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java/lang/invoke/StringConcatFactory.java

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2015, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * ORACLE PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 *
 *
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 *
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 *
 */

package java.lang.invoke;

import jdk.internal.access.JavaLangAccess;
import jdk.internal.access.SharedSecrets;
import jdk.internal.vm.annotation.Stable;
import sun.invoke.util.Wrapper;

import java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles.Lookup;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Objects;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentMap;
import java.util.function.Function;

import static java.lang.invoke.MethodType.methodType;

/**
 * <p>Methods to facilitate the creation of String concatenation methods, that
 * can be used to efficiently concatenate a known number of arguments of known
 * types, possibly after type adaptation and partial evaluation of arguments.
 * These methods are typically used as <em>bootstrap methods</em> for {@code
 * invokedynamic} call sites, to support the <em>string concatenation</em>
 * feature of the Java Programming Language.
 *
 * <p>Indirect access to the behavior specified by the provided {@code
 * MethodHandle} proceeds in order through two phases:
 *
 * <ol>
 *     <li><em>Linkage</em> occurs when the methods in this class are invoked.
 * They take as arguments a method type describing the concatenated arguments
 * count and types, and optionally the String <em>recipe</em>, plus the
 * constants that participate in the String concatenation. The details on
 * accepted recipe shapes are described further below. Linkage may involve
 * dynamically loading a new class that implements the expected concatenation
 * behavior. The {@code CallSite} holds the {@code MethodHandle} pointing to the
 * exact concatenation method. The concatenation methods may be shared among
 * different {@code CallSite}s, e.g. if linkage methods produce them as pure
 * functions.</li>
 *
 * <li><em>Invocation</em> occurs when a generated concatenation method is
 * invoked with the exact dynamic arguments. This may occur many times for a
 * single concatenation method. The method referenced by the behavior {@code
 * MethodHandle} is invoked with the static arguments and any additional dynamic
 * arguments provided on invocation, as if by {@link MethodHandle#invoke(Object...)}.</li>
 * </ol>
 *
 * <p> This class provides two forms of linkage methods: a simple version
 * ({@link #makeConcat(java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles.Lookup, String,
 * MethodType)}) using only the dynamic arguments, and an advanced version
 * ({@link #makeConcatWithConstants(java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles.Lookup,
 * String, MethodType, String, Object...)} using the advanced forms of capturing
 * the constant arguments. The advanced strategy can produce marginally better
 * invocation bytecode, at the expense of exploding the number of shapes of
 * string concatenation methods present at runtime, because those shapes would
 * include constant static arguments as well.
 *
 * @author Aleksey Shipilev
 * @author Remi Forax
 * @author Peter Levart
 *
 * @apiNote
 * <p>There is a JVM limit (classfile structural constraint): no method
 * can call with more than 255 slots. This limits the number of static and
 * dynamic arguments one can pass to bootstrap method. Since there are potential
 * concatenation strategies that use {@code MethodHandle} combinators, we need
 * to reserve a few empty slots on the parameter lists to capture the
 * temporal results. This is why bootstrap methods in this factory do not accept
 * more than 200 argument slots. Users requiring more than 200 argument slots in
 * concatenation are expected to split the large concatenation in smaller
 * expressions.
 *
 * @since 9
 */
public final class StringConcatFactory {

    /**
     * Tag used to demarcate an ordinary argument.
     */
    private static final char TAG_ARG = '\u0001';

    /**
     * Tag used to demarcate a constant.
     */
    private static final char TAG_CONST = '\u0002';

    /**
     * Maximum number of argument slots in String Concat call.
     *
     * While the maximum number of argument slots that indy call can handle is 253,
     * we do not use all those slots, to let the strategies with MethodHandle
     * combinators to use some arguments.
     */
    private static final int MAX_INDY_CONCAT_ARG_SLOTS = 200;

    private static final JavaLangAccess JLA = SharedSecrets.getJavaLangAccess();

    // StringConcatFactory bootstrap methods are startup sensitive, and may be
    // special cased in java.lang.invoke.BootstrapMethodInvoker to ensure
    // methods are invoked with exact type information to avoid generating
    // code for runtime checks. Take care any changes or additions here are
    // reflected there as appropriate.

