail.next != null;
					tail = tail.next);

				tail.next = c.child;

				for (tail = c.child; tail != null; tail = tail.next)
					tail.parent = old;

				c.child = null;
			} else if (
				old.threadable == null
					|| (c.threadable != null
						&& c.threadable.subjectIsReply()
						&& !old.threadable.subjectIsReply())) {
				// Else if old is empty, or c has "Re:" and old does not  ==> make this message a child of old
				c.parent = old;
				c.next = old.child;
				old.child = c;
			} else {
				//	else make the old and new messages be children of a new dummy container.
				// We create a new container object for old.msg and empty the old container
				ThreadContainer newc = new ThreadContainer();
				newc.threadable = old.threadable;
				newc.child = old.child;

				for (ThreadContainer tail = newc.child;
					tail != null;
					tail = tail.next)
					tail.parent = newc;

				old.threadable = null;
				old.child = null;

				c.parent = old;
				newc.parent = old;

				// Old is now a dummy- give it 2 kids , c and newc
				old.child = c;
				c.next = newc;
			}
			// We've done a merge, so keep the same prev
			c = prev;
		}

		subjectTable.clear();
		subjectTable = null;

	}
}

/**
 * A placeholder utility class, used for constructing a tree of Threadables
 * Originall implementation by Jamie Zawinski. 
 * See the Grendel source for more details <a href="http://lxr.mozilla.org/mozilla/source/grendel/sources/grendel/view/Threader.java#511">here</a>
 * Threadable objects
 * @author Rory Winston <rwinston@checkfree.com>
 */
class ThreadContainer {
	Threadable threadable;
	ThreadContainer parent;
	ThreadContainer prev;
	ThreadContainer next;
	ThreadContainer child;

	/**
	 * 
	 * @param container
	 * @return true if child is under self's tree. Detects circular references
	 */
	boolean findChild(ThreadContainer target) {
		if (child == null)
			return false;

		else if (child == target)
			return true;
		else
			return child.findChild(target);
	}

	// Copy the ThreadContainer tree structure down into the underlying Threadable objects
	// (Make the Threadable tree look like the ThreadContainer tree)
	void flush() {
		if (parent != null && threadable == null)
			throw new RuntimeException("no threadable in " + this.toString());

		parent = null;

		if (threadable != null)
			threadable.setChild(child == null ? null : child.threadable);

		if (child != null) {
			child.flush();
			child = null;
		}

		if (threadable != null)
			threadable.setNext(next == null ? null : next.threadable);

		if (next != null) {
			next.flush();
			next = null;
		}

		threadable = null;
	}

	/**
	 * Reverse the entire set of children
	 *
	 */
	void reverseChildren() {
		if (child != null) {
			ThreadContainer kid, prev, rest;
			for (prev = null, kid = child, rest = kid.next;
				kid != null;
				prev = kid,
					kid = rest,
					rest = (rest == null ? null : rest.next))
				kid.next = prev;

			child = prev;

			// Do it for the kids 
			for (kid = child; kid != null; kid = kid.next)
				kid.reverseChildren();
		}
	}
}

org/apache/commons/net/nntp/Threader.java

 

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