Run Trivial.java Example in logging-log4j-1.2.14.zip

Q

How to run the Trivial.java example program in logging-log4j-1.2.14.zip? I have log4j-1.2.14.zip installed at \fyicenter\logging-log4j-1.2.14 folder.

✍: FYIcenter.com

A

Trivial.java is an example program provided in the logging-log4j-1.2.14.zip. It is used to show you how to use Log4j with the default configuration. Here is the source code of Trivial.java in the \fyicenter\logging-log4j-1.2.14\examples folder:

/*
 * Copyright 1999-2005 The Apache Software Foundation.
   ...
 */

package examples;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.apache.log4j.BasicConfigurator;
import org.apache.log4j.NDC;

// ...
public class Trivial {

  static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(Trivial.class);

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    BasicConfigurator.configure();
    NDC.push("Client #45890"); 

    logger.info("Awake awake. Put on thy strength.");
    Trivial.foo();
    InnerTrivial.foo();
    logger.info("Exiting Trivial.");    
  }

  static
  void foo() {
    NDC.push("DB"); 
    logger.debug("Now king David was old.");    
    NDC.pop(); 
  }

  static class InnerTrivial {
    static  Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(InnerTrivial.class);

    static    
    void foo() {
      logger.info("Entered foo."); 
    }
  }
}

You can follow these steps to run the Trivial.java example program:

\fyicenter>cd \local\logging-log4j-1.2.14

\lccal\logging-log4j-1.2.14>java -version
java version "1.7.0_45"

\local\logging-log4j-1.2.14>javac -cp .;dist\lib\log4j-1.2.14.jar 
   examples\Trivial.java

\local\logging-log4j-1.2.14>java -cp .;dist\lib\log4j-1.2.14.jar 
   examples.Trivial

0 [main] INFO examples.Trivial Client #45890 - Awake awake. 
   Put on thy strength.
0 [main] DEBUG examples.Trivial Client #45890 DB - Now king David was old.
1 [main] INFO examples.Trivial$InnerTrivial Client #45890 - Entered foo.
1 [main] INFO examples.Trivial Client #45890 - Exiting Trivial.

The source code and the output shows that

  • Logger.getLogger(Trivial.class) is used to create a logger object with the class name.
  • BasicConfigurator.configure() is used to set the logger to use the default configuration.
  • NDC.push() and NDC.pop() are used to manage the context identification.
  • logger.info("Exiting Trivial.") is used to log a message at the "INFO" level.
  • "0 [main] INFO ..." in the log output gives the execution time, thread name, log level and other log information.

 

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2015-12-02, 1648👍, 0💬