    /**
     * Facilitates the creation of optimized String concatenation methods, that
     * can be used to efficiently concatenate a known number of arguments of
     * known types, possibly after type adaptation and partial evaluation of
     * arguments. Typically used as a <em>bootstrap method</em> for {@code
     * invokedynamic} call sites, to support the <em>string concatenation</em>
     * feature of the Java Programming Language.
     *
     * <p>When the target of the {@code CallSite} returned from this method is
     * invoked, it returns the result of String concatenation, taking all
     * function arguments passed to the linkage method as inputs for
     * concatenation. The target signature is given by {@code concatType}.
     * For a target accepting:
     * <ul>
     *     <li>zero inputs, concatenation results in an empty string;</li>
     *     <li>one input, concatenation results in the single
     *     input converted as per JLS 5.1.11 "String Conversion"; otherwise</li>
     *     <li>two or more inputs, the inputs are concatenated as per
     *     requirements stated in JLS 15.18.1 "String Concatenation Operator +".
     *     The inputs are converted as per JLS 5.1.11 "String Conversion",
     *     and combined from left to right.</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * <p>Assume the linkage arguments are as follows:
     *
     * <ul>
     *     <li>{@code concatType}, describing the {@code CallSite} signature</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * <p>Then the following linkage invariants must hold:
     *
     * <ul>
     *     <li>The number of parameter slots in {@code concatType} is
     *         less than or equal to 200</li>
     *     <li>The return type in {@code concatType} is assignable from {@link java.lang.String}</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * @param lookup   Represents a lookup context with the accessibility
     *                 privileges of the caller. Specifically, the lookup
     *                 context must have
     *                 {@linkplain MethodHandles.Lookup#hasFullPrivilegeAccess()
     *                 full privilege access}.
     *                 When used with {@code invokedynamic}, this is stacked
     *                 automatically by the VM.
     * @param name     The name of the method to implement. This name is
     *                 arbitrary, and has no meaning for this linkage method.
     *                 When used with {@code invokedynamic}, this is provided by
     *                 the {@code NameAndType} of the {@code InvokeDynamic}
     *                 structure and is stacked automatically by the VM.
     * @param concatType The expected signature of the {@code CallSite}.  The
     *                   parameter types represent the types of concatenation
     *                   arguments; the return type is always assignable from {@link
     *                   java.lang.String}.  When used with {@code invokedynamic},
     *                   this is provided by the {@code NameAndType} of the {@code
     *                   InvokeDynamic} structure and is stacked automatically by
     *                   the VM.
     * @return a CallSite whose target can be used to perform String
     * concatenation, with dynamic concatenation arguments described by the given
     * {@code concatType}.
     * @throws StringConcatException If any of the linkage invariants described
     *                               here are violated, or the lookup context
     *                               does not have private access privileges.
     * @throws NullPointerException If any of the incoming arguments is null.
     *                              This will never happen when a bootstrap method
     *                              is called with invokedynamic.
     *
     * @jls  5.1.11 String Conversion
     * @jls 15.18.1 String Concatenation Operator +
     */
    public static CallSite makeConcat(MethodHandles.Lookup lookup,
                                      String name,
                                      MethodType concatType) throws StringConcatException {
        // This bootstrap method is unlikely to be used in practice,
        // avoid optimizing it at the expense of makeConcatWithConstants

        // Mock the recipe to reuse the concat generator code
        String recipe = "\u0001".repeat(concatType.parameterCount());
        return makeConcatWithConstants(lookup, name, concatType, recipe);
    }

