Source Code for Apache Log4j 1.2.17

Apache Log4j provides the interface that applications should code to and provides the adapter components required for implementers to create a logging implementation.

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Source Code files for Apache Log4j are provided in both binary packge like log4j-1.2.17.zip and source package like log4j-1.2.17-sources.zip. You can download them at Apache Log4j Website.

You can also browse Source Code files for Apache Log4j 1.2.17 below.

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org/apache/log4j/AsyncAppender.java

/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 * contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

// Contibutors:  Aaron Greenhouse <aarong@cs.cmu.edu>
//               Thomas Tuft Muller <ttm@online.no>
package org.apache.log4j;

import java.text.MessageFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.log4j.helpers.AppenderAttachableImpl;
import org.apache.log4j.spi.AppenderAttachable;
import org.apache.log4j.spi.LoggingEvent;


/**
 * The AsyncAppender lets users log events asynchronously.
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * The AsyncAppender will collect the events sent to it and then dispatch them
 * to all the appenders that are attached to it. You can attach multiple
 * appenders to an AsyncAppender.
 * </p>
 * <p/>
 * <p/>
 * The AsyncAppender uses a separate thread to serve the events in its buffer.
 * </p>
 * <p/>
 * <b>Important note:</b> The <code>AsyncAppender</code> can only be script
 * configured using the {@link org.apache.log4j.xml.DOMConfigurator}.
 * </p>
 *
 * @author Ceki G&uuml;lc&uuml;
 * @author Curt Arnold
 * @since 0.9.1
 */
public class AsyncAppender extends AppenderSkeleton
  implements AppenderAttachable {
  /**
   * The default buffer size is set to 128 events.
   */
  public static final int DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE = 128;

  /**
   * Event buffer, also used as monitor to protect itself and
   * discardMap from simulatenous modifications.
   */
  private final List buffer = new ArrayList();

  /**
   * Map of DiscardSummary objects keyed by logger name.
   */
  private final Map discardMap = new HashMap();

  /**
   * Buffer size.
   */
  private int bufferSize = DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE;

  /** Nested appenders. */
  AppenderAttachableImpl aai;

  /**
   * Nested appenders.
   */
  private final AppenderAttachableImpl appenders;

  /**
   * Dispatcher.
   */
  private final Thread dispatcher;

  /**
   * Should location info be included in dispatched messages.
   */
  private boolean locationInfo = false;

  /**
   * Does appender block when buffer is full.
   */
  private boolean blocking = true;

  /**
   * Create new instance.
   */
  public AsyncAppender() {
    appenders = new AppenderAttachableImpl();

    //
    //   only set for compatibility
    aai = appenders;

    dispatcher =
      new Thread(new Dispatcher(this, buffer, discardMap, appenders));

    // It is the user's responsibility to close appenders before
    // exiting.
    dispatcher.setDaemon(true);

    // set the dispatcher priority to lowest possible value
    //        dispatcher.setPriority(Thread.MIN_PRIORITY);
    dispatcher.setName("AsyncAppender-Dispatcher-" + dispatcher.getName());
    dispatcher.start();
  }

  /**
   * Add appender.
   *
   * @param newAppender appender to add, may not be null.
   */
  public void addAppender(final Appender newAppender) {
    synchronized (appenders) {
      appenders.addAppender(newAppender);
    }
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritDoc}
   */
  public void append(final LoggingEvent event) {
    //
    //   if dispatcher thread has died then
    //      append subsequent events synchronously
    //   See bug 23021
    if ((dispatcher == null) || !dispatcher.isAlive() || (bufferSize <= 0)) {
      synchronized (appenders) {
        appenders.appendLoopOnAppenders(event);
      }

      return;
    }

    // Set the NDC and thread name for the calling thread as these
    // LoggingEvent fields were not set at event creation time.
    event.getNDC();
    event.getThreadName();
    // Get a copy of this thread's MDC.
    event.getMDCCopy();
    if (locationInfo) {
      event.getLocationInformation();
    }
    event.getRenderedMessage();
    event.getThrowableStrRep();

    synchronized (buffer) {
      while (true) {
        int previousSize = buffer.size();

        if (previousSize < bufferSize) {
          buffer.add(event);