    /**
     * Facilitates the creation of optimized String concatenation methods, that
     * can be used to efficiently concatenate a known number of arguments of
     * known types, possibly after type adaptation and partial evaluation of
     * arguments. Typically used as a <em>bootstrap method</em> for {@code
     * invokedynamic} call sites, to support the <em>string concatenation</em>
     * feature of the Java Programming Language.
     *
     * <p>When the target of the {@code CallSite} returned from this method is
     * invoked, it returns the result of String concatenation, taking all
     * function arguments and constants passed to the linkage method as inputs for
     * concatenation. The target signature is given by {@code concatType}, and
     * does not include constants.
     * For a target accepting:
     * <ul>
     *     <li>zero inputs, concatenation results in an empty string;</li>
     *     <li>one input, concatenation results in the single
     *     input converted as per JLS 5.1.11 "String Conversion"; otherwise</li>
     *     <li>two or more inputs, the inputs are concatenated as per
     *     requirements stated in JLS 15.18.1 "String Concatenation Operator +".
     *     The inputs are converted as per JLS 5.1.11 "String Conversion",
     *     and combined from left to right.</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * <p>The concatenation <em>recipe</em> is a String description for the way to
     * construct a concatenated String from the arguments and constants. The
     * recipe is processed from left to right, and each character represents an
     * input to concatenation. Recipe characters mean:
     *
     * <ul>
     *
     *   <li><em>\1 (Unicode point 0001)</em>: an ordinary argument. This
     *   input is passed through dynamic argument, and is provided during the
     *   concatenation method invocation. This input can be null.</li>
     *
     *   <li><em>\2 (Unicode point 0002):</em> a constant. This input passed
     *   through static bootstrap argument. This constant can be any value
     *   representable in constant pool. If necessary, the factory would call
     *   {@code toString} to perform a one-time String conversion.</li>
     *
     *   <li><em>Any other char value:</em> a single character constant.</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * <p>Assume the linkage arguments are as follows:
     *
     * <ul>
     *   <li>{@code concatType}, describing the {@code CallSite} signature</li>
     *   <li>{@code recipe}, describing the String recipe</li>
     *   <li>{@code constants}, the vararg array of constants</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * <p>Then the following linkage invariants must hold:
     *
     * <ul>
     *   <li>The number of parameter slots in {@code concatType} is less than
     *       or equal to 200</li>
     *
     *   <li>The parameter count in {@code concatType} is equal to number of \1 tags
     *   in {@code recipe}</li>
     *
     *   <li>The return type in {@code concatType} is assignable
     *   from {@link java.lang.String}, and matches the return type of the
     *   returned {@link MethodHandle}</li>
     *
     *   <li>The number of elements in {@code constants} is equal to number of \2
     *   tags in {@code recipe}</li>
     * </ul>
     *
     * @param lookup    Represents a lookup context with the accessibility
     *                  privileges of the caller. Specifically, the lookup
     *                  context must have
     *                  {@linkplain MethodHandles.Lookup#hasFullPrivilegeAccess()
     *                  full privilege access}.
     *                  When used with {@code invokedynamic}, this is stacked
     *                  automatically by the VM.
     * @param name      The name of the method to implement. This name is
     *                  arbitrary, and has no meaning for this linkage method.
     *                  When used with {@code invokedynamic}, this is provided
     *                  by the {@code NameAndType} of the {@code InvokeDynamic}
     *                  structure and is stacked automatically by the VM.
     * @param concatType The expected signature of the {@code CallSite}.  The
     *                  parameter types represent the types of dynamic concatenation
     *                  arguments; the return type is always assignable from {@link
     *                  java.lang.String}.  When used with {@code
     *                  invokedynamic}, this is provided by the {@code
     *                  NameAndType} of the {@code InvokeDynamic} structure and
     *                  is stacked automatically by the VM.
     * @param recipe    Concatenation recipe, described above.
     * @param constants A vararg parameter representing the constants passed to
     *                  the linkage method.
     * @return a CallSite whose target can be used to perform String
     * concatenation, with dynamic concatenation arguments described by the given
     * {@code concatType}.
     * @throws StringConcatException If any of the linkage invariants described
     *                               here are violated, or the lookup context
     *                               does not have private access privileges.
     * @throws NullPointerException If any of the incoming arguments is null, or
     *                              any constant in {@code recipe} is null.
     *                              This will never happen when a bootstrap method
     *                              is called with invokedynamic.
     * @apiNote Code generators have three distinct ways to process a constant
     * string operand S in a string concatenation expression.  First, S can be
     * materialized as a reference (using ldc) and passed as an ordinary argument
     * (recipe '\1'). Or, S can be stored in the constant pool and passed as a
     * constant (recipe '\2') . Finally, if S contains neither of the recipe
     * tag characters ('\1', '\2') then S can be interpolated into the recipe
     * itself, causing its characters to be inserted into the result.
     *
     * @jls  5.1.11 String Conversion
     * @jls 15.18.1 String Concatenation Operator +
     */
    public static CallSite makeConcatWithConstants(MethodHandles.Lookup lookup,
                                                   String name,
                                                   MethodType concatType,
                                                   String recipe,
                                                   Object... constants)
        throws StringConcatException
    {
        Objects.requireNonNull(lookup, "Lookup is null");
        Objects.requireNonNull(name, "Name is null");
        Objects.requireNonNull(concatType, "Concat type is null");
        Objects.requireNonNull(constants, "Constants are null");

        for (Object o : constants) {
            Objects.requireNonNull(o, "Cannot accept null constants");
        }

        if ((lookup.lookupModes() & MethodHandles.Lookup.PRIVATE) == 0) {
            throw new StringConcatException("Invalid caller: " +
                    lookup.lookupClass().getName());
        }

        List<String> elements = parseRecipe(concatType, recipe, constants);

        if (!concatType.returnType().isAssignableFrom(String.class)) {
            throw new StringConcatException(
                    "The return type should be compatible with String, but it is " +
                            concatType.returnType());
        }

        if (concatType.parameterSlotCount() > MAX_INDY_CONCAT_ARG_SLOTS) {
            throw new StringConcatException("Too many concat argument slots: " +
                    concatType.parameterSlotCount() +
                    ", can only accept " +
                    MAX_INDY_CONCAT_ARG_SLOTS);
        }

        try {
            return new ConstantCallSite(
                    generateMHInlineCopy(concatType, elements)
                            .viewAsType(concatType, true));
        } catch (Error e) {
            // Pass through any error
            throw e;
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            throw new StringConcatException("Generator failed", t);
        }
    }

    private static List<String> parseRecipe(MethodType concatType,
                                            String recipe,
                                            Object[] constants)
        throws StringConcatException
    {

        Objects.requireNonNull(recipe, "Recipe is null");
        // Element list containing String constants, or null for arguments
        List<String> elements = new ArrayList<>();

        int cCount = 0;
        int oCount = 0;

        StringBuilder acc = new StringBuilder();

        for (int i = 0; i < recipe.length(); i++) {
            char c = recipe.charAt(i);

            if (c == TAG_CONST) {
                if (cCount == constants.length) {
                    // Not enough constants
                    throw constantMismatch(constants, cCount);
                }
                // Accumulate constant args along with any constants encoded
                // into the recipe
                acc.append(constants[cCount++]);
            } else if (c == TAG_ARG) {
                // Flush any accumulated characters into a constant
                if (acc.length() > 0) {
                    elements.add(acc.toString());
                    acc.setLength(0);
                }
                elements.add(null);
                oCount++;
            } else {
                // Not a special character, this is a constant embedded into
                // the recipe itself.
                acc.append(c);
            }
        }

        // Flush the remaining characters as constant:
        if (acc.length() > 0) {
            elements.add(acc.toString());
        }
        if (oCount != concatType.parameterCount()) {
            throw argumentMismatch(concatType, oCount);
        }
        if (cCount < constants.length) {
            throw constantMismatch(constants, cCount);
        }
        return elements;
    }

    private static StringConcatException argumentMismatch(MethodType concatType,
                                                          int oCount) {
        return new StringConcatException(
                "Mismatched number of concat arguments: recipe wants " +
                oCount +
                " arguments, but signature provides " +
                concatType.parameterCount());
    }

    private static StringConcatException constantMismatch(Object[] constants,
            int cCount) {
        return new StringConcatException(
                "Mismatched number of concat constants: recipe wants " +
                        cCount +
                        " constants, but only " +
                        constants.length +
                        " are passed");
    }

    /**
     * <p>This strategy replicates what StringBuilders are doing: it builds the
     * byte[] array on its own and passes that byte[] array to String
     * constructor. This strategy requires access to some private APIs in JDK,
     * most notably, the private String constructor that accepts byte[] arrays
     * without copying.
     */
    private static MethodHandle generateMHInlineCopy(MethodType mt, List<String> elements) {

        // Fast-path unary concatenations
        if (elements.size() == 1) {
            String s0 = elements.get(0);
            if (s0 == null) {
                return unaryConcat(mt.parameterType(0));
            } else {
                return MethodHandles.insertArguments(unaryConcat(Object.class), 0, s0);
            }
        }
        // Fast-path binary concatenations
        if (elements.size() == 2) {
            // Two arguments
            String s0 = elements.get(0);
            String s1 = elements.get(1);

            if (mt.parameterCount() == 2 &&
                    !mt.parameterType(0).isPrimitive() &&
                    !mt.parameterType(1).isPrimitive() &&
                    s0 == null &&
                    s1 == null) {
                return simpleConcat();
            } else if (mt.parameterCount() == 1) {
                // One argument, one constant
                String constant;
                int constIdx;
                if (s1 == null) {
                    constant = s0;
                    constIdx = 0;
                } else {
                    constant = s1;
                    constIdx = 1;
                }
                if (constant.isEmpty()) {
                    return unaryConcat(mt.parameterType(0));
                } else if (!mt.parameterType(0).isPrimitive()) {
                    // Non-primitive argument
                    return MethodHandles.insertArguments(simpleConcat(), constIdx, constant);
                }
            }
            // else... fall-through to slow-path
        }