          //
          //   if buffer had been empty
          //       signal all threads waiting on buffer
          //       to check their conditions.
          //
          if (previousSize == 0) {
            buffer.notifyAll();
          }

          break;
        }

        //
        //   Following code is only reachable if buffer is full
        //
        //
        //   if blocking and thread is not already interrupted
        //      and not the dispatcher then
        //      wait for a buffer notification
        boolean discard = true;
        if (blocking
                && !Thread.interrupted()
                && Thread.currentThread() != dispatcher) {
          try {
            buffer.wait();
            discard = false;
          } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            //
            //  reset interrupt status so
            //    calling code can see interrupt on
            //    their next wait or sleep.
            Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
          }
        }

        //
        //   if blocking is false or thread has been interrupted
        //   add event to discard map.
        //
        if (discard) {
          String loggerName = event.getLoggerName();
          DiscardSummary summary = (DiscardSummary) discardMap.get(loggerName);

          if (summary == null) {
            summary = new DiscardSummary(event);
            discardMap.put(loggerName, summary);
          } else {
            summary.add(event);
          }

          break;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Close this <code>AsyncAppender</code> by interrupting the dispatcher
   * thread which will process all pending events before exiting.
   */
  public void close() {
    /**
     * Set closed flag and notify all threads to check their conditions.
     * Should result in dispatcher terminating.
     */
    synchronized (buffer) {
      closed = true;
      buffer.notifyAll();
    }

    try {
      dispatcher.join();
    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
      Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
      org.apache.log4j.helpers.LogLog.error(
        "Got an InterruptedException while waiting for the "
        + "dispatcher to finish.", e);
    }

    //
    //    close all attached appenders.
    //
    synchronized (appenders) {
      Enumeration iter = appenders.getAllAppenders();

      if (iter != null) {
        while (iter.hasMoreElements()) {
          Object next = iter.nextElement();

          if (next instanceof Appender) {
            ((Appender) next).close();
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /**
   * Get iterator over attached appenders.
   * @return iterator or null if no attached appenders.
   */
  public Enumeration getAllAppenders() {
    synchronized (appenders) {
      return appenders.getAllAppenders();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Get appender by name.
   *
   * @param name name, may not be null.
   * @return matching appender or null.
   */
  public Appender getAppender(final String name) {
    synchronized (appenders) {
      return appenders.getAppender(name);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Gets whether the location of the logging request call
   * should be captured.
   *
   * @return the current value of the <b>LocationInfo</b> option.
   */
  public boolean getLocationInfo() {
    return locationInfo;
  }

  /**
   * Determines if specified appender is attached.
   * @param appender appender.
   * @return true if attached.
   */
  public boolean isAttached(final Appender appender) {
    synchronized (appenders) {
      return appenders.isAttached(appender);
    }
  }

  /**
   * {@inheritDoc}
   */
  public boolean requiresLayout() {
    return false;
  }

  /**
   * Removes and closes all attached appenders.
   */
  public void removeAllAppenders() {
    synchronized (appenders) {
      appenders.removeAllAppenders();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Removes an appender.
   * @param appender appender to remove.
   */
  public void removeAppender(final Appender appender) {
    synchronized (appenders) {
      appenders.removeAppender(appender);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Remove appender by name.
   * @param name name.
   */
  public void removeAppender(final String name) {
    synchronized (appenders) {
      appenders.removeAppender(name);
    }
  }

  /**
   * The <b>LocationInfo</b> option takes a boolean value. By default, it is
   * set to false which means there will be no effort to extract the location
   * information related to the event. As a result, the event that will be
   * ultimately logged will likely to contain the wrong location information
   * (if present in the log format).
   * <p/>
   * <p/>
   * Location information extraction is comparatively very slow and should be
   * avoided unless performance is not a concern.
   * </p>
   * @param flag true if location information should be extracted.
   */
  public void setLocationInfo(final boolean flag) {
    locationInfo = flag;
  }

  /**
   * Sets the number of messages allowed in the event buffer
   * before the calling thread is blocked (if blocking is true)
   * or until messages are summarized and discarded.  Changing
   * the size will not affect messages already in the buffer.
   *
   * @param size buffer size, must be positive.
   */
  public void setBufferSize(final int size) {
    //
    //   log4j 1.2 would throw exception if size was negative
    //      and deadlock if size was zero.
    //
    if (size < 0) {
      throw new java.lang.NegativeArraySizeException("size");
    }

    synchronized (buffer) {
      //
      //   don't let size be zero.
      //
      bufferSize = (size < 1) ? 1 : size;
      buffer.notifyAll();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Gets the current buffer size.
   * @return the current value of the <b>BufferSize</b> option.
   */
  public int getBufferSize() {
    return bufferSize;
  }