        // Create filters and obtain filtered parameter types. Filters would be used in the beginning
        // to convert the incoming arguments into the arguments we can process (e.g. Objects -> Strings).
        // The filtered argument type list is used all over in the combinators below.

        Class<?>[] ptypes = mt.erase().parameterArray();
        MethodHandle[] filters = null;
        for (int i = 0; i < ptypes.length; i++) {
            MethodHandle filter = stringifierFor(ptypes[i]);
            if (filter != null) {
                if (filters == null) {
                    filters = new MethodHandle[ptypes.length];
                }
                filters[i] = filter;
                ptypes[i] = String.class;
            }
        }

        // Start building the combinator tree. The tree "starts" with (<parameters>)String, and "finishes"
        // with the (byte[], long)String shape to invoke newString in StringConcatHelper. The combinators are
        // assembled bottom-up, which makes the code arguably hard to read.

        // Drop all remaining parameter types, leave only helper arguments:
        MethodHandle mh = MethodHandles.dropArguments(newString(), 2, ptypes);

        long initialLengthCoder = INITIAL_CODER;

        // Mix in prependers. This happens when (byte[], long) = (storage, indexCoder) is already
        // known from the combinators below. We are assembling the string backwards, so the index coded
        // into indexCoder is the *ending* index.

        // We need one prepender per argument, but also need to fold in constants. We do so by greedily
        // create prependers that fold in surrounding constants into the argument prepender. This reduces
        // the number of unique MH combinator tree shapes we'll create in an application.
        String constant = null;
        int pos = 0;
        for (String el : elements) {
            // Do the prepend, and put "new" index at index 1
            if (el != null) {
                // Constant element

                // Eagerly update the initialLengthCoder value
                initialLengthCoder = JLA.stringConcatMix(initialLengthCoder, el);

                // Save the constant and fold it either into the next
                // argument prepender, or into the newArray combinator
                assert (constant == null);
                constant = el;
            } else {
                // Add prepender, along with any prefix constant
                mh = MethodHandles.filterArgumentsWithCombiner(
                        mh, 1,
                        prepender(constant, ptypes[pos]),
                        1, 0, // indexCoder, storage
                        2 + pos  // selected argument
                );
                constant = null;
                pos++;
            }
        }

        // Fold in byte[] instantiation at argument 0
        MethodHandle newArrayCombinator;
        if (constant != null) {
            // newArray variant that deals with prepending the trailing constant
            //
            // initialLengthCoder has been adjusted to have the correct coder
            // and length already, but to avoid binding an extra variable to
            // the method handle we now adjust the length to be correct for the
            // first prepender above, while adjusting for the missing length of
            // the constant in StringConcatHelper
            initialLengthCoder -= constant.length();
            newArrayCombinator = newArrayWithSuffix(constant);
        } else {
            newArrayCombinator = newArray();
        }
        mh = MethodHandles.foldArgumentsWithCombiner(mh, 0, newArrayCombinator,
                1 // index
        );

        // Start combining length and coder mixers.
        //
        // Length is easy: constant lengths can be computed on the spot, and all non-constant
        // shapes have been either converted to Strings, or explicit methods for getting the
        // string length out of primitives are provided.
        //
        // Coders are more interesting. Only Object, String and char arguments (and constants)
        // can have non-Latin1 encoding. It is easier to blindly convert constants to String,
        // and deduce the coder from there. Arguments would be either converted to Strings
        // during the initial filtering, or handled by specializations in MIXERS.
        //
        // The method handle shape before all mixers are combined in is:
        //   (long, <args>)String = ("indexCoder", <args>)
        //
        // We will bind the initialLengthCoder value to the last mixer (the one that will be
        // executed first), then fold that in. This leaves the shape after all mixers are
        // combined in as:
        //   (<args>)String = (<args>)

        pos = -1;
        MethodHandle mix = null;
        for (String el : elements) {
            // Constants already handled in the code above
            if (el == null) {
                    if (pos >= 0) {
                        // Compute new "index" in-place using old value plus the appropriate argument.
                        mh = MethodHandles.filterArgumentsWithCombiner(mh, 0, mix,
                                0, // old-index
                                1 + pos // selected argument
                        );
                    }

                    Class<?> argClass = ptypes[++pos];
                    mix = mixer(argClass);
            }
        }

        // Insert the initialLengthCoder value into the final mixer, then
        // fold that into the base method handle
        if (pos >= 0) {
            mix = MethodHandles.insertArguments(mix, 0, initialLengthCoder);
            mh = MethodHandles.foldArgumentsWithCombiner(mh, 0, mix,
                    1 + pos // selected argument
            );
        } else {
            // No mixer (constants only concat), insert initialLengthCoder directly
            mh = MethodHandles.insertArguments(mh, 0, initialLengthCoder);
        }

        // The method handle shape here is (<args>).

        // Apply filters, converting the arguments:
        if (filters != null) {
            mh = MethodHandles.filterArguments(mh, 0, filters);
        }

        return mh;
    }

    private static MethodHandle prepender(String prefix, Class<?> cl) {
        if (prefix == null) {
            return NULL_PREPENDERS.computeIfAbsent(cl, NULL_PREPEND);
        }
        return MethodHandles.insertArguments(
                        PREPENDERS.computeIfAbsent(cl, PREPEND), 3, prefix);
    }

    private static MethodHandle mixer(Class<?> cl) {
        return MIXERS.computeIfAbsent(cl, MIX);
    }

    // These are deliberately not lambdas to optimize startup time:
    private static final Function<Class<?>, MethodHandle> PREPEND = new Function<>() {
        @Override
        public MethodHandle apply(Class<?> c) {
            MethodHandle prepend = JLA.stringConcatHelper("prepend",
                    methodType(long.class, long.class, byte[].class,
                            Wrapper.asPrimitiveType(c), String.class));
            return prepend.rebind();
        }
    };

    private static final Function<Class<?>, MethodHandle> NULL_PREPEND = new Function<>() {
        @Override
        public MethodHandle apply(Class<?> c) {
            return MethodHandles.insertArguments(
                    PREPENDERS.computeIfAbsent(c, PREPEND), 3, (String)null);
        }
    };

    private static final Function<Class<?>, MethodHandle> MIX = new Function<>() {
        @Override
        public MethodHandle apply(Class<?> c) {
            MethodHandle mix = JLA.stringConcatHelper("mix",
                    methodType(long.class, long.class, Wrapper.asPrimitiveType(c)));
            return mix.rebind();
        }
    };

    private @Stable static MethodHandle SIMPLE_CONCAT;
    private static MethodHandle simpleConcat() {
        MethodHandle mh = SIMPLE_CONCAT;
        if (mh == null) {
            MethodHandle simpleConcat = JLA.stringConcatHelper("simpleConcat",
                    methodType(String.class, Object.class, Object.class));
            SIMPLE_CONCAT = mh = simpleConcat.rebind();
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle NEW_STRING;
    private static MethodHandle newString() {
        MethodHandle mh = NEW_STRING;
        if (mh == null) {
            MethodHandle newString = JLA.stringConcatHelper("newString",
                    methodType(String.class, byte[].class, long.class));
            NEW_STRING = mh = newString.rebind();
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle NEW_ARRAY_SUFFIX;
    private static MethodHandle newArrayWithSuffix(String suffix) {
        MethodHandle mh = NEW_ARRAY_SUFFIX;
        if (mh == null) {
            MethodHandle newArrayWithSuffix = JLA.stringConcatHelper("newArrayWithSuffix",
                    methodType(byte[].class, String.class, long.class));
            NEW_ARRAY_SUFFIX = mh = newArrayWithSuffix.rebind();
        }
        return MethodHandles.insertArguments(mh, 0, suffix);
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle NEW_ARRAY;
    private static MethodHandle newArray() {
        MethodHandle mh = NEW_ARRAY;
        if (mh == null) {
            NEW_ARRAY = mh =
                    JLA.stringConcatHelper("newArray", methodType(byte[].class, long.class));
        }
        return mh;
    }