  /**
   * Sets whether appender should wait if there is no
   * space available in the event buffer or immediately return.
   *
   * @since 1.2.14
   * @param value true if appender should wait until available space in buffer.
   */
  public void setBlocking(final boolean value) {
    synchronized (buffer) {
      blocking = value;
      buffer.notifyAll();
    }
  }

  /**
   * Gets whether appender should block calling thread when buffer is full.
   * If false, messages will be counted by logger and a summary
   * message appended after the contents of the buffer have been appended.
   *
   * @since 1.2.14
   * @return true if calling thread will be blocked when buffer is full.
   */
  public boolean getBlocking() {
    return blocking;
  }

  /**
   * Summary of discarded logging events for a logger.
   */
  private static final class DiscardSummary {
    /**
     * First event of the highest severity.
     */
    private LoggingEvent maxEvent;

    /**
     * Total count of messages discarded.
     */
    private int count;

    /**
     * Create new instance.
     *
     * @param event event, may not be null.
     */
    public DiscardSummary(final LoggingEvent event) {
      maxEvent = event;
      count = 1;
    }

    /**
     * Add discarded event to summary.
     *
     * @param event event, may not be null.
     */
    public void add(final LoggingEvent event) {
      if (event.getLevel().toInt() > maxEvent.getLevel().toInt()) {
        maxEvent = event;
      }

      count++;
    }

    /**
     * Create event with summary information.
     *
     * @return new event.
     */
    public LoggingEvent createEvent() {
      String msg =
        MessageFormat.format(
          "Discarded {0} messages due to full event buffer including: {1}",
          new Object[] { new Integer(count), maxEvent.getMessage() });

      return new LoggingEvent(
              "org.apache.log4j.AsyncAppender.DONT_REPORT_LOCATION",
              Logger.getLogger(maxEvent.getLoggerName()),
              maxEvent.getLevel(),
              msg,
              null);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Event dispatcher.
   */
  private static class Dispatcher implements Runnable {
    /**
     * Parent AsyncAppender.
     */
    private final AsyncAppender parent;

    /**
     * Event buffer.
     */
    private final List buffer;

    /**
     * Map of DiscardSummary keyed by logger name.
     */
    private final Map discardMap;

    /**
     * Wrapped appenders.
     */
    private final AppenderAttachableImpl appenders;

    /**
     * Create new instance of dispatcher.
     *
     * @param parent     parent AsyncAppender, may not be null.
     * @param buffer     event buffer, may not be null.
     * @param discardMap discard map, may not be null.
     * @param appenders  appenders, may not be null.
     */
    public Dispatcher(
      final AsyncAppender parent, final List buffer, final Map discardMap,
      final AppenderAttachableImpl appenders) {

      this.parent = parent;
      this.buffer = buffer;
      this.appenders = appenders;
      this.discardMap = discardMap;
    }

    /**
     * {@inheritDoc}
     */
    public void run() {
      boolean isActive = true;

      //
      //   if interrupted (unlikely), end thread
      //
      try {
        //
        //   loop until the AsyncAppender is closed.
        //
        while (isActive) {
          LoggingEvent[] events = null;

          //
          //   extract pending events while synchronized
          //       on buffer
          //
          synchronized (buffer) {
            int bufferSize = buffer.size();
            isActive = !parent.closed;

            while ((bufferSize == 0) && isActive) {
              buffer.wait();
              bufferSize = buffer.size();
              isActive = !parent.closed;
            }

            if (bufferSize > 0) {
              events = new LoggingEvent[bufferSize + discardMap.size()];
              buffer.toArray(events);

              //
              //   add events due to buffer overflow
              //
              int index = bufferSize;

              for (
                Iterator iter = discardMap.values().iterator();
                  iter.hasNext();) {
                events[index++] = ((DiscardSummary) iter.next()).createEvent();
              }

              //
              //    clear buffer and discard map
              //
              buffer.clear();
              discardMap.clear();

              //
              //    allow blocked appends to continue
              buffer.notifyAll();
            }
          }

          //
          //   process events after lock on buffer is released.
          //
          if (events != null) {
            for (int i = 0; i < events.length; i++) {
              synchronized (appenders) {
                appenders.appendLoopOnAppenders(events[i]);
              }
            }
          }
        }
      } catch (InterruptedException ex) {
        Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
      }
    }
  }
}

org/apache/log4j/AsyncAppender.java

 

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