    /**
     * Public gateways to public "stringify" methods. These methods have the
     * form String apply(T obj), and normally delegate to {@code String.valueOf},
     * depending on argument's type.
     */
    private @Stable static MethodHandle OBJECT_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle objectStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = OBJECT_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            OBJECT_STRINGIFIER = mh = JLA.stringConcatHelper("stringOf",
                    methodType(String.class, Object.class));
        }
        return mh;
    }
    private @Stable static MethodHandle FLOAT_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle floatStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = FLOAT_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            FLOAT_STRINGIFIER = mh =
                    lookupStatic(MethodHandles.publicLookup(), String.class, "valueOf", String.class, float.class);
        }
        return mh;
    }
    private @Stable static MethodHandle DOUBLE_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle doubleStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = DOUBLE_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            DOUBLE_STRINGIFIER = mh =
                    lookupStatic(MethodHandles.publicLookup(), String.class, "valueOf", String.class, double.class);
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle INT_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle intStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = INT_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            INT_STRINGIFIER = mh =
                    lookupStatic(MethodHandles.publicLookup(), String.class, "valueOf", String.class, int.class);
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle LONG_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle longStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = LONG_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            LONG_STRINGIFIER = mh =
                    lookupStatic(MethodHandles.publicLookup(), String.class, "valueOf", String.class, long.class);
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle CHAR_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle charStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = CHAR_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            CHAR_STRINGIFIER = mh =
                    lookupStatic(MethodHandles.publicLookup(), String.class, "valueOf", String.class, char.class);
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle BOOLEAN_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle booleanStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = BOOLEAN_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            BOOLEAN_STRINGIFIER = mh =
                    lookupStatic(MethodHandles.publicLookup(), String.class, "valueOf", String.class, boolean.class);
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private @Stable static MethodHandle NEW_STRINGIFIER;
    private static MethodHandle newStringifier() {
        MethodHandle mh = NEW_STRINGIFIER;
        if (mh == null) {
            NEW_STRINGIFIER = mh = JLA.stringConcatHelper("newStringOf",
                    methodType(String.class, Object.class));
        }
        return mh;
    }

    private static MethodHandle unaryConcat(Class<?> cl) {
        if (!cl.isPrimitive()) {
            return newStringifier();
        } else if (cl == int.class || cl == short.class || cl == byte.class) {
            return intStringifier();
        } else if (cl == long.class) {
            return longStringifier();
        } else if (cl == char.class) {
            return charStringifier();
        } else if (cl == boolean.class) {
            return booleanStringifier();
        } else if (cl == float.class) {
            return floatStringifier();
        } else if (cl == double.class) {
            return doubleStringifier();
        } else {
            throw new InternalError("Unhandled type for unary concatenation: " + cl);
        }
    }

    private static final ConcurrentMap<Class<?>, MethodHandle> PREPENDERS;
    private static final ConcurrentMap<Class<?>, MethodHandle> NULL_PREPENDERS;
    private static final ConcurrentMap<Class<?>, MethodHandle> MIXERS;
    private static final long INITIAL_CODER;

    static {
        INITIAL_CODER = JLA.stringConcatInitialCoder();
        PREPENDERS = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();
        NULL_PREPENDERS = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();
        MIXERS = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();
    }

    /**
     * Returns a stringifier for references and floats/doubles only.
     * Always returns null for other primitives.
     *
     * @param t class to stringify
     * @return stringifier; null, if not available
     */
    private static MethodHandle stringifierFor(Class<?> t) {
        if (t == Object.class) {
            return objectStringifier();
        } else if (t == float.class) {
            return floatStringifier();
        } else if (t == double.class) {
            return doubleStringifier();
        }
        return null;
    }

    private static MethodHandle lookupStatic(Lookup lookup, Class<?> refc, String name,
                                     Class<?> rtype, Class<?>... ptypes) {
        try {
            return lookup.findStatic(refc, name, MethodType.methodType(rtype, ptypes));
        } catch (NoSuchMethodException | IllegalAccessException e) {
            throw new AssertionError(e);
        }
    }

    private StringConcatFactory() {
        // no instantiation
    }
}

java/lang/invoke/StringConcatFactory.java

 

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File name: java.base-17.0.5-src.zip
File size: 8883851 bytes
Release date: 2022-09-13
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JDK 17 java.compiler.jmod - Compiler Module

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2023-09-26, 54611👍, 1💬